Skip to content

Can Dogs Eat Fish?

Yes, dogs can eat fish. Fish is not only safe for dogs, but it can also provide several nutritional benefits. However, as with any food outside their regular diet, fish should be introduced gradually and served in moderation. The preparation method also matters significantly; cooked and deboned fish is generally safer for dogs than raw fish.

Is Fish Good For Dogs / Nutritional Benefits?

Fish is highly nutritious for dogs. Here are some key benefits:

  1. Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Fish is an excellent source of Omega-3 fatty acids, which help reduce inflammation and are beneficial for a dog’s skin, coat, and brain health.
  2. Protein: High in protein, fish supports growth and muscle maintenance in dogs.
  3. Vitamins and Minerals: Fish is rich in vitamins like vitamin D and minerals like phosphorus, promoting overall health in dogs.

While these benefits make fish a great supplement to a dog’s diet, it should not replace a balanced, dog-specific diet.

Are Some Dogs Allergic to Fish?

Yes, some dogs can be allergic to fish. Symptoms of fish allergies in dogs include skin irritation, gastrointestinal issues, and chronic ear or paw infections. If your dog exhibits any signs of allergy after consuming fish, consult a vet immediately. It’s crucial to distinguish between a food allergy and a food intolerance, as their management can significantly differ.

Possible Side Effects of Feeding Fish to Dog

Feeding fish to your dog can have some potential side effects, especially when overfed or improperly prepared. Certain fish, especially those high in fat, can trigger pancreatitis in dogs. Raw fish may carry harmful bacteria and parasites, leading to foodborne illnesses. Fish bones, if ingested, can cause obstructions or injury in a dog’s digestive tract.

Can Puppies Eat Fish?

Yes, puppies can eat fish, and it can be beneficial for their growing bodies due to the high protein content and beneficial fatty acids. However, serve fish in small, manageable quantities. Also, ensure that the fish is well-cooked and thoroughly deboned. Consulting a vet before introducing new foods to a puppy’s diet is always recommended.

Best Way to Safely Prepare Fish for Your Dog?

To prepare fish safely for your dog, follow these steps:

  1. Choose the Right Fish: Opt for fish that are low in mercury, such as salmon, cod, or flounder.
  2. Preparation: Always cook the fish thoroughly to kill any harmful bacteria or parasites. Never serve raw fish.
  3. Debone the Fish: Carefully remove all the bones from the fish before serving it to your dog.
  4. Serving: Initially, serve a small quantity and observe your dog for any adverse reactions.

Simple Fish Recipe for Dogs

Here’s a simple, dog-friendly fish recipe:


  • 1 fillet of a low-mercury fish (e.g., salmon)
  • 1 tablespoon of olive oil
  • 1 cup of dog-friendly vegetables (e.g., carrots, peas)


  1. Preheat your oven to 375°F (190°C).
  2. Place the fish fillet on a baking sheet, drizzle with olive oil, and bake for 10-15 minutes.
  3. Steam the vegetables until they’re tender.
  4. Once the fish is cooked and cooled, debone it carefully.
  5. Mix the fish and vegetables, and serve it as a delicious and nutritious meal for your dog.

Different Types of Fish and Their Suitability for Dogs

There are various types of fish, and their suitability for dogs varies:

  1. Raw Fish: Not recommended due to the risk of harmful bacteria and parasites. 
  2. Cooked Fish: Safe and beneficial if served without bones. 
  3. Fish Bones, Skin, and Scales: These can pose choking hazards or cause internal injury and should be avoided. 
  4. Certain Fish Varieties: Basa fish, crayfish, and tuna fish can be safe for dogs if cooked and deboned. However, tuna should be given sparingly due to its higher mercury content. 
  5. Battered Fish, Fish Fingers: These often contain spices, batter, and ingredients that could be unhealthy for dogs and should be avoided. 
  6. Shellfish, Cuttlefish, Crawfish: Some dogs can safely eat these, but they must be thoroughly cooked and offered in moderation. Some dogs might be allergic to shellfish. 
  7. Fish Heads: These can be safe but should be served cooked and under supervision due to the risk of bone ingestion. 
  8. Fish Food: Fish food is designed for fish, not dogs, and doesn’t provide the balanced nutrition dogs need. 
  9. Canned Fish: If it’s in water without added salt or spices, it can be an occasional treat.

As always, when introducing new food into your dog’s diet, it’s advisable to consult with your vet.

So while fish can be a nutritious addition to a dog’s diet, it should be fed responsibly. Careful preparation and portion control are key.

Can Dogs Eat Fish?