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Bichon Frise

Bichon Frise Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A small, fluffy, white dog with a curly coat and a cheerful disposition.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.


Bichon Frises are considered a Small Dog breed.
Weight:3-5 kg.
Height:23-30 cm (9-12 inches).
Length:23-30 cm.


The average lifespan of a Bichon Frise is 12-15 years


What type of dog is a Bichon Frise, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Bichon Frises are a small breed of dog that are known for their friendly and affectionate personalities. They are often described as being playful, curious and energetic and they tend to be very social with both humans and other animals.

In terms of temperament, Bichon Frises are generally very happy and outgoing dogs. They love to be around people and are often very affectionate with their owners. They are also very intelligent and trainable, which makes them great pets for families with children.

When it comes to behavior, Bichon Frises are typically very active and playful. They love to run around and play and they are often very curious about their surroundings. They also tend to be very loyal and protective of their owners, which can make them great watchdogs.

Overall, Bichon Frises are a very friendly and loving breed of dog that make great pets for families with children or other pets. They are easy to train and are generally very well-behaved, which makes them a popular choice for many pet owners.


Bichon Frises are generally considered to be intelligent dogs. They are quick learners and are have an ability to perform tricks and follow commands. They are also highly social and have a friendly and affectionate personality, which makes them great companion dogs. However, like all dogs, their intelligence can vary depending on their individual personality and training.


Bichon Frises are generally considered to be moderately easy to train. They are intelligent and eager to please their owners, which makes them receptive to training. However, they can also be stubborn at times, so consistent and patient training is necessary. Positive reinforcement methods, such as treats and praise, work well with Bichon Frises. It is important to start training early and to socialize them with other dogs and people to prevent any behavioral issues. Overall, with proper training and socialization, Bichon Frises can be well-behaved and obedient pets.


Bichon Frises typically sleep for about 12-14 hours per day, although this can vary depending on their age, activity level and individual needs. Puppies and older dogs may require more sleep, while younger, more active dogs may need less. It’s important to provide your Bichon Frise with a comfortable and quiet place to sleep and to ensure they get enough rest to maintain their health and well-being.


Bichon Frises are vocal dogs and can bark quite a bit if they are not trained properly. They are alert and will bark to alert their owners of any perceived danger or strangers. However, with proper training and socialization, their barking can be controlled. It is important to note that excessive barking can be a sign of anxiety or boredom, so it is important to provide them with enough exercise and mental stimulation.


Bichon Frises are not heavy droolers. They have a low to moderate drooling tendency, which means they may drool occasionally, but not excessively. However, individual dogs may vary in their drooling tendency depending on their health, diet and other factors.


Bichon Frises are affectionate and social dogs and they may lick their owners or other dogs as a way of showing affection or greeting. However, the amount of licking can vary from dog to dog and may depend on their personality and training. Some Bichon Frises may be more prone to excessive licking, while others may not lick as much. It’s important to establish boundaries and train your Bichon Frise to understand when licking is appropriate and when it’s not.


Bichon Frises are not known for their jumping ability. They are a small breed and typically do not have the physical capability to jump very high. However, some Bichon Frises may be able to jump up to a foot or two in the air. It is important to note that excessive jumping can be harmful to their joints and should be avoided.


Bichon Frises are not excessive diggers. However, like any dog, they may dig occasionally out of curiosity or boredom. Proper training and providing them with enough exercise and mental stimulation can help prevent unwanted digging behavior.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Bichon Frise the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Bichon Frise.


Bichon Frises are a small breed that requires moderate exercise. They need at least 30 minutes of daily exercise, which can be in the form of a walk, playtime in a fenced yard or indoor playtime. However, it is important to note that every dog is different and their exercise needs may vary based on their age, health and activity level. It is always best to consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate amount of exercise for your Bichon Frise.


Bichon Frises are small dogs that typically weigh between 10-18 pounds and stand about 9-11 inches tall at the shoulder. They are well-suited for apartment living and do not require a lot of space. However, they do need daily exercise and playtime, so access to a small yard or regular walks is important for their physical and mental health. As long as they receive enough exercise and attention, Bichon Frises can thrive in a variety of living situations, including small apartments or larger homes with yards.


Yes, Bichon Frises can make great apartment dogs. They are small in size, typically weighing between 7-12 pounds and are known for their friendly and affectionate personalities. They are also relatively low-energy dogs, so they don’t require a lot of space to run around. However, like all dogs, they still need regular exercise and mental stimulation, so it’s important to make sure they get enough daily walks and playtime. Additionally, Bichon Frises have a hypoallergenic coat, which can be beneficial for people with allergies who live in apartments.

