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Finnish Lapphund

Finnish Lapphund Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A medium-sized, friendly and intelligent dog breed originating from Lapland, Finland.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.


Finnish Lapphunds are considered a Medium-sized dog breed.
Weight:15-24 kg.
Height:40-52 cm (16-20.5 inches) at the shoulder.
Length:50-52 cm.


The average lifespan of a Finnish Lapphund is 12-14 years


What type of dog is a Finnish Lapphund, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Finnish Lapphunds are known for their friendly and affectionate nature. They are loyal and devoted to their families, making them excellent family pets. They are also highly intelligent and trainable, making them great candidates for obedience and agility training.

In terms of temperament, Finnish Lapphunds are generally calm and easy-going. They are not typically aggressive or overly dominant, but they can be protective of their families if they sense a threat. They are also known for their playful and energetic nature and they enjoy playing with their owners and other dogs.

Finnish Lapphunds are generally good with children and other pets, but they may be wary of strangers. They are not typically barkers, but they will alert their owners if they sense something is amiss.

Overall, Finnish Lapphunds are friendly, intelligent and loyal dogs that make great family pets. They are easy to train and generally get along well with children and other pets. However, they may be wary of strangers and may require socialization to help them feel more comfortable around new people.


Finnish Lapphunds are generally considered to be intelligent dogs. They are known for their problem-solving abilities, trainability and quick learning. They are also highly adaptable and can excel in a variety of activities, including obedience, agility and herding. However, like all dogs, individual intelligence can vary and training and socialization play a significant role in a dog’s overall intelligence and behavior.


Finnish Lapphunds are generally easy to train due to their intelligence and eagerness to please their owners. They are known for being quick learners and respond well to positive reinforcement training methods such as praise, treats and playtime. However, like any breed, individual dogs may have their own unique personalities and may require different training approaches. Consistency, patience and positive reinforcement are key to successfully training a Finnish Lapphund. It is also important to start training early and socialize them with other dogs and people to prevent any behavioral issues in the future.


Finnish Lapphunds, like most dogs, sleep an average of 12-14 hours per day. However, the amount of sleep can vary depending on the dog’s age, activity level and overall health. Puppies and older dogs may sleep more, while active and younger dogs may sleep less. It’s important to provide your Finnish Lapphund with a comfortable and quiet sleeping area to ensure they get the rest they need.


Finnish Lapphunds are known to be vocal dogs and they do bark, but the frequency and intensity of their barking can vary from dog to dog. Some Finnish Lapphunds may bark more than others, especially if they are not properly trained or socialized. However, with proper training and socialization, Finnish Lapphunds can learn to bark less and communicate in other ways. It is important to note that excessive barking can be a sign of anxiety or boredom, so it is important to provide your Finnish Lapphund with enough exercise, mental stimulation and attention to prevent excessive barking.


Finnish Lapphunds are not known to be heavy droolers. However, like all dogs, they may drool occasionally, especially after eating or drinking. Overall, they are considered to be a relatively low drooling breed.


Finnish Lapphunds are known to be moderate to heavy lickers. They are affectionate dogs that enjoy being close to their owners and showing their love through licking. However, excessive licking can be a sign of anxiety or boredom, so it’s important to monitor their behavior and provide them with enough mental and physical stimulation. Regular grooming and dental care can also help reduce excessive licking.


Finnish Lapphunds are known for their athleticism and agility. They are capable of jumping up to 4 feet high, but this can vary based on the specific dog’s size, age and physical condition. It’s important to note that excessive jumping can be harmful to a dog’s joints, so it’s best to limit high jumping activities and provide appropriate exercise and training.


Finnish Lapphunds have a natural instinct to dig, but the amount they dig can vary from dog to dog. Some Finnish Lapphunds may dig more than others, depending on their personality, age and individual traits. However, with proper training and exercise, you can help minimize their digging behavior. Providing them with a designated digging area or providing them with plenty of toys and activities can also help redirect their digging behavior.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Finnish Lapphund the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Finnish Lapphund.


