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Leonberger Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A large, fluffy dog breed with a friendly and gentle temperament.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.


Leonbergers are considered a Very Large dog breed.
Weight:45-77 kg.
Height:72-80 cm (28-31 inches)
Length:80-90 cm.


The average lifespan of a Leonberger is 8-9 years


What type of dog is a Leonberger, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Leonbergers are known for their gentle and affectionate nature. They are loyal, intelligent and highly trainable dogs that make great family pets. Here is a detailed overview of their personality, temperament and behavior:

  • Leonbergers are known for their calm and composed personality. They are not aggressive and are generally friendly towards strangers. They have a strong desire to please their owners and are always eager to learn new things. They are also known for their protective nature and will go to great lengths to protect their family.
  • Leonbergers have a very stable temperament and are not easily provoked. They are very patient and tolerant, making them great with children and other pets. They are also very social and enjoy being around people. They are not known to be barkers, but will alert their owners if they sense any danger.
  • Leonbergers are very well-behaved dogs and are easy to train. They are very intelligent and respond well to positive reinforcement training methods. They are also very adaptable and can adjust to different living environments. They require moderate exercise and enjoy going for walks and playing in the yard. They are also known for their love of water and enjoy swimming.

In summary, Leonbergers are gentle, affectionate and loyal dogs that make great family pets. They have a stable temperament and are easy to train, making them a popular choice for families with children and other pets. They are also adaptable and enjoy moderate exercise, making them a great choice for both city and country living.


Leonbergers are generally considered to be intelligent dogs. They are known for their trainability and ability to learn quickly. They are also known for their problem-solving skills and ability to think independently. However, like all dogs, individual intelligence can vary depending on factors such as genetics, training and socialization.


Leonbergers are generally intelligent and eager to please, which makes them relatively easy to train. However, they can be stubborn at times and may require consistent and patient training methods. Early socialization and obedience training are important for Leonbergers to become well-behaved and well-adjusted dogs. Positive reinforcement techniques such as treats, praise and playtime are effective in training Leonbergers. It is also important to provide them with plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior.


Leonbergers, like most dogs, sleep for an average of 12-14 hours per day. However, the amount of sleep a Leonberger needs can vary depending on their age, activity level and overall health. Puppies and senior dogs may require more sleep, while adult dogs who are highly active may need less. It’s important to provide your Leonberger with a comfortable and quiet place to sleep and to establish a regular sleep routine to help them get the rest they need.


Leonbergers are known to be moderate barkers. They are not excessive barkers but will bark to alert their owners of any unusual activity or visitors. They are also known to bark when they are bored or left alone for long periods of time. Proper training and socialization can help reduce excessive barking in Leonbergers.


Leonbergers are known to be moderate to heavy droolers. They have loose jowls and a large mouth, which can lead to drooling. However, the amount of drooling can vary from dog to dog and can also depend on factors such as age, health and diet. Regular grooming and wiping the mouth can help manage drooling in Leonbergers.


Leonbergers are known to be moderate to heavy lickers. They are affectionate dogs and often show their love by licking their owners. However, excessive licking can also be a sign of anxiety or stress, so it’s important to monitor their behavior and seek advice from a veterinarian if necessary.


Leonbergers are not known for their jumping ability. They are a large and heavy breed that is more suited for activities such as swimming and hiking. While they may be able to jump over small obstacles or onto low surfaces, they are not typically known for their jumping ability and should not be encouraged to jump excessively as it can put strain on their joints and cause injury.


Leonbergers have a moderate tendency to dig. They are not known to be excessive diggers, but they may dig holes in the yard if they are bored or trying to escape. Providing them with enough exercise and mental stimulation can help prevent digging behavior.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Leonberger the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Leonberger.


Leonbergers are large and active dogs that require a moderate amount of exercise to maintain their health and well-being. They need at least 30-60 minutes of exercise every day, which can include brisk walks, jogging, hiking or playing in a fenced yard. Leonbergers also enjoy swimming and other water activities, which can be a great way to provide them with exercise and mental stimulation. It is important to note that exercise needs may vary depending on the individual dog’s age, health and activity level, so it is always best to consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate exercise regimen for your Leonberger.


