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Bloodhound

Bloodhound Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A large and powerful breed of dog with a keen sense of smell and impressive tracking abilities.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.
Type:Mammal

Size:

Bloodhounds are considered a Large Dog breed.
Weight:36-50 kg.
Height:58-69 cm (23-27 inches) at the shoulder.
Length:80-110 cm.

Lifespan:

The average lifespan of a Bloodhound is 10-12 years

Behavior:

What type of dog is a Bloodhound, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Bloodhounds are known for their gentle and affectionate nature, making them great family pets. They have an incredible sense of smell, which makes them excellent tracking dogs. Here is a detailed overview of their personality and temperament:

  • Bloodhounds are calm and laid-back dogs. They are not overly energetic and are happy to spend most of their time lounging around the house.
  • They are very loyal and affectionate towards their owners. They love to be around people and are great with children.
  • Bloodhounds are not aggressive or territorial. They are generally friendly towards strangers and other animals.
  • Bloodhounds have a strong sense of smell and are often used as tracking dogs. They are able to follow a scent for miles and are used by law enforcement agencies to track down criminals and missing persons.
  • They are often stubborn and independent. They can be difficult to train and may require a lot of patience and persistence.
  • Bloodhounds are not active dogs. They are happy to go for a walk or play in the yard, but they are not typically high-energy dogs.
  • Bloodhounds have a loud and distinctive baying. They will often howl and bark when they pick up a scent or when they are excited.
  • They are droolers. Bloodhounds have loose jowls that tend to droop, which can result in a lot of drool.
  • Bloodhounds are generally good with children and other pets. However, they may be too large and clumsy for very small children.

Overall, Bloodhounds are gentle, affectionate dogs with a strong sense of smell and a stubborn streak. They make great family pets for those who are patient and willing to put in the time and effort to train them.

Intelligence

Bloodhounds are considered to be one of the most intelligent dog breeds. They have an excellent sense of smell and are often used for tracking and hunting. They are also renowned for their loyalty, obedience and trainability. Bloodhounds are quick learners and can be trained to perform a variety of tasks, including search and rescue, law enforcement and therapy work. Overall, Bloodhounds are highly intelligent dogs that excel in many different areas.

Trainability

Bloodhounds are intelligent and independent dogs, but they can also be stubborn and easily distracted by their strong sense of smell. Therefore, training a Bloodhound can be challenging and requires patience, consistency and positive reinforcement techniques.

Bloodhounds respond well to reward-based training methods, such as using treats, praise and playtime as motivation. They also benefit from early socialization and obedience training to help them develop good manners and prevent behavioral issues.

Overall, training a Bloodhound requires a dedicated and experienced owner who is willing to invest time and effort into their education. With proper training and socialization, Bloodhounds can become well-behaved and loyal companions.

Sleep

Bloodhounds typically sleep for around 12-14 hours per day. However, this can vary depending on their age, activity level and overall health. Puppies and older dogs may require more sleep, while highly active dogs may need less. It’s important to provide your Bloodhound with a comfortable and quiet sleeping area to ensure they get the rest they need.

Bark

Bloodhounds have a loud and deep barks, but the amount they bark can vary depending on the individual dog. Some Bloodhounds may bark frequently, while others may be more quiet. However, as a breed, Bloodhounds are known to be vocal and may bark when they sense danger, when they are excited or when they are bored. Proper training and socialization can help reduce excessive barking in Bloodhounds.

Drool

Bloodhounds are excessive droolers. They have loose skin around their mouths and jowls, which makes them prone to drooling. Bloodhounds can drool quite a bit, especially after eating or drinking or when they are excited or hot. Some Bloodhounds may drool more than others, but it is a common trait of the breed. It is important to keep a towel handy to wipe their mouths and prevent excessive drool from getting on furniture or clothing.

Lick

Bloodhounds are heavy droolers and lickers. They have a tendency to lick their owners and other people they come in contact with. The amount of licking can vary from dog to dog, but in general, Bloodhounds can be quite affectionate and enjoy showing their love through licking. It’s important to note that excessive licking can sometimes be a sign of anxiety or stress, so it’s important to monitor your dog’s behavior and seek advice from a veterinarian if you have concerns.

