Skip to content

Great Dane

Great Dane Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A giant breed of dog known for its majestic appearance and gentle personality.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.
Also Known As:German Mastiff
Type:Mammal

Size:

Great Danes are considered a Very Large Dog breed. read more >>
Weight:54-90 kg (119-198 lbs).
Height:76-86 cm (30-34 inches).
Length:71-86 cm (28-34 inches).

Lifespan:

The average lifespan of a Great Dane is between 8 and 10 years. read more >>

Behavior:

What type of dog is a Great Dane, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Great Danes have a gentle, loyal and loving nature. They are often referred to as the “Gentle Giants” due to their large size and gentle disposition. They are intelligent, eager to please and have a strong desire to be part of the family. They are naturally protective of their family and home, but are not aggressive.

Great Danes are usually very friendly and outgoing and they get along well with children and other animals. They are usually very tolerant and patient and they can make great family pets. They are also very playful and enjoy being active.

Great Danes need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. They require daily walks and playtime and they can benefit from activities such as agility and obedience training. They are also very sensitive and can be easily stressed, so it is important to provide them with a calm and consistent environment.

Overall, Great Danes are loyal, loving and gentle companions that make wonderful family pets. They are intelligent and eager to please and they enjoy spending time with their family. With proper care and training, they can be a great addition to any home.

Intelligence

Great Danes are considered to be very intelligent dogs. They are highly trainable and can learn commands quickly. They are also very loyal and affectionate, making them great family pets. read more >>

Trainability

Great Danes are generally considered to be intelligent and eager to please, so they can be relatively easy to train. However, they can also be stubborn and independent, so it is important to be consistent and patient when training them. Positive reinforcement and reward-based training methods are often the most successful.

Sleep

Great Danes are known to be big sleepers and can sleep for up to 16 hours a day. However, the amount of sleep they need can vary depending on their age, activity level and health. Puppies and older dogs may need more sleep than adult dogs. It is important to provide them with a comfortable and quiet place to rest and sleep. read more >>

Bark

Generally, Great Danes don’t bark very much. However, they can bark if they are excited, anxious, or feeling threatened. read more >>

Drool

Great Danes can drool quite a bit, especially when they are excited or eating. Some Great Danes may drool more than others, depending on the individual dog. read more >>

Lick

Great Danes are known to be moderate to heavy lickers. They are affectionate dogs and enjoy licking their owners as a way of showing love and affection. However, excessive licking can also be a sign of anxiety or boredom, so it’s important to monitor their behavior and provide them with enough mental and physical stimulation. Additionally, Great Danes are prone to drooling, which can also contribute to their licking behavior.

Jump

Great Danes aren’t great jumpers. They are a large and heavy breed and their size can limit their jumping ability. On average, Great Danes can jump up to 1 to 1.5 meters (3 to 5 feet) high, but this can vary depending on the individual dog’s size, age and physical condition. read more >>

Dig

Great Danes can be prone to digging, especially if they are bored or anxious. It is important to provide them with plenty of mental and physical stimulation to help reduce their digging behavior.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Great Dane the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Great Dane.

Exercise

Great Danes need a moderate amount of exercise. They should be taken on a daily walk or jog and should have access to a fenced-in yard to run and play. They also enjoy activities such as swimming, agility and playing fetch. read more >>

Space

Great Danes need a lot of space to move around and exercise. They should have access to a large, securely fenced yard or other safe area where they can run and play. They also need plenty of room inside the home to stretch out and relax.

Apartment

Great Danes can make great apartment dogs, but they do need plenty of exercise and space to move around. They can be quite active indoors, so it is important to make sure they get plenty of walks and playtime outside. They can also be prone to separation anxiety, so it is important to provide them with plenty of attention and companionship. read more >>

Left Alone

No, Great Danes do not tolerate being left alone for long periods of time. They are social animals and need companionship. If left alone for too long, they can become anxious, destructive and even depressed. It is important to provide them with plenty of exercise, mental stimulation and companionship to keep them happy and healthy.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Great Danes are generally good with kids and families. They are gentle and loyal and they are often very patient with children. They can be protective of their families, so it is important to socialize them from an early age and teach them proper manners. read more >>

Perfect Fit

A Great Dane would be a perfect fit for a household with plenty of space, both indoors and outdoors and a family that is able to provide plenty of exercise and attention. They are also very loyal and loving, so a home with plenty of love and affection would be ideal.

