Skip to content

German Spitz

German Spitz Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A small, fluffy and lively dog breed with a fox-like appearance.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.
Type:Mammal

Size:

German Spitzs are considered a Small to Medium dog breed.
Weight:5-10 kg.
Height:30-38 cm (12-15 inches).
Length:23-29 cm.

Lifespan:

The average lifespan of a German Spitz is around 12-15 years

Behavior:

What type of dog is a German Spitz, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

The German Spitz is a small to medium-sized dog breed that is known for its lively and affectionate personality. They are highly intelligent and have a strong desire to please their owners, which makes them easy to train. Here is a detailed overview of the German Spitz’s personality, temperament and behavior:

  • The German Spitz is a highly social dog breed that loves to be around people and other animals.
  • They are known for their playful and energetic nature, which makes them great companions for families with children.
  • German Spitzs are also very loyal and protective of their owners, which makes them excellent watchdogs.
  • They have a strong prey drive and love to chase small animals, so it’s important to keep them on a leash when outside.
  • German Spitzs are generally friendly and outgoing, but they can be wary of strangers if they are not socialized properly.
  • They are also known for their stubborn streak, which can make training a challenge at times.
  • However, with patience and consistency, they can be trained to obey commands and perform tricks.
  • German Spitzs are very active dogs that require daily exercise and mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior.
  • They are also known for their vocalization, which means they may bark excessively if not trained to control their barking.
  • German Spitzs are generally healthy dogs, but they may be prone to certain health issues such as hip dysplasia, eye problems and dental issues.

Overall, the German Spitz is a lively and affectionate dog breed that makes a great companion for families and individuals who are willing to provide them with the exercise, training and socialization they need.

Intelligence

German Spitzs are considered to be highly intelligent dogs. They are quick learners and are known for their problem-solving abilities. They are also very alert and observant, making them excellent watchdogs. With proper training and socialization, German Spitzs can excel in various activities such as obedience, agility and even therapy work.

Trainability

German Spitzs are generally intelligent and eager to please, which can make them relatively easy to train. However, like all dogs, they have their own unique personalities and may require different training methods depending on their individual needs and temperament. Consistency, positive reinforcement and patience are key when training any dog, including German Spitzs. It is also important to start training early and socialize them properly to ensure they grow up to be well-behaved and obedient dogs.

Sleep

German Spitzs typically sleep for around 12-14 hours a day, but this can change based on their age, activity level and individual needs. Puppies and older dogs may require more sleep, while highly active dogs may need less. It’s important to provide a comfortable and quiet sleeping area for your German Spitz to ensure they get the rest they need.

Bark

German Spitzs are known to be vocal dogs and can bark quite a bit, especially if they are not properly trained and socialized. However, with proper training and socialization, they can learn to control their barking and only bark when necessary. It is important to note that excessive barking can be a sign of anxiety or boredom, so it is important to provide your German Spitz with enough mental and physical stimulation to prevent this behavior.

Drool

German Spitzs are not known to be heavy droolers. They may drool occasionally, especially when they are excited or anticipating food, but it is not a common trait of the breed.

Lick

German Spitzs are known to be moderate to heavy lickers. They are affectionate dogs and enjoy showing their love and affection through licking their owners. However, excessive licking can be a sign of anxiety or boredom and should be addressed by providing appropriate mental and physical stimulation.

Jump

German Spitzs are known for their agility and athleticism. They are capable of jumping up to 3-4 feet high, depending on their size and physical ability. However, it is important to note that excessive jumping can put strain on their joints and should be avoided.

Dig

German Spitzs are known to have a moderate digging tendency. They may dig holes in the yard or garden if they are bored or trying to escape. However, with proper training and exercise, this behavior can be minimized. It is important to provide them with enough mental and physical stimulation to prevent them from becoming bored and resorting to destructive behaviors.

Good Fit for You?

Is a German Spitz the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a German Spitz.

Exercise

German Spitzs are energetic dogs that require a moderate amount of exercise. They need at least 30-60 minutes of daily exercise, which can include brisk walks, runs, playtime and training sessions. It’s important to note that German Spitzs are prone to obesity, so it’s essential to monitor their diet and exercise routine to maintain a healthy weight. Additionally, mental stimulation is also crucial for their well-being, so providing them with interactive toys and games can help keep them mentally stimulated and happy.

Space

German Spitzs are a small to medium-sized breed and they do not require a lot of space. They are adaptable to both apartment living and larger homes with yards. However, they do need daily exercise and mental stimulation to keep them healthy and happy. A daily walk or playtime in a fenced yard is sufficient for their exercise needs. It is important to note that German Spitzs are social dogs and need regular interaction with their owners.

