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Maltese Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A small, Mediterranean island nation with a rich history and culture.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.


Malteses are considered a very Small dog breed. read more >>
Weight:3.2 kg (7 lbs).
Height:25 cm (9.8 inches).
Length:25-30 cm (10-12 inches).


The average life expectancy of a Maltese is 12-15 years. read more >>


What type of dog is a Maltese, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Maltese are known for their sweet, gentle and loving nature. They are loyal and affectionate and make excellent companion dogs. They are also very intelligent and eager to please, making them easy to train. Maltese are gentle, playful and sociable and they get along well with children and other pets. They are alert and active and they enjoy going for walks and playing games. Maltese are also very adaptable and can adjust to different environments and lifestyles. They are generally quiet and well-mannered, but they can be stubborn at times. Maltese are generally good with strangers, but they may bark at unfamiliar people or animals. They can be territorial and protective of their owners and their home. Maltese are generally healthy, but they can be prone to certain health issues, such as eye problems and dental issues. With proper care and attention, Maltese can live up to 15 years.


Malteses are intelligent dogs and can be trained to do a variety of tasks. They are eager to please and respond well to positive reinforcement. They are also renowned for their loyalty and affectionate nature. read more >>


Malteses are generally considered to be easy to train. They are intelligent and eager to please, so they respond well to positive reinforcement and consistent training. They are also very social and enjoy spending time with people, so they often learn quickly.


Maltese dogs typically sleep for around 12-14 hours per day, although this can vary depending on their age, activity level and health. Puppies and older dogs may sleep more, while younger and more active dogs may sleep less. It’s important to provide your Maltese with a comfortable and quiet sleeping area where they can rest undisturbed.


Malteses can bark quite a bit, especially if they are not properly trained. They are famous for their loud, high-pitched bark, which can be quite annoying. It is important to train your Maltese to bark only when necessary, such as when strangers approach the house or when there is an emergency. read more >>


Malteses do not typically drool, although they may occasionally drool when they are excited or nervous.


Maltese dogs are known to be affectionate and enjoy licking their owners as a way of showing love and affection. However, the amount of licking can vary from dog to dog and also depends on their individual personality and behavior. Some Maltese dogs may lick more than others, but excessive licking can also be a sign of anxiety or stress. It’s important to monitor your dog’s behavior and seek advice from a veterinarian if you have concerns about their licking habits.


Maltese dogs are not renowned for being big jumpers. They are a small breed and typically do not have the strength or agility to jump very high. However, every dog is different and some Maltese may be able to jump higher than others. It is important to supervise your dog when they are jumping to prevent any injuries.


Malteses can be prone to digging, especially when they are bored or anxious. If you want to prevent your Maltese from digging, it is important to provide them with plenty of mental and physical stimulation. This can include daily walks, interactive toys and puzzle feeders.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Maltese the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Maltese.


Malteses are a small breed of dog that require moderate exercise. They should be taken on at least one 30-minute walk per day and should also have plenty of playtime. They are also very active indoors and can benefit from regular play sessions.


Malteses are a small breed of dog and do not need a lot of space. They are very adaptable and can live in apartments or small homes. They do need daily exercise, so it is important to provide them with a safe and secure area to run around and play.


Yes, Malteses are a great choice for apartment living. They are small, quiet and don’t require a lot of exercise. They are also very loyal and affectionate, making them great companions. read more >>

Left Alone

No, Malteses do not tolerate being left alone. They are a very social breed and need to be around people or other animals for companionship. If left alone for too long, they can become anxious and stressed.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Malteses are generally good with kids and families. They are loyal, affectionate and playful, making them great companions for children. They are also known to be very gentle and patient, which makes them great family pets.

Perfect Fit

Maltese are perfect for any type of home, as they are small, friendly and adaptable. They do best in homes with plenty of attention and love and do not require a lot of space. They are also great for families with children, as they are gentle and affectionate.

