Skip to content

Japanese Spitz

Japanese Spitz Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A small, fluffy, white dog breed with a fox-like appearance and a friendly, playful personality.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.


Japanese Spitzs are considered a Small Dog breed.
Weight:3.5-5.5 kg (7.7-12.1 lbs).
Height:25 cm (10 inches).
Length:33 cm (13 inches) from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail.


The average Japanese Spitz has a lifespan of 12-17 years.


What type of dog is a Japanese Spitz, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

The Japanese Spitz is a small, active and intelligent breed of dog. They are known for their friendly, outgoing personalities and their loyalty to their owners. They are alert and attentive, making them excellent watchdogs. They are also very playful and enjoy spending time with their families.

Japanese Spitzs have a strong desire to please their owners and are eager to learn. They are very intelligent and can learn quickly, but they can also be stubborn at times. They are loyal and affectionate and they bond closely with their owners.

Japanese Spitzs are generally good with children, although they can be a bit too energetic for very young children. They can also be a bit too protective of their owners and may bark at strangers.

Japanese Spitzs need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to stay happy and healthy. They enjoy daily walks, playtime and interactive games. They also need regular grooming, including brushing and trimming.


Japanese Spitzs are intelligent and eager to please, making them easy to train. They are also loyal and have an affectionate nature.


Japanese Spitzs are intelligent, eager to please and highly trainable. With consistent and positive reinforcement, they can learn basic commands and tricks quickly and easily. They are renowned for their loyalty and devotion, which makes them an ideal companion for families.


Japanese Spitzs typically sleep for about 12-14 hours per day, which is similar to most other dog breeds. However, the amount of sleep they need can vary depending on their age, activity level and overall health. Puppies and older dogs may require more sleep, while younger, more active dogs may need less. It’s important to provide your Japanese Spitz with a comfortable and quiet place to sleep, as well as plenty of opportunities for exercise and play during their waking hours.


Japanese Spitzs can bark quite a bit, especially when they are excited or when they sense something is wrong. They are quite vocal and can bark excessively if they are not given enough attention or exercise.


Japanese Spitzs do not typically drool. They are considered a low-drooling breed.


Japanese Spitzs are moderate to heavy lickers. They enjoy licking their owners and other people they are familiar with as a way of showing affection and bonding. However, excessive licking can be a sign of anxiety or stress, so it’s important to monitor their behavior and address any underlying issues if necessary.


Japanese Spitzs tend to be good jumpers and can jump up to 3-4 feet high. However, it is important to note that excessive jumping can be harmful to their joints and should be avoided.


Japanese Spitzs are not known for being particularly active diggers. However, they may dig small holes in the yard or garden if they are bored or looking for something to do. If you want to discourage your Japanese Spitz from digging, make sure they have plenty of toys and activities to keep them entertained.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Japanese Spitz the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Japanese Spitz.


Japanese Spitzs need moderate exercise. They enjoy daily walks and playtime, but they do not require a lot of strenuous activity. They are active indoors and can be content with a few short walks or play sessions each day.


Japanese Spitzs are quite active and need plenty of exercise, so they require a large, securely fenced yard or access to a park. They also need plenty of mental stimulation and interaction with their owners, so it is important to spend time with them and provide them with toys and activities.


Yes, Japanese Spitzs are a great dog to get if you live in an apartment. They are small, energetic and don’t require a lot of space. They are also very loyal and affectionate, making them a great companion for apartment living.

Left Alone

No, Japanese Spitzs do not tolerate being left alone. They are very social, loyal and loving dogs that need companionship and attention. They can become destructive and bark excessively if left alone for too long.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Japanese Spitzs are very good with kids and families. They are loyal, friendly and affectionate and make great family pets.

Perfect Fit

A Japanese Spitz would be a perfect fit for a family with children, as they generally very friendly and affectionate. They are also very active and playful, so an active household would be ideal. They are also very intelligent, so a home with someone who is willing to train them and provide them with mental stimulation would be best.