Finnish Lapphunds are an active breed and require a moderate amount of exercise. They need at least 30-60 minutes of daily exercise, which can include walks, runs, hikes or playtime in a fenced yard. Finnish Lapphunds also enjoy participating in dog sports such as agility, obedience and tracking. It is important to note that every dog is different and their exercise needs may vary based on age, health and individual temperament. It is always best to consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate exercise routine for your Finnish Lapphund.


Finnish Lapphunds are medium-sized dogs that typically require moderate amounts of space. They are adaptable to different living situations, including apartments, as long as they receive enough exercise and mental stimulation. However, they do enjoy having access to a yard or outdoor space to run and play. A daily walk or two and some playtime in a fenced-in area should be sufficient to keep them happy and healthy. It’s important to note that Finnish Lapphunds are social dogs and thrive on human interaction, so they should not be left alone for extended periods of time.


Finnish Lapphunds are not the best choice for apartment living as they are an active breed that requires plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. They are also known to be vocal and may bark excessively if bored or not given enough attention. Finnish Lapphunds are better suited for homes with a yard or access to outdoor space where they can run and play. However, if you are committed to providing your Finnish Lapphund with enough exercise and mental stimulation, they can adapt to apartment living.

Left Alone

Finnish Lapphunds are social dogs that thrive on human companionship and do not tolerate being left alone for long periods. They can become anxious, bored and destructive when left alone for extended periods. Finnish Lapphunds are known to suffer from separation anxiety, which can lead to destructive behavior, excessive barking and other behavioral problems. Therefore, it is not recommended to leave a Finnish Lapphund alone for more than a few hours at a time. If you must leave your Finnish Lapphund alone, make sure to provide plenty of toys, treats and mental stimulation to keep them occupied. It is also a good idea to consider hiring a dog walker or pet sitter to check on your Finnish Lapphund during the day.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Finnish Lapphunds are generally good with kids and families. They are known for their friendly and gentle nature and they love to be around people. They are also very loyal and protective of their family, making them great watchdogs. However, as with any breed, it is important to socialize and train them properly to ensure they are well-behaved around children and other pets.

Perfect Fit

A Finnish Lapphund would be a perfect fit for a household that has an active lifestyle and enjoys spending time outdoors. They are a highly energetic breed that loves to run, play and explore. They are also very intelligent and require mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy. A household that can provide regular exercise and training would be ideal for a Finnish Lapphund. They are also very loyal and affectionate, making them a great addition to a family with children. However, they can be wary of strangers, so early socialization is important. Overall, a Finnish Lapphund would thrive in a household that can provide plenty of love, attention, exercise and mental stimulation.

Pros and Cons:

Finnish Lapphunds are a popular breed of dog known for their friendly and loyal personalities. However, like any breed, there are both pros and cons to owning a Finnish Lapphund. Here is a table outlining five of each:

1. Loyal and affectionate1. High energy and require lots of exercise
2. Good with children and other pets2. Can be stubborn and difficult to train
3. Low maintenance grooming3. Can be prone to separation anxiety
4. Intelligent and eager to please4. Can be vocal and bark excessively
5. Good watchdogs, alert and protective5. Can be prone to health issues such as hip dysplasia and eye problems

Overall, Finnish Lapphunds can make great pets for the right owner who is willing to provide them with plenty of exercise, training and attention.


The cost of a Finnish Lapphund in Australia can vary depending on the breeder, location and availability. On average, a Finnish Lapphund puppy can cost between $2,500 to $4,000 AUD. However, it is important to do thorough research and choose a reputable breeder to ensure the health and well-being of the puppy.

Breed History:

Finnish Lapphunds were originally bred by the indigenous Sami people of Lapland, Finland. They were primarily used as herding and guarding dogs for reindeer. The breed was developed to be a versatile working dog that could withstand the harsh Arctic climate and terrain. Finnish Lapphunds are known for their intelligence, loyalty and adaptability, making them excellent companions and working dogs. Today, they are still used for herding and guarding, but they also excel in various dog sports and as family pets.