Apartment

German Spitzs can be a good dog for apartment living as they are small in size and do not require a lot of space to move around. However, they are an active breed and require daily exercise and mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior. It is important to provide them with regular walks and playtime to keep them happy and healthy. Additionally, they can be vocal and may bark frequently, which can be a concern for apartment living. Proper training and socialization can help to minimize this behavior. Overall, if you are willing to provide them with the necessary exercise and attention, a German Spitz can make a good apartment dog.

Left Alone

German Spitzs are known to have separation anxiety and may not tolerate being left alone for long periods. They crave attention and companionship from their owners and may become destructive or develop behavioral issues if left alone for extended periods. It is important to provide them with plenty of mental and physical stimulation and to gradually train them to be comfortable with alone time. Crate training and leaving them with toys and treats can also help alleviate their anxiety.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, German Spitzs are generally good with kids and families. They are known for their friendly and affectionate nature and they enjoy being around people. German Spitzs are also very loyal and protective of their families, which makes them great watchdogs. However, as with any breed, it is important to supervise interactions between children and dogs to ensure that both are safe and comfortable. Additionally, early socialization and training can help ensure that your German Spitz is well-behaved around children and other pets.

Perfect Fit

A German Spitz would be a perfect fit for a household that has an active lifestyle and can provide plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. They are also great for families with children and other pets, as they are friendly and playful. German Spitzes are adaptable to both apartment and house living, as long as they have enough space to move around and play. They also require regular grooming to maintain their fluffy coat. Overall, a German Spitz would make a great addition to any loving and active household.

Pros and Cons:

German Spitz is a small, fluffy dog breed that originated in Germany. They are known for their lively and friendly personalities. However, like any other breed, owning a German Spitz comes with its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Here is a table with 5 pros and cons of owning a German Spitz:

ProsCons
1. Affectionate and loyal1. Can be stubborn and difficult to train
2. Low maintenance grooming2. Can be prone to separation anxiety
3. Good with children and other pets3. Can be vocal and bark excessively
4. Active and playful4. Can be prone to health issues such as hip dysplasia and eye problems
5. Adaptable to apartment living5. Can be high-energy and require regular exercise

Overall, German Spitz can make great pets for the right owner who is willing to provide them with the love, attention and care they need.

Cost:

The cost of a German Spitz in Australia can vary depending on the breeder, location and pedigree. On average, a German Spitz can cost anywhere from $1,500 to $3,500 AUD. It is important to do your research and find a reputable breeder to ensure you are getting a healthy and well-bred dog. Additionally, there may be additional costs such as vaccinations, microchipping and registration fees.

Breed History:

German Spitzs were originally bred in Germany as all-purpose farm dogs. They were used for a variety of tasks, including herding livestock, guarding the farm and hunting small game. They were also popular as companion dogs due to their friendly and affectionate nature. Over time, different varieties of German Spitzs were developed for specific purposes, such as the Klein Spitz for ratting and the Mittel Spitz for hunting. Today, German Spitzs are primarily kept as companion dogs and are known for their loyalty, intelligence and playful personalities.

Current Usage

German Spitzs are primarily kept as companion pets today. However, they were originally bred as versatile working dogs and some still retain their working abilities.

In Germany, the German Spitz is still used as a watchdog and as a hunting dog for small game such as rabbits and squirrels. They are also used in some European countries as sled dogs for short distances.

In addition, German Spitzs have been trained for various dog sports such as agility, obedience and rally obedience. They are also used in therapy work due to their friendly and outgoing nature.

Overall, while German Spitzs are primarily kept as pets, they still have the potential to excel in various working roles and activities.

Guard Dogs

German Spitzs are not typically known for their guarding abilities. They are friendly and affectionate dogs that are more suited for companionship and family life. While they may bark to alert their owners of strangers or unusual activity, they are not aggressive or protective in the same way that breeds like German Shepherds or Rottweilers are. Therefore, they are not recommended as guard dogs.

Where Are They Found?

German Spitzs are most popular in their country of origin, Germany. They are also popular in other European countries such as Finland, Sweden and Norway. In North America, they are less common, but can still be found in the United States and Canada.

Climate

German Spitzs are best suited to temperate climates. They can tolerate cold weather well due to their thick double coat, but they may struggle in extremely hot and humid conditions. It is important to ensure that they have access to shade and plenty of water during hot weather.

