Skip to content

Japanese Chin

Japanese Chin Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A small, affectionate and lively toy breed with a distinctive flat face and large, round eyes.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.
Type:Mammal

Size:

Japanese Chins are considered a Small dog breed.
Weight:2.7-4.5 kg.
Height:20-27 cm (8-11 inches).
Length:25-30 cm.

Lifespan:

The average lifespan of a Japanese Chin is around 12-14 years

Behavior:

What type of dog is a Japanese Chin, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Japanese Chins are known for their charming, affectionate and playful personalities. They are a small breed of dog that is highly adaptable to different living situations, making them popular as both apartment and house pets. Here is a detailed overview of their personality, temperament and behavior:

  • Japanese Chins are known for their friendly and outgoing personalities. They are social dogs that love to be around people and other animals. They are also known for their loyalty and devotion to their owners. They are intelligent dogs that are quick to learn and respond well to positive reinforcement training methods.
  • Japanese Chins have a calm and gentle temperament. They are not known for being aggressive or confrontational, making them great family pets. They are also known for their independent streak, which can make them a bit stubborn at times. However, with proper training and socialization, they can be well-behaved and obedient.
  • Japanese Chins are playful and energetic dogs. They love to play and interact with their owners and other animals. They are also known for their affectionate nature and enjoy cuddling and being close to their owners. They are not known for being excessive barkers, but they will alert their owners to any potential danger or strangers.

In summary, Japanese Chins are charming, affectionate and playful dogs with a calm and gentle temperament. They are social animals that love to be around people and other animals and are highly adaptable to different living situations. With proper training and socialization, they make great family pets.

Intelligence

Japanese Chins are considered to be intelligent dogs. They are quick learners and can be easily trained with positive reinforcement techniques. They are also known for their problem-solving abilities and their ability to adapt to new situations. However, like all dogs, their intelligence can vary depending on the individual dog and their upbringing and training.

Trainability

Japanese Chins are generally considered to be moderately easy to train. They are intelligent and eager to please, which makes them receptive to training. However, they can also be stubborn and independent at times, which can make training a bit more challenging. Consistency, positive reinforcement and patience are key when training a Japanese Chin. It is also important to start training early and socialize them well to prevent any behavioral issues from developing. Overall, with proper training and socialization, Japanese Chins can be well-behaved and obedient companions.

Sleep

Japanese Chins, like most dogs, sleep an average of 12-14 hours per day. However, this can vary depending on their age, activity level and overall health. Puppies and older dogs may require more sleep, while younger and more active dogs may need less. It’s important to provide your Japanese Chin with a comfortable and quiet sleeping area to ensure they get the rest they need.

Bark

Japanese Chins are known to be relatively quiet dogs and do not bark excessively. However, like all dogs, they may bark occasionally to alert their owners or express their excitement or anxiety. With proper training and socialization, Japanese Chins can learn to control their barking and be well-behaved companions.

Drool

Japanese Chins are not known to be excessive droolers. They may drool occasionally, especially after eating or drinking, but it is not a common trait of the breed.

Lick

Japanese Chins are known to be affectionate dogs and may lick their owners or themselves occasionally. However, excessive licking can be a sign of anxiety or other health issues, so it’s important to monitor their behavior and consult with a veterinarian if necessary.

Jump

Japanese Chins are not known for their jumping ability and are not typically considered a high-jumping breed. However, they are agile and athletic dogs and can jump up to a height of around 2-3 feet if they are motivated or excited. It is important to note that excessive jumping can be harmful to their joints and should be avoided.

Dig

Japanese Chins are not known to be excessive diggers. They are a small breed and do not have a strong instinct to dig like some other breeds such as terriers. However, like all dogs, they may dig occasionally out of boredom or to bury a bone or toy. It is important to provide them with plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to prevent destructive behavior.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Japanese Chin the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Japanese Chin.

Exercise

Japanese Chins are a small breed of dog that do not require a lot of exercise. They are content with a daily walk or two and some indoor playtime. A total of 30-60 minutes of exercise per day is sufficient for Japanese Chins. However, it is important to note that every dog is unique and their exercise needs may vary based on their age, health and activity level. It is always best to consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate exercise routine for your Japanese Chin.

Space

Japanese Chins are small dogs that do not require a lot of space. They can adapt well to apartment living as long as they get enough exercise and mental stimulation. A daily walk and playtime indoors or in a secure yard should be sufficient for their exercise needs. However, it is important to note that Japanese Chins are sensitive to extreme temperatures and should not be left outside for extended periods of time. Overall, they do not need a lot of space, but they do require regular exercise and attention from their owners.