Pros and Cons:

Owning a Great Dane comes with both advantages and disadvantages. Here is a table outlining five pros and cons of owning a Great Dane:

ProsCons
1. Great Danes are loyal and affectionate pets.1. Great Danes require a lot of space due to their large size.
2. They are great with children and make excellent family pets.2. Great Danes can be prone to health issues such as hip dysplasia and bloat.
3. Great Danes are calm and gentle dogs, making them easy to train.3. They have a short lifespan of only 8-10 years.
4. They are good watchdogs and will protect their family if needed.4. Great Danes can be expensive to feed due to their large size.
5. Great Danes have a unique and impressive appearance that draws attention.5. They require regular exercise and can become destructive if not given enough physical activity.

Overall, owning a Great Dane can be a rewarding experience for those who have the space, time and resources to care for them properly. However, it is important to consider both the pros and cons before making the decision to bring one into your home.

Cost:

The cost of a Great Dane in Australia can vary greatly depending on the breeder, the quality of the puppy and other factors. Generally, you can expect to pay anywhere from $1,500 to $3,500 for a Great Dane puppy. read more >>

Breed History:

Great Danes were originally bred to hunt wild boar in Germany in the 16th century. They were bred to be large and strong enough to take down the boar, but also fast and agile enough to keep up with the hunt. They were also used as guard dogs, as their size and intimidating bark made them excellent protectors. Today, Great Danes are primarily kept as family pets, but they still retain their protective instincts.

Current Usage

Great Danes are primarily used as companion animals, but they can also be used as working dogs. Great Danes are often used as therapy dogs, search and rescue dogs and service dogs. They have also been used as guard dogs, hunting dogs and police dogs. Great Danes are intelligent, loyalty and strong, making them well-suited for a variety of tasks.

Guard Dogs

Great Danes are not typically considered good guard dogs because they are generally friendly and sociable with strangers. They are more likely to greet strangers with wagging tails and slobbery kisses than to bark or growl at them. However, their large size and imposing appearance can be a deterrent to potential intruders and they can be trained to bark or alert their owners if they sense something out of the ordinary. Ultimately, Great Danes are better suited as family pets and companions than as guard dogs. read more >>

Where Are They Found?

Great Danes are popular in many countries around the world, but some of the countries where they are most popular include:

1. United States6. France
2. Germany7. Denmark
3. United Kingdom8. Sweden
4. Canada9. Norway
5. Australia10. Finland

These countries have a strong tradition of breeding and showing Great Danes and many people in these countries also keep Great Danes as pets. read more >>

Climate

Great Danes are best suited to moderate climates with temperatures ranging from 60-75°F (15-24°C). They are sensitive to extreme temperatures, both hot and cold and can suffer from heatstroke or hypothermia if exposed to them for prolonged periods. Therefore, it is important to provide them with adequate shelter and temperature control if living in areas with extreme temperatures. read more >>

Population

It is difficult to determine the exact number of Great Danes in the world, as there is no centralized database or registry for all Great Danes. However, according to the American Kennel Club (AKC), Great Danes are currently the 16th most popular breed in the United States, with over 20,000 registered each year. Additionally, Great Danes are popular in many other countries, including Germany, Denmark and the United Kingdom. Therefore, it is estimated that there are likely hundreds of thousands, if not millions, of Great Danes in the world. read more >>

Physical Appearance:

Great Danes are a large breed of dog that typically stand tall and proud. They have a muscular and athletic build, with a deep chest and a broad back. Their head is large and square-shaped, with a long and powerful muzzle. They have a short and smooth coat that can come in a variety of colors, including black, blue, fawn, brindle and harlequin. Their ears are typically cropped and stand upright, giving them a regal appearance. Great Danes have a friendly and gentle expression, with dark, soulful eyes that exude intelligence and loyalty. Overall, they are an impressive and majestic breed that commands attention wherever they go. read more and view all Great Dane images >>

Coat:

Colours:

Great Danes come in a variety of colors, including fawn, brindle, harlequin, black, blue and mantle.

