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Papillon Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A small dog breed with long, fringed ears and a butterfly-like appearance.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.


Papillons are considered a Small dog breed.
Weight:1.8 kg-4.5 kg.
Height:20-28 cm (8-11 inches) at the shoulder.
Length:28-30 cm.


The average lifespan of a Papillon is between 12 to 16 years


What type of dog is a Papillon, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Papillons are small, friendly and intelligent dogs that are known for their distinctive butterfly-like ears. They are highly energetic and playful, making them great companions for active families. Here is a detailed overview of Papillons’ personality, temperament and behavior:

  • Papillons have outgoing and friendly personalities. They are affectionate and love to be around their owners, often following them around the house. They are also highly intelligent and eager to please, making them easy to train. Papillons are loyal and have a strong devotion to their owners and they make great watchdogs despite their small size.
  • Papillons have a happy and lively temperament. They are highly social and enjoy being around people and other dogs. They have high energy levels and love to play and run around. Papillons are generally good with children and other pets, but they can be wary of strangers and may bark to alert their owners of any perceived threats.
  • Papillons are active dogs that require daily exercise and mental stimulation. They enjoy going for walks, playing fetch and participating in agility or obedience training. They are also known for their love of toys and games and they will often entertain themselves with their favorite toys. Papillons can be vocal and may bark excessively if they are not properly trained and socialized. They are also prone to separation anxiety and may become destructive if left alone for long periods of time.

In summary, Papillons are friendly, intelligent and highly energetic dogs that make great companions for active families. They are loyal and devoted to their owners and enjoy being around people and other dogs. With proper training and socialization, Papillons can be well-behaved and obedient pets.


Papillons are considered to be a highly intelligent breed of dog. They are quick learners and excel in obedience training and agility competitions. They have good problem-solving abilities and can be trained to perform a variety of tasks. However, like all dogs, individual intelligence levels can vary depending on genetics, training and socialization.


Papillons are generally considered to be intelligent and trainable dogs. They are quick learners and respond well to positive reinforcement training methods. However, like all dogs, the ease of training will depend on the individual dog’s personality, temperament and previous experiences. Some Papillons may be more stubborn or independent, which can make training more challenging. Consistency, patience and positive reinforcement are key to successfully training a Papillon. It is also important to start training early and socialize them well to prevent any behavioral issues. Overall, with the right approach, Papillons can be relatively easy to train.


On average, Papillons sleep for around 12-14 hours per day. However, the amount of sleep they need can vary depending on their age, activity level and overall health. Puppies and older dogs may need more sleep, while highly active dogs may need less. It’s important to provide your Papillon with a comfortable and quiet sleeping area to ensure they get the rest they need.


Papillons are alert and vocal dogs, so they do have a tendency to bark. However, with proper training and socialization, they can learn when it is appropriate to bark and when it is not. Some Papillons may bark more than others, but excessive barking can be a sign of anxiety or boredom and should be addressed by a professional trainer or behaviorist.


Papillons are not heavy droolers. They may drool occasionally, especially when they are excited or anticipating food, but it is not a common trait of the breed. Overall, they are considered to be a relatively dry-mouthed breed.


Papillons are moderate to heavy lickers. They enjoy licking their owners and other people as a way of showing affection and bonding. However, excessive licking can also be a sign of anxiety or stress, so it’s important to monitor their behavior and provide them with appropriate outlets for their energy and emotions. Regular grooming and dental care can also help reduce the amount of licking.


Papillons are known for their agility and athleticism, but their jumping ability can vary depending on their size, age and individual characteristics. Generally, Papillons can jump up to 2-3 feet high, but some may be able to jump higher with proper training and conditioning. It’s important to note that excessive jumping can be harmful to their joints, so it’s best to limit their jumping activities and provide them with safe and appropriate exercise options.


Papillons are not excessive diggers. However, like any dog breed, they may dig occasionally out of boredom or instinct. Proper exercise and mental stimulation can help prevent unwanted digging behavior.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Papillon the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Papillon.


Papillons are an active breed that require regular exercise to maintain their physical and mental health. They should get at least 30 minutes of exercise per day, but they can handle more if they are up for it. This can include walks, runs, playtime in a fenced yard or agility training. It’s important to note that Papillons are small dogs and may not be able to handle long, strenuous activities like larger breeds. It’s also important to monitor their activity level and adjust as needed based on their age, health and individual needs.


Papillons are small dogs that typically weigh between 4-9 pounds and stand 8-11 inches tall. They are active dogs that enjoy playing and exploring, but they do not require a lot of space. Papillons can do well in apartments or small homes as long as they get enough exercise and mental stimulation. A daily walk and some playtime in a fenced yard or indoor space should be sufficient for most Papillons. However, it is important to provide them with enough space to move around comfortably and play, as they are active and energetic dogs.


Yes, Papillons can be a good dog to get if you live in an apartment. They are small in size and do not require a lot of space to move around. They are also renowned for being relatively quiet and not excessively barking, which can be important in an apartment setting. However, it is important to note that Papillons are an active breed and require regular exercise and mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior.

