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Dachshund Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A small, long-bodied dog with short legs and a distinctive, elongated snout.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.
Also Known As:Sausage Dog


Dachshunds are considered a Small Dog breed.
Weight:5.9-8.2 kg (13-18 lbs).
Height:20-25 cm (8-10 inches).
Length:25-30 cm (10-12 inches).


The average lifespan of a Dachshund is between 12-15 years. read more >>


What type of dog is a Dachshund, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Dachshunds are loyal, playful and affectionate dogs that make great family pets. They are often described as being brave, curious and independent. They are also known for their stubbornness and can be quite vocal.

Dachshunds are generally friendly and outgoing, but they can be territorial and protective of their family and home. They are intelligent, can be trained and are usually good with children, but can be a bit too energetic for small children.

Dachshunds are active dogs and need plenty of exercise. They love to play and explore and they enjoy going for walks and hikes. They do love to dig and can be quite destructive if not given enough mental and physical stimulation.

Dachshunds are generally good with other animals, but they can be territorial and may not be suitable for homes with other small pets. They have a strong prey drive and can be difficult to keep around cats and other small animals.

Overall, Dachshunds are loyal and loving companions that make great family pets. They are intelligent, active and can be quite stubborn, so they require consistent training and plenty of exercise. With the right amount of love and attention, Dachshunds can be wonderful additions to any family.


Dachshunds are intelligent dogs and can learn commands and tricks quickly. They are known for their independent and stubborn nature, so they may require a bit more patience and consistency when it comes to training. With the right training and socialization, they can be great family pets. read more >>


Dachshunds can be relatively easy to train, as they are intelligent and eager to please. They respond well to positive reinforcement and consistency. With patience and dedication, you can teach your Dachshund basic obedience commands, as well as tricks and agility exercises.


Dachshunds typically sleep for about 12-14 hours per day, although this can vary depending on their age, activity level and overall health. Puppies and older dogs may sleep more, while younger, more active dogs may sleep less. It’s important to provide your Dachshund with a comfortable and cozy sleeping area to help them get the rest they need. read more >>


Dachshunds can be very vocal and bark quite a bit, especially when they are excited or bored. They can bark for long periods of time if not given enough exercise or mental stimulation. read more >>


Dachshunds do not typically drool a lot, but they may drool occasionally, especially after eating or drinking. read more >>


Dachshunds, like most dogs, have a natural instinct to lick. However, the amount they lick can vary from dog to dog and can be influenced by factors such as their personality, environment and health. Some Dachshunds may lick more than others, but excessive licking can be a sign of anxiety, boredom or a medical issue. It’s important to monitor your Dachshund’s licking behavior and consult with a veterinarian if you have concerns. read more >>


Dachshunds aren’t big jumpers due to their short legs and long bodies. However, they can still jump up to a height of about 40 to 70 centimeters (16 to 27 inches) with some effort. It is important to note that excessive jumping can be harmful to their backs and joints, so it is best to limit their jumping activities. read more >>


Dachshunds do love to dig!. They can dig anywhere from a few inches to several feet in a single session. Some Dachshunds may even dig up entire flower beds or lawns if left unchecked.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Dachshund the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Dachshund.


Dachshunds need moderate amounts of exercise. They should be taken for a daily walk and given the opportunity to play and explore in a safe, enclosed area. They also enjoy activities such as fetch and agility training. read more >>


Dachshunds need a moderate amount of space. They need enough room to move around and exercise, but they don’t need a huge yard. A small yard or even a few walks a day should be enough to keep them healthy and happy.


