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Basset Hound

Basset Hound Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A low-to-the-ground dog with long ears and a droopy face.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.
Type:Mammal

Size:

Basset Hounds are considered a Medium-sized dog breed.
Weight:18-27 kg.
Height:33-38 cm (13-15 inches).
Length:60-80 cm.

Lifespan:

The average lifespan of a Basset Hound is around 10-12 years

Behavior:

What type of dog is a Basset Hound, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Basset Hounds are known for their gentle and affectionate nature. They are friendly and sociable dogs that love to be around people and other animals. They also have a stubbornness and can be difficult to train at times.

Personality: Basset Hounds are laid-back and have an easy-going personality. They are not very active dogs and prefer to spend most of their time lounging around the house. They are also very loyal and protective of their family, making them great watchdogs.

Temperament: Basset Hounds have a very even temperament and are not easily agitated. They are generally very patient and tolerant, making them great with children and other pets. However, they can be stubborn and independent at times, which can make training a challenge.

Behavior: Basset Hounds are famous for their love of food and can be prone to overeating if not monitored closely. They also have a strong sense of smell and love to follow their noses, which can lead to them wandering off if not kept on a leash. They are generally not very active dogs and can become overweight if not given enough exercise.

Overall, Basset Hounds are gentle, affectionate and loyal dogs that make great family pets. They do require some patience and training, but their easy-going nature and love of people make them a joy to be around.

Intelligence

Basset Hounds are not considered one of the smartest dog breeds. They are ranked 136th out of 138 breeds in Stanley Coren’s book “The Intelligence of Dogs.” However, Basset Hounds are known for their excellent sense of smell and tracking abilities, which they use for hunting.

Trainability

Basset Hounds can be stubborn and independent, which can make training a bit challenging. However, with patience, consistency and positive reinforcement techniques, they can be trained successfully. Basset Hounds respond well to food rewards and praise, so using treats and verbal praise can be effective in motivating them to learn. It’s important to start training early and be consistent with commands and expectations. Basset Hounds also have a strong sense of smell, so incorporating scent-based training can be helpful in keeping them engaged and focused. Overall, training a Basset Hound requires patience, consistency and positive reinforcement techniques.

Sleep

Basset Hounds are quite lazy and love to sleep. On average, they sleep for around 12-14 hours per day, but this can vary depending on their age, activity level and overall health. Puppies and older dogs may sleep more, while younger and more active dogs may sleep less. It’s important to provide them with a comfortable and cozy sleeping area where they can rest undisturbed.

Bark

Basset Hounds are vocal dogs, but the amount they bark can vary from dog to dog. Some Basset Hounds may bark more than others, while some may be relatively quiet. However, they can tend to bark when they are excited, bored or want attention. It is important to train your Basset Hound to control their barking and to provide them with enough mental and physical stimulation to prevent excessive barking.

Drool

Basset Hounds are heavy droolers, especially after eating or drinking water. They have loose skin around their mouths and jowls, which can trap saliva and cause excessive drooling. However, the amount of drooling can vary from dog to dog and some Basset Hounds may drool more than others. It is important to keep their mouth and face clean to prevent any skin irritation or infections.

Lick

Basset Hounds are moderate to heavy lickers. They enjoy licking their owners and other people as a way of showing affection and seeking attention. However, excessive licking can be a sign of anxiety or boredom, so it’s important to monitor their behavior and provide them with enough mental and physical stimulation to prevent this. Regular grooming and dental care can also help reduce their licking behavior.

Jump

Basset Hounds are not renowned for their jumping ability. They are a low-slung breed with short legs and a heavy body, which makes it difficult for them to jump high. On average, a Basset Hound can jump up to 1 meters (3.2 feet) in the air. However, it’s important to note that every dog is different and some Basset Hounds may be able to jump higher than others.

Dig

Basset Hounds are moderate diggers. They have a natural instinct to dig, which can be triggered by boredom, anxiety or the desire to hunt. However, with proper training and exercise, this behavior can be minimized. Providing your Basset Hound with plenty of mental and physical stimulation, such as daily walks and interactive toys, can help prevent excessive digging. It’s also important to supervise your dog when they are outside and redirect their attention if they start to dig in inappropriate areas.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Basset Hound the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Basset Hound.

Exercise

Basset Hounds are a low-energy breed and do not require a lot of exercise. They are content with a daily walk or two and some playtime in the yard. A total of 30-60 minutes of exercise per day is sufficient for them to stay healthy and happy. However, it is important to monitor their weight as they can easily become overweight due to their love for food and lack of exercise.

Space

Basset Hounds are medium-sized dogs that typically weigh between 40-65 pounds and stand about 14 inches tall at the shoulder. They are low-energy dogs that enjoy lounging around the house, but they still need regular exercise to maintain their health and prevent obesity.

