Skip to content


Newfoundland Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A large, friendly and hardy breed of dog originally bred for fishing and water rescue.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.


Newfoundlands are considered a Very Large Dog.
Weight:50-68 kg.
Height:68-74 cm (27-29 inches)
Length:66-71 cm (26-28 inches) from the shoulder-the base of the tail.


The average lifespan of a Newfoundland dog is typically 8-10 years


What type of dog is a Newfoundland, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Newfoundlands are known for their gentle and sweet nature, making them great family pets. They are renowned for being patient, loyal and protective of their loved ones. They are also great with children and other pets.

Newfoundlands are a very social breed and enjoy being around people. They are often described as being “gentle giants” due to their large size and calm demeanor. They are not typically aggressive or overly excitable, but they do have a playful side and enjoy playing with their owners.

Newfoundlands are intelligent and trainable. They are quick learners and respond well to positive reinforcement training methods. They have a strong work ethic and have been used for various jobs such as water rescue, therapy work and as service dogs. Newfoundlands are a loving and loyal breed that make great family pets.


Newfoundlands are considered to be highly intelligent dogs. They have an ability to learn quickly and their willingness to please their owners. They are also known for their problem-solving skills and their ability to think independently. Newfoundlands are often used as working dogs, including as water rescue dogs, due to their intelligence and trainability. Overall, Newfoundlands are considered to be one of the smartest dog breeds.


Newfoundlands are generally easy to train because they are intelligent and eager to please their owners. However, like all dogs, they have their own unique personalities and may require different training methods. They are renowned for being gentle and patient, which can make them great with children and other pets. It is important to start training early and use positive reinforcement methods to ensure success. Consistency and patience are key when training a Newfoundland. Overall, with proper training and socialization, Newfoundlands can be well-behaved and obedient companions.


Newfoundlands are heavy sleepers and can sleep for up to 12-14 hours a day. However, the amount of sleep they need can vary depending on their age, activity level and overall health. Puppies and older dogs may require more sleep, while younger and more active dogs may need less. It’s important to provide a comfortable and quiet sleeping area for your Newfoundland to ensure they get the rest they need.


Newfoundlands are generally not excessive barkers. They may bark to alert their owners of strangers or unusual activity, but they are generally quiet and calm dogs. However, like any breed, individual Newfoundlands may have their own unique personalities and may bark more or less than others. Proper training and socialization can also help reduce excessive barking.


Newfoundlands are heavy droolers. They have large jowls and a lot of loose skin around their mouths, which can cause excessive drooling. However, the amount of drooling can vary from dog to dog and some Newfoundlands may drool more than others. Regular wiping of the mouth and providing access to water can help manage the drooling.


Newfoundlands are heavy droolers and can be quite slobbery, but the amount they lick varies from dog to dog. Some Newfoundlands may lick more than others, but in general, they are affectionate dogs that enjoy licking their owners as a way of showing love and affection. It’s important to note that excessive licking can sometimes be a sign of anxiety or other underlying health issues, so it’s always a good idea to monitor your dog’s behavior and consult with a veterinarian if you have any concerns.


Newfoundlands are not known for their jumping ability. They are large and heavy dogs with a muscular build that is more suited for swimming and pulling. While they may be able to jump over small obstacles or onto low surfaces, they are not capable of jumping very high. It is important to note that excessive jumping can be harmful to their joints and should be avoided.


Newfoundlands have a natural instinct to dig, especially when they are bored or want to cool off in hot weather. However, the amount they dig can vary from dog to dog. Some Newfoundlands may dig more than others, while some may not dig at all. It is important to provide them with plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to prevent excessive digging behavior. Additionally, training and providing designated digging areas can help redirect their digging instincts.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Newfoundland the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Newfoundland.


Newfoundlands are large and active dogs that require a moderate amount of exercise to maintain their physical and mental health. They should have at least 30-60 minutes of exercise each day, which can include walks, hikes, swimming and playtime in a fenced yard. However, it’s important to note that their exercise needs may vary depending on their age, health and individual temperament. It’s always best to consult with a veterinarian or a professional dog trainer to determine the appropriate exercise routine for your Newfoundland.


