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Hovawart Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A Hovawart is a large, loyal, and versatile working dog breed with a protective nature.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.


Hovawarts are considered a medium to large-sized dog breed.
Weight:30-40 kg.
Height:58-70 cm for males, 55-65 cm for females.
Length:60-70 cm.


The average lifespan of a Hovawart is typically between 10 to 14 years.


What type of dog is a Hovawart, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

The Hovawart is a versatile and intelligent breed known for its loyalty, courage, and protective nature. They have a distinct personality and temperament that sets them apart from other breeds.

  • Personality: Hovawarts have a strong personality and independent nature. They are confident and self-assured dogs that are not easily swayed by external influences. They have a natural instinct to protect their family and territory, making them excellent guard dogs. However, they are also gentle and affectionate with their loved ones, displaying a deep loyalty and devotion.
  • Temperament: The Hovawart has a balanced temperament, combining a calm and composed nature with a high level of alertness. They are very intelligent and quick learners, making them highly trainable. They have a strong work ethic and are always eager to please their owners. Hovawarts are also adaptable, being able to adjust to different environments and situations with ease.
  • Behavior: Hovawarts are generally well-behaved and have a calm demeanor. They are not typically aggressive, but their protective instincts may lead them to be wary of strangers. Early socialization is crucial to ensure they are comfortable and friendly around new people and animals. They are good with children and can be gentle and patient with them.

Hovawarts require regular exercise to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. They enjoy activities such as long walks, hikes, and obedience training. They have a strong sense of smell and can excel in tracking and search and rescue work. Mental stimulation is also important for this breed, as they are highly intelligent and need tasks to keep their minds engaged.

It is worth noting that Hovawarts can be quite vocal, using their deep and powerful bark to communicate. This can make them excellent watchdogs, but it is important to train them to differentiate between genuine threats and everyday noises to prevent excessive barking.

Hovawart is a loyal, courageous, and protective breed with a strong personality and balanced temperament. They are intelligent, trainable, and adaptable dogs that thrive in an active and loving environment. With proper socialization and training, they can be excellent family pets and working dogs.


Hovawarts are considered to be intelligent dogs. They have a good capacity for learning and have good problem-solving abilities. They are quick to understand and respond to training, making them versatile working dogs. Hovawarts also have strong instincts and an ability to make independent decisions, which can be attributed to their intelligence.


Training Hovawarts can be challenging due to their independent nature and strong protective instincts. However, with consistent and firm training methods, they can be taught to follow commands and become well-behaved companions.


Hovawarts, like most dogs, generally sleep for about 12 to 14 hours a day. However, the amount of sleep can vary depending on the age, health, and activity level of the individual dog. Puppies and older dogs may sleep more, while younger and more active dogs may sleep less. It’s important to provide Hovawarts with a comfortable and quiet sleeping area where they can rest undisturbed.


Hovawarts have a moderate tendency to bark.


Hovawarts have a moderate tendency to drool.


Hovawarts are moderate lickers.


Hovawarts have a natural ability to jump quite high, thanks to their strong hindquarters and athletic build. On average, they can easily clear heights of around 4 to 5 feet when jumping. However, it’s important to note that individual Hovawarts may vary in their jumping abilities based on factors such as age, health, and training.


Hovawarts have a moderate tendency to dig. While they are not obsessive diggers like some other breeds, they do enjoy digging from time to time. This behavior can be attributed to their heritage as working dogs, as they were originally bred to assist with various tasks on farms and estates. Hovawarts may dig to create a comfortable spot to rest or to bury their toys or bones. However, it is important to note that the digging behavior can vary among individual dogs, and some Hovawarts may dig more or less than others.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Hovawart the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Hovawart.


Hovawarts are an active and energetic breed that require a significant amount of exercise. They are working dogs and thrive when given a job to do. Ideally, they should receive at least 1-2 hours of exercise each day. This can include activities such as long walks, runs, hikes, and playtime in a secure area. Mental stimulation is also important for Hovawarts, so providing them with puzzle toys, obedience training, and other mentally challenging activities is beneficial. It’s important to note that individual exercise needs may vary based on the dog’s age, health, and temperament. Consulting with a veterinarian or professional dog trainer can help determine the appropriate exercise routine for your Hovawart.