When it comes to living space, Basset Hounds can adapt to a variety of environments, including apartments and small homes, as long as they get enough exercise and mental stimulation. However, they do require a secure, fenced yard or a leash for outdoor activities, as they have a strong sense of smell and may wander off if they catch a scent.

Overall, Basset Hounds do not require a lot of space, but they do need daily exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy.

Apartment

Basset Hounds are not the best choice for apartment living as they are a large breed with a lot of energy and require a lot of exercise. They also tend to be vocal and may disturb neighbors. Additionally, their long ears and droopy eyes make them prone to ear infections and eye problems, which can be exacerbated by living in a small, enclosed space. If you are set on getting a Basset Hound, it is important to make sure you have a large enough living space and are able to provide them with plenty of exercise and attention.

Left Alone

Basset Hounds have a strong attachment to their owners and can become anxious or depressed when left alone for long periods. They are not the best breed for people who work long hours or travel frequently. However, with proper training and socialization, they can learn to tolerate being left alone for short periods of time. It’s important to provide them with plenty of exercise and mental stimulation before leaving them alone and to make sure they have access to food, water and a comfortable place to rest. Additionally, some Basset Hounds may benefit from the company of another dog or a pet sitter while their owners are away.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Basset Hounds are generally good with kids and families. They have a gentle and friendly nature and they tend to be patient and tolerant with children. However, like any breed, it’s important to supervise interactions between children and dogs to ensure that both are safe and comfortable. Basset Hounds also require regular exercise and attention, so they may not be the best fit for families who are not able to provide adequate time and care for their pet.

Perfect Fit

A Basset Hound would be a perfect fit for a home/household that has:

  1. A moderate-sized yard or access to a nearby park for daily exercise and playtime.
  2. A family or individual who can provide consistent training and socialization to prevent boredom and destructive behavior.
  3. A relaxed and laid-back lifestyle, as Basset Hounds are known for their easy-going and low-energy personalities.
  4. A family or individual who can provide regular grooming and maintenance for their long ears and droopy eyes.
  5. A household with older children or adults, as Basset Hounds may not have the patience for young children’s energy and noise.
  6. A family or individual who is willing to provide proper nutrition and regular veterinary care to maintain their overall health and well-being.

Pros and Cons:

While they are beloved by many, there are both pros and cons to owning this breed. Here are five of each:

ProsCons
1. Affectionate and loyal1. Can be stubborn and difficult to train
2. Great with children and other pets2. Prone to health issues such as obesity and ear infections
3. Low energy and easygoing temperament3. Can be loud and prone to barking/howling
4. Adaptable to different living situations4. Shed heavily and require regular grooming
5. Unique and adorable appearance5. Can be prone to separation anxiety and destructive behavior if left alone for long periods of time

Cost:

The cost of a Basset Hound in Australia can vary depending on the breeder, location and pedigree. On average, a Basset Hound puppy can cost between $1,500 to $3,000 AUD. It is important to do research and find a reputable breeder to ensure the health and well-being of the puppy. Additionally, there are often adoption options available through rescue organizations that can be more affordable.

Breed History:

Basset Hounds were originally bred in France in the 16th century for hunting small game, particularly rabbits and hares. Their short legs and long ears helped them to track scents close to the ground and their slow pace allowed hunters to keep up with them on foot. The word “basset” comes from the French word “bas” which means low or short, referring to their short legs. The breed was later imported to England where it became popular among the aristocracy for hunting. Today, Basset Hounds are primarily kept as companion animals and show dogs, but they still retain their excellent sense of smell and hunting instincts.

Current Usage

Basset Hounds are primarily kept as pets, but they are also used for hunting and tracking. Their keen sense of smell and low stature make them excellent at tracking game, particularly rabbits and hares. In addition to hunting, Basset Hounds are also used in search and rescue operations due to their ability to track scents over long distances. They are also sometimes used in therapy work due to their calm and friendly demeanor. However, their primary role today is as a beloved family pet.

Guard Dogs

Basset Hounds are not typically known for their guarding abilities. They are friendly and sociable dogs that are more likely to greet strangers with a wagging tail than to act as a guard dog. While they may bark to alert their owners of a potential threat, they are not usually aggressive or protective. Therefore, they are not recommended as guard dogs.

Where Are They Found?

Basset Hounds are popular in many countries, but some of the countries where they are most popular include:

1. United States6. Germany
2. United Kingdom7. Spain
3. France8. Italy
4. Canada9. Japan
5. Australia10. Brazil

These countries have a large number of Basset Hound breeders, owners and enthusiasts and the breed is recognized and appreciated for its unique appearance, friendly personality and excellent hunting skills.

