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Australian Terrier

Australian Terrier Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A small, energetic and loyal breed of dog originating from Australia.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.
Type:Mammal

Size:

Australian Terriers are considered a Small Dog breed.
Weight:4-6 kg.
Height:25-28 cm (10-11 inches).
Length:28-38 cm.

Lifespan:

The average lifespan of an Australian Terrier is around 12-15 years

Behavior:

What type of dog is a Australian Terrier, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Australian Terriers are small, sturdy dogs that are known for their spunky and lively personalities. They are affectionate and loyal to their families, but can be wary of strangers. Here is a detailed overview of their personality and temperament:

  • Australian Terriers are known for their high energy levels and love for playtime.
  • They are intelligent dogs and can be trained easily with positive reinforcement.
  • They are curious and adventurous and love exploring their surroundings.
  • They are independent dogs and can be stubborn at times.
  • They are protective of their families and make great watchdogs.
  • Australian Terriers are generally friendly and outgoing with their families.
  • They can be reserved or even aloof with strangers, but with proper socialization, they can be friendly with new people.
  • They have a strong prey drive and may chase small animals, so they should always be supervised when outside.
  • They are vocal dogs and may bark at anything they perceive as a threat or to get attention.
  • They are generally good with children, but may not tolerate rough play or teasing.
  • Australian Terriers are active dogs and require daily exercise and playtime to keep them happy and healthy.
  • They are adaptable and can live in apartments or houses with yards.
  • They may have a tendency to dig, so it’s important to provide them with a designated digging area or supervise them when outside.
  • They are generally healthy dogs, but may be prone to certain health issues such as allergies, skin problems and eye diseases.

Overall, Australian Terriers are lively and affectionate dogs that make great companions for active families. They require proper training and socialization to ensure they are well-behaved and friendly with new people and animals.

Intelligence

Australian Terriers are considered to be highly intelligent dogs. They are quick learners and have a strong desire to please their owners, which makes them easy to train. They are also known for their problem-solving abilities and their ability to adapt to new situations. However, like all dogs, their intelligence can vary depending on their individual temperament and training.

Trainability

Australian Terriers are generally intelligent and eager to please, which makes them relatively easy to train. However, like all dogs, they have their own unique personalities and may require different training methods and approaches. Consistency, positive reinforcement and patience are key when training an Australian Terrier. Early socialization and obedience training are also important to ensure they grow up to be well-behaved and well-adjusted dogs. Overall, with proper training and socialization, Australian Terriers can be obedient and well-behaved companions.

Sleep

Australian Terriers typically sleep for around 12-14 hours per day, which is fairly typical for most dog breeds. However, the amount of sleep they need can vary depending on their age, activity level and overall health. Puppies and older dogs may need more sleep, while highly active dogs may need less. It’s important to provide your Australian Terrier with a comfortable and quiet place to sleep and to ensure they get enough rest to maintain their health and well-being.

Bark

Australian Terriers are known to be vocal dogs and can bark quite a bit. They were originally bred to be watchdogs, so they have a natural tendency to bark at anything they perceive as a threat or danger. However, with proper training and socialization, their barking can be controlled and minimized. It’s important to note that excessive barking can be a sign of anxiety or boredom, so it’s important to provide them with enough mental and physical stimulation to keep them happy and healthy.

Drool

Australian Terriers are not known to be heavy droolers. They may drool occasionally, especially if they are excited or have just finished eating, but it is not a common trait of the breed. Overall, they are considered to be a relatively low-drool breed.

Lick

Australian Terriers are known to be moderate lickers. They may lick their owners or other dogs as a sign of affection, but they are not excessive lickers like some other breeds. However, if an Australian Terrier is licking excessively, it may be a sign of anxiety or boredom and should be addressed by a veterinarian or a professional dog trainer.

Jump

Australian Terriers are known for their agility and athleticism. They are capable of jumping up to 3-4 feet high, depending on their size and physical ability. However, it is important to note that excessive jumping can be harmful to their joints and should be avoided. Regular exercise and proper training can help maintain their physical health and prevent injuries.