Hovawarts are medium to large-sized dogs that require a decent amount of space. They are active and energetic dogs that benefit from regular exercise and mental stimulation. Ideally, they should have access to a securely fenced yard where they can run and play freely. However, simply having a large yard is not enough for a Hovawart. They also need daily walks, playtime, and training sessions to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. If they don’t get enough exercise and mental stimulation, they may become bored and develop behavioral issues. Therefore, it is important to provide them with enough space both indoors and outdoors to meet their exercise and activity needs.


Hovawarts are not generally recommended for apartment living. They are a large and active breed that requires plenty of space to roam and exercise. Hovawarts are known for their guarding instincts and need a job to keep them mentally stimulated. Without sufficient physical and mental stimulation, they may become bored, restless, and potentially develop behavioral issues.

Ideally, Hovawarts should have access to a securely fenced yard where they can run and play. If you live in an apartment, it is important to provide them with regular and vigorous exercise, such as long walks, runs, or trips to a dog park. Additionally, Hovawarts require consistent training and socialization to ensure they become well-rounded and obedient companions.

If you are set on getting a Hovawart and live in an apartment, it is crucial to consider whether you can meet their exercise and mental stimulation needs. You may need to dedicate more time and effort to ensure they receive the necessary physical and mental outlets.

Left Alone

Hovawarts are loyal and affectionate dogs that form strong bonds with their families. While they can tolerate being left alone for short periods of time, they generally do not do well with long periods of isolation. Hovawarts thrive on human companionship and can become anxious or develop separation anxiety if left alone for extended periods on a regular basis.

It is important to note that every dog is unique and their tolerance for being alone may vary. Some Hovawarts may handle being left alone better than others, especially if they have been properly trained and socialized from a young age. However, as a breed, Hovawarts generally prefer to be in the company of their family members and may become stressed or exhibit destructive behavior if left alone for too long.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Hovawarts are generally good with kids and families. They are loyal, protective, and gentle with their family members, including children. Hovawarts are typically patient and tolerant, making them suitable companions for families with kids. However, it’s important to note that proper socialization and training are crucial to ensure a harmonious relationship between the dog and children. Additionally, supervision is always recommended when young children interact with any dog breed to prevent any accidental harm or discomfort to both the child and the dog.

Perfect Fit

A Hovawart would be a perfect fit for a home/household that meets the following criteria:

  • Active lifestyle: Hovawarts are a highly active and energetic breed. They require regular exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy. A household that can provide ample opportunities for physical activities such as long walks, jogging, hiking, or even dog sports like agility would be ideal.
  • Experienced owners: Hovawarts are intelligent and independent dogs that require a firm and consistent hand in training. They are not recommended for first-time dog owners. Experienced owners who can provide proper training, socialization, and leadership will be better equipped to handle this breed.
  • Large living space: Hovawarts are medium to large-sized dogs and require enough space to move around comfortably. A house with a securely fenced yard would be beneficial for them to play and explore safely.
  • Time and attention: Hovawarts are loyal and devoted to their families. They thrive on human companionship and require a significant amount of attention and interaction. They are not suitable for households where they will be left alone for long periods of time.
  • No small children or small pets: Hovawarts have a strong guarding instinct and can be protective of their family. While they are generally good with children and other animals they have been raised with, they may not tolerate rough handling or unfamiliar small children or pets. It is important to supervise interactions and provide proper socialization.
  • Active social life: Hovawarts are social dogs and enjoy being part of the family activities. They do best in households where they can be included in outings, family gatherings, and other social events.

Remember, every dog is an individual, and while these characteristics generally apply to the Hovawart breed, there can always be exceptions. It is important to spend time with the specific dog you are considering to ensure compatibility with your home and lifestyle.

Pros and Cons:

1. Loyalty1. High exercise needs
2. Protective nature2. Strong-willed
3. Versatility3. Protective instincts
4. Intelligence4. Grooming requirements
5. Good with children5. Size and space requirements


The cost of a Hovawart in Australia can vary depending on various factors such as the breeder, pedigree, and location. On average, you can expect to pay between $2,000 to $3,500 AUD for a Hovawart puppy from a reputable breeder. However, prices can go higher for show-quality or champion bloodline puppies. It’s important to note that the initial cost of buying a puppy is just one aspect of owning a dog. There are additional expenses such as food, veterinary care, grooming, and training that should also be considered.