Leonbergers are large dogs and require a significant amount of space to move around comfortably. Ideally, they should have access to a large fenced yard where they can run and play. However, they can adapt to living in smaller spaces as long as they receive enough exercise and mental stimulation. It’s important to note that Leonbergers are indoor dogs and should not be left outside for extended periods of time. They also enjoy being close to their family and should have a designated spot inside the house where they can relax and feel comfortable.


No, Leonbergers are not a good dog to get if you live in an apartment. They are a large breed and require a lot of space to move around and exercise. They also have a lot of energy and need plenty of outdoor time to burn it off. Additionally, their size and strength can make them difficult to manage in small living spaces. It is recommended that Leonbergers have access to a large yard or open space to run and play.

Left Alone

Leonbergers are social dogs and do not tolerate being left alone for long periods of time. They thrive on human companionship and can become anxious, destructive or develop separation anxiety if left alone for extended periods. It is recommended to provide them with plenty of exercise, mental stimulation and socialization to prevent these issues. If you need to leave your Leonberger alone, it is best to gradually increase the time they spend alone and provide them with toys, treats and a comfortable space to rest. It is also recommended to hire a dog walker or pet sitter to provide them with some company and exercise during the day.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Leonbergers are known to be great with kids and families. They are affectionate, gentle and patient dogs that love to be around people. They are also very protective of their family and will do anything to keep them safe. However, as with any breed, it’s important to socialize and train your Leonberger properly to ensure they are well-behaved around children and other people.

Perfect Fit

A Leonberger would be a perfect fit for a home/household that has a spacious yard or outdoor area for them to exercise and play. They are a large breed and require plenty of space to move around. They also need a lot of attention and socialization, so a family that has the time and energy to devote to their pet would be ideal. Leonbergers are known for their gentle and friendly nature, so they are great with children and other pets. However, they do shed a lot and require regular grooming, so a family that is willing to commit to their grooming needs would be a good fit. Overall, a Leonberger would be a great addition to a family that is active, loving and has the space and time to care for this wonderful breed.

Pros and Cons:

Leonbergers are large and majestic dogs that are known for their loyalty and affectionate nature. However, owning a Leonberger comes with its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Here is a table outlining 5 pros and cons of owning a Leonberger:

1. Loyal and affectionate1. Requires a lot of space
2. Great with children2. High grooming needs
3. Good watchdogs3. Can be stubborn and difficult to train
4. Moderate exercise needs4. Prone to certain health issues
5. Intelligent and trainable5. Expensive to purchase and maintain

Overall, owning a Leonberger can be a rewarding experience for those who have the space, time and resources to care for them properly. However, it is important to carefully consider the potential challenges before making the decision to bring one into your home.


The cost of a Leonberger in Australia can vary depending on the breeder and location. On average, a Leonberger puppy can cost between $2,500 to $4,000 AUD. It is important to do thorough research on the breeder and ensure they are reputable and ethical before making a purchase. Additionally, there are ongoing costs associated with owning a Leonberger, such as food, grooming and veterinary care.

Breed History:

Leonbergers were originally bred in the mid-19th century in the town of Leonberg, Germany. They were created by a breeder named Heinrich Essig, who wanted to develop a dog that resembled the lion on the town’s crest. The Leonberger was created by crossing several breeds, including the Saint Bernard, Newfoundland and Great Pyrenees.

Initially, Leonbergers were bred as working dogs, primarily for draft work and water rescue. They were used to pull carts and boats, as well as to rescue people from drowning. They were also used as guard dogs and for hunting.

Today, Leonbergers are primarily kept as companion dogs and are known for their loyalty, intelligence and gentle nature. They are still used in some countries as working dogs, particularly in search and rescue operations.

Current Usage

Leonbergers are primarily used as companion dogs and family pets. However, they can also be trained for various working roles such as therapy dogs, search and rescue dogs and even as service dogs for people with disabilities.