Dig

Australian Terriers are known to be moderate diggers. They have a natural instinct to dig and may do so to create a comfortable spot to rest, to hunt small prey or to escape from the heat. However, with proper training and exercise, their digging behavior can be managed. Providing them with a designated digging area or redirecting their attention to other activities can also help reduce their digging tendencies.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Australian Terrier the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Australian Terrier.

Exercise

Australian Terriers are an active breed and require regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. They need at least 30-60 minutes of exercise each day, which can include walks, runs, playtime and training sessions. They also enjoy activities such as hiking, agility training and swimming. It’s important to note that Australian Terriers have a high prey drive and should always be kept on a leash or in a secure area when outside to prevent them from chasing after small animals.

Space

Australian Terriers are small dogs that typically weigh between 12-14 pounds and stand about 10-11 inches tall. They are active and energetic dogs that require daily exercise and mental stimulation. While they can adapt to living in an apartment or small home, they do best in a home with a fenced yard where they can run and play. A minimum of 30 minutes of exercise per day is recommended for Australian Terriers, but they will happily play and explore for longer periods if given the opportunity. Overall, Australian Terriers do not require a lot of space, but they do need regular exercise and mental stimulation to stay healthy and happy.

Apartment

Australian Terriers can adapt well to apartment living as long as they get enough exercise and mental stimulation. They are a small breed and do not require a lot of space, but they do need daily walks and playtime. They are also known for their intelligence and trainability, which can make them a good choice for apartment living. However, like all dogs, they need socialization and training to prevent any behavioral issues that may arise from living in a smaller space.

Left Alone

Australian Terriers can tolerate being left alone for short periods of time, but they are social dogs and prefer to be with their owners. If left alone for too long, they can become bored and anxious, which can lead to destructive behavior. It is important to provide them with plenty of mental and physical stimulation, such as toys and exercise and to gradually train them to be comfortable with being alone. It is also recommended to have a designated area for them to stay in while you are away, such as a crate or a safe room.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Australian Terriers can be great family pets and are generally good with children. They are known for being loyal, affectionate and playful, making them a great companion for kids. However, as with any dog, it is important to supervise interactions between children and dogs to ensure safety for both. Additionally, early socialization and training can help ensure that your Australian Terrier is well-behaved around children and other family members.

Perfect Fit

Australian Terriers are a great fit for households that are active and have a lot of energy to keep up with this breed. They are known for being loyal, intelligent and playful, making them great companions for families with children. Australian Terriers also have a strong prey drive, so it is important to keep them on a leash or in a secure area when outside. They are adaptable to living in apartments or houses with yards, but they do require daily exercise and mental stimulation. Overall, Australian Terriers make great pets for families who are willing to provide them with plenty of attention, exercise and love.

Pros and Cons:

Australian Terriers are small, energetic dogs that make great companions for active individuals or families. However, like any breed, there are both pros and cons to owning an Australian Terrier. Here are five of each:

ProsCons
1. Loyal and affectionate1. Can be stubborn and difficult to train
2. Low-shedding coat2. Can be prone to barking
3. Good with children and other pets3. Can be prone to digging
4. Energetic and playful4. Can be territorial and protective
5. Small size makes them great for apartment living5. May require frequent grooming to maintain their coat

Overall, Australian Terriers can make wonderful pets for the right owner who is willing to put in the time and effort to train and care for them properly.

Cost:

The cost of an Australian Terrier in Australia can vary depending on several factors such as the breeder, location and pedigree. On average, an Australian Terrier puppy can cost between $1,500 to $3,000 AUD. However, it is important to note that the cost of owning a dog goes beyond the initial purchase price and includes ongoing expenses such as food, grooming and veterinary care.

Breed History:

Australian Terriers were originally bred in Australia in the 19th century to work as versatile farm dogs. They were bred to be small, but sturdy and tough enough to hunt and kill vermin such as rats, mice and snakes. They were also used as watchdogs and to help herd and protect livestock.

The breed was developed by crossing several terrier breeds, including the Cairn Terrier, Dandie Dinmont Terrier and Skye Terrier. The result was a dog that was well-suited for the harsh Australian climate and terrain, with a weather-resistant coat and a tenacious spirit.