Current Usage

Finnish Lapphunds are versatile dogs that can be used for a variety of purposes. Here are some of the ways they are currently being used:

  1. Companion dogs: Finnish Lapphunds make excellent family pets and are known for their friendly, affectionate and loyal nature. They are great with children and love to be around people.
  2. Herding dogs: Finnish Lapphunds have a strong herding instinct and are used as working dogs in their native Finland to herd reindeer. They are also used to herd other livestock such as sheep and cattle.
  3. Search and rescue dogs: Finnish Lapphunds have a keen sense of smell and are used as search and rescue dogs in Finland. They are trained to locate missing persons in difficult terrain and harsh weather conditions.
  4. Therapy dogs: Finnish Lapphunds are calm and gentle dogs that make great therapy dogs. They are used to provide comfort and support to people in hospitals, nursing homes and other healthcare settings.
  5. Agility and obedience dogs: Finnish Lapphunds are intelligent and trainable dogs that excel in agility and obedience competitions. They enjoy learning new tricks and tasks and are eager to please their owners.

Overall, Finnish Lapphunds are versatile dogs that can be used for a variety of purposes. They are highly adaptable and can thrive in a range of environments, from rural farms to urban apartments.

Guard Dogs

Finnish Lapphunds are not typically used as guard dogs. They are friendly and social dogs that are more suited for companionship and as family pets. While they may bark to alert their owners of potential danger, they are not aggressive and do not have the natural instincts to protect or guard their territory. If you are looking for a guard dog, there are other breeds that are better suited for this role.

Where Are They Found?

Finnish Lapphunds are most popular in their country of origin, Finland. They are also gaining popularity in other countries such as the United States, Canada, Australia and various European countries including Sweden, Norway, Germany and the Netherlands.


Finnish Lapphunds are best suited to a cold climate. They are a breed that originated in Lapland, which is a region in the northern part of Finland. Finnish Lapphunds have a thick, double coat that provides insulation and protection from the cold. They are also able to tolerate cold temperatures well due to their history of living and working in harsh winter conditions. However, it is important to note that they should not be left outside in extreme cold temperatures for extended periods of time without proper shelter and care.


It is difficult to determine the exact number of Finnish Lapphunds in the world as there is no centralized database or registry. However, according to the American Kennel Club, the breed is relatively rare in the United States with only a few hundred registered each year. In Finland, where the breed originated, there are approximately 4,000 Finnish Lapphunds registered with the Finnish Kennel Club. The breed is also recognized by other kennel clubs around the world, including the United Kingdom, Canada and Australia.

Physical Appearance:

Finnish Lapphunds are medium-sized dogs with a sturdy and muscular build. They have a thick and dense double coat that protects them from harsh weather conditions. The coat can be any color, but the most common are black, brown and tan. They have a wedge-shaped head with a broad skull and a black nose. Their ears are erect and triangular and their eyes are almond-shaped and dark. Finnish Lapphunds have a curled tail that is carried over their back. They have a friendly and alert expression and are known for their endurance and agility.



Finnish Lapphunds can be various shades of black, brown, fawn, cream, red, sable and wolf-sable. They may also have white markings on their chest, feet and tail tip.

Hair/Fur Length:

Finnish Lapphunds have a medium-length double coat, which is thick and dense. The hair on their body is longer and coarser, while the hair on their head and legs is shorter and softer. They have a mane around their neck and a bushy tail. The length of their hair can vary depending on the individual dog and the season, but it is typically around 2-3 inches long.


Yes, Finnish Lapphunds do shed. They have a thick double coat that sheds moderately year-round and heavily twice a year during shedding season. Regular brushing and grooming can help to manage shedding and keep their coat healthy and shiny.


