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Borzoi

Borzoi Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A tall, elegant and graceful breed of sighthound.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.
Type:Mammal

Size:

Borzois are considered a Large Dog breed.
Weight:27-48 kg.
Height:75-85 cm (29-33 inches)
Length:75-85 cm.

Lifespan:

The average lifespan of a Borzoi is 10-12 years

Behavior:

What type of dog is a Borzoi, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Borzois, also known as Russian Wolfhounds, are a breed of sighthound that were originally bred for hunting wolves and other large game in Russia. They are known for their elegant appearance, graceful movement and gentle nature.

Borzois are typically calm, gentle and affectionate dogs. They are known for their loyalty and devotion to their owners and they often form strong bonds with their families. They are also independent and somewhat aloof, which can make them seem reserved or distant to strangers. Borzois are generally not aggressive, but they may be wary of unfamiliar people or animals.

Borzois have a gentle and sensitive temperament. They are known for their quiet and dignified demeanor and they are generally not prone to excessive barking or other forms of vocalization. They are also highly intelligent and trainable, but they can be stubborn at times. Borzois are typically good with children and other pets, but they may chase small animals due to their strong prey drive.

Borzois are active dogs that require regular exercise and mental stimulation. They enjoy running and playing, but they are also content to relax and lounge around the house. They are not well-suited for apartment living, as they require a lot of space to move around. Borzois are generally well-behaved and easy to train, but they may be sensitive to harsh or punitive training methods. They respond best to positive reinforcement and gentle guidance.

Overall, Borzois are gentle, loyal and affectionate dogs that make excellent companions for those who appreciate their elegant appearance and calm temperament. They require regular exercise and mental stimulation, but they are generally easy to care for and train.

Intelligence

Borzois are generally considered to be intelligent dogs. They are known for their independent thinking and problem-solving abilities. They are also quick learners and can be trained to perform a variety of tasks. However, like all dogs, their intelligence can vary depending on the individual and their upbringing and training.

Trainability

Borzois are generally intelligent and trainable dogs, but they can be independent and stubborn at times. They have a strong prey drive and may be easily distracted by small animals, so it is important to train them to have good recall and obedience. With consistent and positive training methods, Borzois can learn quickly and excel in obedience, agility and other activities. However, they may not respond well to harsh or punitive training methods and may become fearful or aggressive if treated harshly. Overall, Borzois can be trained with patience, consistency and positive reinforcement techniques.

Sleep

Borzois, also known as Russian Wolfhounds, are known to be fairly active dogs, but they also enjoy their rest. On average, Borzois sleep for about 12-14 hours per day. However, this can vary depending on their age, activity level and overall health. Puppies and older dogs may require more sleep, while highly active dogs may need less. It’s important to provide your Borzoi with a comfortable and quiet place to rest so they can get the rest they need.

Bark

Borzois are not known to be excessive barkers. They are generally quiet and reserved dogs, but they may bark occasionally to alert their owners of any potential danger or to express excitement. However, like all dogs, individual Borzois may have different personalities and barking tendencies. Proper training and socialization can help minimize any excessive barking behavior.

Drool

Borzois are not known for excessive drooling. However, like all dogs, they may drool occasionally, especially after eating or drinking. Overall, Borzois are considered to be a relatively clean breed with minimal drooling.

Lick

Borzois are not known to be excessive lickers, but like all dogs, they may lick occasionally. The amount of licking can vary depending on the individual dog’s personality and behavior. Some Borzois may lick more than others, but it is not a breed characteristic. If you are concerned about your Borzoi’s licking behavior, it is best to consult with a veterinarian or a professional dog trainer for guidance.

Jump

Borzois are known for their speed and agility, but they are not typically known for their jumping ability. While they are capable of jumping, they are not known for being particularly high jumpers. The average Borzoi can jump up to around 4 feet high, but this can vary depending on the individual dog’s size, strength and athleticism. It’s important to note that jumping can be hard on a Borzoi’s joints, so it’s best to limit their jumping activities to avoid injury.

Dig

Borzois are not known to be excessive diggers. However, like all dogs, they may dig occasionally, especially if they are bored or trying to escape from a fenced area. Providing your Borzoi with plenty of exercise, mental stimulation and attention can help prevent digging behavior.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Borzoi the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Borzoi.