Apartment

Yes, Japanese Chins are generally good dogs for apartment living. They are small in size and do not require a lot of space to move around. They are also relatively quiet dogs, which is important in an apartment setting where noise can be an issue. However, like all dogs, they still need regular exercise and mental stimulation to stay healthy and happy.

Left Alone

Japanese Chins are known to be companion dogs and do not tolerate being left alone for long periods of time. They thrive on human interaction and attention and can become anxious and destructive if left alone for extended periods. It is recommended that they are not left alone for more than a few hours at a time and are provided with plenty of toys and mental stimulation to keep them occupied. Additionally, crate training can help them feel more secure and prevent destructive behavior when left alone.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Japanese Chins are generally good with kids and families. They are affectionate and friendly dogs that enjoy being around people. However, as with any breed, it is important to supervise interactions between children and dogs to ensure that both are safe and comfortable. Additionally, Japanese Chins are small dogs that may be easily injured if handled too roughly, so children should be taught how to interact with them gently.

Perfect Fit

A Japanese Chin would be a perfect fit for a household that is calm and quiet, as they are sensitive to loud noises and chaos. They are also well-suited for apartment living as they are small and do not require a lot of space to exercise. Japanese Chins are affectionate and enjoy spending time with their owners, so a household where someone is home often would be ideal. They are also good with children and other pets, making them a great addition to a family.

Pros and Cons:

Japanese Chins are a small breed of dog that are known for their affectionate and playful nature. While they make great pets for some people, there are also some downsides to owning one. Here are five pros and cons of owning a Japanese Chin:

Pros:
  1. Low exercise needs: Japanese Chins are a low-energy breed that doesn’t require a lot of exercise, making them a good choice for people who don’t have a lot of time to devote to daily walks or playtime.
  2. Affectionate: Japanese Chins are known for their affectionate and loving nature and they often bond closely with their owners.
  3. Good with children: Japanese Chins are generally good with children and make great family pets.
  4. Easy to train: Japanese Chins are intelligent and eager to please, which makes them relatively easy to train.
  5. Low shedding: Japanese Chins have a single coat of hair that doesn’t shed much, making them a good choice for people with allergies.
Cons:
  1. Fragile: Japanese Chins are a small and delicate breed that can be easily injured, so they may not be the best choice for households with young children or other pets.
  2. Separation anxiety: Japanese Chins can be prone to separation anxiety, which can lead to destructive behavior if they are left alone for long periods of time.
  3. Health issues: Japanese Chins are prone to a number of health issues, including eye problems, respiratory issues and dental problems.
  4. Barking: Japanese Chins can be prone to excessive barking, which can be a problem for neighbors or people who live in apartments.
  5. High maintenance: Japanese Chins require regular grooming to keep their long, silky hair from becoming tangled or matted, which can be time-consuming and expensive.

Cost:

The cost of a Japanese Chin in Australia can vary depending on several factors such as the breeder, location and pedigree. On average, a Japanese Chin puppy can cost between $2,000 to $4,000 AUD. However, it is important to note that the cost of owning a Japanese Chin goes beyond the initial purchase price, as there are ongoing expenses such as food, grooming and veterinary care.

Breed History:

Japanese Chins were originally bred as companion dogs for Japanese nobility and aristocrats during the Heian period (794-1185). They were highly valued for their small size, elegant appearance and affectionate nature. Japanese Chins were often given as gifts to visiting dignitaries and were considered a symbol of good luck and prosperity. Over time, their popularity spread beyond the aristocracy and they became beloved pets of the general population. Today, Japanese Chins are still primarily kept as companion dogs and are known for their playful and loyal personalities.

Current Usage

Japanese Chins are primarily kept as companion pets and are not typically used as working dogs. They are known for their affectionate and loyal nature, making them great family pets. However, they do have a history of being used as lap dogs and were once favored by Japanese royalty and aristocracy. Today, they are still highly valued for their beauty and charming personalities and are often seen in dog shows and as therapy dogs.

Guard Dogs

No, Japanese Chins are not known for being good guard dogs. They are friendly, affectionate and gentle dogs that are more likely to greet strangers with a wagging tail than to protect their home. They are not aggressive and do not have a strong protective instinct, so they are not suitable for guarding or protection work. Instead, they make great companion dogs and are known for their loyalty and devotion to their owners.

Where Are They Found?