The Finnish Lapphund has a thick, double coat that requires regular grooming to keep it healthy and free of mats and tangles. They shed heavily twice a year, so during these times, they will require more frequent brushing to remove loose fur.

You do not need to cut the Finnish Lapphund’s hair, but you may need to trim their nails and clean their ears regularly. It is also important to brush their teeth regularly to prevent dental issues. Overall, the Finnish Lapphund requires moderate grooming to maintain their coat and overall health.


No, Finnish Lapphunds are not considered hypoallergenic. They have a thick double coat that sheds seasonally, which can trigger allergies in some people. However, some individuals with allergies may be able to tolerate being around Finnish Lapphunds better than other breeds due to their relatively low dander production. It is always recommended to spend time with a breed before bringing one into your home if you have allergies.


Finnish Lapphunds can run at a maximum speed of around 50-60 kph.


Finnish Lapphunds are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues. Some of the most common health issues they are faced with include:

  • Hip dysplasia: A genetic condition where the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, leading to pain and arthritis.
  • Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA): A genetic condition that causes the retina to degenerate over time, leading to blindness.
  • Juvenile cataracts: A genetic condition that causes cloudiness in the lens of the eye, leading to vision loss.
  • Patellar luxation: A condition where the kneecap dislocates from its normal position, causing pain and lameness.
  • Epilepsy: A neurological disorder that causes seizures.


Finnish Lapphunds typically have 42 teeth, which is the same as most other dog breeds.


Finnish Lapphunds generally have good eyesight, but like all dogs, their eyesight can vary due to genetics and any potential health issues. It’s important to provide regular veterinary care and checkups to ensure your Finnish Lapphund’s eyesight remains healthy.


Finnish Lapphunds typically have 8 to 10 nipples, arranged in two rows on their underside.


Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Finnish Lapphunds is between 4 to 6 puppies. However, litter size can vary and some litters may have fewer or more puppies.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Finnish Lapphunds is approximately 63 days, which is similar to most other dog breeds. However, it is important to note that the gestation period can vary slightly from dog to dog and may be influenced by factors such as the size and health of the mother, as well as the number of puppies in the litter. It is recommended to consult with a veterinarian for more specific information about your individual dog’s pregnancy.


Finnish Lapphunds typically go into heat twice a year, although this can vary.

Male vs Female:

Male and female Finnish Lapphunds have some physical and behavioral differences. Males are generally larger and heavier than females, with a more muscular build. They also tend to have a broader head and a more prominent chest. Females, on the other hand, are smaller and lighter, with a more refined and feminine appearance. In terms of behavior, males can be more assertive and dominant, while females are often more independent and reserved. However, these differences can vary based on the specific dog’s personality and upbringing.

Tips and Advice:

Finnish Lapphunds are a friendly and active breed that require proper care and attention to maintain their health and happiness. Here are some tips and advice for caring for a Finnish Lapphund:

  • Provide regular exercise: Finnish Lapphunds are active dogs that require regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. Daily walks, runs or playtime in a fenced yard can help meet their exercise needs.
  • Feed a balanced diet: A high-quality dog food that meets their nutritional needs is essential for a Finnish Lapphund’s health. Avoid overfeeding and provide fresh water at all times.
  • Groom regularly: Finnish Lapphunds have a thick double coat that requires regular grooming to prevent matting and keep their coat healthy. Brushing their coat at least once a week and bathing them as needed can help maintain their coat’s health and appearance.
  • Socialize early: Early socialization is important for Finnish Lapphunds to develop good behavior and social skills. Introduce them to different people, animals and environments to help them become well-adjusted adults.
  • Train with positive reinforcement: Finnish Lapphunds are intelligent dogs that respond well to positive reinforcement training methods. Use rewards and praise to encourage good behavior and avoid punishment or harsh training methods.
  • Provide mental stimulation: Finnish Lapphunds are intelligent dogs that require mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior. Provide puzzle toys, training sessions and playtime to keep them mentally stimulated.
  • Regular vet check-ups: Regular vet check-ups can help detect any health issues early and ensure your Finnish Lapphund is up-to-date on vaccinations and preventative care.
  • Watch for hereditary health issues: Finnish Lapphunds are prone to certain hereditary health issues, such as hip dysplasia and eye problems. Be aware of these issues and work with a reputable breeder to minimize the risk of these health problems in your dog.