Jump

Bloodhounds are not known for their jumping ability as they are a large and heavy breed. They typically have a low vertical jump and are not used for activities that require high jumping such as agility competitions.

Dig

Bloodhounds are enthusiastic diggers and they have a strong instinct to dig. They are capable of digging deep holes and tunnels if they are left unsupervised or bored. It is important to provide them with enough exercise and mental stimulation to prevent destructive digging behavior. Training and socialization can also help to curb their digging tendencies.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Bloodhound the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Bloodhound.

Exercise

Bloodhounds are a large and energetic breed that require a moderate amount of exercise. They need at least one hour of exercise per day, which can include walks, runs and playtime. Bloodhounds also enjoy participating in activities such as tracking, obedience training and agility. It is important to provide them with enough exercise to prevent obesity and keep them mentally stimulated. However, it is also important to avoid over-exercising them, especially in hot weather, as they are prone to overheating.

Space

Bloodhounds are large dogs that require a lot of space to move around and exercise. They need a minimum of a large yard or an outdoor area where they can run and play. Bloodhounds are not suitable for apartment living or small homes with limited outdoor space. They also need a comfortable indoor space where they can rest and relax. It is important to note that Bloodhounds are prone to obesity and need regular exercise to maintain their health.

Apartment

Bloodhounds are not recommended for apartment living as they are large dogs that require a lot of space to move around and exercise. They are also vocal and can howl or bark loudly, which may disturb your neighbors. Bloodhounds are better suited for homes with a large yard or open space where they can run and play. Additionally, they require a lot of attention and training, which may be difficult to provide in an apartment setting.

Left Alone

Bloodhounds do not tolerate being left alone for long periods of time. They are social animals and thrive on human companionship. If left alone for too long, they may become anxious, destructive or develop separation anxiety. It is recommended that Bloodhounds are not left alone for more than 4-6 hours at a time and that they have plenty of toys and activities to keep them occupied while their owners are away. It is also important to provide them with a comfortable and safe space to rest while their owners are not home.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Bloodhounds are generally good with kids and families. They have a gentle and affectionate nature and they love spending time with their human companions. However, due to their large size and strength, they may accidentally knock over small children, so it is important to supervise interactions between children and Bloodhounds. Additionally, Bloodhounds require a lot of exercise and attention, so they may not be the best fit for families who are not able to provide them with the necessary care and attention.

Perfect Fit

A Bloodhound would be a perfect fit for a home/household that has a large, secure yard for them to roam and explore. They are a high-energy breed that requires daily exercise and mental stimulation, so a family that enjoys outdoor activities and has the time to provide regular exercise would be ideal. Bloodhounds are also loyal and affection towards their owners, so a family that is looking for a loving and devoted companion would be a great match for this breed. Additionally, Bloodhounds have an excellent sense of smell and tracking abilities, so they may be a good fit for a family that enjoys hunting or other outdoor activities that involve tracking.

Pros and Cons:

Owning a Bloodhound comes with its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Here is a table outlining five pros and cons of owning a Bloodhound:

ProsCons
1. Excellent tracking abilities1. High maintenance grooming
2. Loyal and affectionate2. Can be stubborn and difficult to train
3. Good with children and other pets3. Prone to health issues such as hip dysplasia and bloat
4. Calm and gentle temperament4. Can be prone to separation anxiety
5. Great watchdogs5. Can be loud and howl frequently

Overall, owning a Bloodhound can be a rewarding experience for those who are willing to put in the time and effort to properly care for them. However, it is important to consider the potential challenges that come with owning this breed before making a decision.

Cost:

The cost of buying a Bloodhound in Australia can vary depending on several factors such as the breeder’s reputation, the dog’s pedigree and the location. On average, a Bloodhound puppy can cost between $1,500 to $3,000. However, some breeders may charge more for a show-quality Bloodhound or a puppy from champion bloodlines. It’s important to do your research and find a reputable breeder who health tests their dogs and provides proper care for their puppies.

Breed History:

Bloodhounds were originally bred in Europe in the Middle Ages for hunting purposes. They were specifically bred to track and hunt large game, such as deer and wild boar. Their incredible sense of smell and tracking abilities made them ideal for this task. Bloodhounds were also used for tracking humans, such as runaway slaves or criminals and were often employed by law enforcement agencies for this purpose. Today, Bloodhounds are still used for tracking and hunting, but they are also popular as family pets.