Climate

Basset Hounds are best suited to a moderate climate with mild temperatures. They are sensitive to extreme temperatures, both hot and cold and can easily overheat or become chilled. Therefore, they should not be kept in areas with extreme temperatures. In hot weather, they should be kept indoors with air conditioning or in a shaded area with plenty of water to drink. In cold weather, they should be provided with a warm and dry shelter. Overall, Basset Hounds are adaptable and can live in a variety of climates as long as their needs are met.

Population

It is difficult to determine the exact number of Basset Hounds in the world as there is no centralized database or registry for all Basset Hounds. However, according to the American Kennel Club, Basset Hounds are the 39th most popular breed in the United States, with approximately 10,000 new registrations each year. Additionally, Basset Hounds are popular in other countries such as France and the United Kingdom. Therefore, it can be estimated that there are tens of thousands, if not hundreds of thousands, of Basset Hounds in the world.

Physical Appearance:

Basset Hounds are a medium-sized breed of dog with a distinct appearance. They have a long, droopy face with large, floppy ears that hang down to their shoulders. Their eyes are large and brown, giving them a sad expression. Basset Hounds have a thick, short coat that can come in a variety of colors including black, white, tan and brown. They have a long body with short legs, making them low to the ground. Basset Hounds are known for their loose skin, especially around their neck and face, which gives them a wrinkled appearance. They have a friendly and gentle demeanor, making them a popular choice as a family pet.

Coat:

Colours:

Basset Hounds can be a variety of colors, including: Tri-color – black, white and tan, Lemon and white, Red and white, Mahogany and white, Black and white, Tan and white, Brown and white, Blue and white (rare). Note that some Basset Hounds may have a combination of these colors.

Hair/Fur Length:

Basset Hounds have short hair that is smooth and dense.

Shedding:

Yes, Basset Hounds do shed. They have a short, dense coat that sheds moderately year-round and heavily twice a year during shedding seasons. Regular brushing and grooming can help to manage shedding and keep their coat healthy and shiny.

Grooming:

The Basset Hound has a short, smooth coat that requires minimal grooming. They shed moderately throughout the year and may require occasional brushing to remove loose hair. However, they do not require regular haircuts as their coat does not grow long.

It is important to keep their ears clean and dry as they are prone to infections due to their long, floppy ears. Regular cleaning and inspection of their ears can help prevent infections. Additionally, their nails should be trimmed regularly to prevent overgrowth and discomfort.

Hypoallergenic:

No, Basset Hounds are not hypoallergenic. They shed a moderate amount and produce dander, which can trigger allergies in some people. If you have allergies, it’s best to spend time with a Basset Hound before bringing one into your home to see if you have a reaction. Regular grooming and vacuuming can also help reduce allergens in the home.

Speed:

Basset Hounds have a maximum running speed of around 24-29 kph (15-18 mph).

Health:

Basset Hounds are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues, including:

  • Hip Dysplasia: a genetic condition where the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, causing pain and mobility issues.
  • Ear Infections: due to their long, floppy ears, Basset Hounds are prone to ear infections.
  • Obesity: Basset Hounds love to eat and can easily become overweight, which can lead to other health issues.
  • Intervertebral Disc Disease: a condition where the discs between the vertebrae in the spine degenerate, causing pain and mobility issues.
  • Bloat: a life-threatening condition where the stomach fills with gas and twists on itself, cutting off blood flow to the organs.

Teeth:

Basset Hounds typically have 42 teeth.

Eyesight:

Basset Hounds have a keen sense of smell, which is their primary sense used for hunting. However, their eyesight is not as strong as their sense of smell. They have droopy eyes that can sometimes cause vision problems and they are also prone to eye infections and other eye-related issues. Overall, while Basset Hounds do have some level of eyesight, it is not their strongest sense.

Nipples:

Basset Hounds typically have 8 to 10 nipples, arranged in two rows on their underside.

Gestation:

Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Basset Hounds is between 6 to 8 puppies. However, litter sizes can vary and may be smaller or larger depending on factors such as the age and health of the mother, genetics and environmental conditions.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Basset Hounds is typically around 63 days, which is the same as most other dog breeds. However, it is important to note that the gestation period can vary slightly from dog to dog and may be influenced by factors such as the size of the litter and the health of the mother. It is important for owners to provide proper care and nutrition to their pregnant Basset Hounds during this time to ensure the health of both the mother and the puppies.

Heat:

Basset Hounds typically go into heat twice a year, but this can vary depending on the individual dog.

Male vs Female:

Male and female Basset Hounds have some physical and behavioral differences. Males are generally larger and heavier than females, with a height of 12-15 inches and weight of 55-75 pounds, while females are 11-14 inches tall and weigh 45-65 pounds. Females tend to be more independent and territorial, while males are more affectionate and social. Males may also be more stubborn and difficult to train, while females are more eager to please. Additionally, females may experience heat cycles and have a higher risk of developing certain health issues, such as mammary tumors and uterine infections.