Left Alone

Bichon Frises are social dogs and do not tolerate being left alone for long periods of time. They can suffer from separation anxiety and may become destructive or develop behavioral problems if left alone for extended periods. It is recommended that Bichon Frises are not left alone for more than 4-6 hours at a time and are provided with plenty of mental and physical stimulation to keep them occupied while their owners are away.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Bichon Frises are generally good with kids and families. They are their friendly and have an affectionate nature and they love to be around people. They are also playful and energetic, which makes them great companions for children. However, as with any breed, it is important to supervise interactions between children and dogs to ensure safety for both. Additionally, Bichon Frises require regular grooming and exercise, so families should be prepared to provide these needs.

Perfect Fit

A Bichon Frise would be a perfect fit for a household that is looking for a small, affectionate and playful dog. They are great for families with children, as they are gentle and patient. Bichon Frises are also good for apartment living, as they do not require a lot of space to exercise. They are low-shedding, hypoallergenic dogs, which makes them a great choice for people with allergies. However, they do require regular grooming to keep their coat healthy and free of mats. Overall, a Bichon Frise would be a great addition to any household that is looking for a friendly and loving companion.

Pros and Cons:

While they make great pets for many people, there are also some downsides to owning one. Here are five pros and cons of owning a Bichon Frise:

  1. They are great with children: Bichon Frises are gentle and patient with kids, making them a great family pet.
  2. They are hypoallergenic: Bichon Frises have hair instead of fur, which means they shed less and are less likely to trigger allergies.
  3. They are easy to train: Bichon Frises are intelligent and eager to please, which makes them quick learners.
  4. They are adaptable: Bichon Frises can live in apartments or houses and they are happy as long as they get enough exercise and attention.
  5. They are social: Bichon Frises love people and other dogs and they thrive on social interaction.
  1. They require grooming: Bichon Frises have thick, curly hair that needs regular brushing and trimming to prevent matting.
  2. They can be prone to health problems: Bichon Frises are susceptible to certain health issues, such as allergies, dental problems and skin conditions.
  3. They can be high-energy: Bichon Frises are playful and energetic, which means they need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation.
  4. They can be clingy: Bichon Frises love attention and can become anxious or destructive if left alone for long periods of time.
  5. They can be vocal: Bichon Frises are known to bark and whine, which can be a problem for some owners and neighbors.


The cost of a Bichon Frise in Australia can vary depending on the breeder, location and availability. On average, a Bichon Frise puppy can cost between $2,000 to $4,000 AUD. However, it is important to note that purchasing a puppy from a reputable breeder who conducts health checks and provides proper care can be more expensive. It is also recommended to factor in additional costs such as vaccinations, microchipping and ongoing care expenses.

Breed History:

Bichon Frises were originally bred as companion dogs. They were popular among the French aristocracy in the 16th century and were often seen in the courts of King Francis I and King Henry III. Their small size, cheerful disposition and hypoallergenic coat made them ideal lap dogs and companions for the wealthy.

The Bichon Frise is believed to have originated in the Mediterranean region, possibly on the island of Tenerife. They are a cross between the Barbet, a water spaniel and the Poodle. The breed was developed to be a low-shedding dog that was easy to train and had a friendly, affectionate personality.

Today, Bichon Frises are still popular as companion dogs and are known for their playful, affectionate nature. They are also used as therapy dogs and are often trained to work with people with disabilities or in hospitals and nursing homes.

Current Usage

Bichon Frises are primarily kept as companion pets and are not typically used as working dogs. They are known for their friendly and affectionate nature, making them popular as family pets and therapy dogs. However, some Bichon Frises have been trained for obedience and agility competitions, as well as for participating in dog shows. Additionally, some Bichon Frises have been trained as service dogs for people with disabilities, such as hearing or mobility impairments. Overall, Bichon Frises are primarily kept as beloved pets and companions.

Guard Dogs

No, Bichon Frises are not typically good guard dogs. They are friendly, social and non-aggressive dogs that are more likely to greet strangers with a wagging tail than to protect their home. They are also small in size and not physically intimidating, which makes them less effective as guard dogs. Bichon Frises are better suited as companion dogs and excel at providing love and affection to their owners.

Where Are They Found?

Bichon Frises are popular in many countries around the world, but some of the countries where they are most popular include:

1. United States6. Italy
2. France7. Germany
3. United Kingdom8. Australia
4. Canada9. Japan
5. Spain10. South Korea

These countries have a large number of Bichon Frise breeders, owners and enthusiasts who appreciate the breed’s friendly and affectionate nature, as well as their hypoallergenic coat.


