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How Many Teeth Do German Shorthaired Pointers Have?

German Shorthaired Pointers (GSPs) have a specific number of teeth, both as puppies and adults. Understanding the dental anatomy of GSPs is essential for proper oral care. Here is an overview of the number of teeth GSPs have:

Puppy teeth: As puppies, GSPs have 28 temporary or deciduous teeth. These teeth play a crucial role in their early development and socialization. The dental formula for puppy teeth in GSPs is as follows:

  • 12 Incisors (6 upper, 6 lower)
  • 4 Canines (2 upper, 2 lower)
  • 12 Premolars (6 upper, 6 lower)

Adult teeth: As GSPs mature into adults, they develop a total of 42 permanent teeth. These teeth replace the temporary teeth as part of their natural growth process. The dental formula for adult teeth in GSPs is as follows:

  • 12 Incisors (6 upper, 6 lower)
  • 4 Canines (2 upper, 2 lower)
  • 16 Premolars (8 upper, 8 lower)
  • 10 Molars (4 upper, 6 lower)

Types of Teeth:

German Shorthaired Pointers have four main types of teeth, each serving specific functions in biting, chewing and overall oral health:


  • Located in the front of the mouth
  • Used for grasping and grooming
  • Essential for holding objects and tearing food


  • Positioned next to the incisors
  • Designed for puncturing and holding objects
  • Aid in tearing and ripping food


  • Located behind the canines
  • Used for grinding and shearing food
  • Important for breaking down food into smaller


  • Positioned at the back of the mouth
  • Primarily responsible for grinding and crushing food
  • Assist in the digestion process

Teething Stages

The teething process in German Shorthaired Pointers occurs in different stages. Understanding these stages can help owners provide appropriate care and alleviate any discomfort experienced by their puppies. The teething stages are as follows:

Puppy Teeth (Temporary Dentition):
  • Begin erupting around 3 to 4 weeks of age
  • Complete eruption by 6 to 8 weeks
  • Puppy teeth aid in chewing and play a role in the socialization process
Adult Teeth (Permanent Dentition):
  • Begin erupting around 3 to 4 months of age
  • Gradual replacement of puppy teeth by permanent teeth
  • Complete eruption by 6 to 7 months

Common Dental Issues in German Shorthaired Pointers

While German Shorthaired Pointers are generally a healthy breed, they can still experience dental issues. Common dental problems in GSPs include:

Periodontal Disease:
  • Caused by the buildup of plaque and tartar on the teeth
  • Can lead to gum inflammation, infection and tooth loss if left untreated
  • Regular dental care and professional cleanings are crucial for prevention
Tooth Decay:
  • Occurs due to the breakdown of tooth enamel
  • Can result from poor oral hygiene, dietary factors, or genetic predisposition
  • Regular brushing and a balanced diet can help prevent tooth decay
Gum Disease:
  • Inflammation and infection of the gums
  • Can cause pain, bleeding and bad breath
  • Routine dental care, including brushing and professional cleanings, can help prevent gum disease

What Should You Do When Your German Shorthaired Pointer Is Teething?

When your German Shorthaired Pointer is teething, it is essential to provide appropriate care and support to ensure their comfort. Here are some tips:

  • Offer teething toys specifically designed for puppies to chew on.
  • Provide frozen treats or wet washcloths for your GSP to chew and soothe their gums.
  • Avoid giving them hard objects or toys that could damage their teeth.
  • Regularly inspect their mouth for signs of infection, inflammation, or retained baby teeth.

Tips for Preventing Dental Issues in German Shorthaired Pointers

Maintaining good dental health is crucial for the overall well-being of German Shorthaired Pointers. By implementing preventive measures, owners can help minimize the risk of dental issues in their GSPs. Here are some effective tips to prevent dental problems:

  • Regular Dental Care: Establish a daily dental care routine for your GSP. Brushing their teeth with a dog-specific toothbrush and toothpaste helps remove plaque and prevent tartar buildup. Start dental care early in your GSP’s life to accustom them to the process and make it a positive experience. Aim to brush their teeth at least two to three times per week to maintain optimal oral hygiene.
  • Appropriate Chew Toys and Treats: Provide your GSP with suitable chew toys designed to promote dental health. Look for toys that help clean teeth, massage gums and control plaque. Choose chew treats that are specifically formulated to support dental health. These treats often have textures that aid in removing plaque and tartar.
  • Balanced and Nutritious Diet: Feed your GSP a high-quality, balanced diet that supports their dental health. Opt for dog food formulated to promote oral hygiene. Avoid excessive amounts of sugary treats or human food, as these can contribute to tooth decay and other dental problems.
  • Regular Veterinary Check-ups: Schedule routine veterinary dental check-ups for your GSP. These appointments allow the vet to examine your dog’s teeth, gums and overall oral health. Professional dental cleanings performed by a veterinarian help remove tartar and plaque buildup that brushing alone may not address.
  • Monitor Chewing Habits: Keep an eye on your GSP’s chewing habits. Discourage them from chewing on hard objects that can potentially damage their teeth.
  • Water Additives and Dental Rinses: Consider using water additives or dental rinses formulated for dogs to maintain their oral hygiene. These products can help control bacteria and freshen breath.

Understanding the dental aspects of German Shorthaired Pointers is essential for ensuring their overall health and well-being. By recognizing the number of teeth they have, teething stages, types and sizes of teeth, common dental issues and appropriate preventive measures, owners can provide proper dental care to their GSPs.

German Shorthaired Pointer Teeth – How Many, Teething Stages, Types & Size