Tips and Advice:

Here are some tips and advice for caring for a Basset Hound:

  • Grooming: Basset Hounds have a short, dense coat that sheds moderately. Regular brushing can help keep their coat healthy and reduce shedding. Their long ears also require regular cleaning to prevent infections.
  • Exercise: Despite their short legs, Basset Hounds are active dogs that require daily exercise. Short walks and playtime in a fenced yard can help keep them healthy and happy.
  • Diet: Basset Hounds are prone to obesity, so it’s important to feed them a balanced diet and monitor their food intake. Avoid overfeeding and giving them table scraps.
  • Health: Basset Hounds are prone to certain health issues, such as hip dysplasia, ear infections and bloat. Regular vet check-ups and preventative care can help keep them healthy.
  • Training: Basset Hounds can be stubborn and independent, so early and consistent training is important. Positive reinforcement and patience can help them learn commands and good behavior.
  • Socialization: Basset Hounds are social dogs that enjoy being around people and other dogs. Early socialization can help them develop good social skills and prevent aggression.
  • Safety: Basset Hounds have a strong sense of smell and can easily become distracted, so it’s important to keep them on a leash or in a secure area when outside. They are also prone to heat stroke, so avoid exercising them in hot weather.

By following these tips and providing your Basset Hound with love and attention, you can ensure they live a happy and healthy life.

Food:

Basset Hounds can be food-oriented dogs, meaning they have a strong desire for food and may overeat if not monitored. It is important to control their food intake and provide them with a balanced diet to prevent obesity and other health issues.

The amount of food a Basset Hound needs depends on their age, weight and activity level. As a general guideline, adult Basset Hounds should be fed 1-2 cups of high-quality dry food per day, divided into two meals. Puppies and young Basset Hounds may need more frequent meals and smaller portions.

It is important to consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate amount and type of food for your Basset Hound. They can also provide guidance on feeding schedules and any dietary restrictions or recommendations based on your dog’s individual needs.

Facts:

Here are three interesting facts about them:

  1. Basset Hounds have an incredible sense of smell and are often used as tracking dogs for law enforcement and search and rescue missions.
  2. Despite their short legs, Basset Hounds are surprisingly fast and were originally bred for hunting small game like rabbits and hares.
  3. Basset Hounds are known for their stubbornness and can be difficult to train, but they are also incredibly loyal and affectionate towards their owners.

Names:

When it comes to naming a Basset Hound, it’s important to choose a name that reflects their easygoing nature and unique appearance. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Basset Hound:

1. Droopy6. Daisy11. Murphy
2. Wrinkles7. Rufus12. Otis
3. Sadie8. Louie13. Gus
4. Charlie9. Hank14. Ruby
5. Winston10. Biscuit15. Olive

Famous:

Over the years, some Basset Hounds have become famous for their roles in movies, television shows and even for their incredible feats. Here are some of the most famous Basset Hounds of all time:

  1. Flash – The Basset Hound who played the role of the beloved dog, Droopy, in the Tom and Jerry cartoons.
  2. Columbo – The Basset Hound who starred alongside Peter Falk in the TV series, Columbo.
  3. Fred Basset – The star of the British comic strip, Fred Basset, which has been running since 1963.
  4. Gromit – The clay animation character from the Wallace and Gromit series, who is a Basset Hound.
  5. George – The Basset Hound who holds the Guinness World Record for having the longest ears of any living dog.
  6. Millie – The Basset Hound who was owned by President Lyndon B. Johnson and was often seen in White House photos.
  7. Elvis – The Basset Hound who won the title of “”Best in Show”” at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 2001.
  8. Rufus – The Basset Hound who won the title of “”Best in Show”” at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 2006.
  9. Droopy – The Basset Hound who starred in his own series of cartoons in the 1940s and 1950s.
  10. Hush Puppy – The Basset Hound who is the mascot for the shoe brand, Hush Puppies.

Summary:

The Basset Hound is a type of dog that belongs to the hound group. They are known for their short legs, long ears and droopy eyes. Basset Hounds are typically friendly, laid-back and loyal dogs. They are also renowned for their excellent sense of smell, which makes them great hunting dogs.

Basset Hounds have a long history, dating back to France in the 16th century. They were originally bred for hunting small game, such as rabbits and hares. Today, they are still used for hunting, but they are also popular as family pets.

As a pet, the Basset Hound can make a great addition to a family. They are generally good with children and other pets and they have a calm and gentle demeanor. However, they can be stubborn and difficult to train, so patience and consistency are key when it comes to training a Basset Hound. They also require regular exercise and grooming to keep them healthy and happy. Overall, the Basset Hound is a lovable and loyal companion that can bring joy to any household.