Japanese Chins are popular in many countries around the world, but some of the countries where they are most popular include:

1. Japan5. Canada
2. United States6. Germany
3. United Kingdom7. France
4. Australia8. Italy

Climate

Japanese Chins are best suited to temperate climates with moderate temperatures and low humidity. They are sensitive to extreme heat and cold, so it is important to keep them in a comfortable temperature range. They also do not do well in very humid environments, as they are prone to respiratory problems. Overall, a mild and comfortable climate is ideal for Japanese Chins.

Population

It is difficult to determine the exact number of Japanese Chins in the world, as there is no centralized registry or database that tracks their population. However, according to the American Kennel Club, the Japanese Chin is a relatively rare breed, ranking 108th out of 195 breeds in popularity. It is estimated that there are several thousand Japanese Chins worldwide, with the majority residing in Japan, the United States and Europe.

Physical Appearance:

Japanese Chins are small, compact dogs with a distinctive oriental appearance. They have a round, broad head with large, wide-set, dark eyes that give them a sweet, expressive expression. Their ears are small, V-shaped and set high on their head and they have a short, broad muzzle with a black nose. Japanese Chins have a short, fine and silky coat that comes in a variety of colors, including white, black and white and red and white. They have a plumed tail that curls over their back, adding to their elegant appearance. Japanese Chins are known for their graceful and agile movements and they have a gentle and affectionate personality.

Coat:

Colours:

Japanese Chins can come in a variety of colors, including white with black, white with red, white with black and tan and white with sable. Some may also have brindle markings. However, the breed standard only recognizes the white with black and white with red colors.

Hair/Fur Length:

Japanese Chins have long, silky hair that can reach up to 3-4 inches in length. The hair is usually longer on the ears, tail and legs and shorter on the body. Regular grooming is necessary to keep their coat healthy and free of tangles and mats.

Shedding:

Yes, Japanese Chins do shed. They have a long, silky coat that requires regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling. However, their shedding is not excessive and can be managed with regular brushing and grooming. They typically shed more during the spring and fall seasons when they are shedding their winter and summer coats.

Grooming:

The Japanese Chin has a long, silky coat that requires regular grooming to keep it healthy and free of tangles and mats. They should be brushed at least once a week and more frequently during shedding season. They also require regular bathing and trimming of the hair around their eyes, ears and paws to prevent irritation and infection.

While the Japanese Chin’s coat does not require regular haircuts, some owners choose to trim the hair around the dog’s feet and bottom to keep them clean and tidy. If you are not comfortable trimming your dog’s hair yourself, it is recommended to take them to a professional groomer.

Hypoallergenic:

No, Japanese Chins are not considered hypoallergenic. They do shed moderately and produce dander, which can trigger allergies in some people. However, some individuals with mild allergies may be able to tolerate being around Japanese Chins with proper grooming and cleaning practices.

Speed:

The Japanese Chin is not known for its speed and is not a particularly fast runner. Their average speed is around 16-19 kph (10-12 mph).

Health:

Japanese Chins are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues, including:

  1. Patellar Luxation – a condition where the kneecap dislocates from its normal position, causing lameness and pain.
  2. Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) – a degenerative eye disease that can lead to blindness.
  3. Heart Murmurs – abnormal heart sounds that can indicate an underlying heart condition.
  4. Respiratory Problems – Japanese Chins have short snouts, which can make them prone to breathing difficulties and overheating.
  5. Dental Issues – the breed is prone to dental problems such as tooth decay and gum disease.

It is important to have regular check-ups with a veterinarian to monitor and address any potential health issues.

Teeth:

Japanese Chins typically have 42 teeth, which is the same as most other dog breeds.

Eyesight:

Japanese Chins are known to have good eyesight, which is important for their agility and ability to navigate their surroundings. However, like all dogs, their eyesight may deteriorate with age or due to certain health conditions.

Nipples:

Japanese Chins typically have 8 to 10 nipples, arranged in two rows on their underside.

Gestation:

Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Japanese Chins is 2 to 4 puppies. However, litter sizes can vary and sometimes there may be fewer or more puppies in a litter.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Japanese Chins is typically around 63 days, but it can range from 58 to 68 days.

Heat:

Female Japanese Chins typically go into heat twice a year, although this can vary. The first heat cycle usually occurs between six months to a year of age.

Male vs Female:

Male and female Japanese Chins have some differences in physical appearance and temperament. Males tend to be slightly larger and more muscular than females, with broader heads and thicker necks. Females are generally more refined and delicate in their features. In terms of temperament, males may be more assertive and dominant, while females tend to be more affectionate and nurturing. However, these differences can vary greatly depending on the individual dog’s personality and upbringing. Overall, both male and female Japanese Chins are known for their playful, loving and loyal nature.