Today, Australian Terriers are still used as working dogs in some parts of Australia, but they are also popular as companion pets due to their loyal and affectionate nature.

Current Usage

Australian Terriers are primarily kept as companion pets, but they were originally bred as working dogs in Australia. They were used to hunt rodents and snakes on farms and ranches. Today, they are still used for some working purposes, such as:

  1. Vermin control: Australian Terriers are still used as vermin hunters on farms and ranches. They are excellent at catching rats, mice and other small rodents.
  2. Therapy dogs: Australian Terriers have a friendly and affectionate nature, which makes them great therapy dogs. They are often used in hospitals and nursing homes to provide comfort and companionship to patients.
  3. Agility and obedience competitions: Australian Terriers are highly intelligent and trainable, which makes them excellent candidates for agility and obedience competitions. They are known for their speed, agility and ability to follow commands.
  4. Search and rescue: Australian Terriers have a strong sense of smell and are often used in search and rescue operations. They can track missing persons and locate them in difficult terrain.

Overall, while Australian Terriers are primarily kept as pets, they still have a range of working abilities that make them useful in various fields.

Guard Dogs

Australian Terriers are not typically considered to be good guard dogs. While they are alert and protective of their family, they are generally too small and friendly to be effective guard dogs. They are more suited to being companion dogs and are known for their loyalty, affection and playful nature. If you are looking for a guard dog, you may want to consider a larger breed with a more protective nature.

Where Are They Found?

Australian Terriers are most popular in their country of origin, Australia. They are also popular in the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom.

Climate

Australian Terriers are best suited to temperate climates with mild to cool temperatures. They can tolerate some heat but may struggle in extremely hot and humid conditions. They also prefer to be indoors with their family during extreme weather conditions. Overall, they are adaptable to different climates as long as they have access to shade, water and proper care.

Population

It is difficult to determine the exact number of Australian Terriers in the world as there is no centralized registry or database that tracks their population. However, according to the American Kennel Club, the breed is ranked 119th out of 195 breeds in popularity in the United States. Additionally, the Australian National Kennel Council reports that there were 1,211 Australian Terriers registered in Australia in 2020. It is estimated that there are several thousand Australian Terriers worldwide.

Physical Appearance:

Australian Terriers are small to medium-sized dogs with a sturdy and compact build. They have a slightly longer body than their height and a level topline. Their head is long and wedge-shaped with a strong jaw and small, erect ears. Their eyes are dark and almond-shaped, giving them an alert and intelligent expression.

Their coat is thick and wiry, with a soft undercoat and comes in shades of blue and tan, red or sandy. They have a distinctive ruff of longer hair around their neck and a longer fringe on their legs and tail. They have a docked tail that is carried erect.

Australian Terriers have a confident and lively personality. They are known for their loyalty and affection towards their families, but can also be independent and stubborn at times. They are energetic and enjoy regular exercise and playtime. Overall, they are a charming and adorable breed with a unique appearance.

Coat:

Colours:

Australian Terriers can be blue and tan, red or sandy in color.

Hair/Fur Length:

Australian Terriers have a medium-length, wiry coat that is about 2-3 inches long. The hair on their head and legs is shorter, while the hair on their body is longer and more dense. They also have a distinctive beard and eyebrows.

Shedding:

Yes, Australian Terriers do shed, but their shedding is minimal. They have a double coat that consists of a soft undercoat and a harsh, wiry outer coat. They shed their undercoat twice a year, usually during spring and fall, but their outer coat sheds very little. Regular brushing and grooming can help minimize shedding and keep their coat healthy and shiny.

Grooming:

The Australian Terrier has a harsh, wiry coat that requires regular grooming to keep it in good condition. They should be brushed at least once a week to remove loose hair and prevent matting. They also need to be bathed occasionally to keep their coat clean and healthy.

In terms of haircuts, the Australian Terrier’s coat should be trimmed regularly to maintain its shape and prevent it from becoming too long and shaggy. Some owners prefer to take their dogs to a professional groomer for a trim every few months, while others may choose to do it themselves at home using clippers and scissors. It’s important to be careful when trimming the coat, as the Australian Terrier’s skin is sensitive and can be easily nicked or cut.

