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Airedale Terrier

Airedale Terrier Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A medium-sized dog breed with a wiry, curly coat and a distinctive beard and eyebrows.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.


Airedale Terriers are considered a Medium-sized dog.
Weight:20-30 kg.
Height:58-61 cm (23-24 inches)
Length:56-61 cm (22-24 inches).


The average lifespan of an Airedale Terrier is around 10-13 years


What type of dog is a Airedale Terrier, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Airedale Terriers are known for their lively, energetic and playful personalities. They are intelligent, confident and independent dogs that are always eager to please their owners. Airedale Terriers are also loyal and have a natural devotion to their families, making them excellent family pets.

Airedale Terriers are highly active dogs that require plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy. They love to play and run around and they are always up for a game of fetch or a long walk in the park. They are also highly trainable and respond well to positive reinforcement training methods.

Despite their high energy levels, Airedale Terriers can also have a calm and gentle nature. They are patient and tolerant with children and other pets, making them excellent companions for families with kids or other animals.

Airedale Terriers possess protective instincts. They are naturally wary of strangers and will bark to alert their owners of any potential threats. However, with proper socialization, they can learn to be friendly and welcoming to new people and animals.

Overall, Airedale Terriers are intelligent, loyal and energetic dogs that make excellent family pets. They require plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy, but with the right training and socialization, they can be a wonderful addition to any household.


Airedale Terriers are considered to be highly intelligent dogs. They are quick learners and have a good memory, which makes them easy to train. They also have good problem-solving abilities and an ability to think independently. Airedale Terriers were originally bred as hunting dogs and their intelligence was essential for them to be successful in their job. Overall, Airedale Terriers are considered to be one of the smartest dog breeds.


Airedale Terriers are generally intelligent and eager to please, which can make them relatively easy to train. However, they can also be strong-willed and independent, which may require patience and consistency in training. It is important to start training early and use positive reinforcement techniques, such as treats and praise, to encourage good behavior. Airedales also benefit from socialization with other dogs and people to help them become well-rounded and well-behaved pets. Overall, with proper training and socialization, Airedale Terriers can make excellent and obedient companions.


Airedale Terriers typically sleep for around 12-14 hours per day, although this can vary based on their age, activity level and overall health. Puppies and older dogs may sleep more, while younger and more active dogs may sleep less. It’s important to provide your Airedale Terrier with a comfortable and quiet place to sleep and to ensure they get enough rest to stay healthy and happy.


Airedale Terriers are vocal dogs and can bark quite a bit. However, with proper training and socialization, their barking can be controlled. It is important to note that excessive barking can be a sign of boredom, anxiety or other underlying issues, so it is important to address the root cause of the barking behavior.


Airedale Terriers are not heavy droolers. They may drool occasionally, especially after drinking water or eating, but it is not a common trait of the breed. However, every dog is different and some Airedales may drool more than others.


Airedale Terriers are moderate to heavy lickers. They are affectionate dogs and enjoy showing their love and affection by licking their owners. However, excessive licking can also be a sign of anxiety or stress, so it is important to monitor their behavior and seek advice from a veterinarian if necessary.


Airedale Terriers are athletic and energetic dogs that are capable of jumping up to 3-4 feet high. However, it’s important to note that jumping too high or too frequently can put a strain on their joints and lead to injuries. It’s always best to supervise your Airedale Terrier during playtime and provide them with appropriate exercise and training to prevent any potential injuries.


Airedale Terriers are moderate diggers. They have a natural instinct to dig, which can be attributed to their history as hunting dogs. However, with proper training and exercise, their digging behavior can be managed. Providing them with a designated area to dig, such as a sandbox, can also help redirect their digging behavior.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Airedale Terrier the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Airedale Terrier.


Airedale Terriers are an active and energetic breed that require a moderate to high amount of exercise. They should have at least one hour of exercise per day, which can include brisk walks, runs and playtime in a fenced yard. They also enjoy activities such as hiking, swimming and agility training. It is important to provide them with mental stimulation as well, such as training sessions and puzzle toys. Regular exercise is crucial for their physical and mental well-being.