Pros and Cons:

Like any other breed, owning a Japanese Spitz has its advantages and disadvantages. Here is a table with 5 pros and cons of owning a Japanese Spitz:

1. Low maintenance coat that doesn’t shed much1. Can be prone to separation anxiety and destructive behavior if left alone for long periods of time
2. Intelligent and easy to train2. Can be stubborn and difficult to train if not properly motivated
3. Friendly and affectionate with family members3. Can be wary of strangers and may require socialization to prevent aggression
4. Good with children and other pets4. Can be prone to barking excessively if not trained properly
5. Active and playful, making them great companions for outdoor activities5. Can be prone to health issues such as hip dysplasia and eye problems

Overall, owning a Japanese Spitz can be a rewarding experience for those who are willing to put in the time and effort to properly train and socialize their pet. However, it is important to be aware of the potential challenges that come with owning any breed of dog.


The cost of a Japanese Spitz in Australia can vary depending on the breeder, the age of the puppy and the location. Generally, the cost of a Japanese Spitz puppy in Australia ranges from $1,500 to $2,500.

Breed History:

The Japanese Spitz was originally bred in Japan in the 1920s and 1930s as a companion dog. They were bred to be small, white and fluffy and to have a friendly and loyal temperament. They were also bred to be good watchdogs, as they are alert and have a loud bark. They are also very intelligent and easy to train.

Current Usage

Japanese Spitzs are primarily kept as companion pets, but they can also be used as working dogs. They are intelligent and eager to please, making them good candidates for obedience and agility training. They can also be used as therapy dogs, as they are known for their gentle and affectionate nature. Japanese Spitzs have also been used as guard dogs, as they are alert and will bark to alert their owners of any potential danger.

Guard Dogs

Japanese Spitzs are not typically considered good guard dogs. They are friendly and outgoing with people, including strangers and are not naturally protective or territorial. They may bark to alert their owners of a stranger’s presence, but they are not likely to attack or intimidate intruders. Japanese Spitzs are better suited as companion dogs and excel at being loyal and affectionate family pets.

Where Are They Found?

Japanese Spitzs are most popular in their country of origin, Japan. However, they are also popular in other countries such as Australia, the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States.


Japanese Spitzs are best suited to a moderate climate with temperatures ranging between 50-75°F (10-24°C). They can tolerate colder temperatures but may require extra protection during extreme cold weather. They are not well-suited for hot and humid climates as they can easily overheat and suffer from heatstroke. It is important to provide them with access to shade and cool water during hot weather.


It is difficult to determine the exact number of Japanese Spitzs in the world as there is no centralized registry or database. However, the breed is recognized by various kennel clubs and organizations around the world, including the American Kennel Club, the United Kennel Club and the Fédération Cynologique Internationale. It is estimated that there are several thousand Japanese Spitzs worldwide.

Physical Appearance:

The Japanese Spitz is a small to medium-sized dog breed with a fluffy, white coat that is thick and soft to the touch. They have a wedge-shaped head with a pointed muzzle and small, triangular ears that stand erect. Their eyes are dark and almond-shaped, giving them an alert and intelligent expression. The body of the Japanese Spitz is compact and well-proportioned, with a straight back and a plumed tail that curls over the back. They have a thick, double-layered coat that is pure white in color, which helps to protect them from the cold. Japanese Spitzs are known for their lively and friendly personalities and they are often described as playful, loyal and affectionate.



Japanese Spitzs can be white, cream or white and biscuit.

Hair/Fur Length:

Japanese Spitzs have a double coat of medium length hair. The outer coat is straight and stands out from the body, while the undercoat is soft and dense. The length of the hair varies from 1-3 inches (2.5-7.5 cm).


Yes, Japanese Spitzs do shed. They have a thick, double coat that sheds seasonally, usually in the spring and fall. During these times, they may shed heavily and require more frequent grooming.


The Japanese Spitz requires regular brushing and combing to keep its coat in good condition. It is not necessary to cut its hair, as it is naturally short and does not require trimming. However, it is important to keep its coat free of tangles and mats.


No, Japanese Spitzs are not hypoallergenic. They have a thick double coat that sheds heavily and can cause allergic reactions in some people.


Japanese Spitzs can run up to 20kph.


