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Havanese

Havanese Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A small, affectionate and playful dog breed with a silky coat and a lively personality.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.
Type:Mammal

Size:

Havaneses are considered a Small Dog breed.
Weight:3-6 kg.
Height:20-28 cm (8-11 inches) at the shoulder.
Length:23-27 cm.

Lifespan:

The average lifespan of a Havanese is 12-15 years

Behavior:

What type of dog is a Havanese, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Havanese dogs are known for their friendly, affectionate and outgoing personalities. They are social animals and love to be around people, making them great family pets. They are also known for their intelligence, which makes them easy to train.

Havanese dogs are generally very adaptable and can thrive in a variety of living situations, from apartments to large homes with yards. They are also good with children and other pets, making them great additions to families with multiple pets.

One of the most notable traits of Havanese dogs is their playful and energetic nature. They love to play and are always up for a game of fetch or tug-of-war. They also enjoy going for walks and exploring their surroundings.

Despite their playful nature, Havanese dogs are also known for their calm and gentle demeanor. They are not prone to aggression and are generally very well-behaved. They are also very loyal to their owners and love to cuddle and be close to them.

Overall, Havanese dogs are friendly, outgoing and intelligent pets that make great companions for families and individuals alike. They are easy to train, adaptable and have a playful nature that makes them a joy to be around.

Intelligence

Havanese dogs are generally considered to be intelligent dogs. They are quick learners and are known for their ability to pick up new commands and tricks easily. They are also known for their problem-solving skills and their ability to adapt to new situations. However, like all dogs, the intelligence of a Havanese can vary depending on the individual dog and their training and socialization.

Trainability

Havanese dogs are generally considered to be easy to train due to their intelligence, eagerness to please and affectionate nature. They respond well to positive reinforcement training methods, such as treats, praise and playtime and are quick learners. However, like all dogs, Havaneses have their own personalities and may have individual quirks or challenges that require patience and consistency in training. It is important to start training early and be consistent with commands and expectations to ensure success.

Sleep

Havaneses typically sleep for around 12-14 hours a day, although this can vary depending on their age, activity level and individual personality. Puppies and older dogs may sleep more, while younger and more active dogs may sleep less. It’s important to provide your Havaneses with a comfortable and quiet place to sleep, as well as plenty of opportunities for exercise and mental stimulation during their waking hours.

Bark

Havanese dogs are known for being relatively quiet and not excessive barkers. However, like all dogs, they may bark to alert their owners of potential danger or to communicate their needs. With proper training and socialization, Havaneses can be trained to bark only when necessary.

Drool

Havanese dogs are not known to be heavy droolers. They may drool occasionally, especially if they are excited or have just eaten, but it is not a common characteristic of the breed. Overall, Havanese are considered to be a low drooling breed.

Lick

Havaneses are known to be affectionate and social dogs that enjoy being close to their owners. They may lick their owners as a way of showing affection or to seek attention. However, excessive licking can also be a sign of anxiety or stress. It is important to monitor your Havaneses’ licking behavior and seek advice from a veterinarian if you notice any excessive or abnormal licking.

Jump

Havaneses are not known for their jumping abilities. They are a small breed and typically do not have the physical capability to jump very high. However, individual dogs may vary in their jumping abilities depending on their size, age and physical condition. It is important to note that excessive jumping can be harmful to a Havaneses’ joints and should be avoided.

Dig

Havaneses are not known to be excessive diggers. However, like any dog breed, they may dig occasionally out of boredom or to bury a toy or bone. It is important to provide them with enough exercise and mental stimulation to prevent destructive behavior. If you notice excessive digging, it may be a sign of an underlying issue that needs to be addressed, such as anxiety or lack of exercise.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Havanese the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Havanese.

Exercise

Havanese dogs are small and energetic, but they don’t require a lot of exercise. They need at least 30 minutes of exercise per day, which can be a combination of short walks, playtime and indoor activities. They enjoy playing fetch, running around in a fenced yard and going for walks. However, it’s important not to over-exercise them, as they can easily tire out due to their small size. It’s also important to provide mental stimulation through training, puzzle toys and interactive playtime.