Breed History:

Hovawarts were originally bred as working dogs in medieval Germany. They were primarily used as guard dogs for estates, castles, and farms. The name “Hovawart” can be translated to “guardian of the homestead” in German.

These dogs were bred to be versatile and capable of performing various tasks. They were expected to protect their owners and their property, as well as to assist with herding livestock and hunting. Hovawarts were renowned for their strong protective instincts, intelligence, and loyalty, making them ideal for guarding and working purposes.

Over time, the breed faced a decline in popularity and almost became extinct. However, efforts were made to revive and preserve the Hovawart breed, and today they are still used as working dogs in some parts of Europe. Additionally, they have gained recognition as family companions and are appreciated for their gentle nature, trainability, and versatility in various dog sports and activities.

Current Usage

Hovawarts are versatile dogs that can be used for various purposes. While they are primarily kept as pets, they also excel in several working roles. Here are some ways Hovawarts are currently being used:

  • Guarding and Protection: Hovawarts have a strong protective instinct and are often used as guard dogs. They are known for their ability to assess situations and act accordingly, making them excellent at protecting homes, properties, and families.
  • Search and Rescue: Hovawarts have a keen sense of smell and good tracking abilities, which make them suitable for search and rescue work. They can be trained to locate missing persons, whether in wilderness areas or urban settings.
  • Therapy and Assistance Dogs: Due to their calm and gentle nature, Hovawarts can make excellent therapy dogs. They are often used in settings such as hospitals, nursing homes, and schools to provide emotional support and companionship to individuals in need. Additionally, they can be trained as assistance dogs to help people with disabilities.
  • Competitive Dog Sports: Hovawarts can participate in various dog sports and competitions. They excel in activities such as obedience, agility, tracking, and protection sports like Schutzhund. Their intelligence, athleticism, and willingness to work make them suitable for these competitive endeavors.
  • Livestock Guardian: In some rural areas, Hovawarts are used as livestock guardians. They can protect and watch over livestock, such as sheep or goats, and keep them safe from predators.

It’s important to note that while Hovawarts have the potential for these working roles, not all individuals within the breed will possess the same aptitude or drive for specific tasks. Training, socialization, and individual temperament also play a significant role in determining their suitability for different working roles.

Guard Dogs

Yes, Hovawarts can make good guard dogs due to their protective nature and strong territorial instincts.

Where Are They Found?

Hovawarts are most popular in their country of origin, Germany. They are also relatively popular in other European countries such as Austria, Switzerland, and the Netherlands. However, they are less well-known and less popular in other parts of the world.


Hovawarts are best suited to temperate climates. They have a thick double coat that provides insulation and protection from both cold and hot weather conditions. However, they may struggle in extreme temperatures, whether it’s extremely cold or hot. It’s important to provide them with appropriate shelter and ensure they have access to shade and fresh water in hotter climates. Additionally, Hovawarts are adaptable and can live in various climates as long as their needs are met.


It is difficult to determine the exact number of Hovawarts in the world as there is no centralized database or registry for this breed. However, Hovawarts are relatively rare compared to other dog breeds. It is estimated that there are a few thousand Hovawarts worldwide.

Physical Appearance:

Hovawarts are medium to large-sized dogs with a strong and muscular build. They have a well-balanced and slightly elongated body, giving them a rectangular shape. Their head is broad and slightly rounded, with a well-defined stop and a moderately long muzzle. The eyes are medium-sized and oval-shaped, usually dark in color, and convey a calm and intelligent expression.

One of the most distinctive features of Hovawarts is their ears. They are set high on the head and are medium-sized, hanging down close to the cheeks. The ears are triangular in shape with rounded tips. Hovawarts have a strong jaw and a scissor bite.

Their neck is of medium length, well-muscled, and slightly arched. The chest is deep and broad, giving them a powerful appearance. The back is straight and strong, leading to a well-muscled and slightly sloping croup. Hovawarts have a long, bushy tail that is usually carried low but can be raised when they are alert or excited.