Exercise

Borzois are a large and active breed that require a moderate amount of exercise. They need daily walks and playtime in a securely fenced area to run and stretch their legs. They also enjoy participating in activities such as lure coursing, agility and obedience training. However, it’s important to note that Borzois are sensitive to heat and should not be exercised in hot weather. As a general guideline, Borzois should get at least 30-60 minutes of exercise per day.

Space

Borzois are large dogs and require a significant amount of space to move around comfortably. Ideally, they should have access to a large, securely fenced yard where they can run and play. If they are kept indoors, they should have enough space to move around freely and their living area should be kept clean and well-ventilated. It’s important to note that Borzois are not well-suited to apartment living, as they require a lot of exercise and room to stretch their legs.

Apartment

Borzois are not the best choice for apartment living as they are large dogs and require a lot of space to move around. They also have a high energy level and need regular exercise, which can be difficult to provide in a small living space. Additionally, Borzois are known for their loud and frequent barking, which can be disruptive to neighbors in an apartment building. If you live in an apartment, it is best to consider a smaller breed of dog that is better suited to living in a confined space.

Left Alone

Borzois are known to be independent dogs, but they do not tolerate being left alone for extended periods. They are social animals and thrive on human interaction and companionship. If left alone for too long, they may become anxious, bored and destructive. It is recommended that Borzois are not left alone for more than 4-6 hours at a time and are provided with plenty of mental and physical stimulation when their owners are away.

Kid/Family Friendly

Borzois can be good with kids and families, but it depends on the individual dog’s temperament and socialization. Borzois are generally gentle and affectionate dogs, but they are also independent and may not always be interested in playing or interacting with children. It is important to supervise interactions between children and Borzois, as they are large dogs and can accidentally knock over or injure small children. Proper socialization and training can help ensure that a Borzoi is well-behaved and comfortable around children and other family members.

Perfect Fit

Borzois are a great fit for households that have a spacious and secure yard or property where they can run and play. They are also well-suited for families that have a lot of time to devote to their pet, as they require regular exercise and socialization. Borzois are gentle and affectionate dogs that thrive on human companionship, so they are best suited for families that are able to spend a lot of time with them. Additionally, Borzois are not recommended for households with small children or other small pets, as they have a high prey drive and can be quite large and strong.

Pros and Cons:

Borzoi, also known as Russian Wolfhounds, are elegant and graceful dogs that have been bred for centuries for hunting and companionship. While they are known for their beauty and loyalty, there are also some drawbacks to owning one. Here are five pros and cons of owning a Borzoi:

Pros:
  1. Beautiful appearance: Borzois are known for their long, silky coats and elegant appearance, making them a stunning addition to any household.
  2. Loyal companions: Borzois are known for their loyalty and devotion to their owners, making them great family pets.
  3. Gentle temperament: Despite their size, Borzois are gentle and calm dogs that are great with children and other pets.
  4. Low maintenance: Borzois have a low-maintenance coat that only requires occasional grooming, making them a great choice for busy owners.
  5. Athletic ability: Borzois are fast and agile dogs that excel in sports such as lure coursing and agility.
Cons:
  1. High energy: Borzois are a high-energy breed that require daily exercise and mental stimulation to prevent destructive behavior.
  2. Independent nature: Borzois can be stubborn and independent, making them difficult to train for inexperienced owners.
  3. Sensitive to cold: Borzois have a thin coat and are sensitive to cold weather, making them better suited for warmer climates.
  4. Health issues: Borzois are prone to certain health issues such as heart disease and bloat, which can be costly to treat.
  5. Prey drive: Borzois were originally bred for hunting and have a strong prey drive, making them prone to chasing small animals and wildlife.

Overall, owning a Borzoi can be a rewarding experience for the right owner who is willing to provide them with the exercise, training and care they need.

Cost:

The cost of a Borzoi in Australia can vary depending on several factors such as the breeder, location and pedigree. On average, a Borzoi puppy can cost between $2,500 to $5,000 AUD. However, some breeders may charge more for puppies with exceptional lineage or show potential. It is important to do thorough research and find a reputable breeder to ensure the health and well-being of the puppy.