Space

Havanese dogs are small in size and do not require a lot of space. They can adapt well to apartment living as long as they get enough exercise and mental stimulation. However, they still need some space to move around and play. A small yard or a daily walk can provide enough exercise for a Havanese. Overall, they are a good choice for people who live in small homes or apartments.

Apartment

Yes, Havaneses are a good dog to get if you live in an apartment. They are small in size and do not require a lot of space to move around. They are also known to be relatively quiet and do not bark excessively, which is important if you live in close proximity to your neighbors. However, like all dogs, they still need daily exercise and mental stimulation, so it’s important to make sure they get enough playtime and walks outside.

Left Alone

Havaneses are known for being social and affectionate dogs and they may not tolerate being left alone for long periods of time. They can develop separation anxiety and become destructive or anxious when left alone for extended periods. It is recommended to gradually train them to be alone for short periods and provide them with toys or puzzles to keep them occupied. It is also important to ensure they have enough exercise and mental stimulation to prevent boredom and anxiety. If you need to leave your Havaneses alone for long periods, it is recommended to hire a dog walker or pet sitter to provide them with company and attention.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Havaneses are generally good with kids and families. They are known for being affectionate, playful and gentle, making them great companions for children. They are also adaptable and can live in a variety of living situations, including apartments and houses with yards. However, as with any dog, it is important to supervise interactions between children and Havaneses to ensure that both the dog and the child are safe and happy.

Perfect Fit

Havanese are a great fit for a variety of households, but they are particularly well-suited for families with children, seniors or individuals who live in apartments or smaller homes. They are adaptable and can thrive in both urban and rural environments. Havanese are also known for their affectionate and playful personalities, making them great companions for those who want a dog that is both loyal and fun-loving. Additionally, Havanese are hypoallergenic, which makes them a great choice for people with allergies. Overall, Havanese are a great choice for anyone looking for a friendly, adaptable and low-maintenance companion.

Pros and Cons:

Havanese dogs are known for their affectionate and playful personalities, making them a popular choice for pet owners. However, like any breed, there are both pros and cons to owning a Havanese. Here is a table outlining five of each:

ProsCons
1. Friendly and affectionate1. Can be prone to separation anxiety
2. Low-shedding coat2. Require regular grooming to maintain coat health
3. Good with children and other pets3. May be difficult to housebreak
4. Adaptable to different living situations4. May bark excessively if not trained properly
5. Intelligent and trainable5. Can be prone to health issues such as luxating patellas and deafness

Overall, Havanese can make wonderful pets for the right owner who is willing to put in the time and effort to properly care for them.

Cost:

The cost of a Havanese in Australia can vary depending on the breeder, location and the dog’s pedigree. On average, you can expect to pay between $2,000 to $4,000 AUD for a Havanese puppy from a reputable breeder. It’s important to do your research and choose a breeder who health tests their dogs and has a good reputation. Additionally, there may be additional costs for things like vaccinations, microchipping and registration.

Breed History:

Havanese dogs were originally bred in Cuba as companion dogs for the wealthy and aristocratic families. They were also known as the “Havana Silk Dog” or “Bichon Havanais”. The breed is believed to have originated from the now-extinct Blanquito de la Habana, which was a small white dog that was popular in Cuba during the 18th and 19th centuries.

Havanese were bred for their charming personality, intelligence and affectionate nature. They were also bred to be hypoallergenic, which means they produce less dander and are less likely to cause allergies in people. This made them an ideal choice for families who wanted a small, loving dog that could live comfortably indoors.

In addition to being companion dogs, Havanese were also used as watchdogs and circus performers due to their agility and trainability. Today, Havanese are still popular as family pets and are known for their playful, friendly and loyal personalities.

Current Usage

Havanese dogs are primarily kept as companion pets due to their friendly and affectionate nature. They are known for being great family dogs and are often used as therapy dogs due to their gentle temperament.

However, some Havanese dogs have been trained for various types of work such as:

  1. Therapy dogs: Havanese dogs are well-suited for therapy work due to their friendly and calm demeanor. They are often used in hospitals, nursing homes and schools to provide emotional support to patients and students.
  2. Service dogs: Havanese dogs can be trained to assist people with disabilities such as hearing or visual impairments. They can also be trained to perform tasks such as opening doors, retrieving objects and providing balance support.
  3. Agility and obedience competitions: Havanese dogs are intelligent and trainable, making them great candidates for agility and obedience competitions. They are known for their agility and speed and can excel in these types of competitions.