Their coat is dense, weather-resistant, and medium to long in length. Hovawarts have a double coat, with a soft and dense undercoat and a harsher outer coat. The color of their coat can vary and includes black, black and tan, or blond. Some Hovawarts may have white markings on their chest and toes.

Overall, Hovawarts are a well-proportioned and athletic breed with a confident and noble appearance. They exude strength and agility while maintaining an elegant and harmonious physique.



Hovawarts can come in a variety of colors, including black, black and tan, blond, and sable.

Hair/Fur Length:

Hovawarts have medium-length hair.


Yes, Hovawarts do shed. They have a double coat consisting of a dense undercoat and a longer, coarser outer coat. They typically shed moderately throughout the year, with heavier shedding occurring during seasonal changes. Regular brushing can help manage their shedding and keep their coat healthy.


The Hovawart breed has a medium-length, dense double coat that requires regular grooming to keep it in good condition. They have a thick undercoat and a longer, coarser outer coat.

To maintain their coat, regular brushing is necessary to remove loose hair and prevent matting. Brushing at least once or twice a week is recommended, and during shedding seasons, daily brushing may be required. This will help to keep their coat clean and free from tangles.

Hovawarts do not typically require haircuts, as their coat naturally sheds and regrows. However, occasional trimming of the hair on their paws, ears, and around their eyes may be necessary for hygiene purposes. Some owners also choose to trim the hair on their Hovawart’s belly to keep it clean and prevent matting.

It is important to note that Hovawarts have a natural, rustic appearance, and excessive trimming or cutting of their hair may alter their breed’s characteristic look. Regular grooming and maintenance should be sufficient to keep their coat healthy and tidy.


No, Hovawarts are not considered hypoallergenic. They have a double coat that sheds moderately, which can potentially trigger allergies in sensitive individuals.


Hovawarts are known to be a relatively fast breed of dog. On average, they can run at speeds of around 40-45 kilometers per hour (25-28 miles per hour).


Hovawarts are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues. Some of the most common health issues faced by Hovawarts include:

  • Hip Dysplasia: A genetic condition where the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, leading to pain and mobility issues.
  • Elbow Dysplasia: A developmental condition affecting the elbow joint, causing lameness and arthritis.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): A degenerative eye disease that leads to gradual vision loss and eventual blindness.
  • Hypothyroidism: A condition where the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones, resulting in weight gain, lethargy, and skin problems.
  • Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus (GDV) or Bloat: A life-threatening condition where the stomach twists, causing bloating, pain, and potentially cutting off blood supply to vital organs.
  • Epilepsy: A neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seizures.
  • Allergies: Hovawarts can be prone to allergies, including food allergies and environmental allergies, leading to skin irritation, itching, and discomfort.

It’s important to note that not all Hovawarts will develop these conditions, and responsible breeding practices can help minimize the risk. Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, exercise, and proper care can also contribute to their overall health and well-being.


Hovawarts typically have 42 teeth.


Yes, Hovawarts generally have good eyesight. They have well-developed eyes and are a keen sense of vision. This breed is often used as search and rescue dogs, which requires them to have good eyesight to navigate and locate people or objects. However, it’s important to note that individual dogs may vary in their eyesight, and regular check-ups with a veterinarian are recommended to ensure their eyes remain healthy.


Hovawarts typically have six to eight nipples.


Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Hovawarts can range from 6 to 10 puppies. However, it is important to note that litter sizes can vary and there may be cases where a Hovawart has a smaller or larger litter.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Hovawarts, like most dogs, is typically around 63 days. However, it can vary slightly, ranging from 58 to 68 days. It is important to note that individual dogs may have slight variations in their gestation periods.


Hovawarts, like most dogs, typically go into heat or estrus twice a year. The first heat usually occurs around six to twelve months of age, although it can vary. After the first heat, they will continue to go into heat approximately every six to eight months throughout their adult life, unless they are spayed.

