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Neapolitan Mastiff

Neapolitan Mastiff Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A large, muscular dog with loose skin and a wrinkled face.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.
Type:Mammal

Size:

Neapolitan Mastiffs are considered a Large Dog breed.
Weight:50-70 kg.
Height:65-75 cm (25.5-29.5 inches)
Length:70-75 cm.

Lifespan:

The average lifespan of a Neapolitan Mastiff is around 8-10 years

Behavior:

What type of dog is a Neapolitan Mastiff, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Neapolitan Mastiffs are renowned for their large size, muscular build and protective nature. They were originally bred as guard dogs and have a strong instinct to protect their family and territory. Here is a detailed overview of their personality and temperament:

  • Neapolitan Mastiffs are loyal and devoted to their family. They are known to form strong bonds with their owners and will protect them at all costs.
  • They are independent dogs and can be stubborn at times. They require a firm and consistent hand in training.
  • They are generally calm and laid-back dogs, but can become aggressive if they perceive a threat to their family or territory.
  • They are not very active dogs and prefer to lounge around the house. However, they still require daily exercise to maintain their physical and mental health.
  • Neapolitan Mastiffs are confident and self-assured dogs. They are not easily intimidated and will stand their ground when confronted.
  • They are protective of their family and can be wary of strangers. Early socialization is important to ensure they are comfortable around new people and animals.
  • They have a strong prey drive and may chase smaller animals, so it’s important to keep them on a leash or in a secure area.
  • They are generally good with children, but their large size and protective nature can make them unsuitable for families with young children.
  • Neapolitan Mastiffs are known for their droopy jowls and slobbering. They require regular grooming to keep their wrinkles clean and free from infection.
  • They are heavy shedders and require regular brushing to keep their coat healthy and shiny.
  • They are prone to certain health issues such as hip dysplasia, bloat and skin infections. Regular vet check-ups and a healthy diet are important to keep them healthy.

Overall, Neapolitan Mastiffs are loyal and protective dogs that require a firm hand in training. They are not suitable for everyone, but can make great companions for experienced dog owners who are looking for a loyal and devoted pet.

Intelligence

Neapolitan Mastiffs are intelligent dogs, but they are not considered to be one of the smartest breeds. They have a strong instinct to protect their family and property and they are loyal and devoted. However, they can be stubborn and independent, which can make training a challenge. With consistent and patient training, Neapolitan Mastiffs can learn basic obedience commands and even more advanced skills. Overall, their intelligence level is average, but their protective nature and loyalty make them excellent companions.

Trainability

Training Neapolitan Mastiffs can be challenging due to their independent and stubborn nature. They are intelligent dogs, but they can be strong-willed and may require consistent and patient training. Early socialization and obedience training are crucial for this breed to prevent any aggressive or territorial behavior. Positive reinforcement techniques, such as treats and praise, can be effective in training Neapolitan Mastiffs. However, it is important to note that this breed may not respond well to harsh or punitive training methods. Overall, training a Neapolitan Mastiff requires dedication, patience and a firm but gentle approach.

Sleep

Neapolitan Mastiffs are quite lazy and can sleep for up to 12-14 hours a day. However, they also need regular exercise and mental stimulation to prevent obesity and other health issues. It’s important to provide them with a balanced routine that includes both rest and activity.

Bark

Neapolitan Mastiffs are moderate to heavy barkers. They are protective of their family and territory, so they may bark to alert their owners of any potential threats or intruders. However, with proper training and socialization, their barking can be controlled.

Drool

Neapolitan Mastiffs are heavy droolers. They have loose jowls and a lot of skin around their mouths, which makes them prone to drooling. They drool more than most other breeds, especially after eating, drinking or exercising. It is important to keep a towel handy to wipe their mouths and prevent excessive drool from getting all over your floors and furniture.