Bichon Frises are adaptable to different climates, but they are best suited to moderate climates with mild temperatures. They have a thick, curly coat that protects them from the cold, but they can also overheat easily in hot and humid weather. It is important to keep them cool and hydrated during hot weather and provide them with a comfortable indoor environment during cold weather.


It is difficult to determine the exact number of Bichon Frises in the world as there is no centralized database or registry for all Bichon Frises. However, according to the American Kennel Club (AKC), the Bichon Frise is the 46th most popular dog breed in the United States, with approximately 10,000 new registrations per year. Additionally, the Bichon Frise is a popular breed in many other countries, so it is safe to assume that there are tens of thousands, if not hundreds of thousands, of Bichon Frises worldwide.

Physical Appearance:

Bichon Frises are small, fluffy dogs with a round head and a short snout. They have large, dark eyes that are set well apart and a black nose. Their ears are long and droopy and their tail is curled over their back. Bichon Frises have a soft, curly coat that is typically white, although it can also be cream or apricot. They have a compact, square-shaped body with a sturdy build and a lively, energetic gait. Overall, Bichon Frises have a charming and playful appearance that makes them a popular choice for families and dog lovers alike.



Bichon Frises are typically white, but they can also have cream, apricot or gray markings. However, the American Kennel Club (AKC) breed standard only recognizes white as the acceptable color for Bichon Frises.

Hair/Fur Length:

Bichon Frises have a long, curly coat that grows continuously and can reach up to 3-4 inches in length if not trimmed regularly. However, many owners choose to keep their Bichon Frises in a shorter, more manageable haircut.


Bichon Frises are considered to be a low-shedding breed, but they do shed a small amount of hair. Their curly coat is hypoallergenic and doesn’t shed much, but it does require regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling. Bichon Frises need to be brushed at least once a week and taken to a professional groomer every 4-6 weeks to maintain their coat. Overall, Bichon Frises are a great choice for people with allergies or who don’t want a lot of shedding in their home. read more >>


The Bichon Frise requires regular grooming to maintain its fluffy coat. Daily brushing is recommended to prevent matting and tangling. Professional grooming every 4-6 weeks is also necessary to trim the hair and keep it at a manageable length. The Bichon Frise’s hair does not shed, so it will continue to grow and require regular trimming. Some owners prefer to keep their Bichon Frise’s hair short for easier maintenance, while others prefer a longer, more traditional look.


Yes, Bichon Frises are considered hypoallergenic dogs. They have hair instead of fur, which means they shed less and produce less dander, making them a good choice for people with allergies. However, no dog breed is completely hypoallergenic and some people may still experience allergic reactions to Bichon Frises.


Bichon Frises have an average running speed of 24-30 kph (15-18.6 mph).


Bichon Frises are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues, including:

  • Allergies: Bichon Frises can be prone to allergies, which can cause skin irritation and itching.
  • Dental issues: Small breeds like Bichon Frises are prone to dental problems, including tooth decay and gum disease.
  • Patellar luxation: This is a condition where the kneecap can dislocate, causing pain and lameness.
  • Hip dysplasia: This is a genetic condition where the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, leading to arthritis and pain.
  • Cataracts: Bichon Frises can develop cataracts, which can cause vision problems and even blindness.


Bichon Frises typically have 42 teeth, which is the same number of teeth as most other dog breeds.


Bichon Frises generally have good eyesight, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain eye conditions such as cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy and glaucoma. Regular eye exams by a veterinarian can help detect and treat any issues early on.


Bichon Frises typically have 8 to 10 nipples, arranged in two rows on their underside.


Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Bichon Frises is 3 to 5 puppies. However, litter sizes can vary and some Bichon Frise litters may have fewer or more puppies.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Bichon Frises is typically around 63 days. However, it can range from 58 to 68 days. It is important to monitor the pregnant Bichon Frise closely during this time and provide proper care and nutrition to ensure a healthy pregnancy and delivery.


Bichon Frises typically go into heat twice a year, although this can vary depending on the individual dog.

Male vs Female:

Male and female Bichon Frises have some physical and behavioral differences. Males are generally larger and heavier than females, with a more muscular build. They may also have a more dominant personality and be more territorial. Females, on the other hand, are typically smaller and lighter, with a more delicate build. They tend to be more affectionate and nurturing, making them great family pets. Additionally, female Bichon Frises may experience heat cycles and can become pregnant, while males do not have these reproductive capabilities.

