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Chow Chow

Chow Chow Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A fluffy and independent dog breed originating from China, known for their lion-like appearance and blue-black tongue.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.


Chow Chows are considered a Medium to Large breed of dog. read more >>
Weight:20-32 kg (44-71 lbs).
Height:46-56 cm (18-22 inches).
Length:43-51 cm (17-20 inches).


The average lifespan of a Chow Chow is between 9 and 14 years. read more >>


What type of dog is a Chow Chow, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Chow Chows have an independent, loyal and aloof personality. They are intelligent and alert, but can also be stubborn and strong-willed. They are usually very protective of their family and territory and can be suspicious of strangers. They are usually quiet, but can be vocal if they feel threatened. They are loyal and devoted to their owners, but can be possessive and territorial. Chow Chows need to be socialized early and often to ensure they are comfortable around people and other animals. They are usually not aggressive, but can be if provoked. They are also renowned for being very clean and fastidious, often grooming themselves like cats. Chow Chows do best in homes with experienced owners who can provide them with structure and consistency. They need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to stay happy and healthy.


Chow Chows are intelligent dogs and can learn commands and tricks with proper training. They can be independent thinkers, so they require consistent and firm training.


Chow Chows can be difficult to train, as they are an independent and stubborn breed. They can be slow to learn commands and may require patience and consistency from their owners. Positive reinforcement techniques are often the most successful when training a Chow Chow.


Chow Chows are generally a pretty lazy breed and can sleep for up to 12-14 hours a day. However, it’s important to note that the amount of sleep a Chow Chow needs can vary depending on their age, activity level and overall health. Puppies and older dogs may need more sleep, while younger and more active dogs may need less. It’s important to provide your Chow Chow with a comfortable and quiet place to sleep and to make sure they are getting enough exercise and mental stimulation during their waking hours. read more >>


Chow Chows can bark quite a bit, especially when they are bored or anxious. They aren’t particularly noisy dogs, but they can bark when they are excited or when they sense something is wrong. read more >>


Chow Chows are known to drool more than other breeds and some individuals may drool more than others. Generally, Chow Chows drool more when they are excited or anxious. read more >>


Chow Chows are not excessive lickers compared to some other breeds. However, like all dogs, they may lick their owners or themselves occasionally. It is important to note that excessive licking can be a sign of anxiety or other health issues, so if you notice your Chow Chow licking excessively, it is best to consult with a veterinarian.


Chow Chows are not big jumpers. They are a heavy and sturdy breed and their build is not conducive to jumping high. However, like any dog, they may be able to jump a small height, such as over a low fence or obstacle. It is important to note that jumping can be harmful to a Chow Chow’s joints, so it is best to limit their jumping activities.


Chow Chows are not usually particularly active diggers, but they may dig in certain situations. If a Chow Chow is bored or anxious, they may start to dig as a way to relieve stress. It is important to provide plenty of mental and physical stimulation to help prevent this behavior.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Chow Chow the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Chow Chow.


Chow Chows need regular exercise, but not as much as some other breeds. They are a relatively inactive breed and can do well with a daily walk or two, plus some playtime in the yard. They can also benefit from activities such as agility, tracking and obedience training. read more >>


Chow Chows need a moderate amount of space to exercise and play. They should have access to a securely fenced yard or a daily walk. They do not require a large yard, but they do need enough room to move around and explore.


Chow Chows can be a good dog to get if you live in an apartment, but they are not ideal. Chow Chows are a large breed and need plenty of exercise and space to run and play. They can be quite vocal, so they may not be suitable for apartment living. Additionally, they may not be the best choice for first-time dog owners as they can be independent and stubborn. read more >>

Left Alone

Chow Chows can tolerate being left alone for short periods of time, but they do not do well when left alone for long periods of time. They are social animals and need companionship and interaction with their owners. If left alone for too long, they may become anxious and destructive.