Tips and Advice:

Japanese Chins are small, elegant dogs that make great companions. They are known for their affectionate and playful nature. If you are considering getting a Japanese Chin, here are some tips and advice for caring for them:

  • Grooming: Japanese Chins have a long, silky coat that requires regular grooming. Brush their coat at least once a week to prevent matting and tangles. They also need occasional baths to keep their coat clean and shiny.
  • Exercise: Despite their small size, Japanese Chins are active dogs that need daily exercise. They enjoy short walks and playtime in a fenced yard or indoor space.
  • Training: Japanese Chins are intelligent dogs that respond well to positive reinforcement training. They can be stubborn at times, so patience and consistency are key.
  • Socialization: Japanese Chins are social dogs that enjoy the company of their owners and other pets. Early socialization is important to prevent shyness or aggression towards strangers or other animals.
  • Health: Japanese Chins are generally healthy dogs, but they are prone to certain health issues such as patellar luxation, eye problems and respiratory issues. Regular vet check-ups and a healthy diet can help prevent these issues.
  • Dental care: Japanese Chins are prone to dental problems, so regular teeth brushing and dental check-ups are important to maintain their oral health.
  • Safety: Japanese Chins are small dogs that can easily get injured if not supervised properly. Keep them away from high places and make sure they are always on a leash or in a secure area when outside.
  • Love and attention: Japanese Chins thrive on love and attention from their owners. They are loyal and affectionate dogs that make great companions. Make sure to give them plenty of love and attention to keep them happy and healthy.

Food:

Japanese Chins are small dogs and typically require only a small amount of food per day. The recommended daily amount of food for a Japanese Chin is around 1/4 to 1/2 cup of high-quality dry dog food, divided into two meals. However, the exact amount of food will depend on the dog’s age, size, activity level and metabolism.

Japanese Chins are not typically food-oriented dogs, but they do enjoy treats and may become overweight if overfed. It’s important to monitor their food intake and provide them with a balanced diet to maintain their health and weight.

Facts:

Japanese Chin is a small breed of dog that originated in Japan. Here are three interesting facts about them:

  1. They were originally bred as lap dogs for Japanese royalty and nobility. Japanese Chin were highly valued and often given as gifts to foreign dignitaries.
  2. Despite their small size, Japanese Chin are known for their athleticism and agility. They excel in activities such as obedience, agility and rally.
  3. Japanese Chin have a distinctive appearance with a short, broad face and large, round eyes. They are also known for their silky, straight coat that comes in a variety of colors, including black and white, red and white and tri-color.

Names:

Japanese Chins are a small breed of dog that originated in Japan and are known for their elegant and regal appearance. They are often given names that reflect their graceful nature and their Japanese heritage. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Japanese Chin:

1. Sakura6. Suki11. Akira
2. Kiku7. Miko12. Kira
3. Hana8. Kuma13. Momo
4. Taro9. Kai14. Ren
5. Yuki10. Hiro15. Sora

Famous:

Japanese Chins, also known as Japanese Spaniels, are a beloved breed of toy dog that originated in Japan. Over the years, many Japanese Chins have gained fame for their unique personalities, impressive talents and appearances in popular media. Here are some of the most famous Japanese Chins of all time:

  1. Hotei – the Japanese Chin owned by Queen Victoria of England
  2. Gidget – the Japanese Chin who played Bruiser’s mother in the movie “Legally Blonde”
  3. Puffy – the Japanese Chin who won Best in Show at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 1984
  4. Mimi – the Japanese Chin who was the mascot for the popular Japanese brand, Sanrio
  5. Kuma – the Japanese Chin who holds the Guinness World Record for the longest tongue on a dog, measuring 3.8 inches

These Japanese Chins have left their mark on history and continue to be celebrated for their unique contributions to popular culture and the world of dogs.

Summary:

The Japanese Chin is a small, toy breed of dog that originated in Japan. It is known for its distinctive appearance, with a flat face, large eyes and a long, silky coat. The breed is known for its friendly and affectionate personality, making it a popular choice as a companion pet.

Japanese Chins are known for their playful and curious nature and they are often described as being intelligent and easy to train. They are also known for their loyalty and devotion to their owners and they thrive on human companionship.

The breed has a long history in Japan, where it was originally bred as a companion dog for the aristocracy. It was later introduced to Europe and the United States, where it became popular as a pet.

As a pet, the Japanese Chin is well-suited to living in apartments or small homes, as it does not require a lot of space or exercise. However, it does require regular grooming to maintain its long, silky coat. Overall, the Japanese Chin is a loving and loyal companion that makes a great pet for families and individuals alike.