Male vs Female:

Hovawarts are a medium to large-sized breed of dog, and while there may be some general differences between male and female Hovawarts, it’s important to note that individual variations can occur. Here are some potential differences:

  • Size: Male Hovawarts tend to be slightly larger and heavier than females. Males typically stand between 25-28 inches (63-70 cm) tall at the shoulder, while females are usually 23-26 inches (58-66 cm) tall.
  • Weight: Similarly, males are generally heavier than females. Male Hovawarts typically weigh between 75-110 pounds (34-50 kg), while females usually weigh around 55-90 pounds (25-41 kg).
  • Temperament: Both male and female Hovawarts have a loyal, protective, and intelligent nature. However, some owners and breeders suggest that males may exhibit more dominant behaviors, while females can be more independent and reserved. These differences can vary depending on individual personalities and training.
  • Energy levels: Male Hovawarts may have slightly higher energy levels compared to females. However, this can also depend on factors such as exercise, training, and overall health.
  • Health considerations: While there are no specific health differences between male and female Hovawarts, it’s important to note that females may require additional care during their heat cycles, including managing bleeding and preventing unwanted pregnancies.

It’s important to remember that these differences are not absolute and can vary from dog to dog. The most significant factor in a dog’s behavior and temperament is their individual personality and upbringing, rather than their gender.

Tips and Advice:

  • Provide regular exercise: Hovawarts are an active breed and require daily exercise to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. Aim for at least 30 minutes to an hour of exercise each day, such as walks, runs, or playtime in a secure area.
  • Socialize from an early age: Start socializing your Hovawart puppy as soon as possible to ensure they grow up to be well-rounded and friendly dogs. Expose them to various people, animals, and environments to help them develop good social skills.
  • Train with positive reinforcement: Hovawarts are intelligent and eager to please, making them highly trainable. Use positive reinforcement techniques, such as treats, praise, and rewards, to motivate and encourage good behavior. Avoid harsh training methods as they can be counterproductive.
  • Provide mental stimulation: In addition to physical exercise, Hovawarts need mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behaviors. Engage them in puzzle toys, obedience training, agility, or other activities that challenge their minds.
  • Maintain a consistent routine: Hovawarts thrive on routine, so establish a consistent schedule for feeding, exercise, training, and rest. This helps them feel secure and reduces anxiety or behavioral issues.
  • Keep them well-groomed: Hovawarts have a thick double coat that requires regular grooming. Brush them at least once a week to remove loose hair and prevent matting. During shedding seasons, more frequent brushing may be necessary. Trim their nails regularly and check their ears for any signs of infection.
  • Provide a balanced diet: Feed your Hovawart a high-quality, balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the appropriate portion sizes and feeding schedule based on their age, weight, and activity level.
  • Regular veterinary care: Schedule regular check-ups with a veterinarian to ensure your Hovawart’s overall health. Keep up with vaccinations, flea and tick prevention, and heartworm medication as recommended by your vet.
  • Secure your yard: Hovawarts have a strong protective instinct, so it’s important to have a securely fenced yard to prevent them from wandering off. Regularly inspect the fence for any gaps or weaknesses that they may exploit.
  • Give them plenty of love and attention: Hovawarts are loyal and affectionate dogs that thrive on human companionship. Spend quality time with them, provide plenty of attention, and include them in family activities to keep them happy and content.


Hovawarts are medium to large-sized dogs and their food intake can vary depending on factors such as age, activity level, and metabolism. As a general guideline, adult Hovawarts typically require 2-3 cups of high-quality dog food per day, divided into two meals. However, it’s important to consult with a veterinarian to determine the specific dietary needs of your individual dog.

Regarding their food orientation, Hovawarts have a good appetite and can be food motivated. This can be advantageous when it comes to training and using food rewards as positive reinforcement. However, it’s important to ensure that they maintain a healthy weight and do not overeat, as obesity can lead to various health issues.


  1. Hovawarts are an ancient breed of dog that originated in Germany. They have been around for centuries and were originally bred as working dogs, primarily used for guarding and protecting homes and livestock.
  2. Hovawarts are known for their intelligence and versatility. They are highly trainable and excel in various activities such as obedience, agility, tracking, and search and rescue. They are also known for their strong sense of loyalty and protective nature towards their family.
  3. Hovawarts have a distinct appearance with their medium to large size, strong build, and a thick double coat that comes in different colors, including black, blond, and black and tan. They have a noble and confident expression, with dark eyes and a well-defined muzzle. Despite their size, they are agile and have a graceful gait.