Population

It is difficult to determine the exact number of German Spitzs in the world as there is no centralized database or registry for all dogs. However, the German Spitz is a popular breed in many countries, including Germany, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada and Australia. It is estimated that there are tens of thousands of German Spitzs worldwide.

Physical Appearance:

German Spitzs are small to medium-sized dogs with a distinctive fox-like appearance. They have a thick double coat that comes in a variety of colors including black, white, cream, brown and orange. Their fur is fluffy and stands out from their body, giving them a puffy appearance.

They have a wedge-shaped head with a pointed muzzle and small, pointed ears that stand upright. Their eyes are dark and almond-shaped, giving them an alert and intelligent expression.

German Spitzs have a compact, square-shaped body with a straight back and a well-developed chest. Their legs are short and sturdy and their paws are small and round. They have a high-set tail that curls over their back.

Overall, German Spitzs are charming and attractive dogs with a lively and playful personality. They are known for their fox-like appearance, which makes them stand out in a crowd.

Coat:

Colours:

German Spitzs can come in a variety of colors, including black, brown, cream, white, orange and gray. Some may also have markings or patterns such as sable or parti-color. The specific color and pattern of a German Spitz can vary according to their breed and individual genetics.

Hair/Fur Length:

German Spitzs have a thick, double coat of fur that is medium in length. The fur is longer around the neck, chest and tail, forming a mane and plume. The fur on the legs and head is shorter.

Shedding:

Yes, German Spitzs do shed. They have a thick double coat that sheds moderately throughout the year, with heavier shedding occurring during seasonal changes. Regular brushing and grooming can help manage shedding and keep their coat healthy.

Grooming:

The German Spitz has a thick double coat that sheds moderately throughout the year and heavily twice a year during shedding season. They require regular brushing at least once a week to remove loose hair and prevent matting. During shedding season, daily brushing may be necessary.

The German Spitz does not require haircuts, but trimming the hair around their paws and ears may be necessary to keep them clean and prevent matting. It is important to not shave their coat as it can damage their natural insulation and protection against the elements.

Hypoallergenic:

No, German Spitzs are not considered hypoallergenic. They have a thick double coat that sheds moderately year-round and heavily twice a year during shedding season. This shedding can cause allergies in some people.

Speed:

German Spitzs can run at a maximum speed of around 48-56 kph (30-35 mph).

Health:

German Spitzs are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues. Some of the most common health issues German Spitzs are faced with include:

  • Patellar Luxation: A condition where the kneecap dislocates from its normal position, causing lameness and pain.
  • Hip Dysplasia: A genetic condition where the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, causing pain and arthritis.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): A degenerative eye disease that leads to blindness.
  • Dental Issues: German Spitzs are prone to dental problems, such as periodontal disease and tooth decay.
  • Allergies: German Spitzs may develop allergies to food or environmental factors, causing skin irritation and itching.

Teeth:

German Spitzs typically have 42 teeth, which is the same as most other dog breeds.

Eyesight:

German Spitzs have a keen sense of sight, which is an important trait for their role as watchdogs. They have a good visual acuity and can detect movement from a distance, making them excellent at alerting their owners of any potential threats. However, like all dogs, their eyesight can deteriorate with age or due to certain health conditions.

Nipples:

German Spitzs typically have 8 to 10 nipples, arranged in two rows on their underside.

Gestation:

Litter Size:

The typical litter size for German Spitzs is between 2 to 6 puppies. However, litter size can vary based on the specific dog and other factors such as age, health and genetics.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for German Spitzs is typically around 63 days, although it can range from 58 to 68 days.

Heat:

Female German Spitzs typically go into heat twice a year, although this can vary depending on the individual dog.

Male vs Female:

Male and female German Spitzs have some physical and behavioral differences. Males are generally larger and more muscular than females, with a broader head and a more prominent mane around their neck. Females, on the other hand, are smaller and more delicate in appearance. In terms of temperament, males tend to be more assertive and dominant, while females are more nurturing and affectionate. However, these differences can vary depending on the individual dog’s personality and upbringing.