Hypoallergenic:

Yes, Australian Terriers are considered hypoallergenic dogs because they have a low-shedding coat that produces less dander, which is the primary cause of allergies in humans. However, no dog breed is completely hypoallergenic and some people with severe allergies may still experience symptoms around Australian Terriers. It’s always a good idea to spend time with a dog before bringing them home to see if you have any allergic reactions.

Speed:

Australian Terriers have an average running speed of 24-30 kph (15-18 mph).

Health:

Australian Terriers are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues. Some of the most common health issues they may face include:

  • Patellar Luxation: A condition where the kneecap moves out of its normal position, causing pain and difficulty walking.
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease: A degenerative disease that affects the hip joint, causing pain and lameness.
  • Diabetes: A chronic condition where the body is unable to regulate blood sugar levels, leading to a range of symptoms including increased thirst and urination, weight loss and lethargy.
  • Allergies: Australian Terriers can be prone to allergies, which can cause skin irritation, itching and other symptoms.
  • Dental Issues: Like many small breeds, Australian Terriers can be prone to dental problems such as tooth decay and gum disease.

Teeth:

Australian Terriers typically have 42 teeth, which is the same as most other dog breeds.

Eyesight:

Australian Terriers have a keen sense of sight and are known for their excellent vision. They have a strong prey drive and are often used for hunting small game, which requires them to have good eyesight to track and catch their prey. Additionally, their small size and agility make them well-suited for activities such as agility and flyball, which also require good vision and coordination.

Nipples:

Australian Terriers typically have 8 to 10 nipples, arranged in two rows on their underside.

Gestation:

Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Australian Terriers is 3 to 5 puppies. However, litter sizes can vary and may be influenced by factors such as the age and health of the mother, genetics and environmental conditions.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Australian Terriers is typically 63 days, give or take a few days.

Heat:

Australian Terriers typically go into heat twice a year, but this can vary depending on the individual dog.

Male vs Female:

Male and female Australian Terriers have some physical and behavioral differences. Males are generally larger in size and have a more muscular build than females. They also tend to be more assertive and dominant in their behavior. Females, on the other hand, are usually smaller and more delicate in appearance and they tend to be more affectionate and nurturing. Additionally, female Australian Terriers may experience heat cycles and have a higher risk of developing certain health issues, such as mammary tumors. Overall, while there are some differences between male and female Australian Terriers, both make great pets and companions.

Tips and Advice:

Australian Terriers are a small breed of dog that are known for their loyalty, intelligence and energetic personalities. If you are considering adopting an Australian Terrier, it is important to understand their specific needs and how to properly care for them. Here are some tips and advice for caring for an Australian Terrier:

  • Exercise: Australian Terriers are an active breed and require daily exercise to maintain their physical and mental health. They enjoy walks, runs and playing fetch.
  • Grooming: Australian Terriers have a wiry coat that requires regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling. They should be brushed at least once a week and trimmed every few months.
  • Training: Australian Terriers are intelligent dogs that respond well to positive reinforcement training. They can be stubborn at times, so consistency and patience are key.
  • Socialization: Australian Terriers can be wary of strangers and other dogs if not properly socialized. It is important to expose them to different people, animals and environments from a young age.
  • Health: Australian Terriers are generally a healthy breed, but they can be prone to certain health issues such as allergies, skin problems and dental issues. Regular vet check-ups and proper nutrition are important for maintaining their health.
  • Nutrition: Australian Terriers require a balanced diet that is appropriate for their size and activity level. It is important to feed them high-quality dog food and avoid overfeeding to prevent obesity.
  • Mental stimulation: Australian Terriers are intelligent dogs that require mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior. Puzzle toys and training exercises can help keep them mentally stimulated.
  • Safety: Australian Terriers are small dogs that can be at risk for injury if not properly supervised. It is important to keep them on a leash when outside and supervise them around children and other animals.

By following these tips and providing proper care, you can ensure that your Australian Terrier is happy, healthy and well-behaved.