Pros and Cons:

However, like any breed, there are both pros and cons to owning a Maltese. Here is a table outlining five of each:

1. Maltese dogs are small and easy to handle.1. Maltese dogs can be prone to separation anxiety and may become destructive if left alone for long periods of time.
2. They are great for apartment living due to their size.2. Maltese dogs require regular grooming to maintain their long, silky coat.
3. Maltese dogs are highly intelligent and trainable.3. They can be difficult to housebreak and may have accidents indoors.
4. They are very affectionate and make great lap dogs.4. Maltese dogs can be prone to health issues such as dental problems and eye infections.
5. Maltese dogs are generally good with children and other pets.5. They can be yappy and bark excessively, which may be a problem for some owners.

Overall, owning a Maltese can be a rewarding experience for those who are willing to put in the time and effort to care for them properly. However, potential owners should be aware of the breed’s specific needs and potential challenges before making a decision.


The cost of a Maltese puppy in Australia can range anywhere from $1,500 to $3,500. The price can vary depending on the breeder, the quality of the puppy and the location. read more >>

Breed History:

Malteses were originally bred as companion dogs in the Mediterranean region. They were bred to be small and affectionate and to be a loyal companion to their owners. They were also bred to be good watchdogs, alerting their owners to any intruders. Malteses are known for their silky white coats and long, flowing hair, which were bred to make them look attractive and appealing.

Current Usage

Malteses are primarily used as companion dogs, but they can also be used as therapy dogs, service dogs and even as show dogs. As companion dogs, they are known for their affectionate and loyal nature, making them great family pets. As therapy dogs, they are often used to provide comfort and companionship to those in need. As service dogs, they can be trained to assist people with physical disabilities or medical conditions. Finally, as show dogs, they can compete in conformation shows and agility competitions.

Guard Dogs

Malteses are not typically known for being good guard dogs. They are friendly, social and affectionate dogs that are more likely to greet strangers with wagging tails and kisses than to bark or act aggressively. However, they can still alert their owners to the presence of strangers with their barking, which can be helpful in deterring potential intruders. Overall, Malteses are better suited as companion dogs rather than guard dogs. read more >>

Where Are They Found?

Maltese dogs are popular in many countries around the world, but some of the countries where they are most popular include:

1. United States6. Italy
2. United Kingdom7. Germany
3. Australia8. France
4. Canada9. Spain
5. Japan10. South Korea

These countries have a high demand for Maltese dogs due to their small size, affectionate nature and hypoallergenic coat. However, it is important to note that popularity can vary depending on factors such as cultural preferences, availability and local regulations. read more >>


Maltese dogs are best suited to a mild climate with moderate temperatures. They can tolerate both warm and cool temperatures but are sensitive to extreme heat or cold. They are indoor dogs and should not be left outside for extended periods in hot or cold weather. It is important to keep them cool and hydrated in hot weather and provide them with warm shelter in cold weather. read more >>


It is difficult to determine the exact number of Maltese dogs in the world as there is no centralized database or registry. However, according to the American Kennel Club (AKC), the Maltese is consistently one of the most popular toy breeds in the United States, with thousands of new registrations each year. Additionally, Maltese dogs are popular in many other countries around the world, so it is safe to say that there are likely tens of thousands, if not hundreds of thousands, of Maltese dogs worldwide.

Physical Appearance:

Malteses are small, toy-sized dogs with a distinctive appearance. They have a compact and well-proportioned body with a slightly rounded skull and a short, black nose. Their eyes are large, round and dark, giving them an expressive and alert look. Malteses have long, silky and straight white hair that falls evenly on both sides of their body, giving them a regal and elegant appearance. They have a plumed tail that curls over their back, adding to their overall charm. Malteses are known for their graceful and agile movements and they have a confident and lively personality that matches their appearance.



Malteses can be white, cream, black and tan.

Hair/Fur Length:

Malteses have a single layer of long, silky, white hair that can reach up to 8 inches in length.


Malteses are considered to be a low-shedding breed. They do not shed much, but they do require regular brushing to keep their coats healthy and free of tangles. read more >>


The Maltese requires regular grooming to keep its coat looking its best. This includes brushing its coat daily, bathing it every two weeks and trimming its hair every six to eight weeks. You do not need to cut its hair, but it is recommended to keep it looking neat and tidy.