Kid/Family Friendly

Chow Chows can be good with kids and families if they are properly socialized and trained. They can be aloof and independent, so they need to be taught how to interact with people. They can also be protective of their family, so it’s important to make sure they are properly socialized and trained to ensure they are comfortable around kids and other family members. read more >>

Perfect Fit

A Chow Chow would be a perfect fit for a household that is looking for an independent, loyal and protective pet. They are best suited for homes with experienced owners who can provide them with consistent training and plenty of exercise. They do best in homes with older children and other pets, as long as they are properly socialized. Chow Chows are not recommended for first-time pet owners.

Pros and Cons:

Owning a Chow Chow comes with its own set of pros and cons. Here is a table outlining some of them:

1. Loyal and protective1. Can be aggressive towards strangers
2. Low exercise requirements2. Can be stubborn and difficult to train
3. Minimal shedding3. Prone to health issues such as hip dysplasia and eye problems
4. Quiet and calm demeanor4. Requires regular grooming to maintain their thick coat
5. Good with children and other pets5. Can be territorial and dominant

Overall, owning a Chow Chow can be a rewarding experience for the right owner who is willing to put in the time and effort to properly train and care for this unique breed.


The cost of buying a Chow Chow can vary greatly depending on the breeder and the age of the dog. Generally, prices range from $1,500 to $4,000. read more >>

Breed History:

Chow Chows were originally bred in China as a working dog, used for herding, hunting and guarding. They are thought to be one of the oldest breeds of dog, with evidence of their existence dating back to the Han Dynasty (206 BC – 220 AD). Chow Chows were also bred for their thick fur, which was used to make clothing and blankets.

Current Usage

Chow Chows are primarily kept as companion animals, but they can also be used as working dogs. They are intelligent and loyal, making them suitable for a variety of tasks. Chow Chows have been used as guard dogs, search and rescue dogs, therapy dogs and even as sled dogs. They have also been trained to compete in agility, obedience and tracking events.

Guard Dogs

Yes, Chow Chows make good guard dogs because they are naturally protective of their family and territory. They are renowned for their loyalty and devotion to their owners and they have a strong instinct to protect their home and loved ones. Chow Chows are also independent and fearless, which makes them confident in their ability to defend their territory. However, it is important to note that proper socialization and training are necessary to ensure that they do not become overly aggressive or territorial. read more >>

Where Are They Found?

Chow Chows are most popular in China, their country of origin. They are also popular in other parts of Asia, including Japan and Korea. In the Western world, Chow Chows are popular in the United States, Canada and Europe. read more >>


Chow Chows are best suited to cooler climates due to their thick double coat. They can tolerate moderate heat but are not well-suited to hot and humid climates. They are also sensitive to extreme cold and should not be left outside for extended periods of time in freezing temperatures. It is important to provide adequate shelter and protection from the elements for Chow Chows in any climate. read more >>


It is difficult to determine the exact number of Chow Chows in the world as there is no central database or registry that tracks the breed population. However, according to the American Kennel Club (AKC), the Chow Chow is ranked as the 64th most popular breed in the United States. Additionally, the breed is recognized by kennel clubs and organizations in many countries around the world, so it is safe to assume that there are thousands of Chow Chows worldwide.

Physical Appearance:

Chow Chows are a medium-sized breed of dog with a distinctive appearance. They have a sturdy, muscular build and a broad head with a short, wide muzzle. Their ears are small and triangular and they have a thick, fluffy coat that can be either rough or smooth. Chow Chows come in a variety of colors, including red, black, blue, cream and cinnamon. They have a unique blue-black tongue and a distinctive gait that is somewhat stiff and stilted. Overall, Chow Chows have a regal and dignified appearance that sets them apart from other breeds. read more and view all Chow Chow images >>



Chow Chows can be red, black, blue, cinnamon and cream.

Hair/Fur Length:

Chow Chows have a double coat of medium-length hair, with a thick, wooly undercoat and a longer, coarser outer coat. The hair on the head, ears and tail is usually longer than the hair on the body.


