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Alaskan Malamute Diet – What & How Much Do They Eat?

The Alaskan Malamute, often recognized for its sheer strength and endurance, has dietary needs distinct from many other dog breeds. Recognizing and understanding these needs is pivotal for the overall health and happiness of this majestic breed.

Carnivore, Omnivore, or Herbivore?

Historically, Alaskan Malamutes were bred by the Mahlemuit tribe in Alaska for their strength and endurance to haul heavy freight. Their primary diet consisted of fish, seal meat, and whatever else was available in the harsh Arctic environment1. Thus, Malamutes are primarily carnivorous but have shown adaptability in their diet, incorporating a few plant-based foods when available.

Nutritional Needs of Alaskan Malamutes

Malamutes have a slower metabolism compared to other breeds of their size. They require:

  • High-quality animal protein: To support muscle health.
  • Fats: Especially omega-3 and omega-6 for their skin, coat, and overall energy.
  • Vitamins and minerals: Such as calcium and phosphorus for bone health.

What do Alaskan Malamutes Eat?

Typically, a balanced commercial dog food that provides the essential nutrients is suitable for Malamutes. These might include chicken, beef, lamb, fish, brown rice, vegetables, and fortified with essential vitamins and minerals.

Special Dietary Considerations for Alaskan Malamutes

Given their slower metabolism, Malamutes can gain weight easily. It’s crucial to:

  • Monitor calorie intake.
  • Ensure regular exercise.
  • Factor in treats and additional food items to their overall caloric intake.

What Should Alaskan Malamutes Not Eat?

Toxic foods for Malamutes include:

  • Chocolate
  • Grapes and raisins
  • Onions and garlic
  • Xylitol (a sweetener found in many products).

Best Type of Dog Food for Alaskan Malamutes

While kibble can be a convenient choice, it’s essential to choose high-quality brands with meat as the primary ingredient. Raw diets, if prepared correctly, can also be suitable but require more effort to ensure balanced nutrition.

Homemade Food for Alaskan Malamutes

Preparing meals at home allows for control over ingredients. Suitable homemade meals might incorporate lean meats, fish, eggs, vegetables, and grains. However, always consult with a veterinarian to ensure it meets all nutritional needs.

Alaskan Malamutes and Human Food

Occasionally, Malamutes can consume safe human foods like lean meats, some fruits like apples and blueberries, and vegetables. However, avoid spices and always introduce new foods gradually.

Feeding Alaskan Malamute Puppies vs. Adults

Puppies, with their growing bodies, require more protein and frequent meals. Adult Malamutes, on the other hand, do well with 1-2 meals a day, ensuring they don’t overeat and become overweight.

Supplements for Alaskan Malamutes

While a balanced diet should cover all nutritional bases, sometimes supplements like glucosamine (for joint health) or fish oils (for coat health) can be beneficial.

Importance of Fresh Water for Alaskan Malamutes

Malamutes, with their thick coats, can get dehydrated. Always provide access to fresh water, especially after exercise.

How Much Food do Alaskan Malamutes Eat?

An average adult Malamute, depending on its activity level, may consume 3-5 cups of kibble daily. Always refer to feeding guidelines on food packaging and adjust based on the dog’s individual needs.

Alaskan Malamutes and Weight Management

Regular check-ins with the vet for weight assessments and adjusting food intake or exercise routines as necessary can help in maintaining an ideal weight.

Why do Alaskan Malamutes Eat Grass?

Like many dogs, Malamutes might eat grass to induce vomiting if they feel unwell or out of dietary instinct. Occasional grass eating isn’t typically concerning.

Why do Alaskan Malamutes Eat Their Own Poop?

This behavior, known as coprophagia, can stem from various reasons, including nutritional deficiencies or behavioral issues. If frequent, it’s essential to consult with a veterinarian.

The advice and opinions in this article are for informational purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for professional veterinary consultation. Every dog's dietary needs are unique, and the guidelines provided here may not be suitable for all pets. Consult with a licensed veterinarian or qualified pet nutrition specialist to tailor a diet specifically for your dog.

Alaskan Malamute Diet – What & How Much Do They Eat?