Lick

Neapolitan Mastiffs are moderate to heavy droolers, but their licking behavior can vary from dog to dog. Some Neapolitan Mastiffs may lick more than others, but in general, they are not excessive lickers. However, they may lick their owners as a sign of affection or to show their loyalty. It’s important to note that excessive licking can be a sign of anxiety or stress, so if you notice your Neapolitan Mastiff licking excessively, it’s best to consult with a veterinarian or a professional dog trainer.

Jump

Neapolitan Mastiffs are not known for their jumping abilities. They are a large and heavy breed and their size and weight can make it difficult for them to jump very high. However, they are capable of jumping over low obstacles or fences if they are motivated to do so. It is important to note that Neapolitan Mastiffs should not be encouraged to jump excessively as it can put a strain on their joints and cause injury.

Dig

Neapolitan Mastiffs have a moderate tendency to dig. They are not excessive diggers, but they may dig holes in the yard if they are bored or trying to escape. It is important to provide them with plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to prevent destructive behaviors like digging. Proper training and supervision can also help discourage digging.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Neapolitan Mastiff the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Neapolitan Mastiff.

Exercise

Neapolitan Mastiffs are a large and powerful breed that require moderate exercise to maintain their physical and mental health. They should have at least one or two daily walks of 30-45 minutes each, along with some playtime in a fenced yard or a safe, enclosed area. However, it’s important to note that Neapolitan Mastiffs are prone to joint problems, so it’s essential to avoid over-exercising them or engaging them in high-impact activities like running or jumping. Additionally, it’s crucial to consult with a veterinarian or a professional dog trainer to determine the appropriate exercise routine for your Neapolitan Mastiff based on their age, health and individual needs.

Space

Neapolitan Mastiffs are large dogs that require a lot of space to move around comfortably. They need a minimum of a large yard or a spacious living area to accommodate their size. Ideally, they should have access to a fenced yard where they can run and play. A Neapolitan Mastiff should not be kept in a small apartment or a confined space as it can lead to behavioral problems and health issues. They need enough space to stretch their legs, play and exercise.

Apartment

Neapolitan Mastiffs are not recommended for apartment living as they are large, powerful dogs that require a lot of space and exercise. They are also known to be quite vocal and can be disruptive to neighbors in close proximity. Additionally, their size and strength can make them difficult to control in small living spaces. It is important to consider the needs and temperament of the breed before bringing any dog into an apartment setting.

Left Alone

Neapolitan Mastiffs are known for being loyal and affectionate towards their owners and they may not tolerate being left alone for long periods of time. They thrive on human companionship and may become anxious or destructive if left alone for extended periods. It is important to provide them with plenty of socialization, exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy and content when left alone. Additionally, crate training can be helpful in providing a safe and comfortable space for them while you are away.

Kid/Family Friendly

Neapolitan Mastiffs can be good with kids and families if they are socialized properly from a young age and trained to be gentle with children. However, due to their large size and protective nature, it is important to supervise interactions between children and Neapolitan Mastiffs to prevent any accidental injuries. It is also important to note that Neapolitan Mastiffs are not recommended for first-time dog owners or families with young children who may not be able to handle their size and strength.

Perfect Fit

A Neapolitan Mastiff would be a perfect fit for a household that has experience with large and powerful breeds. They require a lot of space and exercise, so a home with a large yard would be ideal. They are also known to be protective of their family, so they need to be socialized and trained properly from a young age. They are not recommended for first-time dog owners or families with young children, as their size and strength can be overwhelming. Overall, a Neapolitan Mastiff would be a great pet for an experienced owner who is looking for a loyal and protective companion.

Pros and Cons:

Neapolitan Mastiffs are large and powerful dogs that were originally bred for guarding and protecting. While they can make great companions for the right owner, there are both pros and cons to owning one. Here is a table outlining five of each:

ProsCons
1. Loyal and protective1. Can be stubborn and difficult to train
2. Low exercise requirements2. Prone to health issues
3. Calm and laid-back temperament3. Can be aggressive towards strangers
4. Excellent watchdogs4. Require a lot of space
5. Affectionate with their family5. High grooming needs

Overall, owning a Neapolitan Mastiff requires a lot of commitment and responsibility. They can be wonderful pets for the right owner, but it’s important to carefully consider both the pros and cons before bringing one into your home.