Tips and Advice:

German Spitz dogs are known for their lively and friendly personalities. They are also highly intelligent and active, which means they require proper care and attention to stay healthy and happy. Here are some tips and advice for caring for a German Spitz:

  • Provide your German Spitz with a balanced and nutritious diet that meets their specific needs. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the best food options for your dog.
  • Regular exercise is essential for German Spitz dogs. They need daily walks, playtime and other physical activities to stay healthy and burn off excess energy.
  • Grooming is also crucial for German Spitz dogs. They have thick, fluffy coats that require regular brushing and occasional trimming to prevent matting and tangling.
  • German Spitz dogs are intelligent and highly trainable. Positive reinforcement training methods work best with them, as they respond well to praise and rewards.
  • Socialization is essential for German Spitz dogs. They need to be exposed to different people, animals and environments from a young age to prevent shyness and aggression.
  • Regular veterinary check-ups are necessary to keep your German Spitz healthy. They should receive vaccinations, parasite prevention and dental care as needed.
  • German Spitz dogs are prone to dental problems, so it’s essential to brush their teeth regularly and provide them with dental chews and toys.
  • German Spitz dogs can be prone to separation anxiety, so it’s essential to provide them with plenty of mental stimulation and companionship.
  • Finally, German Spitz dogs thrive on love and attention. They are loyal and affectionate companions who need plenty of love and affection from their owners.

Food:

The amount of food a German Spitz should eat depends on their age, size and activity level. As a general guideline, an adult German Spitz should eat between 1/2 and 1 cup of high-quality dry dog food per day, divided into two meals. However, it’s important to consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate amount of food for your specific dog.

German Spitzs are known to be food-oriented dogs, which means they enjoy eating and may be prone to overeating if not monitored. It’s important to establish a feeding schedule and limit treats to prevent obesity and other health issues. Training with treats can be effective, but it’s important to use them in moderation and choose healthy options.

Facts:

German Spitz is a breed of dog that originated in Germany. Here are three interesting facts about German Spitz:

  1. They come in a variety of colors: German Spitz can be found in a variety of colors including black, brown, white, cream and orange. They also have a thick, fluffy coat that requires regular grooming.
  2. They have a long history: German Spitz has been around for centuries and was a popular breed during the 18th and 19th centuries. They were used as watchdogs, herding dogs and even as circus performers.
  3. They are intelligent and trainable: German Spitz is known for being intelligent and easy to train. They are also very loyal to their owners and make great family pets.

Names:

German Spitzs are a breed of dog that originated in Germany and are known for their fluffy coats and lively personalities. When it comes to naming a German Spitz, it’s important to choose a name that reflects their playful nature and German heritage. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a German Spitz:

1. Fritz6. Liesel11. Bruno
2. Heidi7. Otto12. Ingrid
3. Hans8. Gretchen13. Rolf
4. Greta9. Klaus14. Elsa
5. Max10. Helga15. Wolfgang

Famous:

German Spitzs are a popular breed of dog known for their fluffy coats and lively personalities. Over the years, several German Spitzs have gained fame for their appearances in movies, their incredible feats or for being owned by famous people. Here are some of the most famous German Spitzs of all time:

  1. Boo – Boo was a Pomeranian, a type of German Spitz, who became famous for his adorable looks and social media presence. He had over 16 million followers on Facebook and was often referred to as the “world’s cutest dog.”
  2. Togo – Togo was a German Spitz who was part of the team that helped deliver diphtheria serum to Nome, Alaska in 1925. His bravery and endurance during the 674-mile journey made him a hero and a legend.
  3. Fufi – Fufi was a German Spitz owned by Marilyn Monroe. She often brought him to movie sets and public appearances and he became a beloved companion to the iconic actress.
  4. Jiff – Jiff is a Pomeranian who holds several Guinness World Records for his incredible feats, including the fastest 10-meter run on hind legs by a dog and the most paw shakes in one minute.
  5. Spuds MacKenzie – Spuds MacKenzie was a fictional character, but his portrayal by a German Spitz named Honey Tree Evil Eye made him a cultural icon in the 1980s. He appeared in several Bud Light beer commercials and became a symbol of the party lifestyle.

These are just a few examples of famous German Spitzs who have captured the hearts of people around the world. Their unique personalities and talents have made them beloved pets and pop culture icons.

Summary:

The German Spitz is a type of dog that originated in Germany and is known for its fluffy coat and pointed ears. There are five different varieties of German Spitz, including the Giant, Standard, Small, Miniature and Toy.

German Spitz dogs are known for their lively and playful personalities. They are intelligent and easy to train, making them great pets for families with children. They are also loyal and affectionate with their owners, but can be wary of strangers and other dogs.

The German Spitz has a long history, dating back to the Middle Ages when they were used as watchdogs and hunting companions. They were also popular in the 18th and 19th centuries as circus performers due to their agility and trainability.

As a pet, the German Spitz is a great choice for those who are looking for a playful and affectionate companion. They are adaptable to different living situations, but do require regular exercise and grooming due to their thick coat. Overall, the German Spitz is a charming and lovable breed that makes a great addition to any family.