Yes, Dachshunds can make great apartment dogs. They are small, relatively low-energy and don’t need a lot of space to be happy. They are also very loyal and affectionate, making them great companions. However, it is important to remember that all dogs need regular exercise and mental stimulation to stay healthy and happy, so it is important to make sure you can provide your Dachshund with plenty of walks and playtime. read more >>

Left Alone

Dachshunds can be prone to separation anxiety, so it is important to provide them with plenty of mental and physical stimulation when they are alone. It is also important to gradually increase the amount of time they are left alone to help them become more comfortable with it.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Dachshunds can make great family pets. They are loyal, affectionate and can be very playful. They can be good with children, as long as they are properly socialized and trained. read more >>

Perfect Fit

A Dachshund would be a great fit for a home with older children or adults who are able to provide the breed with plenty of love and attention. They are also great for families with a fenced-in yard, as they love to explore and play outdoors. Dachshunds are also well-suited to apartment living, as they are relatively low-energy and don’t require a lot of space.

Pros and Cons:

While they are beloved by many, there are both pros and cons to owning one. Here is a table outlining five of each:

1. Affectionate and loyal1. Can be stubborn and difficult to train
2. Low maintenance grooming2. Prone to back problems due to their long bodies
3. Good apartment dogs3. Can be aggressive towards strangers or other dogs
4. Playful and energetic4. Can be vocal and bark excessively
5. Great watchdogs5. Can have separation anxiety and become destructive when left alone

Overall, Dachshunds can make great pets for the right owner who is willing to put in the time and effort to train and care for them properly.


The cost of a Dachshund can vary greatly depending on the breeder, the age of the dog and the type of Dachshund. Generally, prices range from around $800 to $3,000. read more >>

Breed History:

Dachshunds were originally bred in Germany in the early 1600s to hunt badgers and other small animals. They were bred for their long, low-slung bodies, which allowed them to fit into tight spaces and dig into burrows. Their short legs and strong necks allowed them to maneuver through tunnels and their strong jaws and sharp teeth were used to catch and hold their prey. Dachshunds are usually intelligent and loyalty, which made them ideal hunting companions.

Current Usage

Dachshunds are primarily kept as pets, but they can also be used as working dogs. Dachshunds are often used as therapy dogs, as they can have a friendly and loyal nature. They are also used as hunting dogs, as their small size and long bodies make them well-suited for flushing out small game. Additionally, they are sometimes used as search and rescue dogs, as their sense of smell is quite keen.

Guard Dogs

Dachshunds are not famous for their guarding abilities. They were originally bred as hunting dogs, specifically for tracking and flushing out small game like badgers, rabbits & foxes. While they are loyal and protective of their families, they are generally too small and friendly to be effective guard dogs. However, they may bark to alert their owners of strangers or unusual activity, which can be helpful. Overall, if you are looking for a guard dog, there are better breeds suited for this role. read more >>

Where Are They Found?

Dachshunds are popular in many countries around the world, but some of the countries where they are most popular include:

1. Germany6. France
2. United States7. Japan
3. United Kingdom8. Russia
4. Australia9. Brazil
5. Canada10. Sweden


Dachshunds are best suited to moderate climates that are not too hot or too cold. They can tolerate colder temperatures with a warm coat, but they are not well-suited to extreme cold or hot weather. In hot weather, they are prone to overheating and heatstroke, so it is important to keep them cool and hydrated. Overall, they are adaptable to different climates as long as their needs are met. read more >>


It is difficult to determine the exact number of Dachshunds in the world as there is no central registry or database that tracks their population. However, Dachshunds are a popular breed and are recognized by many kennel clubs worldwide. According to the American Kennel Club, Dachshunds were the 12th most popular breed in the United States in 2020. It is estimated that there are millions of Dachshunds worldwide, but an exact number is not available.

Physical Appearance:

Dachshunds possess a distinctive physical appearance that sets them apart from other breeds. They have long bodies, muscular frames and a graceful stance. The front legs of a dachshund are noticeably shorter than the hind legs, which contributes to their iconic shape. Their heads are elongated, with a prominent snout and expressive eyes. read more and view all Dachshund images >>



Dachshunds can be a variety of colors, including black, tan, red, chocolate, cream, blue, isabella and fawn.

Hair/Fur Length:

Dachshunds have two coat varieties: smooth and wirehaired. The smooth coat is short, shiny & smooth, while the wirehaired coat is slightly longer, dense and wiry.