Cost:

The cost of a Neapolitan Mastiff in Australia can vary depending on the breeder, location and pedigree. On average, you can expect to pay between $3,000 to $5,000 AUD for a Neapolitan Mastiff puppy from a reputable breeder. However, prices can go up to $10,000 AUD or more for a show-quality dog with champion bloodlines. It’s important to do your research and find a reputable breeder who health tests their dogs and provides proper socialization and care for their puppies.

Breed History:

Neapolitan Mastiffs were originally bred in Italy as guard dogs and were used to protect properties, livestock and families. They were also used as war dogs in ancient times. The breed’s massive size, strength and protective nature made them ideal for guarding and protecting their owners and their property. Today, Neapolitan Mastiffs are still used as guard dogs and are also popular as family pets due to their loyalty and affectionate nature.

Current Usage

Neapolitan Mastiffs are primarily used as companion dogs and family pets today. However, they were originally bred as working dogs and were used as guardians of livestock, property and people.

In some parts of the world, Neapolitan Mastiffs are still used as working dogs. For example, in Italy, they are used as guard dogs for farms and estates. They are also used by law enforcement agencies in some countries as search and rescue dogs and for tracking and apprehending criminals.

In addition, some Neapolitan Mastiffs are trained and used in various dog sports such as obedience, agility and weight pulling. However, due to their large size and protective nature, they require experienced handlers and proper training to participate in these activities safely.

Guard Dogs

Yes, Neapolitan Mastiffs are known for their protective and guarding instincts. They are loyal and devoted to their family and will defend them against any perceived threat. However, it’s important to note that they require proper socialization and training to ensure they don’t become overly aggressive or territorial. They also need regular exercise and mental stimulation to keep them healthy and happy.

Where Are They Found?

Neapolitan Mastiffs are most popular in their country of origin, Italy. They are also popular in other European countries such as Spain, France and Germany. In the United States, they are less common but still have a dedicated following among dog enthusiasts.

Climate

Neapolitan Mastiffs are best suited to a moderate climate with mild temperatures. They are sensitive to extreme heat and cold and may struggle to regulate their body temperature in these conditions. Therefore, they should be kept in a cool and shaded area during hot weather and provided with warm shelter during cold weather. It is important to monitor their activity levels and ensure they do not overexert themselves in extreme weather conditions.

Population

It is difficult to determine the exact number of Neapolitan Mastiffs in the world as there is no centralized database or registry for all dogs. However, according to the American Kennel Club (AKC), the Neapolitan Mastiff is a relatively rare breed, ranking 111th out of 195 breeds in popularity in the United States. The breed is also recognized by other kennel clubs around the world, but their numbers are likely to be smaller than more popular breeds.

Physical Appearance:

Neapolitan Mastiffs are large and muscular dogs with a distinctive appearance. They have a massive head with loose skin that forms wrinkles and folds around their face. Their eyes are small and set deep into their skull, giving them a serious and intimidating expression. Their ears are triangular and droopy, hanging close to their head.

Their body is thick and powerful, with a broad chest and strong legs. They have a short, dense coat that comes in a variety of colors, including black, blue, mahogany and tawny. Some Neapolitan Mastiffs may have white markings on their chest and feet.

Overall, Neapolitan Mastiffs have a very imposing and intimidating appearance, with a strong and muscular build and a distinctive wrinkled face.

Coat:

Colours:

Neapolitan Mastiffs can be black, blue, mahogany and tawny in color. Some may also have brindle or gray markings.

Hair/Fur Length:

Neapolitan Mastiffs have short hair that lies close to their body.

Shedding:

Yes, Neapolitan Mastiffs do shed, but their shedding is not excessive. They have a short, dense coat that requires minimal grooming. Regular brushing and occasional baths can help to reduce shedding and keep their coat healthy. However, during shedding season, they may shed more than usual, so it’s important to brush them regularly during this time.