Overall, while Havanese dogs are primarily kept as pets, they have the potential to excel in various types of work due to their intelligence, trainability and friendly nature.

Guard Dogs

No, Havaneses are not typically good guard dogs. They are friendly and affectionate dogs that are more likely to greet strangers with a wagging tail than to protect their home. They are not known for being aggressive or territorial and their small size makes them unlikely to intimidate intruders. However, they may bark to alert their owners of potential danger, which can be helpful in deterring burglars. Overall, Havaneses are better suited as companion dogs than guard dogs.

Where Are They Found?

Havanese dogs are popular in many countries around the world, but some of the countries where they are most popular include:

1. United States6. France
2. Canada7. Spain
3. United Kingdom8. Italy
4. Australia9. Brazil
5. Germany10. Argentina

These countries have a large number of Havanese breeders and enthusiasts and the breed is recognized by their respective kennel clubs. However, Havanese dogs can be found in many other countries as well.

Climate

Havaneses are best suited to a moderate climate with mild temperatures. They can tolerate both hot and cold weather to a certain extent, but extreme temperatures can be harmful to them. They have a low tolerance for heat and humidity, so it’s important to keep them cool and hydrated during hot weather. They also have a thin coat and are susceptible to cold, so they should be protected from extreme cold weather with a coat or sweater. Overall, a moderate climate with mild temperatures is ideal for Havaneses.

Population

It is difficult to determine the exact number of Havaneses in the world as there is no centralized database or registry. However, according to the American Kennel Club (AKC), the Havanese is currently the 23rd most popular breed in the United States. Additionally, the breed is recognized by many other kennel clubs around the world, including the United Kingdom Kennel Club and the Canadian Kennel Club. It is estimated that there are tens of thousands of Havaneses worldwide.

Physical Appearance:

Havanese dogs are small in size, with a sturdy and compact build. They have a distinctive long, silky coat that can come in a variety of colors, including white, cream, black, gold and silver. Their coat is often wavy or curly and requires regular grooming to prevent matting.

Havanese dogs have a round head with a short muzzle and dark, almond-shaped eyes that are set wide apart. Their ears are medium in size and hang down close to their head and their tail is carried over their back in a plume-like fashion.

One of the most notable characteristics of Havanese dogs is their friendly and outgoing personality. They are known for being affectionate and playful and often enjoy spending time with their owners. They are also intelligent and easy to train, making them a popular choice for families and first-time dog owners.

Coat:

Colours:

Havanese dogs can come in a variety of colors including black, white, cream, champagne, gold, silver, chocolate and sable. They can also have markings such as brindle, parti-color and tricolor.

Hair/Fur Length:

Havanese dogs have long, silky hair that can grow up to 6-8 inches in length. However, some owners may choose to keep their Havanese’s hair trimmed shorter for easier maintenance.

Shedding:

Yes, Havaneses do shed, but their shedding is minimal compared to other breeds. They have a long, silky coat that requires regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling. Regular brushing and grooming can also help to minimize shedding. However, it’s important to note that no dog breed is completely hypoallergenic and people with allergies may still experience symptoms around Havaneses.

Grooming:

The Havanese breed requires regular grooming to maintain its long, silky coat. Daily brushing is recommended to prevent matting and tangling. Bathing should be done every 4-6 weeks or as needed. The Havanese also requires regular trimming of the hair around the eyes, ears and paws to prevent irritation and infection.

Many Havanese owners choose to have their dog’s hair cut short for easier maintenance, but this is a personal preference and not necessary for the breed. If you choose to keep your Havanese’s hair long, it will require more frequent grooming and trimming to keep it healthy and looking its best.

Hypoallergenic:

Yes, Havaneses are considered hypoallergenic dogs. They have hair instead of fur, which means they shed less and produce less dander, making them a good choice for people with allergies. However, it’s important to note that no dog breed is completely hypoallergenic and some people with severe allergies may still experience symptoms around Havaneses.

Speed:

The average running speed of a Havanese is around 24-32 kilometers per hour (15-20 miles per hour). However, their speed may vary depending on their age, health and physical condition.