Food:

Australian Terriers are small dogs and typically require about 1/2 to 1 cup of high-quality dry dog food per day, depending on their age, size and activity level. However, it’s important to monitor their weight and adjust their food intake accordingly to prevent obesity.

Australian Terriers are generally not considered to be highly food-oriented dogs, but they do enjoy treats and may become overweight if given too many. It’s important to provide them with a balanced diet and limit their treat intake to maintain their overall health and well-being.

Facts:

Australian Terriers are a small breed of dog that originated in Australia. They are known for their loyalty, intelligence and energetic personalities. Here are three interesting facts about Australian Terriers:

  1. They were originally bred to hunt rodents: Australian Terriers were developed in the 19th century to help control the rodent population on farms and ranches in Australia. They were also used to hunt snakes and other small animals.
  2. They have a unique coat: Australian Terriers have a harsh, wiry outer coat and a soft undercoat. Their coat is water-resistant and helps protect them from the harsh Australian climate.
  3. They are great watchdogs: Despite their small size, Australian Terriers are excellent watchdogs. They are alert and will bark to alert their owners of any potential danger. They are also fiercely loyal to their families and will protect them if necessary.

Names:

Australian Terriers are a spunky and energetic breed, known for their loyalty and intelligence. When it comes to naming an Australian Terrier, it’s important to choose a name that reflects their bold and adventurous nature. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for an Australian Terrier:

1. Aussie6. Finn11. Max
2. Blue7. Gatsby12. Ozzy
3. Boomer8. Jack13. Rusty
4. Cooper9. Jasper14. Scout
5. Digger10. Koda15. Ziggy

Famous:

Australian Terriers are a beloved breed known for their loyalty, intelligence and spunky personalities. Over the years, several Australian Terriers have become famous for their impressive feats, appearances in movies and ownership by notable figures. Here are some of the most famous Australian Terriers of all time:

  1. Skippy – Skippy was a famous Australian Terrier who starred in the TV series “Skippy the Bush Kangaroo” in the 1960s and 70s. Skippy was known for his intelligence and ability to perform tricks on command.
  2. Koko – Koko was an Australian Terrier who became famous for her role in the movie “Red Dog.” The film was based on the true story of a dog who wandered the Australian outback in the 1970s and Koko played the titular character.
  3. Anzac – Anzac was an Australian Terrier who served in World War I as a messenger dog. Anzac was known for his bravery and dedication to his duties and he was awarded several medals for his service.
  4. Bruiser – Bruiser was the beloved pet of Elle Woods in the movie “Legally Blonde.” Bruiser was known for his fashionable outfits and his ability to steal scenes with his adorable antics.
  5. Milo – Milo was the Australian Terrier owned by former Australian Prime Minister, John Howard. Milo was a fixture in Australian politics and was often seen accompanying Howard on official trips and events.
  6. Rusty – Rusty was a famous Australian Terrier who performed in circuses and vaudeville shows in the early 1900s. Rusty was known for his agility and ability to perform tricks and he was a favorite of audiences around the world.
  7. Bluey – Bluey was the oldest dog on record, living to the ripe old age of 29 years and 5 months. Bluey was an Australian Terrier who lived in Victoria, Australia and his longevity was attributed to his healthy diet and active lifestyle.

These are just a few of the most famous Australian Terriers of all time, each with their own unique story and legacy.

Summary:

The Australian Terrier is a small breed of dog that was originally bred in Australia in the 19th century. It is a member of the Terrier group and is known for its loyalty, intelligence and energetic personality. The breed typically weighs between 10 and 14 pounds and stands about 10 to 11 inches tall.

Australian Terriers have a wiry, weather-resistant coat that comes in shades of blue and tan, red or sandy. They are known for their keen sense of smell and excellent hunting skills and were originally bred to hunt rodents and snakes on farms.

Despite their hunting background, Australian Terriers make excellent family pets. They are affectionate, loyal and protective of their owners and are known for their playful and energetic personalities. They are also intelligent and easy to train, making them a good choice for first-time dog owners.

Overall, the Australian Terrier is a great choice for anyone looking for a small, energetic and loyal companion. They are adaptable to different living situations, including apartments and are good with children and other pets when properly socialized.