Newfoundlands are large dogs and require a considerable amount of space to live comfortably. They need a spacious home with a large yard or access to open areas where they can exercise and play. Ideally, they should have a minimum of 1000 square feet of living space and a yard with at least 500 square feet of space to run and play. However, it’s important to note that the amount of space a Newfoundland needs can vary depending on their individual personality, activity level and overall health. It’s always best to consult with a veterinarian or a professional dog trainer to determine the specific needs of your Newfoundland.


Newfoundlands are not the best choice for apartment living as they are a large breed and require a lot of space to move around and exercise. They have a love of water and may not be able to get the exercise they need in a small apartment. Additionally, their size and weight can make them difficult to manage in a small living space. If you are looking for a dog to keep in an apartment, it is best to consider smaller breeds that are better suited to living in smaller spaces.

Left Alone

Newfoundlands are famous for their love and loyalty towards their owners and they can become anxious or depressed if left alone for extended periods. They thrive on human companionship and are not recommended for people who work long hours or travel frequently. If left alone for too long, they may exhibit destructive behavior or develop separation anxiety. It is important to provide them with plenty of attention, exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Newfoundlands are excellent family dogs and are great with kids. They are gentle, patient and protective, making them a popular choice for families with children. They are also very loyal and affectionate, which makes them great companions for families. However, as with any breed, it’s important to supervise interactions between dogs and children to ensure everyone’s safety.

Perfect Fit

Newfoundlands are a great fit for households that have a lot of space and time to devote to a large, active dog. They have a gentle and friendly nature, making them great family pets. They are also excellent with children and other pets. However, due to their size and strength, they may not be suitable for households with very young children or elderly individuals who may have difficulty controlling them. Newfoundlands also require regular exercise and grooming, so households that can provide ample outdoor space and time for walks and play, as well as regular grooming sessions, would be ideal.

Pros and Cons:

Owning a Newfoundland comes with its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Here is a table outlining 5 pros and cons of owning a Newfoundland:

1. Gentle and loyal nature1. High-maintenance grooming requirements
2. Great with children and other pets2. Large size requires a lot of space
3. Excellent swimmers and love water activities3. Can be prone to health issues such as hip dysplasia and heart problems
4. Calm and patient temperament4. Can be stubborn and difficult to train
5. Protective of their family and home5. High energy level requires daily exercise and activity

Overall, owning a Newfoundland requires a lot of commitment and dedication, but the rewards of their gentle and loyal nature make it all worth it.


The cost of buying a Newfoundland in Australia can vary depending on several factors such as the breeder, location, age and pedigree of the dog. On average, you can expect to pay between $2,500 to $5,000 AUD for a Newfoundland puppy from a reputable breeder. However, prices can go higher for show-quality or champion bloodline puppies. It’s important to do your research and find a reputable breeder who health tests their dogs and provides proper care for their puppies.

Breed History:

Newfoundlands were originally bred in Newfoundland, Canada in the 18th century. They were bred as working dogs for fishermen and sailors and were used for a variety of tasks such as hauling fishing nets, retrieving fish and other objects from the water and even rescuing people from drowning.

Their large size, strength and webbed feet made them well-suited for these tasks. They were also known for their swimming ability and were often used to tow boats through the water.

Newfoundlands were also used as draft animals, pulling carts and sleds loaded with supplies. Their thick, waterproof coat protected them from the cold and wet conditions of their native environment.

Today, Newfoundlands are still used as working dogs in some parts of the world, but are more commonly kept as companion animals due to their gentle nature and loyalty.