Health:

Havanese dogs are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues. Some of the most common health issues faced by Havaneses include:

  • Luxating patella: A condition where the kneecap slips out of place, causing pain and lameness.
  • Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA): A degenerative eye disease that can lead to blindness.
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes disease: A condition where the hip joint deteriorates, causing pain and lameness.
  • Mitral valve disease: A heart condition where the valve between the left atrium and left ventricle doesn’t close properly, leading to heart failure.
  • Allergies: Havaneses can be prone to allergies, which can cause skin irritation, itching and other symptoms.

It’s important to note that not all Havaneses will develop these conditions and many can live long, healthy lives with proper care and attention to their health needs.

Teeth:

Havanese dogs typically have 42 teeth.

Eyesight:

Havaneses generally have good eyesight, but like all dogs, they can develop eye problems such as cataracts, glaucoma and progressive retinal atrophy. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian can help identify and treat any potential eye issues.

Nipples:

Havaneses typically have 8 to 10 nipples, arranged in two rows on their underside.

Gestation:

Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Havaneses is 4 to 6 puppies. However, litter sizes can vary and may be smaller or larger depending on various factors such as the age and health of the mother, genetics and environmental factors.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Havaneses or Havanese dogs, is typically around 63 days. However, it can range from 58 to 68 days. It is important to monitor the pregnant dog’s health and behavior during this time and seek veterinary care if any concerns arise.

Heat:

Female Havaneses typically go into heat twice a year, with each heat cycle lasting around three weeks. However, the timing and frequency of heat cycles can vary between individual dogs.

Male vs Female:

Male and female Havaneses have some physical and behavioral differences. Males tend to be slightly larger and heavier than females, with a more muscular build. They may also have a more dominant personality and be more territorial. Females, on the other hand, tend to be more affectionate and nurturing and may be easier to train. They also have a higher risk of developing health issues related to their reproductive system, such as mammary tumors and uterine infections. Overall, both male and female Havaneses make great companions and have their own unique personalities and traits.

Tips and Advice:

Havanese dogs are known for their affectionate and playful personalities, making them great family pets. However, they also require proper care and attention to ensure their health and happiness. Here are some tips and advice for caring for a Havanese:

  • Grooming: Havanese have long, silky coats that require regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling. Brush their coat at least once a day and bathe them every 4-6 weeks.
  • Exercise: Havanese are energetic dogs that require daily exercise to keep them healthy and happy. Take them for a walk or play with them in the backyard for at least 30 minutes a day.
  • Training: Havanese are intelligent dogs that respond well to positive reinforcement training. Start training them as early as possible and be consistent with commands and rewards.
  • Socialization: Havanese are social dogs that enjoy being around people and other pets. Socialize them from a young age to prevent shyness or aggression towards strangers or other animals.
  • Health: Havanese are generally healthy dogs, but they are prone to certain health issues such as hip dysplasia, cataracts and allergies. Take them for regular check-ups with a veterinarian and keep up with their vaccinations and preventative care.
  • Nutrition: Havanese requires a balanced diet that is high in protein and low in fat. Feed them high-quality dog food and avoid giving them table scraps or human food.
  • Dental care: Havanese are also prone to dental issues such as tooth decay and gum disease. Brush their teeth regularly and provide them with dental chews or toys to promote healthy teeth and gums.
  • Safety: Havanese are small dogs that can easily get injured or lost. Keep them on a leash when outside and make sure your home and yard are secure to prevent them from escaping or getting into dangerous situations.

By following these tips and advice, you can ensure that your Havanese is happy, healthy and well-cared for.

Food:

The amount of food a Havanese should eat depends on their age, weight and activity level. As a general guideline, adult Havanese dogs should eat around 1/4 to 1/2 cup of high-quality dry dog food per day, divided into two meals. However, it’s important to consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate amount of food for your individual dog.

Havanese dogs are known for being food-oriented and may become overweight if they are overfed or given too many treats. It’s important to monitor their food intake and provide them with a balanced diet to maintain their health and prevent obesity.