Grooming:

The Neapolitan Mastiff has a short and dense coat that requires minimal grooming. They shed moderately throughout the year and may require occasional brushing to remove loose hair and keep their coat healthy. However, they do not require regular haircuts as their coat does not grow long enough to need trimming. It is important to keep their wrinkles clean and dry to prevent skin infections, so regular cleaning and drying of their wrinkles is necessary.

Hypoallergenic:

No, Neapolitan Mastiffs are not hypoallergenic. They have a short, dense coat that sheds moderately, which can trigger allergies in some people. Additionally, they produce dander, which is a common allergen. If you have allergies, it is important to spend time with a Neapolitan Mastiff before bringing one into your home to see if you have a reaction.

Speed:

Neapolitan Mastiffs have a maximum running speed of around 40 km/h (25 mph).

Health:

Neapolitan Mastiffs can be prone to certain health issues, including:

  • Hip dysplasia: a genetic condition where the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, leading to arthritis and pain.
  • Elbow dysplasia: a similar condition affecting the elbow joint.
  • Cherry eye: a condition where the gland in the dog’s third eyelid prolapses, causing a red, swollen mass in the corner of the eye.
  • Entropion: a condition where the eyelid rolls inward, causing the eyelashes to rub against the eye and irritate it.
  • Bloat: a potentially life-threatening condition where the stomach fills with gas and twists on itself, cutting off blood flow to the organs.

Teeth:

Neapolitan Mastiffs typically have 42 teeth, which is the same as most other breeds of dogs.

Eyesight:

Neapolitan Mastiffs have average eyesight, which is similar to most other dog breeds. However, they have a strong sense of smell and hearing, which they rely on more heavily than their eyesight.

Nipples:

Neapolitan Mastiffs typically have 8 to 10 nipples, arranged in two rows on their underside.

Gestation:

Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Neapolitan Mastiffs is between 6 to 10 puppies. However, litter sizes can vary and may be smaller or larger than this range.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Neapolitan Mastiffs is typically around 63 days, although it can range from 58 to 68 days.

Heat:

Neapolitan Mastiffs typically go into heat twice a year, although this can vary slightly from dog to dog.

Male vs Female:

Male and female Neapolitan Mastiffs have some physical and behavioral differences. Males are generally larger and heavier than females, with a height of 26-31 inches and a weight of 130-155 pounds, while females are 24-29 inches tall and weigh 110-130 pounds. Males also tend to have a more muscular and powerful build, with a broader head and thicker neck. Females, on the other hand, have a more refined and feminine appearance. In terms of temperament, males can be more dominant and territorial, while females are often more nurturing and affectionate. However, these differences can vary depending on the individual dog’s personality and training.

Tips and Advice:

Neapolitan Mastiffs are large and powerful dogs that require proper care and attention to maintain their health and well-being. Here are some tips and advice for caring for a Neapolitan Mastiff:

  • Provide a balanced diet: Neapolitan Mastiffs require a high-quality diet that is rich in protein and nutrients. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the appropriate diet for your dog’s age, weight and activity level.
  • Exercise regularly: Despite their size, Neapolitan Mastiffs are not overly active dogs. However, they still require daily exercise to maintain their physical and mental health. A daily walk or play session in the yard is recommended.
  • Groom regularly: Neapolitan Mastiffs have a short, dense coat that requires regular brushing to remove loose hair and prevent matting. They also require regular nail trimming, ear cleaning and dental care.
  • Provide a comfortable living space: Neapolitan Mastiffs are indoor dogs and require a comfortable living space with plenty of room to move around. They also require a soft and supportive bed to rest on.
  • Socialize early: Neapolitan Mastiffs can be protective and territorial, so it’s important to socialize them early on with other dogs and people to prevent aggression and fearfulness.
  • Train consistently: Neapolitan Mastiffs are intelligent dogs but can be stubborn and independent. Consistent training and positive reinforcement are necessary to ensure they are well-behaved and obedient.
  • Monitor health: Neapolitan Mastiffs are prone to certain health issues such as hip dysplasia, bloat and skin infections. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian are recommended to monitor their health and catch any issues early on.