Current Usage

Newfoundlands are used for a variety of purposes, including as pets, working dogs and therapy dogs. Here are some examples of how Newfoundlands are currently being used:

  1. Water rescue: Newfoundlands have excellent swimming abilities and are often used as water rescue dogs. They can swim long distances and are able to tow boats and people to safety.
  2. Therapy dogs: Newfoundlands have a gentle and calm temperament, which makes them great therapy dogs. They are often used in hospitals, nursing homes and schools to provide comfort and emotional support to people in need.
  3. Service dogs: Newfoundlands can be trained as service dogs to assist people with disabilities. They can help with tasks such as opening doors, retrieving items and providing stability and balance.
  4. Search and rescue: Newfoundlands have a strong sense of smell and can be trained to search for missing people. They are often used in wilderness search and rescue operations.
  5. Pets: Newfoundlands make great family pets due to their friendly and loyal nature. They are affectionate with their owners and are known for their patience with children.

Overall, Newfoundlands are versatile dogs that can be used for a variety of purposes. They are highly valued for their strength, intelligence and gentle nature.

Guard Dogs

Newfoundlands are not typically known for being good guard dogs. While they are large and imposing in appearance, they are generally friendly and gentle in nature. They are more likely to greet strangers with a wagging tail and a slobbery kiss than to bark or growl at them. Additionally, their loyalty and protective instincts are usually directed towards their own family rather than towards guarding property or territory. However, their size and strength can still be a deterrent to potential intruders.

Where Are They Found?

Newfoundlands are popular in many countries around the world, but some of the countries where they are most popular include:

1. United States6. France
2. United Kingdom7. Netherlands
3. Australia8. Sweden
4. Canada9. Norway
5. Germany10. Finland

These countries have a strong tradition of breeding and owning Newfoundlands and they are often used as working dogs or as family pets. However, Newfoundlands are beloved by people all over the world and can be found in many other countries as well.


Newfoundlands are best suited to a cool and damp climate. They have a thick, waterproof coat that helps them stay warm and dry in cold and wet weather. They also have webbed feet that make them excellent swimmers, so they can handle water and snow well. However, they may struggle in hot and humid climates, as their thick coat can make them overheat easily. It’s important to provide them with plenty of shade and cool water in warmer weather.


It is difficult to determine the exact number of Newfoundlands in the world as there is no central registry or database that tracks the breed’s population. However, according to the American Kennel Club (AKC), the Newfoundland is ranked as the 35th most popular breed in the United States. Additionally, the breed is recognized by kennel clubs in many other countries, including Canada, the United Kingdom and Australia, among others. Therefore, it is safe to assume that there are thousands of Newfoundlands around the world.

Physical Appearance:

Newfoundlands are large and muscular dogs with a distinctive appearance. They have a broad, massive head with a short, wide muzzle and small, triangular ears that hang close to the head. Their eyes are dark and expressive and their thick, furry eyebrows give them a gentle, wise expression.

Newfoundlands have a thick, double coat that is water-resistant and comes in black, brown, gray and black-and-white. They have a large, sturdy body with a broad chest and powerful legs that allow them to swim and work on land. Their tails are thick and strong and they are often carried low.

Overall, Newfoundlands are impressive dogs with a commanding presence and a gentle disposition. They are loyal, intelligent and have an affectionate nature and they make excellent family pets and working dogs.



Newfoundlands can be black, brown, gray or white and black. Some may also have small patches of white on their chest, toes or chin.

Hair/Fur Length:

Newfoundlands have long hair that can grow up to 4-6 inches in length. Their hair is thick, dense and water-resistant, which helps them to stay warm and dry in cold and wet conditions. They also have a thick undercoat that sheds heavily twice a year, which requires regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling.


Yes, Newfoundlands do shed. They have a thick, double coat that sheds seasonally, typically in the spring and fall. Regular grooming and brushing can help manage shedding and keep their coat healthy.


The Newfoundland breed requires regular grooming to maintain its thick, double coat. They shed heavily twice a year, so during those times, they will require more frequent brushing to prevent matting and tangling. Weekly brushing is recommended to keep their coat healthy and shiny.