Facts:

Havanese are a small breed of dog that are known for their playful and affectionate personalities. Here are three interesting facts about Havanese:

  1. They were once the preferred breed of Cuban aristocracy. Havanese were bred to be lap dogs and were often seen in the laps of wealthy Cuban families.
  2. They have hair, not fur. Havanese have a unique coat that is made up of hair instead of fur, which means they shed less and are often a good choice for people with allergies.
  3. They are highly trainable. Havanese are intelligent dogs that are eager to please their owners, which makes them easy to train for a variety of tasks, including agility and obedience competitions.

Names:

Havanese dogs are known for their playful and affectionate personalities, as well as their fluffy and curly coats. When it comes to naming a Havanese, many owners choose names that reflect their dog’s cheerful and lively nature. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Havanese:

  1. Coco – a sweet and playful name that suits the Havanese’s chocolate-colored coat
  2. Charlie – a classic name that is both friendly and charming
  3. Bella – a popular name that means “beautiful” in Italian
  4. Gizmo – a fun and quirky name that reflects the Havanese’s playful personality
  5. Teddy – a cute and cuddly name that is perfect for a fluffy Havanese
  6. Lola – a spunky and energetic name that suits the Havanese’s lively nature
  7. Max – a strong and confident name that is perfect for a Havanese with a big personality
  8. Daisy – a cheerful and bright name that reflects the Havanese’s sunny disposition
  9. Oliver – a sophisticated and elegant name that suits the Havanese’s refined appearance
  10. Lucy – a sweet and gentle name that is perfect for a Havanese with a calm and loving nature
  11. Rocky – a bold and adventurous name that reflects the Havanese’s fearless spirit
  12. Sophie – a graceful and elegant name that suits the Havanese’s refined appearance
  13. Milo – a playful and energetic name that is perfect for a Havanese with a lively personality
  14. Rosie – a sweet and charming name that reflects the Havanese’s affectionate nature
  15. Jasper – a unique and quirky name that suits the Havanese’s fun-loving personality.

Famous:

Havaneses are a breed of small, fluffy dogs that are known for their friendly and affectionate personalities. Over the years, many Havaneses have gained fame for their appearances in movies, television shows and even for their incredible feats. Here are some of the most famous Havaneses of all time:

  1. Bruiser Woods – This Havaneses appeared in the movie “Legally Blonde” as the beloved pet of Elle Woods.
  2. Bailey – This Havaneses was owned by Paris Hilton and was often seen accompanying her to events and on her reality show “The Simple Life.”
  3. Biscuit – This Havaneses holds the Guinness World Record for the fastest 10 meters on a walking globe by a dog.
  4. Mimi LaRue – This Havaneses was owned by actress Tori Spelling and was often seen on her reality show “Tori & Dean: Inn Love.”
  5. Dash – This Havaneses was owned by former President Barack Obama and his family and was often seen in photos and videos with them.
  6. Lucy – This Havaneses was owned by actress Jennifer Love Hewitt and was often seen on her social media accounts.
  7. Jiff – This Havaneses holds the Guinness World Record for the fastest 10 meters on hind legs by a dog.
  8. Gidget – This Havaneses appeared in commercials for Taco Bell as the famous “Yo Quiero Taco Bell” dog.
  9. Toto – This Havaneses played the role of Dorothy’s dog in the classic movie “The Wizard of Oz.”
  10. Tillman – This Havaneses was known for his skateboarding skills and even appeared in the movie “The Hangover.”

Summary:

The Havanese is a small breed of dog that originated in Cuba. They are known for their long, silky coat that comes in a variety of colors, including white, cream, black and brown. Havanese are considered a toy breed and typically weigh between 7-13 pounds.

Havanese are known for their friendly and affectionate personalities. They are loyal and love to be around their owners, making them great family pets. They are also intelligent and easy to train, making them a good choice for first-time dog owners.

The breed has a rich history, dating back to the 16th century when they were brought to Cuba by Spanish settlers. They were originally bred as companion dogs for Cuban aristocrats and were often seen in the lap of their owners. The breed nearly became extinct in the 20th century, but dedicated breeders worked to revive the breed and it is now recognized by the American Kennel Club.

Overall, the Havanese makes a great pet for those looking for a small, affectionate dog that is easy to train and loves to be around people. They are great with children and other pets and make excellent apartment dogs due to their small size and low exercise needs.