Hair/Fur Length:

Great Danes have short, smooth coats that do not require much grooming.

Shedding:

Yes, Great Danes do shed. They have a short, dense coat that sheds year-round, but more heavily in the spring and fall. Regular brushing and vacuuming can help to reduce the amount of shedding. read more >>

Grooming:

The Great Dane requires regular grooming. Brushing should be done at least once a week to remove any dirt, debris and mats from the coat. The coat should also be trimmed every few months to keep it looking neat and tidy. You do not need to cut the hair of the Great Dane, but you may choose to do so for aesthetic reasons.

Hypoallergenic:

No, Great Danes are not hypoallergenic. They shed a lot and produce a lot of dander, which can cause allergic reactions in some people. read more >>

Speed:

Great Danes can run up to 48 km/h (30 mph). read more >>

Health:

Great Danes are generally healthy dogs, however they are prone to a few health issues. These include:

  • Hip Dysplasia: a condition where the hip joint does not form correctly, leading to pain and lameness.
  • Bloat: a condition where the stomach becomes distended with gas and can be life-threatening if not treated quickly.
  • Heart Disease: a condition where the heart is unable to pump blood effectively, leading to weakness and fatigue.
  • Cancer: a condition where abnormal cells grow and divide uncontrollably, leading to tumors and organ damage.
  • Allergies: a condition where the body has an abnormal reaction to certain substances, leading to skin irritation and other symptoms.

read more >>

Teeth:

Great Danes have 42 teeth. read more >>

Eyesight:

Great Danes have a relatively good eyesight, but it is not their strongest sense. They have better senses of smell and hearing, which they rely on more heavily than their eyesight. However, their eyesight is still important for them to navigate their environment and interact with their surroundings.

Nipples:

Great Danes, like most dog breeds, typically have a standard number of nipples. Female Great Danes generally have eight to ten nipples. Male Great Danes have the same number of nipples as well, but they are non-functional and do not serve any purpose in reproduction or lactation. It’s worth noting that the number of nipples can vary slightly among individuals, but the range of eight to ten is the typical count for Great Danes.

Gestation:

Litter Size:

The average litter size for Great Danes is between 6 and 8 puppies. However, some litters can have as many as 12 puppies.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Great Danes is approximately 63 days. read more >>

Heat:

Great Danes typically go into heat every 6 to 12 months, depending on the individual dog.

Male vs Female:

The most obvious difference between male and female Great Danes is size. Male Great Danes are typically larger than female Great Danes, with males reaching heights of up to 34 inches and females reaching heights of up to 32 inches. Male Great Danes also tend to be more aggressive and territorial than female Great Danes. Male Great Danes may also be more prone to dominance issues and may require more training and socialization than female Great Danes. Female Great Danes tend to be more affectionate and gentle than male Great Danes. read more >>

Tips and Advice:

Great Danes are gentle giants known for their imposing size and friendly nature. Caring for these majestic dogs requires attention to their unique needs. Here are some essential tips:

  • Adequate Space: Great Danes are large dogs and need plenty of space to move around comfortably. Ensure your living environment can accommodate their size.
  • Regular Exercise: Despite their size, Great Danes need regular exercise to maintain a healthy weight and prevent boredom. Daily walks and playtime are important.
  • Balanced Diet: Consult with your veterinarian to determine the appropriate diet for your Great Dane’s age, size and activity level. Feed them a high-quality, balanced diet to support their growth and overall health.
  • Joint Health: Great Danes are prone to joint issues, so it’s crucial to monitor their weight and provide joint supplements, if recommended by your vet. Avoid excessive jumping or strenuous exercise during their growth period.
  • Socialization and Training: Start socializing your Great Dane from a young age to help them become well-adjusted and confident. Expose them to different people, animals and environments. Enroll them in obedience classes to learn basic commands and good manners.
  • Gentle Handling: Due to their large size, it’s important to handle Great Danes gently and with care. Use positive reinforcement techniques during training and avoid any rough play that could potentially cause injury.
  • Regular Vet Check-ups: Schedule regular veterinary check-ups to monitor your Great Dane’s overall health, vaccinations and preventive care. Regular check-ups can help identify and address any potential health issues early.
  • Climate Considerations: Great Danes are sensitive to extreme temperatures. In hot weather, provide shade, fresh water and avoid exercising them during the hottest parts of the day. In cold weather, protect them with appropriate clothing or provide a warm shelter.
  • Proper Equipment: Use suitable equipment for your Great Dane, such as a well-fitted harness rather than a collar to prevent neck strain. Invest in a comfortable and supportive bed that can accommodate their large size.