Tips and Advice:

Bichon Frises are adorable and affectionate dogs that make great pets. However, they require proper care and attention to ensure their health and happiness. Here are some tips and advice for caring for a Bichon Frise:

  • Grooming: Bichon Frises have a curly, fluffy coat that requires regular grooming. Brush their coat daily to prevent matting and tangles. They also need to be bathed every 4-6 weeks.
  • Dental care: Bichon Frises are prone to dental problems, so it’s important to brush their teeth regularly and provide them with dental chews or toys.
  • Exercise: Bichon Frises are energetic dogs that need daily exercise. Take them for walks, play fetch or let them run around in a fenced yard.
  • Socialization: Bichon Frises are social dogs that enjoy being around people and other pets. Socialize them from a young age to prevent shyness or aggression.
  • Training: Bichon Frises are intelligent dogs that are eager to please. Train them using positive reinforcement techniques to teach them basic commands and good behavior.
  • Health care: Bichon Frises are prone to certain health issues such as allergies, skin problems and eye infections. Regular vet check-ups and vaccinations are important to keep them healthy.
  • Nutrition: Bichon Frises need a balanced diet that is high in protein and low in fat. Feed them high-quality dog food and avoid giving them table scraps or human food.
  • Mental stimulation: Bichon Frises are smart dogs that need mental stimulation to prevent boredom. Provide them with puzzle toys, interactive games or training sessions to keep their minds active.

By following these tips and advice, you can ensure that your Bichon Frise is healthy, happy and well-cared for.


The amount of food a Bichon Frise needs depends on their age, size and activity level. Generally, they require 1/2 to 1 cup of high-quality dry dog food per day, divided into two meals. It’s essential to monitor their weight and adjust their food intake accordingly to prevent obesity.

Bichon Frises are food-oriented dogs and enjoy eating. They have a healthy appetite and can become overweight if overfed or given too many treats. It’s essential to provide them with a balanced diet and limit their treats to maintain their health and weight.


Here are three interesting facts about Bichon Frise:

  1. Bichon Frise dogs were originally bred as lap dogs for French royalty and were often seen in the arms of noblewomen.
  2. Despite their small size, Bichon Frise dogs are known for their athleticism and agility. They excel in dog sports such as agility, obedience and rally.
  3. Bichon Frise dogs have a hypoallergenic coat, which means they shed very little and are a good choice for people with allergies. However, their coat requires regular grooming to prevent matting.


When it comes to naming a Bichon Frise, many people opt for names that are cute, whimsical and fun. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Bichon Frise:

1. Fluffy6. Cupcake11. Pippin
2. Snowball7. Sprinkles12. Charlie
3. Cotton8. Bubbles13. Daisy
4. Marshmallow9. Dolly14. Lily
5. Muffin10. Teddy15. Rosie


Over the years, many Bichon Frises have become famous for their roles in movies, their incredible talents or their famous owners. Some of the most famous Bichon Frises of all time include:

  1. Bo – The First Dog of the United States, owned by the Obama family.
  2. Bijou – A Bichon Frise who starred in the movie “Best in Show.”
  3. Jules – A Bichon Frise who won the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 2001.
  4. Cha Cha – A Bichon Frise who won the World Dog Show in 2000.
  5. Toto – The beloved dog from “The Wizard of Oz” was actually a Cairn Terrier, but a Bichon Frise played the role in the stage production.

These famous Bichon Frises have captured the hearts of people around the world and have helped to make the breed even more popular.


The Bichon Frise is a small breed of dog that falls under the category of toy dogs. They are known for their fluffy, white coat and cheerful personality. Bichon Frises are intelligent, affectionate and playful dogs that make great family pets. They are also hypoallergenic, making them a good choice for people with allergies.

Bichon Frises have a long history, dating back to the 14th century when they were bred as lap dogs for the French aristocracy. They were also popular among Italian sailors who would take them on their voyages as companions. Today, Bichon Frises are still popular pets and are often used as therapy dogs due to their friendly and outgoing nature.

As pets, Bichon Frises are well-suited for families with children and other pets. They are social dogs that enjoy being around people and other animals. They are also easy to train and are renowned for their obedience and loyalty. Bichon Frises are energetic dogs that require regular exercise and playtime to keep them happy and healthy.

Overall, the Bichon Frise is a wonderful pet for families looking for a small, friendly and affectionate dog that is easy to care for and train. They are loyal, playful and make great companions for people of all ages.