Yes, Japanese Spitzs are generally healthy dogs. However, some of the most common health issues they are faced with include:

  • Hip Dysplasia: a condition where the hip joint does not form properly, leading to pain and lameness.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy: an inherited eye disorder that causes the gradual deterioration of the retina, leading to blindness.
  • Patellar Luxation: a condition where the kneecap slips out of place, causing pain and lameness.
  • Hypothyroidism: an endocrine disorder caused by an underactive thyroid gland, resulting in lethargy and weight gain.


Japanese Spitzs have 42 teeth.


Japanese Spitzs have a keen sense of sight, which is an important trait for their role as watchdogs and companions. Their eyesight is generally considered to be good, allowing them to detect movement and potential threats from a distance. However, like all dogs, their eyesight can deteriorate with age or due to certain health conditions.


Japanese Spitzs typically have six nipples. This number is consistent with most dog breeds, as they generally have an even number of nipples symmetrically arranged along the underside of their body.


Litter Size:

Japanese Spitzs typically have litters of four to six puppies.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Japanese Spitzs is approximately nine weeks.


Female Japanese Spitzs typically go into heat twice a year, with each cycle lasting around three weeks. However, the timing and frequency of heat cycles can vary depending on the individual dog.

Male vs Female:

The most obvious difference between male and female Japanese Spitzs is their size. Male Japanese Spitzs tend to be larger than female Japanese Spitzs, with males typically reaching heights of up to 15 inches and females reaching heights of up to 13 inches. Male Japanese Spitzs also tend to have a more masculine appearance, with a thicker and more muscular body structure and a more pronounced muzzle. Female Japanese Spitzs, on the other hand, tend to have a more delicate and feminine appearance, with a smaller and more slender body structure and a more delicate muzzle. In terms of temperament, male Japanese Spitzs tend to be more independent and assertive, while female Japanese Spitzs tend to be more affectionate and loyal.

Tips and Advice:

If you’re considering adopting a Japanese Spitz, it’s important to know how to properly care for them. Here are some tips and advice for caring for a them:

  • Grooming: Japanese Spitz dogs have a thick double coat that requires regular grooming. Brush their coat at least once a week to prevent matting and shedding. Bathe them every few months or as needed.
  • Exercise: Japanese Spitz dogs are active and energetic, so they need daily exercise. Take them for walks or play with them in a fenced yard. They also enjoy agility training and other activities that challenge their minds and bodies.
  • Training: Japanese Spitz dogs are intelligent and eager to please, but they can be stubborn at times. Consistent training and positive reinforcement are key to teaching them obedience and good behavior.
  • Socialization: Japanese Spitz dogs can be wary of strangers and other animals if they’re not properly socialized. Expose them to different people, places and animals from a young age to help them become well-adjusted and friendly.
  • Health: Japanese Spitz dogs are generally healthy, but they can be prone to certain health issues like hip dysplasia and eye problems. Regular vet check-ups and proper nutrition are important for their overall health and well-being.
  • Nutrition: Japanese Spitz dogs have a high metabolism and require a balanced diet that’s rich in protein and nutrients. Avoid overfeeding them and give them plenty of fresh water.
  • Dental care: Japanese Spitz dogs are prone to dental problems like tartar buildup and gum disease. Brush their teeth regularly and give them dental chews or toys to help keep their teeth clean.
  • Safety: Japanese Spitz dogs are small and can be easily injured if they’re not supervised or kept in a secure area. Make sure they’re always wearing a collar with identification and keep them away from dangerous objects or situations.


Japanese Spitzs typically eat about 1/2 to 1 cup of high-quality dry dog food per day, divided into two meals. They are not particularly food-orientated dogs, but they do enjoy treats and will happily accept them.


Japanese Spitz are famous for their fluffy white coat and lively personality. Here are three interesting facts about Japanese Spitz:

  1. They are highly intelligent and easy to train. Japanese Spitz is a quick learner and can be trained to perform various tricks and tasks.
  2. They are excellent watchdogs. Despite their small size, Japanese Spitz is very alert and protective of their family. They will bark loudly to alert their owners of any potential danger.
  3. They have a long lifespan. Japanese Spitz can live up to 16 years, which is longer than most dog breeds. With proper care and nutrition, they can live a healthy and happy life for many years.