While you don’t need to cut their hair, some owners choose to trim their Newfoundland’s hair around the ears, paws and sanitary areas to keep them clean and tidy. It’s important to note that shaving a Newfoundland’s coat can be harmful to their skin and should be avoided.


No, Newfoundlands are not considered hypoallergenic. They have a thick, double coat that sheds heavily, which can trigger allergies in some people. Additionally, they produce dander, which is a common allergen. If you have allergies, it is important to spend time with a Newfoundland before bringing one into your home to see if you have a reaction.


Newfoundlands are not known for their speed and are considered a slow-moving breed. They typically have a maximum running speed of around 30kph (18 mph).


Newfoundlands are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues. Some of the most common health issues that they are faced with include:

  • Hip dysplasia: A genetic condition where the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, causing pain and mobility issues.
  • Elbow dysplasia: A genetic condition where the elbow joint doesn’t develop properly, causing pain and mobility issues.
  • Subaortic stenosis: A heart condition where the heart’s main valve doesn’t function properly, leading to reduced blood flow and potential heart failure.
  • Cystinuria: A genetic condition where the dog’s body can’t properly process a certain amino acid, leading to the formation of bladder stones.
  • Gastric torsion (bloat): A life-threatening condition where the stomach fills with air and twists, cutting off blood flow to the organs.


Newfoundlands typically have 42 teeth.


Newfoundlands have a decent eyesight, but it is not their strongest sense. They have an exceptional sense of smell and hearing, which are more important for their job as water rescue dogs. However, their eyesight is still good enough to help them navigate their surroundings and detect movement.


Newfoundlands typically have 8 to 10 nipples, arranged in two rows on their underside.


Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Newfoundlands is between 6 to 12 puppies, although some litters may have as few as 1 or as many as 15 puppies. The size of the litter can be influenced by various factors such as the age and health of the mother, genetics and environmental factors. It is important to note that larger litters may require more attention and care from the breeder or owner to ensure the health and well-being of all the puppies.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Newfoundlands is typically around 63 days, although it can vary slightly. It is important to monitor the pregnant dog closely during this time and provide proper nutrition and care to ensure a healthy pregnancy and delivery.


Newfoundlands typically go into heat twice a year, although this can vary between individual dogs.

Male vs Female:

Male and female Newfoundlands have some physical and behavioral differences. Males tend to be larger and heavier than females, with a height of around 28 inches and a weight of 130-150 pounds, while females are slightly smaller, with a height of around 26 inches and a weight of 100-120 pounds. Males also tend to have a more massive head and a thicker coat than females. In terms of behavior, males may be more dominant and territorial, while females may be more nurturing and protective of their young. However, these differences can vary depending on the individual dog’s personality and upbringing.

Tips and Advice:

Newfoundlands are large, gentle giants that make great family pets. However, they require a lot of care and attention due to their size and thick coats. Here are some tips and advice for caring for a Newfoundland:

  • Grooming: Newfoundlands have thick, double coats that require regular grooming to prevent matting and tangles. Brush their coat at least once a week and more frequently during shedding season.
  • Exercise: Despite their size, Newfoundlands are not overly active dogs. However, they still require daily exercise to maintain their health and prevent obesity. A daily walk or swim is recommended.
  • Training: Newfoundlands are intelligent dogs that respond well to positive reinforcement training. Start training early and be consistent with commands and rules.
  • Socialization: Newfoundlands are friendly dogs but can be reserved around strangers. Socialize them early with people and other animals to prevent shyness or aggression.
  • Health: Newfoundlands are prone to certain health issues such as hip dysplasia, heart problems and bloat. Regular vet check-ups and a healthy diet can help prevent these issues.
  • Diet: Newfoundlands require a high-quality diet that is rich in protein and low in fat. Avoid overfeeding and provide fresh water at all times.
  • Environment: Newfoundlands are indoor dogs that thrive in a comfortable, cool environment. Provide them with a comfortable bed and access to water and toys.
  • Love and attention: Newfoundlands are affectionate dogs that thrive on human interaction. Spend time with them, give them plenty of love and attention and they will reward you with loyalty and companionship.