Remember, Great Danes are gentle and loyal companions and with proper care, they can thrive and bring joy to your life.

Food:

Great Danes typically eat between 3-5 cups of food per day, depending on their size and activity level. They are not particularly food-orientated dogs, but they do enjoy treats and rewards. read more >>

Facts:

Here are three interesting facts about Great Danes:

  1. Great Danes were originally bred to hunt wild boar in Germany. Their size and strength made them ideal for taking down these large animals.
  2. Despite their size, Great Danes are known for their gentle and affectionate nature. They are often referred to as “gentle giants” and make great family pets.
  3. The world record for the tallest dog ever recorded was held by a Great Dane named Zeus, who measured 44 inches tall at the shoulder.

read more >>

Names:

Here are 15 names that would be a great choice for a Great Dane:

1. Zeus6. Hercules11. Magnum
2. Apollo7. Atlas12. Brutus
3. Titan8. Maximus13. Duke
4. Thor9. Caesar14. King
5. Odin10. Goliath15. Prince

Famous:

Over the years, many Great Danes have become famous for their incredible feats, appearances in movies and ownership by famous people. Here are some of the most famous Great Danes of all time:

  1. Scooby-Doo – This lovable cartoon character has been entertaining audiences since 1969. Scooby-Doo is a Great Dane who solves mysteries with his human friends.
  2. Marmaduke – This comic strip character is a Great Dane who has been entertaining readers since 1954. Marmaduke is known for his mischievous behavior and love of food.
  3. Zeus – This Great Dane holds the Guinness World Record for the world’s tallest dog. He measured 44 inches tall at the shoulder and weighed 155 pounds.
  4. George – This Great Dane was owned by David Hasselhoff and appeared in several episodes of the TV show “Knight Rider.”
  5. Duke – This Great Dane was owned by John Wayne and appeared in several of his movies.
  6. Hamlet – This Great Dane was owned by the famous author, Ernest Hemingway. Hamlet was often seen lounging around Hemingway’s home in Key West, Florida.
  7. Gibson – This Great Dane was also a Guinness World Record holder for the world’s tallest dog. He measured 42.2 inches tall at the shoulder.
  8. Blue – This Great Dane was owned by the famous musician, George Harrison. Blue was often seen accompanying Harrison on walks around his estate.
  9. Harvey – This Great Dane was owned by the famous actress, Betty White. Harvey was often seen accompanying White on the set of her TV show, “Hot in Cleveland.”
  10. Apollo – This Great Dane was owned by the famous boxer, Muhammad Ali. Apollo was often seen accompanying Ali on his morning runs.

Summary:

The Great Dane is a large, powerful breed of dog. It is a type of Mastiff and is known for its impressive size, strength and intelligence. The Great Dane is a loyal, affectionate & gentle breed, making it an excellent family pet.

The Great Dane has a long and distinguished history, having been bred in Germany since the 16th century. It was originally used as a hunting dog, but has since become a beloved companion animal. They are often referred to as a “gentle giant”.

The Great Dane is a loyal and loving pet that is intelligent and trainable. It is an active breed and needs plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. The breed is also good-natured, friendly personality and is generally good with children and other pets.

The Great Dane is an ideal pet for those looking for a large, loyal and loving companion. It is an excellent family pet and is sure to bring joy and companionship to any home.