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Cane Corso Health Problems – 10 Most Common Health Issues in Italian Mastiffs

Cane Corsos are robust and muscular dogs, originally bred for guarding and hunting purposes. Their impressive build comes with a set of potential health vulnerabilities that responsible owners should be aware of. Regular veterinary check-ups, proper nutrition, exercise and a safe environment are key factors in maintaining their health.

10 Most Common Health Problems & Issues in Cane Corsos

1. Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a common orthopedic issue where the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, leading to pain and reduced mobility.

  • Symptoms: Look for signs like difficulty in rising, lameness and reluctance to engage in physical activities.
  • Causes: Genetics play a significant role, but environmental factors like rapid growth and excessive exercise on hard surfaces can exacerbate the condition.
  • Treatment: Mild cases can be managed with weight control, exercise moderation and pain medication. Severe cases might require surgical intervention.
2. Bloat (Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus)

Bloat is a life-threatening condition where the stomach fills with air and can twist on itself, causing a blockage.

  • Symptoms: Keep an eye out for restlessness, unproductive vomiting and a distended abdomen.
  • Causes: Rapid eating, excessive water intake after exercise and hereditary factors can contribute.
  • Treatment: Immediate veterinary attention is vital. Treatment involves decompression of the stomach and surgery to prevent recurrence.
3. Cardiomyopathy

Cardiomyopathy affects the heart muscle’s ability to pump blood effectively.

  • Symptoms: Signs include fatigue, coughing and fainting.
  • Causes: Genetics and potential diet-related factors can contribute.
  • Treatment: Management includes medications to improve heart function and lifestyle adjustments to reduce stress on the heart.
4. Cherry Eye

Cherry eye is the prolapse of the gland of the third eyelid, causing a red, swollen mass to appear in the corner of the eye.

  • Symptoms: The visible red mass is a clear indicator.
  • Causes: Genetic predisposition and weak connective tissues are common factors.
  • Treatment: Surgical or non-surgical options are available to address the condition and prevent complications.
5. Entropion

Entropion is an eyelid disorder where the eyelid rolls inward, causing irritation.

  • Symptoms: Look for signs of eye irritation, squinting and excessive tearing.
  • Causes: Genetic predisposition and eyelid anatomy are primary causes.
  • Treatment: Surgical correction is often necessary to prevent discomfort and potential corneal damage.
6. Demodectic Mange

Demodectic mange is a skin condition caused by the Demodex mite.

  • Symptoms: Hair loss, skin inflammation and itching are common symptoms.
  • Causes: Weakened immune system and genetics contribute to its development.
  • Treatment: Medicated baths and topical or oral medications can help manage the condition.
7. Obesity

Obesity is a result of excessive body fat accumulation, which can lead to various health issues.

  • Symptoms: Weight gain, lethargy and difficulty breathing are indicators.
  • Causes: Overfeeding, lack of exercise and genetic factors contribute.
  • Treatment: Weight management through a balanced diet, portion control and regular exercise is crucial.
8. Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma is a bone cancer that primarily affects large breeds.

  • Symptoms: Lameness, swelling and pain are common signs.
  • Causes: Genetics and potential environmental factors are linked to its occurrence.
  • Treatment: Treatment options may include amputation, chemotherapy and palliative care.
9. Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones.

  • Symptoms: Weight gain, lethargy and skin/coat issues are indicators.
  • Causes: Autoimmune factors and genetics play a role.
  • Treatment: Hormone replacement therapy helps manage the condition and alleviate symptoms.
10. Allergies

Cane Corsos are susceptible to allergies triggered by food and environmental factors.

  • Symptoms: Itching, redness and skin infections are common signs.
  • Causes: Food allergies, pollen, dust mites and genetic predisposition are contributing factors.
  • Treatment: Identifying and avoiding allergens, along with medications and specialized diets, can alleviate symptoms.

Precautions & Preventative Measures

Ensuring the optimal health and well-being of your Cane Corso requires proactive precautions and preventive measures. By following these guidelines, you can contribute to a happier and healthier life for your beloved companion:

  • Provide a balanced diet to support their growth and overall health.
  • Avoid rapid growth and excessive exercise, especially during the puppy stage.
  • Regularly exercise your Cane Corso to maintain muscle tone and prevent obesity.
  • Be mindful of their weight to prevent joint stress and associated issues.
  • Schedule regular veterinary check-ups to catch potential problems early.

What do Cane Corsos Usually Die From?

Cane Corsos usually pass away due to a combination of factors, including genetic predispositions to various health problems, age-related conditions and potential accidents or injuries.

Cane Corso Health Problems – 10 Most Common Health Issues in Italian Mastiffs