Yes, Chow Chows do shed. They have a thick double coat that sheds moderately year-round and heavily during seasonal shedding periods. Regular brushing and grooming can help reduce the amount of shedding. read more >>


The Chow Chow requires regular grooming, including brushing and combing, to keep its coat in good condition. Its hair should not be cut, as it is naturally long and thick. Instead, it should be trimmed around the feet and face and any mats or tangles should be removed.


No, Chow Chows are not hypoallergenic. They have a thick double coat that sheds heavily and can trigger allergies in people who are sensitive to pet dander. read more >>


Chow Chows can run at speeds of up to 24 to 32 km/h (15 to 20 mph). read more >>


Chow Chows are generally healthy dogs, but they are prone to certain health issues such as:

  • Hip Dysplasia: A condition where the hip joint does not fit properly, causing pain and lameness.
  • Entropion: A condition where the eyelids roll inward, causing irritation and redness of the eyes.
  • Hypothyroidism: A condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones, leading to weight gain and lethargy.
  • Bloat: A condition where the stomach becomes distended with gas, leading to pain and discomfort.
  • Allergies: Allergic reactions to food, environmental allergens and other substances can cause skin irritation and other health problems.



Chow Chows have 42 teeth, just like all other dogs. read more >>


Chow Chows generally have good eyesight, but like all dogs, they can develop eye problems such as cataracts and glaucoma as they age. It’s important to take your Chow Chow for regular eye check-ups with a veterinarian to ensure their eyes remain healthy. read more >>


Chow Chows usually have six to eight nipples. The exact number can vary within this range, but six to eight is the general count for this breed.


Litter Size:

The average litter size for Chow Chows is four to six puppies.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Chow Chows is approximately 63 days. read more >>


Chow Chows typically go into heat twice a year, but this can vary depending on the individual dog.

Male vs Female:

Male Chow Chows are typically larger than female Chow Chows. Male Chow Chows typically have a thicker coat and a more pronounced mane than female Chow Chows. Male Chow Chows are also more territorial and protective than female Chow Chows. Female Chow Chows tend to be more affectionate and less independent than male Chow Chows. read more >>

Tips and Advice:

Chow Chows are a unique breed of dog that require specific care and attention. Here are some tips and advice for caring for a Chow Chow:

  • Grooming is essential for a Chow Chow’s thick coat. They should be brushed at least once a week to prevent matting and shedding.
  • Regular exercise is important for a Chow Chow’s physical and mental health. They enjoy walks and playtime, but should not be over-exerted in hot weather.
  • Chow Chows can be stubborn and independent, so early socialization and training is crucial. Positive reinforcement techniques work best.
  • Due to their thick coat and wrinkles, Chow Chows are prone to skin infections and allergies. Regular vet check-ups and proper hygiene can help prevent these issues.
  • Chow Chows are known for their loyalty and protective nature, but they can be wary of strangers. Proper socialization can help them become more comfortable around new people and situations.
  • Chow Chows are prone to obesity, so a balanced diet and portion control is important. They may also have food allergies, so it’s important to monitor their diet and consult with a vet if necessary.
  • Chow Chows are prone to hip dysplasia and other joint issues, so it’s important to provide them with a comfortable and supportive sleeping area.
  • Lastly, Chow Chows thrive on love and attention from their owners. They are loyal and affectionate companions and require plenty of affection and attention in return.


Chow Chows typically eat between 1.5 to 2.5 cups of high-quality dry dog food per day, divided into two meals. Chow Chows are not particularly food-orientated and may not be motivated by food rewards during training. read more >>


Here are three interesting facts about Chow Chows:

  1. Chow Chows have a blue-black tongue, which is a trait shared by only a few other breeds of dog, such as the Shar Pei.
  2. Chow Chows were originally bred in China for hunting, herding and guarding purposes. They were also used for their fur, which was highly valued for clothing and accessories.
  3. Chow Chows have a reputation for being aloof and independent, but they can also be fiercely loyal and protective of their owners and families.