Breed History:

Borzois were originally bred as hunting dogs in Russia for the purpose of pursuing wolves and other game animals. They were highly valued by the Russian aristocracy for their speed, agility and endurance. Borzois were also used for hunting foxes, hares and other small game. In addition to their hunting abilities, Borzois were also kept as companion dogs and were often seen accompanying their owners on horseback rides. Today, Borzois are primarily kept as show dogs and pets, but they still retain their hunting instincts and are occasionally used for hunting in some parts of the world.

Current Usage

Borzois are primarily kept as pets and companions today. However, they are still used for some working purposes, including:

  1. Hunting: Borzois were originally bred for hunting wolves and other large game. Some hunters still use them for this purpose today.
  2. Lure coursing: Borzois are excellent lure coursing dogs and many owners participate in competitions and events.
  3. Therapy dogs: Due to their gentle and calm nature, Borzois are sometimes used as therapy dogs in hospitals and nursing homes.
  4. Show dogs: Borzois are a popular breed in dog shows and many owners show their dogs in conformation events.
  5. Agility: Some Borzois participate in agility competitions, which test their speed and agility.

Overall, while Borzois are primarily kept as pets today, they still have a variety of working roles and activities that they excel at.

Guard Dogs

Borzois are not typically used as guard dogs. They are sight hounds and were originally bred for hunting, not guarding. While they are loyal and protective of their families, they are generally not aggressive towards strangers and may not be effective as guard dogs. Additionally, their gentle and sensitive nature may make them unsuitable for the role of a guard dog.

Where Are They Found?

Borzois, also known as Russian Wolfhounds, are most popular in their country of origin, Russia. They are also popular in other European countries such as Germany, France and the United Kingdom. In the United States, Borzois are a relatively rare breed, but they have a dedicated following among enthusiasts.

Climate

Borzois are best suited to a moderate to cool climate. They have a thick, long coat that provides insulation in cold weather, but they can overheat in hot weather. They are also sensitive to extreme temperatures and should not be left outside in very hot or very cold weather for extended periods of time. In general, Borzois are most comfortable in temperatures between 50 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit.

Population

It is difficult to determine the exact number of Borzois in the world as there is no centralized database or registry for the breed. However, according to the American Kennel Club, there were 1,186 Borzois registered in the United States in 2020. It is estimated that there are several thousand Borzois worldwide.

Physical Appearance:

Borzois are large, elegant dogs with a long, narrow head and a slightly arched muzzle. They have a long, slender neck that leads to a deep chest and a narrow waist. Their legs are long and straight, with well-muscled thighs and strong, oval-shaped feet. Borzois have a long, silky coat that can be either flat or slightly wavy and they come in a variety of colors, including white, black, gray and tan. They have a graceful, fluid gait and are known for their speed and agility. Overall, Borzois have a regal and majestic appearance.

Coat:

Colours:

Borzois can be any color or combination of colors, including white, black, gray, tan, fawn, red and brindle. However, some breed standards may have specific color requirements.

Hair/Fur Length:

Borzois have long hair that can reach up to 5-6 inches in length. Their coat is silky and wavy, with a thick undercoat that helps to keep them warm in cold weather. They require regular grooming to keep their coat healthy and free from tangles and mats.

Shedding:

Yes, Borzois do shed. They have a thick, long coat that sheds moderately throughout the year and heavily twice a year during shedding season. Regular grooming and brushing can help manage shedding and keep their coat healthy and shiny.

Grooming:

The Borzoi has a long, silky coat that requires regular grooming to keep it in good condition. They shed moderately throughout the year and heavily twice a year during shedding season. Brushing their coat at least once a week is recommended to prevent matting and tangling of the fur.

Borzoi’s coat does not need to be cut, but regular trimming of the hair around the paws and ears may be necessary to keep them clean and tidy. It’s important to note that the Borzoi’s coat is an important part of their natural insulation and shaving or cutting it can be harmful to their health.

Hypoallergenic:

Borzois are not considered hypoallergenic. They have a thick, long coat that sheds moderately throughout the year, which can trigger allergies in some people. Additionally, they produce dander, which is a common allergen. If you have allergies, it is important to spend time with a Borzoi before bringing one into your home to see if you have a reaction. Regular grooming and vacuuming can also help reduce allergens in the home.