Current Usage

Bloodhounds are primarily used as working dogs due to their exceptional sense of smell and tracking abilities. Here are some of the ways Bloodhounds are currently being used:

  1. Search and Rescue: Bloodhounds are commonly used in search and rescue operations to track missing persons, including children, elderly individuals and those with disabilities. They are trained to follow a scent trail and can track a person for miles, even in difficult terrain.
  2. Law Enforcement: Bloodhounds are used by law enforcement agencies to track suspects and criminals. They are often used in cases where a suspect has fled the scene of a crime or is hiding from law enforcement.
  3. Hunting: Bloodhounds are also used as hunting dogs, particularly for tracking game. They are known for their ability to track and follow the scent of wounded animals, making them valuable assets for hunters.
  4. Therapy Dogs: Bloodhounds are also used as therapy dogs due to their gentle and affectionate nature. They can provide comfort and emotional support to individuals in hospitals, nursing homes and other healthcare facilities.

Overall, Bloodhounds are highly valued for their tracking abilities and are used in a variety of working roles. While they can also make great pets, they are most commonly used as working dogs due to their unique skills and abilities.

Guard Dogs

Bloodhounds are not typically used as guard dogs because they are friendly and social animals that are not naturally aggressive. They are more commonly used for tracking and hunting purposes due to their exceptional sense of smell. While they may bark to alert their owners of potential intruders, they are not known for their protective instincts and are not typically trained for guard dog duties.

Where Are They Found?

Bloodhounds are popular in many countries, but they are most commonly associated with the United States, where they are used for tracking and search and rescue operations. They are also popular in the United Kingdom, where they were originally bred for hunting and tracking. Other countries where Bloodhounds are popular include Canada, Australia and France.

Climate

Bloodhounds are best suited to a temperate climate. They are sensitive to extreme temperatures and may struggle in very hot or very cold weather. They are also prone to heatstroke, so it is important to keep them cool and hydrated in warm weather. Overall, they do best in a climate with moderate temperatures and low humidity.

Population

It is difficult to determine the exact number of Bloodhounds in the world as there is no centralized database or registry for all Bloodhounds. However, according to the American Kennel Club (AKC), Bloodhounds are ranked as the 50th most popular breed in the United States, with approximately 1,000 new registrations each year. Additionally, Bloodhounds are also popular in other countries such as the United Kingdom, Canada and Australia. Therefore, it is estimated that there are tens of thousands of Bloodhounds worldwide.

Physical Appearance:

Bloodhounds are large, muscular dogs with a distinctive appearance. They have long, droopy ears that hang down to their shoulders and deep, wrinkled skin on their face and neck. Their eyes are large and brown and their nose is incredibly powerful, making them excellent trackers. Bloodhounds have a broad, thick muzzle and a strong, square-shaped head. They have a loose, saggy skin that hangs in folds around their neck and body. Their coat is short and dense and it comes in a variety of colors, including black and tan, liver and tan and red. Bloodhounds have a distinctive baying howl that they use to communicate with their handlers and other dogs. Overall, they have a noble and imposing appearance that commands respect.

Coat:

Colours:

Bloodhounds can be black and tan, liver and tan or red.

Hair/Fur Length:

Bloodhounds have a short to medium length coat that is dense and smooth. The hair is not long enough to be considered “long” but it is not as short as some other breeds with a smooth coat.

Shedding:

Yes, Bloodhounds do shed. They have a short, dense coat that sheds moderately throughout the year, with heavier shedding occurring twice a year during seasonal changes. Regular grooming and brushing can help manage shedding and keep their coat healthy.

Grooming:

Bloodhounds have a short, dense coat that requires minimal grooming. They shed moderately throughout the year and brushing them once a week with a slicker brush can help remove loose hair and distribute natural oils. They may need more frequent brushing during shedding season.

Bloodhounds do not require haircuts, as their coat naturally sheds and regrows. However, they may need occasional trimming around their ears, paws and underbelly to keep them clean and prevent matting. It’s important to regularly check and clean their ears to prevent infections, as their long, droopy ears can trap dirt and moisture.

Hypoallergenic:

No, Bloodhounds are not hypoallergenic. They have a short, dense coat that sheds heavily, which can trigger allergies in some people. Additionally, Bloodhounds do drool excessively, which can also cause allergic reactions in some individuals.