Airedale Terriers are medium to large-sized dogs that require a moderate amount of space. They are active and energetic dogs that need daily exercise and mental stimulation. Airedales can adapt to living in small apartments or houses with a small yard, but they will thrive in larger homes with a spacious yard or access to a park or open space. It’s important to note that Airedales are not suitable for living in a confined space for long periods of time, as they need room to move around and play.


Airedale Terriers are not the best choice for apartment living as they are a high-energy breed that requires a lot of exercise and space to run around. They are also known to be quite vocal, which may not be ideal for apartment living. However, if you are willing to provide them with plenty of exercise and mental stimulation and can handle their occasional barking, they can adapt to apartment living. It’s important to note that Airedale Terriers are a large breed, so they will need enough space to move around comfortably.

Left Alone

Airedale Terriers are social dogs and do not tolerate being left alone for extended periods. They thrive on human interaction and can become anxious or destructive if left alone for too long. It is recommended that they are not left alone for more than 4-6 hours at a time and are provided with plenty of mental and physical stimulation during their owner’s absence. Dog walkers, doggy daycare and interactive toys can be helpful in keeping them occupied and happy while their owners are away.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Airedale Terriers are generally good with kids and families. They have a playful and energetic nature, making them great companions for children. They are also loyal and protective, which can make them good watchdogs for families. However, as with any breed, it is important to supervise interactions between children and dogs to ensure safety for both. Additionally, Airedales require regular exercise and training to prevent boredom and destructive behavior.

Perfect Fit

Airedale Terriers are energetic and intelligent dogs that require a lot of exercise and mental stimulation. They are loyal pets and show affection towards their owners. A household that would be a perfect fit for an Airedale Terrier would be one that has an active lifestyle and can provide plenty of opportunities for exercise and playtime. They also do well with owners who are willing to provide them with training and socialization to help them become well-behaved and obedient pets. Airedale Terriers are also great with children and make excellent family pets. However, they may not be the best fit for households with small pets such as cats or rabbits, as they have a strong prey drive.

Pros and Cons:

Like any breed, there are both pros and cons to owning an Airedale Terrier. Here are five of each:

1. Intelligent and trainable1. High energy level and need for exercise
2. Loyal and protective2. Can be stubborn and independent
3. Good with children and other pets3. Requires regular grooming and maintenance
4. Playful and entertaining4. Can be prone to health issues such as hip dysplasia and allergies
5. Versatile and adaptable to different living situations5. Can be prone to digging and chewing if not properly trained and exercised

Overall, owning an Airedale Terrier can be a rewarding experience for those willing to put in the time and effort to properly train and care for them. However, it is important to consider both the positive and negative aspects of this breed before making a commitment to bring one into your home.


The cost of an Airedale Terrier in Australia can vary depending on the breeder, location and pedigree. On average, you can expect to pay between $2,000 to $3,500 AUD for a purebred Airedale Terrier puppy from a reputable breeder. However, prices can go up to $5,000 AUD or more for a show-quality puppy with champion bloodlines. It’s important to do your research and only buy from a reputable breeder to ensure the health and temperament of your new pet.

Breed History:

Airedale Terriers were originally bred in the Aire Valley of Yorkshire, England in the 19th century. They were developed by crossing various terrier breeds, including the Otterhound, to create a versatile working dog that could hunt and retrieve game on land and water, as well as serve as a guard dog and companion.

Airedale Terriers were primarily used for hunting vermin, such as rats and foxes and for retrieving game birds. They were also used by police and military forces as messenger dogs and for search and rescue operations during World War I.

Today, Airedale Terriers are still used for hunting and retrieving, but they are also popular as family pets due to their intelligence, loyalty and affectionate nature. They excel in various dog sports, such as agility and obedience and are often used as therapy dogs.