As therapy dogs, Leonbergers are known for their calm and gentle nature, making them ideal for providing comfort and emotional support to people in hospitals, nursing homes and schools.

In search and rescue, Leonbergers are valued for their strong sense of smell and their ability to work in difficult terrain. They can be trained to locate missing persons, track scents and even help with avalanche rescue operations.

As service dogs, Leonbergers can be trained to assist people with disabilities such as mobility issues, hearing or vision impairment and psychiatric conditions. They can help with tasks such as opening doors, retrieving objects and providing balance and stability.

Overall, while Leonbergers are primarily kept as pets, their intelligence, loyalty and versatility make them well-suited for a variety of working roles.

Guard Dogs

Leonbergers are not typically used as guard dogs, as they are known for their friendly and gentle nature. They are more suited as family pets and companions and are often used as therapy dogs due to their calm and affectionate demeanor. However, they are large and powerful dogs and their size alone can be a deterrent to potential intruders. Additionally, they are protective of their family and may bark to alert their owners of any potential danger. Overall, while they may not be the best choice for a traditional guard dog, they can still offer some level of protection to their owners.

Where Are They Found?

Leonbergers are most popular in their country of origin, Germany. They are also popular in other European countries such as France, Switzerland and the Netherlands. In North America, they are gaining popularity in the United States and Canada. They are also becoming more popular in Australia and New Zealand.


Leonbergers are best suited to moderate to cool climates. They have a thick double coat that provides insulation and protection from the cold, but they may struggle in hot and humid climates. It is important to provide them with plenty of shade and access to cool water during hot weather. Additionally, they should not be left outside for extended periods of time in extreme temperatures.


It is difficult to determine the exact number of Leonbergers in the world as there is no centralized database or registry. However, according to the Leonberger Club of America, there are approximately 8,000 Leonbergers in the United States alone. The breed is also popular in Europe, particularly in Germany where it originated, but the exact number of Leonbergers worldwide is unknown.

Physical Appearance:

Leonbergers are large and powerful dogs with a distinctive lion-like appearance. They have a muscular and sturdy build with a broad chest and a deep, wide chest. Their head is large and imposing with a broad skull and a pronounced stop. They have a black nose and dark, almond-shaped eyes that exude intelligence and kindness. Their ears are medium-sized and hang down close to their head.

Leonbergers have a thick, double coat that is soft and dense, with a water-resistant outer layer. Their coat comes in a range of colors, including lion-yellow, red, reddish-brown and sand. They have a mane of longer hair around their neck and chest, which adds to their lion-like appearance. Their tail is long and bushy and they have large, webbed feet with thick pads that make them excellent swimmers.

Overall, Leonbergers are majestic dogs with a regal and imposing presence. They are known for their gentle nature and loyalty, making them excellent family pets.



Leonbergers can be a range of colors including:

1. Golden: This is the most common color for Leonbergers. The coat is a rich, golden color with black tips on the fur.

2. Red: This color is similar to the golden color, but with a reddish tint.

3. Brown: This color is a deep, chocolate brown.

4. Black: This color is rare in Leonbergers, but some can have a solid black coat.

5. Blue: This color is also rare and is a bluish-gray color.

6. Cream: This color is a light, creamy color.

7. White: This color is also rare and is a pure white coat.

It’s important to note that Leonbergers can also have a combination of these colors, such as a black and tan or a red and black coat.

Hair/Fur Length:

Leonbergers have long, thick and dense hair that can range from medium to long length. The hair is straight or slightly wavy and can be found in a variety of colors, including golden, red, brown and black. The hair around the neck and chest is particularly thick and forms a mane, giving the breed a regal appearance.


Yes, Leonbergers do shed. They have a thick double coat that sheds moderately throughout the year, with heavier shedding occurring twice a year during seasonal changes. Regular grooming and brushing can help manage shedding and keep their coat healthy and shiny.


The Leonberger has a thick, double coat that requires regular grooming to keep it healthy and free of mats and tangles. Weekly brushing with a slicker brush and a metal comb is recommended to keep the coat in good condition. During shedding season, which occurs twice a year, daily brushing may be necessary to remove loose fur.