Japanese Spitz dogs are elegant and charming canines with a distinctive white coat and friendly personality. When selecting names for Japanese Spitzs, it is often suitable to consider names that reflect their graceful and dignified nature, their Japanese heritage or their playful and lively character. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Japanese Spitz:

  • Hoshi: This name signifies “star” in Japanese, reflecting the Japanese Spitz’s radiant and captivating presence.
  • Sakura: Inspired by the Japanese cherry blossom, this name represents the breed’s delicate and beautiful appearance.
  • Kumo: A name that means “cloud” in Japanese, fitting for the Japanese Spitz’s fluffy and cloud-like white coat.
  • Mochi: This name symbolizes the breed’s soft and sweet nature, signifying their lovable and gentle personality.
  • Yuki: A popular Japanese name that means “snow,” perfectly capturing the Japanese Spitz’s snow-white coat.
  • Haru: Signifying “spring” in Japanese, this name reflects the breed’s lively and joyful nature.
  • Mika: This name conveys elegance and grace, matching the Japanese Spitz’s refined and dignified presence.
  • Kai: A name that signifies “ocean” in Japanese, reflecting the breed’s playful and adventurous spirit.
  • Nami: Inspired by the Japanese word for “wave,” this name symbolizes the Japanese Spitz’s dynamic and lively nature.
  • Taro: A traditional Japanese name that represents strength and courage, fitting for the breed’s confident and lively personality.
  • Kira: This name signifies “shining” in Japanese, matching the Japanese Spitz’s bright and radiant disposition.
  • Hana: A name that means “flower” in Japanese, reflecting the breed’s delicate and beautiful appearance.
  • Sora: Signifying “sky” in Japanese, this name captures the Japanese Spitz’s joyful and free-spirited nature.
  • Hiro: Inspired by the Japanese word for “hero,” this name represents the breed’s loyal and protective instincts.
  • Luna: This name embodies the Japanese Spitz’s gentle and luminous presence, signifying their serene and radiant nature.

These names capture the essence of Japanese Spitzs, highlighting their elegant appearance, friendly nature and Japanese heritage. They provide a fitting identity for these charming and lively companions.


Over the years, many Japanese Spitzs have gained fame for their impressive feats, appearances in movies and ownership by famous people. Here are some of the most famous Japanese Spitzs of all time:

  • Boo – Boo was a Japanese Spitz owned by Irene Ahn, who became famous on social media for his adorable looks and fluffy white coat. Boo had millions of followers on Facebook and Instagram and was even dubbed the “world’s cutest dog” by some.
  • Taro – Taro was a Japanese Spitz who became famous for his incredible loyalty to his owner, Hachiko. After Hachiko passed away, Taro continued to visit his owner’s grave every day for years, just like Hachiko had done for his owner.
  • Hana – Hana was a Japanese Spitz who starred in the Japanese movie “Hachi-ko,” which was based on the true story of Hachiko. Hana played the role of Hachiko’s loyal companion and her performance helped make the movie a hit.
  • Mochi – Mochi is a Japanese Spitz who holds the Guinness World Record for having the longest tongue of any dog. Mochi’s tongue measures a whopping 7.3 inches long!
  • Yuki – Yuki is a Japanese Spitz who was owned by the famous Japanese singer, Ayumi Hamasaki. Yuki often appeared in photos and videos with Hamasaki and was known for his striking white coat and playful personality.

Overall, these famous Japanese Spitzs have captured the hearts of people around the world with their loyalty, intelligence and adorable looks.


The Japanese Spitz is a small, white, fluffy dog that is part of the Spitz family. It has a thick double coat and a fox-like face. It is a lively and affectionate breed that is loyal to its family and loves to play.

The Japanese Spitz is believed to have originated in Japan in the 1920s. It was bred from the larger German Spitz, the Samoyed and the American Eskimo Dog. It was bred to be a companion dog and is known for its intelligence and obedience.

The Japanese Spitz is a friendly and playful breed that loves to be around its family. It is an alert and loyal breed that is easy to train and loves to please its owners. It is also a very active breed that loves to play and needs plenty of exercise.

The Japanese Spitz would make an excellent pet for a family that can provide it with plenty of attention and exercise. It is a loyal and loving breed that will be a great companion for its owners. It is also a great watchdog, as it is alert and will bark to alert its owners of any potential danger.