Chow Chows are majestic and dignified dogs with a distinct appearance and independent temperament. When selecting names for Chow Chows, it is often suitable to consider names that reflect their regal and noble nature, their Chinese heritage or their loyal and protective personality. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Chow Chow:

  • Simba: This name signifies “lion” in Swahili, fitting for the Chow Chow’s resemblance to a lion with its majestic mane.
  • Mei Mei: A name that represents the Chow Chow’s Chinese heritage, capturing their unique and exotic presence.
  • Caesar: This name conveys strength and leadership, reflecting the Chow Chow’s confident and commanding personality.
  • Ling Ling: A traditional Chinese name that symbolizes the beauty and grace of a Chow Chow.
  • Bruno: A strong and masculine name that matches the sturdy and robust build of a Chow Chow.
  • Mei Mei: A name that signifies beauty and elegance, fitting for the refined and dignified appearance of the breed.
  • Fuji: Inspired by the famous Japanese mountain, this name represents the Chow Chow’s noble and majestic nature.
  • Coco: Signifying elegance and sophistication, this name reflects the refined and stylish appearance of a Chow Chow.
  • Kai: A name that conveys strength and resilience, fitting for the Chow Chow’s sturdy and independent character.
  • Lotus: This name captures the elegance and purity of a Chow Chow’s nature, symbolizing their serene presence.
  • Ling Ling: A name that represents the Chow Chow’s Chinese heritage, capturing their unique and exotic presence.
  • Athena: This name symbolizes wisdom and grace, reflecting the intelligent and composed nature of a Chow Chow.
  • Hiro: Inspired by the Japanese term for “hero,” this name signifies the Chow Chow’s courageous and protective instincts.
  • Ruby: This name represents the deep and rich color of a Chow Chow’s coat, symbolizing their beauty and allure.
  • Ming: A name that signifies brightness and clarity, matching the Chow Chow’s keen and perceptive nature.

These names capture the essence of Chow Chows, highlighting their regal appearance, independent nature and Chinese heritage. They provide a fitting identity for these loyal and majestic companions.


Over the years, several Chow Chows have gained fame for their appearances in movies, TV shows and even for their incredible feats. Here are some of the most famous Chow Chows of all time:

  1. Puffy – Owned by Elvis Presley, Puffy was a beloved pet of the King of Rock and Roll.
  2. Tai – This Chow Chow appeared in the movie “The Hangover Part II” and was also featured in the TV series “Entourage.”
  3. Bouncer – This Chow Chow was known for his incredible feat of climbing Mount Everest with his owner, Joanne Lefson.
  4. Chauncey – This Chow Chow was owned by Martha Stewart and was often featured on her TV shows and in her magazine.
  5. Choo Choo – This Chow Chow was owned by Janet Jackson and was often seen accompanying her on her tours.
  6. Sigmund – This Chow Chow was owned by Sigmund Freud and was often seen in his office during therapy sessions.
  7. Koko – This Chow Chow was owned by the famous artist Andy Warhol and was often featured in his artwork.
  8. Genghis Khan – This Chow Chow was owned by President Calvin Coolidge and was often seen in the White House during his presidency.
  9. Chum – This Chow Chow was owned by the famous author Agatha Christie and was often featured in her novels.
  10. Chiang – This Chow Chow was owned by the famous aviator Amelia Earhart and was often seen accompanying her on her flights.


The Chow Chow is a large, sturdy and powerful dog breed that originated in China. It is a member of the Spitz family and is known for its lion-like appearance and thick, fluffy coat. The Chow Chow is a loyal, independent and dignified breed that is aloof and reserved with strangers.

Chow Chows are renowned for their intelligence, strength and loyalty. They are independent thinkers and can be stubborn at times. They are loyal to their families and make excellent watchdogs.

The Chow Chow has a long history in China, where it was used as a guard dog and to pull carts. It was also used to hunt and herd livestock. In the 1800s, the breed was brought to England and eventually to the United States.

The Chow Chow is a good pet for experienced owners who are willing to provide firm, consistent training and socialization. They are not recommended for first-time owners, as they can be difficult to train and may be aggressive towards other animals. They require daily exercise and mental stimulation and are best suited for homes with a securely fenced yard.