Speed:

Borzois, also known as Russian Wolfhounds, can run at a speed of up to 58 kph (36 mph).

Health:

Borzois are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues. Some of the most common health issues faced by Borzois include:

  • Hip dysplasia: A genetic condition where the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, leading to arthritis and pain.
  • Bloat: A life-threatening condition where the stomach twists and fills with gas, cutting off blood supply to vital organs.
  • Heart disease: Borzois can be prone to several types of heart disease, including dilated cardiomyopathy and mitral valve disease.
  • Hypothyroidism: A condition where the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones, leading to weight gain, lethargy and skin problems.
  • Progressive retinal atrophy: A genetic condition that causes gradual vision loss and can lead to blindness.

It’s important to work with a reputable breeder who screens their dogs for these and other health issues before breeding. Regular vet check-ups and preventative care can also help keep your Borzoi healthy.

Teeth:

Borzois typically have 42 teeth, which is the same as most other breeds of dogs.

Eyesight:

Borzois are known for having exceptional eyesight, which is one of the reasons they were originally bred for hunting. Their long, narrow heads and large eyes give them a wide field of vision and their keen eyesight allows them to spot prey from a distance. Additionally, their eyes are set deep in their eye sockets, which helps protect them from injury while hunting.

Nipples:

Borzois typically have 8 to 10 nipples, arranged in two rows on their underside.

Gestation:

Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Borzois is between 4 to 8 puppies. However, litter sizes can vary and may be smaller or larger than this range.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Borzois, also known as Russian Wolfhounds, is approximately 63 days.

Heat:

Borzois, like all dogs, go on heat (or estrus) approximately every 6 months. However, this can vary slightly depending on the individual dog and other factors such as age and health.

Male vs Female:

Male and female Borzois, also known as Russian Wolfhounds, have several differences in terms of physical appearance and temperament. Males are generally larger and heavier than females, with a height ranging from 28-32 inches and a weight of 75-105 pounds, while females are slightly smaller, with a height of 26-30 inches and a weight of 60-90 pounds. Males also tend to have a more muscular build and a broader head, while females have a more refined and elegant appearance. In terms of temperament, males can be more assertive and independent, while females are often more affectionate and nurturing. However, these differences can vary based on individual personality and training.

Tips and Advice:

Borzois, also known as Russian wolfhounds, are a breed of sighthound that were originally bred for hunting. They are known for their elegance, grace and gentle nature. If you are considering adding a Borzoi to your family, here are some tips and advice for caring for them:

  • Exercise: Borzois are active dogs that require daily exercise. They enjoy running and playing in a fenced yard, but they should always be supervised as they have a strong prey drive and may chase after small animals.
  • Grooming: Borzois have a long, silky coat that requires regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling. They should be brushed at least once a week and bathed as needed.
  • Diet: Borzois should be fed a high-quality dog food that is appropriate for their age, size and activity level. They are prone to bloat, so it is important to feed them small meals throughout the day and avoid feeding them immediately before or after exercise.
  • Training: Borzois are intelligent dogs that respond well to positive reinforcement training. They can be sensitive and may become anxious or fearful if trained using harsh methods.
  • Socialization: Borzois are gentle and affectionate dogs that enjoy spending time with their family. They should be socialized from a young age to ensure that they are comfortable around other people and animals.
  • Health: Borzois are generally healthy dogs, but they are prone to certain health issues such as hip dysplasia, heart disease and thyroid problems. It is important to schedule regular veterinary check-ups and to address any health concerns promptly.
  • Safety: Borzois are sighthounds and may be prone to chasing after small animals. They should always be kept on a leash or in a securely fenced area when outside. They should also be supervised around children to prevent accidental injury.
  • Love and attention: Borzois are loyal and affectionate dogs that thrive on attention and love. They should be treated as a member of the family and given plenty of affection and attention.

Food:

Borzois are known to be moderate eaters and do not require excessive amounts of food. The amount they eat depends on their age, size, activity level and overall health. As with any breed, it is important to feed them a balanced and nutritious diet to maintain their health.