Yes, Malteses are considered to be hypoallergenic. They are a small breed of dog that does not shed much and produces less dander, which is a common allergen. read more >>


Malteses are not known for their speed and typically run at a speed of around 16 to 24 km/h (10 to 15 mph). read more >>


Malteses are generally healthy dogs, however they can be prone to certain health issues such as:

  • Luxating patella: a condition where the kneecap slips out of place.
  • Hypoglycemia: low blood sugar levels.
  • Tracheal collapse: weakening of the windpipe.
  • Eye problems: such as cataracts and glaucoma.
  • Hypothyroidism: an underactive thyroid gland.
  • Dental problems: such as gum disease and tooth decay.


Maltese dogs typically have between 6 and 8 teeth. read more >>


Malteses have a good sense of sight, which is typical of most dog breeds. However, like all living beings, their eyesight can be affected by various factors such as age, genetics and health conditions. Therefore, it is important to take care of their eyes and have regular check-ups with a veterinarian to ensure their eyesight remains healthy.


Malteses typically have six nipples. This number is consistent with most dog breeds, as they generally have an even number of nipples symmetrically arranged along the underside of their body.


Litter Size:

The average litter size for a Maltese is between one and four puppies.

Gestation Period:

The average gestation period for a Maltese is around 63 days. read more >>


Maltese dogs typically go into heat twice a year, although the frequency can vary. The first heat usually occurs between six and twelve months of age.

Male vs Female:

The most notable difference between male and female Malteses is size. Male Malteses typically weigh between 4 and 7 pounds, while female Malteses typically weigh between 3 and 6 pounds. Male Malteses are also typically more outgoing and active than female Malteses, who tend to be more reserved and laid-back. Male Malteses also tend to have a thicker, longer coat than female Malteses. read more >>

Tips and Advice:

Here are some tips and advice for caring for a Maltese:

  • Grooming is essential for a Maltese. Their long hair can easily become matted and tangled, so daily brushing is recommended. Regular baths and haircuts are also necessary to keep their coat clean and healthy.
  • Maltese dogs are prone to dental issues, so it’s important to brush their teeth regularly and provide them with dental chews or toys.
  • Maltese dogs are indoor dogs and do not do well in extreme temperatures. They should be kept in a comfortable temperature-controlled environment.
  • Maltese dogs are prone to eye infections, so it’s important to keep their eyes clean and free of discharge.
  • Maltese dogs are social animals and require regular exercise and playtime. They enjoy short walks and indoor play sessions.
  • Maltese dogs are prone to separation anxiety, so it’s important to provide them with plenty of attention and affection.
  • Maltese dogs are sensitive to their diet and require high-quality food that is appropriate for their size and age.
  • Maltese dogs are prone to hypoglycemia, so it’s important to provide them with small, frequent meals throughout the day.
  • Maltese dogs are prone to allergies, so it’s important to monitor their skin and coat for any signs of irritation or itching.
  • Maltese dogs are generally healthy, but regular check-ups with a veterinarian are important to ensure their overall health and well-being.


Malteses typically eat 1/4 to 1/2 cup of high-quality dry dog food per day, split into two meals. They are not particularly food-orientated dogs, but they do enjoy treats and can become overweight if they are overfed. read more >>


Here are three interesting facts about Maltese:

  1. Maltese were once used as therapy dogs for soldiers during World War II. Their small size and friendly demeanor made them perfect companions for soldiers who were recovering from injuries or experiencing emotional trauma.
  2. Maltese are one of the oldest dog breeds in the world, with a history that dates back over 2,000 years. They were originally bred in the Mediterranean region and were prized for their beauty and companionship.
  3. Despite their small size, Maltese are known for their bravery and loyalty. They are fiercely protective of their owners and will not hesitate to defend them if they feel threatened. This makes them great watchdogs, despite their cute and cuddly appearance.