Yes, dachshunds do shed. They have a short, smooth coat that sheds year-round, but they may shed more heavily during the spring and fall. Regular brushing and grooming can help to reduce shedding and keep the coat healthy and free of mats. read more >>


The Dachshund requires regular brushing and combing to keep its coat in good condition. It is not necessary to cut the dog’s hair, but it may need to be trimmed around the feet, tail and ears.


No, Dachshunds are not hypoallergenic. They are a breed of dog that sheds and can cause allergic reactions in people who are sensitive to pet dander. read more >>


Dachshunds can run up to 25-30 km/h (15-19 mph). read more >>


Yes, Dachshunds are generally healthy dogs, but they are prone to certain health issues. These include:

  • Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD): a condition in which the discs between the vertebrae of the spine become damaged, leading to pain and mobility issues.
  • Obesity: due to their small size, Dachshunds can easily become overweight if not fed correctly.
  • Patellar Luxation: a condition in which the kneecap slips out of place, causing pain and lameness.
  • Glaucoma: an eye condition that can cause vision loss and blindness.
  • Cushing’s Disease: a condition caused by an overproduction of cortisol, which can lead to a variety of symptoms.



Dachshunds have 42 teeth.


Dachshunds have relatively good eyesight, but it is not their strongest sense. Their sense of smell is much more developed, which is why they are often used as hunting dogs. However, their eyesight is still important for them to navigate their surroundings and locate prey. They have a tendency to develop eye problems such as cataracts and glaucoma, so it is important to have regular check-ups with a veterinarian to ensure their eyesight remains healthy. read more >>


Dachshunds typically have between eight and ten nipples. The exact number can vary between individual dogs, but the average Dachshund usually has eight to ten nipples, evenly distributed along the abdomen. These nipples are present in both male and female Dachshunds, although they serve no functional purpose in males. read more >>


Litter Size:

The average litter size for Dachshunds is between 4 and 6 puppies.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for a Dachshund is approximately 63 days. read more >>


Dachshunds typically go into heat or estrus, approximately every six to twelve months. However, it’s important to understand that the frequency and duration of heat cycles can vary between individual Dachshunds. Factors such as age, health and environment can influence the timing and regularity of a Dachshund’s estrus cycles. If you have specific concerns or questions regarding your Dachshund’s heat cycle, it’s recommended to consult with a veterinarian. read more >>

Male vs Female:

Male Dachshunds tend to be larger than female Dachshunds, with males typically weighing between 16 and 32 pounds and females typically weighing between 11 and 16 pounds. Male Dachshunds also tend to have a more muscular build than females. Male Dachshunds may also be more independent and assertive than females. Female Dachshunds tend to be more affectionate and loyal than males. read more >>

Tips and Advice:

Dachshunds were originally bred for hunting badgers, which contributes to their tenacious and independent nature. Caring for a Dachshund requires understanding of their unique needs and characteristics. Here are some important tips and advice for looking after your Dachshund:

  • Regular Exercise: Despite their small size, Dachshunds require a fair amount of exercise to stay healthy. Short, daily walks and playtime in the yard are usually sufficient.
  • Weight Management: Dachshunds can easily gain weight, which can put extra strain on their long backs. It’s important to feed them a balanced diet and monitor their weight.
  • Back Care: Due to their long backs, Dachshunds are prone to intervertebral disc disease (IVDD). Avoid activities that can strain their backs, like jumping off furniture or climbing stairs. A ramp or steps can be helpful for getting onto furniture or into vehicles.
  • Training and Socialization: Dachshunds can be stubborn but are very intelligent. Early training and socialization can help manage their hunting instincts and potential for aggression towards other dogs.
  • Regular Vet Visits: Regular vet check-ups are important for monitoring your Dachshund’s health and ensuring they are up to date on vaccinations and preventative treatments.
  • Grooming: Dachshunds come in three coat types: smooth, wirehaired and longhaired. Each type has its own grooming needs, but all Dachshunds will benefit from regular brushing to keep their coat healthy.
  • Dental Care: Dachshunds are prone to dental issues, so it’s important to brush their teeth regularly and provide dental chews or toys.
  • Temperature Sensitivity: Dachshunds can be sensitive to cold due to their short coats. In colder climates, consider a dog sweater or blanket.
  • Watch for Common Health Issues: Besides IVDD, Dachshunds can also be prone to other health issues like obesity, diabetes and epilepsy. Regular vet checks can help detect these conditions early.
  • Companionship: Dachshunds are known to be loyal to their families and can sometimes be aloof with strangers. They enjoy being involved in family activities and can be quite playful.