Current Usage

Airedale Terriers are versatile dogs that can be used for various purposes. Here are some of the ways Airedale Terriers are currently being used:

  1. Companion dogs: Airedale Terriers make great family pets and are loyal, intelligent and have an affectionate nature.
  2. Hunting dogs: Airedale Terriers were originally bred as hunting dogs and are still used for hunting small game, such as rodents and birds.
  3. Police and military dogs: Airedale Terriers have been used as police and military dogs due to their intelligence, loyalty and ability to work in various environments.
  4. Search and rescue dogs: Airedale Terriers have a great sense of smell and have been used as search and rescue dogs in disasters and emergencies.
  5. Therapy dogs: Airedale Terriers have a calm and gentle nature and are used as therapy dogs in hospitals, nursing homes and schools to provide emotional support to people.

Overall, Airedale Terriers are versatile dogs that can be used for various purposes, including as pets, working dogs and therapy dogs.

Guard Dogs

Yes, Airedale Terriers can make good guard dogs thanks to their loyalty, intelligence and protective nature. Airedales are confident and fearless and they have a natural instinct to protect their family and home. They are also highly trainable and can be taught to respond to commands and protect their owners on command. However, it is important to note that proper socialization and training are necessary to ensure that an Airedale Terrier is a well-behaved and effective guard dog.

Where Are They Found?

Airedale Terriers are popular in many countries, but some of the countries where they are most popular include:

1. United States6. Sweden
2. United Kingdom7. Norway
3. Australia8. Finland
4. Canada9. Denmark
5. Germany10. Netherlands

These countries have active Airedale Terrier clubs and breeders and the breed is recognized by their respective kennel clubs.


Airedale Terriers are adaptable to a wide range of climates, but they are best suited to moderate climates with temperatures ranging from 50-70°F (10-21°C). They can tolerate colder temperatures with their thick, wiry coat, but they may struggle in extreme heat and humidity. It is important to provide them with plenty of shade, water and indoor cooling during hot weather. Overall, Airedale Terriers are versatile and can adapt to different climates with proper care and attention.


It is difficult to determine the exact number of Airedale Terriers in the world as there is no centralized database or registry for all dogs. However, according to the American Kennel Club (AKC), the Airedale Terrier is ranked as the 55th most popular breed in the United States, with approximately 1,000 new registrations each year. Additionally, the Airedale Terrier Club of America estimates that there are around 10,000 Airedale Terriers in the United States. It is also a popular breed in the United Kingdom, Canada and Australia, but the exact numbers are unknown.

Physical Appearance:

Airedale Terriers are medium to large-sized dogs with a sturdy and muscular build. They have a long, flat head with a black nose and dark, almond-shaped eyes that give them an intelligent expression. Their ears are V-shaped and fold over and their tail is typically docked.

Their coat is wiry and dense, with a soft undercoat that provides insulation. The coat is typically tan with black markings on the ears, muzzle and back. They have a distinctive beard and eyebrows that give them a unique look.

Airedale Terriers have a rectangular shape, with a deep chest and straight, strong legs. They are agile and athletic, which makes them excellent hunting and working dogs. Overall, they have a confident and alert appearance that reflects their intelligence and loyalty.



Airedale Terriers are typically black and tan in color. However, they can also have a grizzle or a blue and tan coat.

Hair/Fur Length:

Airedale Terriers have a medium-length, wiry coat that is typically around 2-3 inches in length.


Yes, Airedale Terriers do shed. They have a double coat, with a wiry topcoat and a soft undercoat, which sheds moderately throughout the year. However, regular grooming and brushing can help reduce shedding and keep their coat healthy and shiny. Airedale Terriers also require occasional trimming and stripping to maintain their coat’s texture and shape.