Speed:

Bloodhounds can run up to 40 km/h (25 mph).

Health:

Bloodhounds are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues, including:

  • Hip dysplasia: a genetic condition where the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, causing pain and mobility issues.
  • Bloat: a life-threatening condition where the stomach fills with gas and twists on itself, cutting off blood flow to vital organs.
  • Ear infections: Bloodhounds have long, floppy ears that can trap moisture and bacteria, leading to infections.
  • Eye problems: Bloodhounds are prone to several eye conditions, including cherry eye (prolapsed gland of the third eyelid), entropion (inward rolling of the eyelid) and ectropion (outward rolling of the eyelid).
  • Skin allergies: Bloodhounds can be prone to skin allergies, which can cause itching, redness and hair loss.

Teeth:

Bloodhounds typically have 42 teeth, which is the same as most other breeds of dogs.

Eyesight:

Bloodhounds do not have particularly good eyesight compared to other dog breeds. However, they have an exceptional sense of smell, which is their primary tool for tracking scents. Their droopy ears and wrinkled skin can also impair their vision, but their keen sense of smell more than makes up for it.

Nipples:

Bloodhounds typically have 8 to 10 nipples, arranged in two rows on their underside.

Gestation:

Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Bloodhounds is 6-8 puppies. However, litter sizes can vary and may be smaller or larger depending on various factors such as the age and health of the mother, genetics and environmental factors.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Bloodhounds is typically around 63 days, although it can range from 58 to 68 days.

Heat:

Female Bloodhounds typically go into heat or estrus, twice a year, with each cycle lasting around three weeks. However, this can vary depending on the individual dog and other factors such as age and health.

Male vs Female:

Male and female Bloodhounds have some physical and behavioral differences. Males are generally larger and heavier than females, with a weight range of 90-110 pounds compared to females who weigh around 80-100 pounds. Males also tend to have a more muscular build and a broader head. In terms of temperament, females are often more independent and less stubborn than males, who can be more determined and headstrong. However, both genders share the Bloodhound’s famous sense of smell and tracking abilities.

Tips and Advice:

Here are some tips and advice for caring for a Bloodhound:

  • Exercise: Bloodhounds need regular exercise to maintain their health and prevent obesity. They enjoy long walks and runs, but it’s important to avoid overexertion, especially in hot weather.
  • Grooming: Bloodhounds have a short, dense coat that requires minimal grooming. However, they do shed and need to be brushed regularly to remove loose hair and prevent matting.
  • Diet: Bloodhounds have a tendency to overeat, so it’s important to monitor their food intake and provide a balanced diet. Avoid giving them table scraps or high-fat foods that can cause digestive issues.
  • Training: Bloodhounds are intelligent dogs but can be stubborn and independent. Consistent training and positive reinforcement are essential to ensure they follow commands and behave appropriately.
  • Socialization: Bloodhounds are friendly dogs but can be shy or timid around strangers. Early socialization with people and other animals is important to prevent fear or aggression.
  • Health: Bloodhounds are prone to certain health issues, including hip dysplasia, bloat and ear infections. Regular vet checkups and preventative care can help catch and treat these issues early.
  • Safety: Bloodhounds have a strong prey drive and can easily become distracted by scents. They should always be kept on a leash or in a secure, fenced area to prevent them from running off or getting into dangerous situations.

By following these tips and advice, you can ensure your Bloodhound stays healthy, happy and well-behaved.

Food:

Bloodhounds have a healthy appetite and can eat a lot. However, the amount they eat will depend on their age, size and activity level. As a general rule, adult Bloodhounds should be fed twice a day, with each meal consisting of 2-3 cups of high-quality dog food. Puppies will require more frequent feedings and smaller portions.

Bloodhounds are food-oriented dogs, which means they have a strong desire for food and can be easily motivated by treats. This can make them easier to train, but it’s important to monitor their food intake to prevent obesity and other health issues. It’s also important to provide them with a balanced diet and avoid feeding them table scraps or human food, which can cause digestive problems and other health issues.