By following these tips, you can ensure that your Dachshund stays healthy, happy and a vibrant member of your family for many years to come.


Dachshunds typically need to eat between 1/2 and 1 cup of high-quality dry dog food per day, depending on their size and activity level. They should be fed twice a day and given access to fresh water at all times. Dachshunds are usually very food-oriented and can be prone to overeating, so it’s important to monitor their food intake and not overfeed them. read more >>


Dachshunds, also known as wiener dogs, are a popular breed of small dogs with a unique body shape. Here are three interesting facts about Dachshunds:

  1. They were originally bred to hunt badgers: Dachshunds were developed in Germany in the 15th century to hunt badgers, which is why they have a long, narrow body that allows them to burrow into tunnels.
  2. They come in different coat types and colors: Dachshunds can have three different coat types – smooth, wirehaired and longhaired – and a variety of colors including black, chocolate, cream and red.
  3. They have a strong prey drive: Due to their hunting background, Dachshunds have a strong instinct to chase and hunt small animals like squirrels and rabbits. This means they may not be the best fit for households with other small pets.



Dachshunds are known for their playful, energetic and loyal personalities, so names that reflect these traits are often a good fit. Here are 15 names that would be perfect for a Dachshund:

1. Oscar6. Daisy11. Winston
2. Peanut7. Max12. Luna
3. Frankie8. Bella13. Murphy
4. Rusty9. Rufus14. Sadie
5. Charlie10. Ginger15. Rocky


Over the years, many Dachshunds have become famous for their appearances in movies, incredible feats or for being owned by famous people. Here are some of the most famous Dachshunds of all time:

  1. Waldi – The first official mascot of the Olympic Games held in Munich in 1972 was a Dachshund named Waldi.
  2. Oscar – A Dachshund who holds the Guinness World Record for the longest dog ears, measuring 34.3 cm (13.5 in) and 31.1 cm (12.25 in) for the left and right ears, respectively.
  3. Gidget – A Dachshund who starred in the Taco Bell commercials in the late 1990s and early 2000s.
  4. Wiener Dog Internationals – A series of movies featuring Dachshunds racing and competing in various events.
  5. Daisy – A Dachshund owned by John F. Kennedy and Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis.
  6. Pretzel – A Dachshund who saved his owner from a burning building in 1945 and was awarded the Dickin Medal, the animal equivalent of the Victoria Cross.
  7. Lump – A Dachshund owned by artist Pablo Picasso, who often featured him in his paintings.
  8. Rufus – A Dachshund who won Best in Show at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 2006.
  9. Dash – A Dachshund who starred in the movie “Moonrise Kingdom” directed by Wes Anderson.
  10. Slinky Dog – A Dachshund toy character in the “Toy Story” movies.


Dachshunds are a type of small breed dog that originated in Germany. They are famous for their long, low bodies and short legs, which make them excellent hunters of burrowing animals like badgers. Dachshunds come in three different coat types: smooth, wirehaired and longhaired.

Dachshunds are loyal and affectionate dogs that love to be around their owners. They are usually easy to train but are also renowned for their stubbornness which can cause some issues. They are good with children and make great family pets, but they can be wary of strangers and other dogs.

Dachshunds have a long history dating back to the 15th century in Germany, where they were bred to hunt badgers and other small animals. They were later brought to England and the United States, where they became popular as companion dogs.

Overall, Dachshunds make great pets for those who are looking for a loyal and affectionate companion. They are good with children and make great family pets, but they do require regular exercise and can be stubborn at times.