The Leonberger does not typically require haircuts or trimming, but some owners may choose to trim the hair around the ears, paws and sanitary areas for hygiene purposes. It is important to avoid shaving the coat as it can damage the hair and affect its ability to regulate body temperature.


No, Leonbergers are not considered hypoallergenic. They have a thick, double coat that sheds heavily, which can cause allergies in some people. If you have allergies, it is recommended that you spend time with a Leonberger before bringing one into your home to see if you have a reaction.


Leonbergers are not known for their speed, but they can run at an average speed of 32-40 kph (20-25 mph).


Leonbergers are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues. Some of the most common health issues faced by Leonbergers are:

  • Hip Dysplasia: A genetic condition where the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, leading to arthritis and pain.
  • Elbow Dysplasia: A genetic condition where the elbow joint doesn’t develop properly, leading to arthritis and pain.
  • Osteosarcoma: A type of bone cancer that is more common in large breeds like Leonbergers.
  • Bloat: A life-threatening condition where the stomach fills with gas and twists on itself, cutting off blood flow to the organs.
  • Hypothyroidism: A condition where the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones, leading to weight gain, lethargy and other symptoms.
  • Heart Disease: Leonbergers can be prone to several types of heart disease, including dilated cardiomyopathy and subaortic stenosis.


Leonbergers typically have 42 teeth, which is the same as most other breeds of dogs.


Leonbergers generally have good eyesight, but like all dogs, their eyesight may deteriorate with age or due to certain health conditions. Additionally, some Leonbergers may be prone to certain eye problems such as cataracts or progressive retinal atrophy, which can affect their vision. Therefore, it is important for Leonberger owners to regularly monitor their dog’s eyesight and seek veterinary care if any issues arise.


Leonbergers typically have 8 to 10 nipples, arranged in two rows on their underside.


Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Leonbergers is between 6 to 8 puppies. However, litter sizes can vary and may be smaller or larger depending on a variety of factors such as the age and health of the mother, genetics and environmental factors.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Leonbergers is typically around 63 days, give or take a few days. It is important to monitor the pregnant dog closely during this time and provide proper nutrition and care to ensure a healthy pregnancy and delivery.


Female Leonbergers typically go into heat twice a year, with each heat cycle lasting for approximately three weeks.

Male vs Female:

Male Leonbergers are generally larger and heavier than females, with a height range of 28-31.5 inches and a weight range of 120-170 pounds. Females, on the other hand, have a height range of 25.5-29.5 inches and a weight range of 100-135 pounds. Males also tend to have a more masculine appearance with a broader head and thicker neck, while females have a more feminine appearance with a narrower head and more refined features. Additionally, males may have a more dominant personality and be more protective, while females may be more nurturing and affectionate.

Tips and Advice:

Leonbergers are large, majestic dogs that require proper care and attention to maintain their health and happiness. Here are some tips and advice for caring for a Leonberger:

  • Provide plenty of exercise: Leonbergers are active dogs that require daily exercise to keep them healthy and happy. They enjoy long walks, hikes and swimming.
  • Feed a high-quality diet: Leonbergers need a balanced diet that is rich in protein, vitamins and minerals. Choose a high-quality dog food that meets their nutritional needs.
  • Groom regularly: Leonbergers have a thick, double coat that requires regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling. Brush their coat at least once a week and bathe them as needed.
  • Socialize early: Leonbergers are friendly dogs, but they can be wary of strangers if not socialized properly. Introduce them to new people, animals and environments at an early age.
  • Train consistently: Leonbergers are intelligent dogs that respond well to positive reinforcement training. Consistent training will help them become well-behaved and obedient.
  • Provide plenty of water: Leonbergers are prone to overheating, so it’s important to provide them with plenty of fresh water to drink.
  • Monitor their weight: Leonbergers are prone to obesity, which can lead to health problems. Monitor their weight and adjust their diet and exercise routine as needed.
  • Regular vet check-ups: Leonbergers are prone to certain health issues, such as hip dysplasia and bloat. Regular vet check-ups can help detect and treat these issues early on.
  • Provide a comfortable living space: Leonbergers are large dogs that require plenty of space to move around. Provide them with a comfortable living space that is large enough for them to stretch out and relax.