When choosing names for Malteses, it is often suitable to consider names that reflect their graceful and regal demeanor, their charming and affectionate personality or their delicate and pristine appearance. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Maltese:

  1. Milo: A short and sweet name that suits the Maltese’s friendly and lovable personality.
  2. Princess: This name embodies the regal and elegant nature of the Maltese breed.
  3. Bentley: A name that signifies sophistication and refinement, fitting for the Maltese’s stylish and posh presence.
  4. Daisy: This name captures the Maltese’s cheerful and bright disposition, resembling the delicate petals of a daisy.
  5. Romeo: Signifying love and affection, this name reflects the Maltese’s sweet and loving nature.
  6. Pearl: A name that conveys purity and elegance, fitting for the Maltese’s pristine white coat and graceful nature.
  7. Charlie: This friendly and approachable name complements the Maltese’s sociable and amiable personality.
  8. Bella: A name that conveys beauty and grace, perfectly matching the Maltese’s charming and elegant appearance.
  9. Teddy: This name reflects the Maltese’s cuddly and huggable nature, reminiscent of a soft teddy bear.
  10. Luna: Signifying serenity and tranquility, this name captures the calm and peaceful presence of the Maltese.
  11. Max: A classic and strong name that befits the Maltese’s confident and friendly nature.
  12. Daisy: This name captures the Maltese’s cheerful and bright disposition, resembling the delicate petals of a daisy.
  13. Oliver: A name that represents the Maltese’s playful and mischievous character, symbolizing their lively and joyful spirit.
  14. Coco: Signifying sweetness and warmth, this name matches the Maltese’s delightful and comforting presence.
  15. Lily: A name that conveys innocence and beauty, fitting for the Maltese’s delicate and elegant demeanor.

These names encompass the essence of Malteses, highlighting their grace, charm and affectionate nature. They provide a fitting identity for these adorable and elegant companions.


Famous Malteses have garnered attention for their appearances in movies, their remarkable achievements and their companionship to notable figures. Here are some renowned Malteses:

  1. Señorita: Owned by actress Marilyn Monroe, Señorita was Monroe’s beloved Maltese companion.
  2. Malti-Poo: This Maltese-Poodle mix gained fame for playing the role of “Bruiser Woods” in the movie “Legally Blonde” and its sequel.
  3. Bailey: Known as the “King of Milan,” Bailey is a famous Maltese dog from Italy who became a social media sensation for his stylish outfits and luxurious lifestyle.
  4. Ashley: Ashley, owned by actress Heather Locklear, gained popularity as a beloved celebrity pet.
  5. Mimi LaRue: Owned by television personality and fashion designer Tori Spelling, Mimi LaRue became known for her stylish wardrobe and glamorous lifestyle.
  6. Gucci: This Maltese achieved fame for being a social media influencer, known for his fashionable outfits and luxurious accessories.
  7. Bambi: Bambi, owned by socialite Paris Hilton, has gained recognition as a beloved companion and fashion accessory.
  8. Bijou: Owned by actress and singer Lisa Vanderpump, Bijou has made appearances on reality television shows and red carpet events.
  9. Cuddles: This famous Maltese appeared in the movie “Beverly Hills Chihuahua” as a pampered and fashionable dog.
  10. Prince: Prince, owned by singer and actress Christina Aguilera, gained popularity for being a glamorous and stylish companion.

These famous Malteses have left a lasting impression in the entertainment industry, social media and as cherished pets of well-known personalities. Their unique talents, fashionable appearances and companionship have made them beloved figures in the world of Maltese dogs.


The Maltese is a small, toy-sized dog breed with a long, silky white coat and a gentle, affectionate personality. This breed is considered to be one of the oldest toy breeds, with a history that dates back to ancient Greece. The Maltese is a lively, playful and intelligent breed that loves to be the center of attention. They are loyal and devoted to their owners and make excellent companions.

Maltese have a gentle and loving nature, making them great family pets. They are also good with children, although they may be too small for roughhousing. They are highly trainable and respond well to positive reinforcement. Maltese are also very social and enjoy being around other people and animals.

The Maltese is a low-shedding breed that requires minimal grooming. They are a relatively healthy breed, but they can be prone to certain health issues, such as eye problems, patellar luxation and heart murmurs.

Overall, the Maltese is an ideal companion for those looking for a small, loving and loyal pet. They are easy to train and require minimal grooming, making them a great choice for first-time pet owners.