Newfoundlands are big eaters due to their large size. They can consume anywhere from 4 to 6 cups of high-quality dog food per day, depending on their age, weight and activity level. However, it is important to monitor their food intake and ensure they do not become overweight or obese.

Newfoundlands are not typically food-oriented dogs, meaning they are not overly obsessed with food or prone to begging for treats. However, like any dog, they can be trained to respond to food rewards during training sessions.


  1. Water-Resistant and Webbed Feet: Newfoundlands have a thick, water-resistant double coat and webbed feet, which make them excellent swimmers. Historically, they were used by fishermen to haul nets, pull carts, and even rescue drowning victims. Their strength and swimming ability are remarkable.
  2. Gentle and Protective Nature: Despite their large size, Newfoundlands are known for their gentle disposition. They are often referred to as “gentle giants.” This breed is particularly good with children and is known to be very protective of them. Because of their protective instincts and their strength, they can be great guard dogs while also being affectionate family pets.
  3. Origin and Size: The Newfoundland dog originates from the Canadian island of the same name, Newfoundland. They were bred to work alongside fishermen in the cold North Atlantic waters. Male Newfoundlands can weigh between 130-150 pounds (59-68 kg), while females typically weigh between 100-120 pounds (45-54 kg). Their size and strength were essential for the tasks they performed in their history.


Newfoundlands are often referred to as “gentle giants” so when it comes to naming a Newfoundland, names that reflect their size, strength and gentle nature are often popular choices. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Newfoundland:

1. Bear6. Atlas11. Athena
2. Moose7. Thor12. Hera
3. Tank8. Odin13. Freya
4. Titan9. Zeus14. Luna
5. Hercules10. Apollo15. Bella


Over the years, many Newfoundlands have gained fame for their incredible feats, appearances in movies and ownership by famous people. Here is a list of some of the most famous Newfoundlands of all time:

  • Seaman – This Newfoundland accompanied Lewis and Clark on their expedition across America in 1804-1806.
  • Hairy Man – This Newfoundland was the first dog to be registered with the American Kennel Club in 1879.
  • Nana – This Newfoundland appeared in the novel “Peter Pan” by J.M. Barrie as the Darling family’s nanny.
  • Moby Dick – This Newfoundland was the first dog to be awarded the Dickin Medal for bravery during World War II.
  • Beethoven – This Newfoundland starred in the movie “Beethoven” and its sequels, becoming a beloved movie star.
  • Boomer – This Newfoundland was owned by the former U.S. President George H.W. Bush became a beloved member of the Bush family.
  • Gander – This Newfoundland was a war hero who served in World War II and was awarded the Dickin Medal for his bravery.
  • Sable Chief – This Newfoundland was a search and rescue dog who helped save lives during the 9/11 attacks.
  • Brumus – This Newfoundland was owned by actor Robin Williams and was a beloved member of his family.
  • Bear – This Newfoundland was owned by actress Grace Kelly and became a beloved member of the Kelly family.


Newfoundland is a large breed of dog that originated from the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. They are known for their massive size, strength and thick coat. They were originally bred as working dogs for fishermen, helping to pull nets and rescue drowning people.

Newfoundlands have a gentle and sweet nature. They are loyal, affectionate and patient, making them great family pets. They are also intelligent, which makes them easy to train. They are great with children and other pets and they have a natural instinct to protect their family.

Newfoundlands have a rich history, dating back to the 18th century. They were used by fishermen to help pull nets and rescue people from the water. They were also used as draft animals, pulling carts and sleds. Today, they are still used as working dogs, but they are also popular as family pets.

Newfoundlands make great pets for families who have enough space for a large dog. They require regular exercise and grooming, but they are generally low-maintenance. They are great with children and other pets and they are renowned for their gentle and patient nature. They are also great watchdogs, as they have a natural instinct to protect their family.