The Airedale Terrier requires regular grooming to maintain its coat. This breed has a wiry, dense coat that sheds minimally but requires trimming and shaping every few months. The hair around the ears and eyes should be trimmed regularly to prevent matting and irritation. The coat should be brushed weekly to remove loose hair and prevent tangles. Airedale Terriers also need regular baths to keep their coat clean and healthy. Overall, the Airedale Terrier requires moderate grooming maintenance.


Airedale Terriers are not considered hypoallergenic dogs. They have a wiry, non-shedding coat that requires regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling. However, they still produce dander and can trigger allergies in sensitive individuals. If you have allergies, it’s best to spend time with an Airedale Terrier before bringing one into your home to see if you have a reaction.


Airedale Terriers can run at a speed of approximately 48-56 kph.


Airedale Terriers are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues. Some of the most common health issues faced by Airedale Terriers include:

  • Hip Dysplasia: A condition where the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, leading to arthritis and pain.
  • Hypothyroidism: A condition where the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones, leading to weight gain, lethargy and skin problems.
  • Allergies: A common condition in dogs where the immune system overreacts to certain substances, leading to itching, redness and skin infections.
  • Bloat: A life-threatening condition where the stomach fills with gas and twists, cutting off blood flow to the organs.
  • Cancer: A common health issue in older dogs, where abnormal cells grow and spread throughout the body.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): A genetic condition where the retina degenerates over time, leading to blindness.


Adult Airedale Terriers typically have 42 teeth, which includes 20 upper teeth and 22 lower teeth.


Airedale Terriers are known to have good eyesight, which is a trait that is common among most dog breeds. Their eyesight is essential for their hunting and tracking abilities, as well as for their overall awareness of their surroundings. However, it is important to note that like any other breed, Airedale Terriers can develop eye problems such as cataracts, glaucoma and progressive retinal atrophy, which can affect their vision. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian can help detect and treat any eye problems early on.


Airedale Terriers typically have 8 to 10 nipples, arranged in two rows on their underside.


Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Airedale Terriers is between 6 to 8 puppies. However, litter sizes can vary and may be smaller or larger depending on various factors such as the age and health of the mother, genetics and environmental factors.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Airedale Terriers is typically around 63 days, give or take a few days.


Female Airedale Terriers typically go into heat twice a year, although this can vary depending on the individual dog.

Male vs Female:

Male and female Airedale Terriers have some differences in physical appearance and temperament. Males are generally larger and heavier than females, with a height of around 23 inches and a weight of 50-70 pounds, while females are slightly smaller, with a height of around 22 inches and a weight of 40-55 pounds. Males also tend to have a broader head and a more muscular build, while females are more streamlined. In terms of temperament, males are often more assertive and dominant, while females can be more independent and reserved. However, these differences can vary depending on the individual dog’s personality and training.

Tips and Advice:

If you are considering getting an Airedale Terrier, here are some tips and advice for caring for them:

  • Exercise: Airedale Terriers are high-energy dogs that require daily exercise. They enjoy long walks, runs and playing fetch. Without enough exercise, they can become bored and destructive.
  • Grooming: Airedale Terriers have a wiry coat that requires regular grooming. They should be brushed at least once a week to prevent matting and tangling. They also need to be trimmed every few months to maintain their coat.
  • Training: Airedale Terriers are intelligent dogs that respond well to positive reinforcement training. They can be stubborn at times, so it’s important to be patient and consistent with their training.
  • Socialization: Airedale Terriers are social dogs that enjoy being around people and other dogs. It’s important to socialize them from a young age to prevent them from becoming aggressive or fearful.
  • Health: Airedale Terriers are generally healthy dogs, but they can be prone to certain health issues such as hip dysplasia and allergies. It’s important to take them to the vet regularly for check-ups and vaccinations.
  • Diet: Airedale Terriers require a balanced diet that is high in protein and low in fat. It’s important to feed them high-quality dog food and avoid giving them table scraps or human food.
  • Mental stimulation: Airedale Terriers are intelligent dogs that require mental stimulation. They enjoy playing games and solving puzzles, so it’s important to provide them with toys and activities that challenge their minds.
  • Supervision: Airedale Terriers are curious dogs that can get into trouble if left unsupervised. It’s important to keep an eye on them and provide them with a safe and secure environment.