Food:

Neapolitan Mastiffs are large dogs and can eat a lot of food. However, their specific dietary needs will depend on their age, weight, activity level and overall health. As a general guideline, adult Neapolitan Mastiffs may require 4-6 cups of high-quality dog food per day, divided into two meals.

Regarding their food orientation, Neapolitan Mastiffs are not typically considered to be food-motivated dogs. They tend to be more independent and less interested in pleasing their owners than some other breeds. However, they still enjoy treats and may be more motivated by food during training sessions. It’s important to monitor their food intake and avoid overfeeding, as obesity can be a health concern for this breed.

Facts:

Neapolitan Mastiffs are large, powerful dogs that were originally bred in Italy as guardians and protectors. Here are three interesting facts about this breed:

  1. They have loose, wrinkled skin: Neapolitan Mastiffs are known for their distinctive wrinkles and loose skin, which helps to protect them during fights with other animals. However, this also means that they require regular cleaning and maintenance to prevent infections and other health issues.
  2. They were used in ancient Rome: The Neapolitan Mastiff has a long history, dating back to ancient Rome where they were used as war dogs and gladiators. They were also used as guard dogs for wealthy families and estates.
  3. They are loyal and protective: Neapolitan Mastiffs are known for their loyalty and protective nature, making them great family pets. They are also very intelligent and trainable, but require a firm and consistent hand in training to prevent dominance issues.

Names:

Neapolitan Mastiffs are large and powerful dogs with a history of being used as guard dogs. Their names should reflect their strength and imposing presence. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Neapolitan Mastiff:

1. Brutus6. Thor11. Odin
2. Titan7. Caesar12. Zeus
3. Goliath8. Apollo13. Nero
4. Hercules9. Samson14. Achilles
5. Maximus10. Atlas15. Odin

Famous:

Over the years, several Neapolitan Mastiffs have gained fame for their incredible feats, appearances in movies and ownership by famous people. Some of the most famous Neapolitan Mastiffs of all time include:

  • Tia – A Neapolitan Mastiff who played the role of Hooch’s girlfriend in the movie “Turner & Hooch.”
  • Max – A Neapolitan Mastiff who played the role of Fang in the Harry Potter movies.
  • Martha – A Neapolitan Mastiff who won the title of Best in Show at the 2017 Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show.
  • Luca – A Neapolitan Mastiff who saved his owner from a home invasion by attacking the intruders.
  • Brutus – A Neapolitan Mastiff owned by Dwayne “The Rock” Johnson, who often shares photos and videos of him on social media.
  • Goliath – A Neapolitan Mastiff who held the Guinness World Record for the world’s tallest dog before passing away in 2004.
  • Kilo – A Neapolitan Mastiff who became famous for his massive size, weighing in at over 250 pounds.

These Neapolitan Mastiffs have left their mark on history, whether through their performances on the big screen or their incredible feats of bravery and strength.

Summary:

The Neapolitan Mastiff is a large breed of dog that originated in Italy. It is a type of working dog that was originally bred for guarding and protecting property. The breed is renowned for its massive size, with males weighing up to 200 pounds and standing over two feet tall at the shoulder.

Neapolitan Mastiffs are known for their loyalty and protective nature. They are often described as being calm and gentle with their family, but fierce and intimidating with strangers. They also have a deep, rumbling bark, which can be quite intimidating.

The breed has a long history, dating back to ancient Rome, where they were used as war dogs. They were also used for hunting and guarding livestock. In modern times, they are primarily kept as family pets and guard dogs.

As a pet, the Neapolitan Mastiff can be a great companion for the right family. They are loyal and protective and can be very affectionate with their owners. However, they require a lot of space and exercise and can be quite expensive to care for due to their size and health issues. They are also not recommended for first-time dog owners, as they require a lot of training and socialization to be well-behaved and well-adjusted.