Facts:

Here are three interesting facts about Bloodhounds:

  1. Bloodhounds have the ability to follow a scent trail that is over 300 hours old. This is due to their highly sensitive nose, which contains up to 300 million scent receptors.
  2. Bloodhounds are not only used for tracking and hunting, but also for search and rescue missions. They have been trained to locate missing persons and even detect certain medical conditions, such as cancer and diabetes.
  3. The Bloodhound’s long, droopy ears are not just for show – they serve a purpose! When the Bloodhound is tracking a scent, their ears help to funnel the scent towards their nose, allowing them to pick up even the faintest of smells.

Names:

They are often given names that reflect their hunting abilities or their gentle nature. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Bloodhound:

  1. Hunter – A classic name for a Bloodhound that reflects their hunting instincts.
  2. Sherlock – Inspired by the famous detective, this name suits a Bloodhound’s keen sense of smell.
  3. Hooch – A playful name that reflects a Bloodhound’s love of water.
  4. Duke – A regal name that suits a Bloodhound’s dignified appearance.
  5. Sadie – A sweet name that reflects a Bloodhound’s gentle nature.
  6. Zeus – A powerful name that suits a Bloodhound’s size and strength.
  7. Daisy – A cheerful name that suits a Bloodhound’s friendly personality.
  8. Thor – A strong name that suits a Bloodhound’s muscular build.
  9. Bella – A pretty name that suits a Bloodhound’s graceful movements.
  10. Tank – A tough name that suits a Bloodhound’s protective instincts.
  11. Luna – A mystical name that suits a Bloodhound’s mysterious nature.
  12. Max – A simple name that suits a Bloodhound’s straightforward personality.
  13. Athena – A name that suits a Bloodhound’s intelligence and wisdom.
  14. Diesel – A name that suits a Bloodhound’s powerful presence.
  15. Roxy – A spunky name that suits a Bloodhound’s energetic personality.

Famous:

Over the years, some Bloodhounds have become famous for their incredible feats, appearances in movies and being owned by famous people. Here are some of the most famous Bloodhounds of all time:

  1. Nick Carter – This Bloodhound was owned by J. Edgar Hoover, the first director of the FBI. Nick Carter was used to track down criminals and was known for his incredible sense of smell.
  2. Luath – This Bloodhound was the star of the Disney movie “The Incredible Journey.” Luath, along with two other animals, traveled over 250 miles to find their way back home.
  3. Tinker – This Bloodhound was owned by the famous detective Sherlock Holmes in the book “The Hound of the Baskervilles.” Tinker helped Holmes solve the mystery of the Baskerville family curse.
  4. Barney – This Bloodhound was owned by Queen Victoria and was known for his incredible tracking abilities. Barney was used to track down poachers on the Queen’s estate.
  5. Rufus – This Bloodhound was the winner of the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 2006. Rufus was the first Bloodhound to win the prestigious competition.
  6. Gomer – This Bloodhound was used by the Texas Rangers to track down criminals in the early 1900s. Gomer was known for his incredible sense of smell and was responsible for capturing many criminals.
  7. Belle – This Bloodhound was used by the FBI to track down the Unabomber, Ted Kaczynski. Belle was able to track Kaczynski through the woods and helped lead to his capture.

These are just a few of the most famous Bloodhounds of all time. These incredible dogs have played important roles in history and have become beloved by many.

Summary:

The Bloodhound is a large breed of dog that is known for its exceptional sense of smell. They are classified as a hound dog and were originally bred for hunting purposes. Bloodhounds are typically between 23-27 inches tall and can weigh up to 110 pounds. They have a distinctive appearance with long droopy ears, wrinkled skin and a powerful nose.

Bloodhounds are intelligent, loyal and have an affectionate nature. They are also renowned for their stubbornness and can be difficult to train. Bloodhounds have a strong instinct to follow their nose, which can make them easily distracted during training.

The history of the Bloodhound can be traced back to ancient times, where they were used for hunting and tracking. They were brought to England in the 11th century and were used to track deer and other game. In the 19th century, Bloodhounds were used by police forces to track criminals.

As a pet, Bloodhounds can make great companions for the right owner. They are affectionate and loyal but require a lot of exercise and mental stimulation. Bloodhounds are not recommended for first-time dog owners due to their stubbornness and strong hunting instincts. They also require a lot of space and may not be suitable for apartment living. Overall, Bloodhounds are a unique and fascinating breed that can make great pets for the right owner.