By following these tips and advice, you can provide your Leonberger with the care and attention they need to live a happy and healthy life.


Leonbergers are large dogs and require a significant amount of food to maintain their size and energy levels. On average, they eat around 4-6 cups of high-quality dog food per day, depending on their age, activity level and metabolism.

As for their food orientation, Leonbergers are generally not overly food-motivated dogs. They are known for being gentle and easy-going and they typically do not display aggressive or possessive behavior around food. However, like any dog, they should be trained to have good manners around food and not beg or steal food from their owners or other dogs.


Leonberger is a giant dog breed that originated in Germany. Here are three interesting facts about Leonbergers:

  1. They were originally bred to resemble a lion: The breed was created in the mid-19th century by a German breeder named Heinrich Essig. He wanted to create a dog that resembled the lion on the town crest of Leonberg, Germany.
  2. They are excellent swimmers: Leonbergers have webbed feet and a water-resistant coat, making them great swimmers. They were originally used as water rescue dogs in Europe.
  3. They make great therapy dogs: Leonbergers are known for their gentle and calm nature, which makes them great therapy dogs. They are often used in hospitals and nursing homes to provide comfort to patients.


Leonbergers are a majestic breed of dog that originated in Germany. They are known for their large size, thick coat and gentle nature. When it comes to naming a Leonberger, it’s best to choose a name that reflects their regal and noble personality. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Leonberger:

1. Maximus6. Hera11. Titan
2. Odin7. Thor12. Valkyrie
3. Athena8. Freya13. Nero
4. Apollo9. Atlas14. Luna
5. Zeus10. Aurora15. Jupiter


Leonbergers are a breed of dog that have captured the hearts of many famous people throughout history. From appearing in movies to performing incredible feats, these dogs have become beloved by many. Here are some of the most famous Leonbergers of all time:

  • Barry – Barry was a Leonberger who lived in Switzerland in the early 1800s. He was a rescue dog who saved over 40 lives during his career as a mountain rescue dog.
  • Heinrich Essig – Heinrich Essig was a German businessman who owned the first Leonberger. He bred the dog to resemble the lion on the Leonberg coat of arms.
  • Seamus – Seamus was a Leonberger owned by the Kennedy family. He was often seen with President Kennedy and his family during their time in the White House.
  • Beowulf – Beowulf was a Leonberger who appeared in the movie “Beethoven’s 2nd” in 1993.
  • Leo – Leo is a Leonberger owned by actor Vin Diesel. He often appears on Diesel’s social media accounts and has become a fan favorite.
  • Zeus – Zeus was a Leonberger who appeared in the movie “The Sandlot” in 1993.
  • Odin – Odin is a Leonberger owned by actor Tom Hardy. He often accompanies Hardy on movie sets and has become a popular celebrity dog.
  • Nana – Nana was a Leonberger who appeared in the movie “Peter Pan” in 2003.
  • Simba – Simba is a Leonberger owned by singer-songwriter Sia. He often appears on her social media accounts and has become a beloved pet to her fans.
  • Rufus – Rufus was a Leonberger who won Best in Show at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 2006.


The Leonberger is a large breed of dog that originated in Germany in the mid-19th century. It is a working dog that was originally bred to be a guard dog and a draft dog. The breed is known for its strength, intelligence and loyalty.

Leonbergers are gentle giants, with a calm and confident personality. They are known to be good with children and other animals, making them an excellent family pet. They are also highly trainable and eager to please their owners.

The breed has a thick, double coat that is water-resistant and comes in a variety of colors, including golden, red and brown. They require regular grooming to maintain their coat and prevent matting.

Leonbergers have a relatively short history, with the breed being developed in the 19th century by a German breeder named Heinrich Essig. He wanted to create a dog that resembled the lion on the town crest of Leonberg, Germany. The breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2010.

Overall, the Leonberger is a loving and loyal companion that makes an excellent family pet for those who have the space and time to care for a large breed dog.