Borzois are not typically considered food-oriented dogs, meaning they are not overly obsessed with food. However, like any dog, they may become food motivated if they are not getting enough to eat or if they are not receiving enough attention and exercise. It is important to establish a regular feeding schedule and monitor their food intake to prevent overeating or obesity.

Facts:

Borzoi, also known as the Russian Wolfhound, is a majestic breed of dog that originated in Russia. Here are three interesting facts about Borzoi:

  1. They were originally bred for hunting wolves: As their name suggests, Borzoi were originally bred to hunt wolves in Russia. They were prized for their speed, agility and keen eyesight.
  2. They have a unique coat texture: Borzoi have a long, silky coat that is unique in texture. It is not curly or wavy like other long-haired breeds, but rather straight and fine.
  3. They have a gentle and independent personality: Despite their hunting background, Borzoi are known for their gentle and independent personalities. They are loyal to their owners but can be aloof with strangers.

Names:

Borzois are elegant and regal dogs that are often associated with Russian aristocracy. As such, names that are sophisticated and have a touch of grandeur tend to suit them well. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Borzoi:

1. Anastasia6. Fabian11. Natasha
2. Boris7. Galina12. Olga
3. Catherine8. Ivan13. Pavel
4. Dimitri9. Katarina14. Svetlana
5. Elena10. Leonid15. Vladimir

Famous:

Borzois, also known as Russian Wolfhounds, have a long and storied history as hunting and companion dogs. Over the years, many Borzois have become famous for their beauty, athleticism and loyalty. Here are some of the most famous Borzois of all time:

  1. Tsar Nicholas II’s Borzois – The Russian royal family was known for their love of Borzois and Tsar Nicholas II owned several of these majestic dogs. His Borzois were often seen in royal portraits and were even featured in a 1913 film called “The Life of the Tsar.”
  2. Zephyr – This Borzoi was owned by American socialite Barbara Hutton and was known for his stunning looks and gentle temperament. Zephyr was a frequent subject of photographers and was even featured in a 1935 issue of Life magazine.
  3. Rurik – This Borzoi was owned by the famous Russian ballerina Anna Pavlova and was known for his agility and grace. Rurik often accompanied Pavlova on tour and was a beloved member of her entourage.
  4. Kira – This Borzoi was owned by the American author Edith Wharton and was the inspiration for the character of Wolf in her novel “The Age of Innocence.” Kira was known for her intelligence and loyalty and was a constant companion to Wharton.
  5. Faina – This Borzoi was owned by the Russian poet Marina Tsvetaeva and was the subject of several of her poems. Faina was known for her beauty and her devotion to Tsvetaeva, who considered her a muse.
  6. Jethro – This Borzoi was owned by the American actress Tallulah Bankhead and was known for his playful personality. Jethro often accompanied Bankhead to Hollywood parties and was a favorite of many of her famous friends.
  7. Rhapsody in Blue – This Borzoi was owned by the American composer George Gershwin and was the inspiration for his famous piece “Rhapsody in Blue.” Rhapsody was known for his regal bearing and his love of music.

Overall, these famous Borzois have left a lasting impression on the world and have helped to cement the breed’s reputation as one of the most beautiful and beloved dog breeds in the world.

Summary:

The Borzoi, also known as the Russian Wolfhound, is a large breed of sighthound that originated in Russia. They were originally bred for hunting wolves and other game in the harsh Russian terrain. Borzois are known for their elegance, grace and speed and are often used in dog shows and as pets.

Borzois are typically gentle, calm and affectionate dogs. They are loyal and devoted to their owners, but can be reserved around strangers. They are also independent and can be stubborn at times, so early training and socialization is important.

In terms of appearance, Borzois are tall and slender with long, silky coats that come in a variety of colors. They have a distinctive long, narrow head and a deep chest. They are one of the tallest breeds of dogs, with males standing up to 32 inches at the shoulder and weighing up to 120 pounds.

As a pet, Borzois make excellent companions for those who are looking for a calm and gentle dog. They are good with children and other pets, but their high prey drive means that they may not be suitable for homes with small animals like cats or rabbits. They require regular exercise and grooming to keep their coat in good condition. Overall, the Borzoi is a beautiful and elegant breed that makes a wonderful pet for the right owner.