Finnish Lapphunds are moderate eaters and do not have a particularly high appetite. They typically require 1-2 cups of high-quality dog food per day, depending on their age, size and activity level. However, it’s important to note that every dog is different and their food intake may vary based on individual needs.

As for their food orientation, Finnish Lapphunds are not particularly food-driven dogs. They are known for being independent and self-sufficient, which means they may not be as motivated by food rewards as some other breeds. However, they still enjoy treats and can be trained using positive reinforcement techniques that involve food rewards.


Finnish Lapphunds are a breed of dog that originated in Finland and were traditionally used for herding reindeer. Here are three interesting facts about them:

  1. Finnish Lapphunds have a thick double coat that helps keep them warm in cold weather. Their fur is also water-resistant, which makes them great swimmers.
  2. Finnish Lapphunds are known for their friendly and social personalities. They love spending time with their owners and are great with children.
  3. Finnish Lapphunds are highly intelligent and trainable. They excel in obedience and agility competitions and are also used as therapy dogs.


Finnish Lapphunds are a breed of dog that originated in Lapland, Finland. They are known for their friendly and loyal nature, as well as their thick, fluffy coats. When it comes to naming a Finnish Lapphund, names that reflect their Nordic heritage and rugged, outdoorsy personality are often a good fit. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Finnish Lapphund:

1. Akseli6. Kaisa11. Pekka
2. Eero7. Lumi12. Riku
3. Henna8. Maija13. Sisu
4. Inka9. Niko14. Taina
5. Jari10. Onni15. Vesa


Famous Finnish Lapphunds have made their mark in various fields, from movies to sports and even politics. These loyal and intelligent dogs have captured the hearts of many and here are some of the most famous Finnish Lapphunds of all time:

  1. Taiga – A Finnish Lapphund who starred in the movie “Snow Dogs” alongside Cuba Gooding Jr.
  2. Kukka – A Finnish Lapphund who became the first of her breed to earn a championship title in American Kennel Club (AKC) conformation shows.
  3. Lumi – A Finnish Lapphund who competed in agility and obedience competitions and earned numerous titles.
  4. Lennu – A Finnish Lapphund owned by the President of Finland, Sauli Niinistö. Lennu became an internet sensation for his adorable and quirky appearance.
  5. Nalle – A Finnish Lapphund who participated in the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race, a grueling 1,000-mile race across Alaska.
  6. Tarmo – A Finnish Lapphund who served as a therapy dog for children with autism and other special needs.

These famous Finnish Lapphunds have proven their versatility and loyalty, making them beloved companions and impressive performers.


The Finnish Lapphund is a medium-sized spitz-type dog breed that originated in Lapland, Finland. They were originally bred to herd reindeer and were also used as watchdogs. Finnish Lapphunds are known for their thick, double coats that come in a variety of colors, including black, brown and cream.

Finnish Lapphunds are intelligent, loyal and affectionate dogs that make great family pets. They are known for their friendly and outgoing personalities and get along well with children and other pets. They are also highly adaptable and can thrive in a variety of living situations, from apartments to large homes with yards.

In terms of exercise, Finnish Lapphunds require moderate daily exercise, such as walks or playtime in a fenced-in yard. They are also highly trainable and enjoy learning new tricks and commands. Finnish Lapphunds are known for their strong herding instincts and may try to herd their family members or other pets.

Overall, the Finnish Lapphund is a wonderful companion for families who are looking for a loyal and affectionate dog with a strong work ethic and a love of the outdoors.