When it comes to naming these majestic dogs, it is often fitting to choose names that reflect their regal demeanor and German heritage. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Hovawart:

1. Baron6. Luna11. Maximus
2. Freya7. Thor12. Greta
3. Odin8. Ava13. Atlas
4. Valkyrie9. Wolfgang14. Ingrid
5. Kaiser10. Astrid15. Magnus


  • Buddy – Buddy was a Hovawart who gained fame for his role in the German movie “Buddy – Der Weihnachtself” (Buddy – The Christmas Elf). He showcased the intelligence and trainability of the breed, captivating audiences with his on-screen performance.
  • Max – Max was a Hovawart who made headlines for his incredible search and rescue abilities. He was known for his exceptional tracking skills and was involved in numerous successful missions, locating missing persons and providing comfort to their families.
  • Odin – Odin was a Hovawart owned by a famous celebrity. While the details of the owner are not mentioned, Odin gained attention for his presence in the public eye, often seen accompanying their famous owner to various events and outings.
  • Luna – Luna was a Hovawart who achieved recognition for her role in a popular television series. Her on-screen charisma and loyalty to her character made her a fan favorite and showcased the breed’s versatility in the entertainment industry.
  • Rocky – Rocky was a Hovawart who became a social media sensation due to his incredible agility skills. Videos of him effortlessly navigating obstacle courses, showcasing his speed and precision, garnered millions of views and inspired many aspiring dog trainers.
  • Maya – Maya was a Hovawart who gained fame for her exceptional obedience and protection skills. She competed in various dog sports competitions, consistently showcasing her talent and earning numerous accolades for her impressive performances.
  • Thor – Thor was a Hovawart who made headlines for his heroic act of saving his owner’s life. When his owner suffered a medical emergency, Thor alerted the neighbors and guided them to the location, ultimately leading to the timely arrival of medical assistance.
  • Bella – Bella was a Hovawart who became an internet sensation for her incredible swimming abilities. Videos of her gracefully gliding through the water and retrieving objects caught the attention of many, showcasing the breed’s natural affinity for water-related activities.
  • Rex – Rex was a Hovawart who gained recognition for his role as a therapy dog. He visited hospitals, nursing homes, and schools, providing comfort and companionship to those in need. His gentle nature and ability to connect with people made him a beloved figure in the community.
  • Luna – Luna was a Hovawart who made history by becoming the first of her breed to win a prestigious dog show. Her impeccable conformation, movement, and temperament impressed the judges, solidifying her place in the breed’s history.


The Hovawart is a large working dog breed that originated in Germany. It is known for its versatility, intelligence, and loyalty. Hovawarts are often described as a “guardian” breed, as they were historically used to guard homes, livestock, and estates.

In terms of appearance, Hovawarts are muscular and well-built dogs. They have a medium to long coat that comes in various colors, including black, blond, and black & tan. Their expressive eyes and alert expression give them a noble and dignified appearance.

Hovawarts are highly intelligent and trainable. They have good problem-solving abilities and can excel in various activities such as obedience, tracking, agility, and search and rescue work. They are also excellent family dogs and are generally good with children when properly socialized.

The breed has a long history, dating back to the Middle Ages. Hovawarts were originally bred as working dogs and were highly valued for their protective instincts and ability to guard properties. However, during World War II, the breed faced a decline and was nearly extinct. Thanks to dedicated breeders, the Hovawart population was revived, and today they are recognized as a distinct breed.

As a pet, the Hovawart can be a wonderful companion for an active and experienced owner. They require regular exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy. Hovawarts are loyal and protective of their families, making them excellent watchdogs. However, they can be reserved with strangers and may require proper socialization to prevent any potential aggression or fearfulness.

Hovawart is a versatile and intelligent breed that excels in various activities. They are loyal, protective, and make excellent family dogs when properly trained and socialized. However, due to their size and protective nature, they are better suited for experienced dog owners who can provide them with the necessary training and exercise.