By following these tips and advice, you can provide your Airedale Terrier with the care and attention they need to live a happy and healthy life.


Airedale Terriers are medium-sized dogs and typically require around 2-3 cups of high-quality dog food per day, depending on their age, weight and activity level. However, it’s important to consult with a veterinarian to determine the exact amount of food your Airedale Terrier needs.

Airedale Terriers have a good appetite and can be food-oriented dogs. They enjoy food and treats, which can make them easy to train with positive reinforcement methods. However, it’s important to monitor their food intake and avoid overfeeding, as they can easily become overweight.


Here are three interesting facts about Airedale Terriers:

  1. Airedale Terriers were originally bred as hunting dogs, specifically for otter and rat hunting. They were also used as police and military dogs during World War I.
  2. Airedale Terriers are the largest of the terrier breeds, standing up to 23 inches tall and weighing up to 70 pounds.
  3. Airedale Terriers have been featured in popular culture, including as the inspiration for the fictional character “Sandy” in the comic strip “Little Orphan Annie,” and as a character in the animated movie “The Secret Life of Pets.”


Names that reflect their spunky nature are a great fit. Here are 15 names that would be perfect for an Airedale Terrier:


These names are all short and snappy, which is perfect for an Airedale Terrier who loves to be on the move. They also have a fun and playful vibe that matches the breed’s personality.


Here are some of the most famous Airedale Terriers of all time:

  • Asta – Perhaps the most famous Airedale Terrier of all time, Asta appeared in six movies alongside William Powell and Myrna Loy in “The Thin Man” series.
  • Teddy Roosevelt’s Airedales – President Theodore Roosevelt owned several Airedale Terriers, including Skip, Jack and Pete, who accompanied him on hunting trips and became symbols of his rugged masculinity.
  • Ch. Master Briar – This Airedale Terrier won Best in Show at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 1912, becoming the first terrier to win the prestigious award.
  • Rinty – This Airedale Terrier starred in several silent films in the 1920s, including “The Iron Horse” and “The Sea Beast.”
  • Laddie Boy – President Warren G. Harding’s Airedale Terrier, Laddie Boy, was the first presidential pet to receive regular press coverage and attend public events.
  • Ch. Warland Protector – This Airedale Terrier won Best in Show at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 1949, becoming the first Airedale to win the award twice.
  • Max – This Airedale Terrier was the first dog to be trained as a guide dog for the blind in the United States.
  • Ch. Joval Sweet Time – This Airedale Terrier won Best in Show at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 2009, becoming the first Airedale to win the award in over 60 years.

These famous Airedale Terriers have left their mark on history and continue to inspire admiration and respect for the breed.


The Airedale Terrier is a medium-sized dog breed that originated in the Aire Valley in Yorkshire, England. It is a versatile and intelligent breed that was originally bred for hunting small game, such as rats and otters. Today, the Airedale Terrier is primarily kept as a companion dog, but it still retains its hunting instincts and excels in activities such as obedience, agility and tracking.

Airedale Terriers are known for their distinctive appearance, with a wiry, dense coat that is typically black and tan in color. They have a strong, muscular build and their alert, confident expression. Airedale Terriers are highly intelligent and trainable, but they can also be stubborn and independent at times.

In terms of personality, Airedale Terriers are loyal, affectionate and playful. They are great with children and make excellent family pets, but they do require plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior. Airedale Terriers are also known for their protective instincts and they make excellent watchdogs.

Overall, the Airedale Terrier is a great choice for anyone looking for an intelligent, loyal and active companion. They are a great fit for families with children, as well as individuals who enjoy outdoor activities and want a dog that can keep up with them. However, they do require plenty of training and socialization to ensure they are well-behaved and well-adjusted pets.