Left Alone

Papillons are social dogs and may not tolerate being left alone for long periods of time. They thrive on human interaction and can become anxious or bored when left alone for extended periods. It is important to provide them with plenty of mental and physical stimulation, such as toys, puzzles and exercise, to keep them occupied and prevent destructive behaviors. If you need to leave your Papillon alone for an extended period, consider hiring a pet sitter or dog walker to provide companionship and exercise while you are away.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Papillons are generally good with kids and families. They are affectionate, playful and energetic, making them great companions for children. However, like with any dog, it is important to supervise interactions between children and Papillons to ensure that both are safe and happy. Additionally, Papillons are small dogs and may be easily injured if handled roughly, so it is important to teach children how to interact with them gently. Overall, Papillons can make wonderful family pets with proper socialization and training.

Perfect Fit

Papillons are a great fit for households that have a lot of love and attention to give. They are social and enjoy being around people, so they would do well in a home where someone is around most of the time. They are also a good fit for families with older children who can handle their small size and delicate nature. Papillons are active and playful, so they would do well in a home with a yard or a family that enjoys taking them on walks and playing with them. They are also a good fit for apartment living as long as they get enough exercise and attention. Overall, Papillons are a great fit for households that can provide them with love, attention and plenty of opportunities for play and exercise.

Pros and Cons:

While they make great pets for many people, there are also some downsides to owning a Papillon. Here are five pros and cons to consider:

  1. Affectionate: Papillons are known for their loving and affectionate personalities, making them great companions for families and individuals alike.
  2. Easy to train: These dogs are intelligent and eager to please, which makes them easy to train for obedience, agility and other activities.
  3. Low maintenance: Papillons have a single coat of fur that doesn’t shed excessively, making them a low-maintenance breed when it comes to grooming.
  4. Good for apartment living: Due to their small size, Papillons can thrive in smaller living spaces like apartments or condos.
  5. Long lifespan: Papillons have a relatively long lifespan compared to other small dog breeds, with an average lifespan of 12-16 years.
  1. Fragile: Papillons are a delicate breed and can be easily injured if mishandled or dropped.
  2. Separation anxiety: These dogs can develop separation anxiety if left alone for long periods of time, which can lead to destructive behavior.
  3. Prone to health issues: Papillons are prone to certain health issues like patellar luxation, dental problems and eye issues.
  4. High energy: Despite their small size, Papillons have a lot of energy and require regular exercise and playtime to stay healthy and happy.
  5. Barking: Papillons can be vocal and may bark excessively if not trained properly, which can be a nuisance to neighbors and family members.


The cost of a Papillon in Australia can vary depending on several factors such as the breeder, location and pedigree. On average, a Papillon puppy can cost between $2,000 to $5,000 AUD. It is important to do thorough research and find a reputable breeder who can provide health clearances and proper documentation for the puppy.

Breed History:

Papillons were originally bred as companion dogs and lapdogs for French aristocrats in the 16th century. They were also used as watchdogs and were trained to alert their owners to any potential danger. The breed’s name comes from the French word for butterfly, which refers to their distinctive ears that resemble butterfly wings. Papillons were also popular performers in circuses and were trained to do tricks and acrobatics. Today, they are still primarily kept as companion dogs.

Current Usage

Papillons are primarily kept as companion pets, but they can also be used as therapy dogs due to their friendly and affectionate nature. They are not commonly used as working dogs, but their intelligence and trainability make them suitable for various activities such as obedience, agility and flyball. Additionally, some Papillons have been trained as hearing dogs for the deaf and as search and rescue dogs. However, these roles are not as common as their use as pets and therapy dogs.

Guard Dogs

No, Papillons are not typically good guard dogs. They are small and friendly dogs that are more suited for companionship and agility training. They are not known for being aggressive or territorial and they are generally too small to intimidate potential intruders. However, they may alert their owners to the presence of strangers with their barking which can make them good ‘watch dogs’.

Where Are They Found?

Papillons are popular in many countries around the world, but some of the countries where they are most popular include:

1. United States6. Germany
2. France7. Spain
3. United Kingdom8. Italy
4. Canada9. Japan
5. Australia10. Netherlands

These countries have a large number of Papillon breeders and enthusiasts and the breed is often seen in dog shows and competitions. However, Papillons can be found in many other countries as well and their popularity continues to grow.


Papillons are adaptable to different climates, but they are best suited to moderate climates with mild temperatures. They have a long, silky coat that provides insulation in colder weather, but they can also overheat in hot and humid climates. It is important to provide them with adequate shade and water during hot weather and to avoid leaving them outside for extended periods in extreme temperatures. Overall, Papillons can thrive in most climates as long as their needs are met and they are kept comfortable.


It is difficult to determine the exact number of Papillons in the world as there is no centralized registry or database. However, according to the American Kennel Club (AKC), the Papillon is ranked as the 38th most popular breed in the United States, which suggests that there are a significant number of Papillons in the country alone. Additionally, the breed is recognized by kennel clubs in many other countries, including Canada, the United Kingdom and Australia, indicating that there are likely many more Papillons worldwide.

Physical Appearance:

Papillons are small, delicate-looking dogs with a distinctive butterfly-like appearance. They have a fine-boned, elegant build with a slightly rounded head and a long, tapering muzzle. Their ears are large and erect, resembling butterfly wings and their eyes are round, dark and expressive. Papillons have a silky, long-haired coat that is typically white with patches of black, brown or red. Their tails are long and plumed, carried high over their backs. Overall, Papillons have a dainty and refined appearance, with a lively and alert expression.



Papillons can be a variety of colors, including white, black, brown, red, sable and combinations of these colors. They can also have markings in other colors, such as tan or brindle. The most common color combination for Papillons is white with patches of black or brown.

Hair/Fur Length:

Papillons have long, silky hair that can grow up to 3-4 inches in length.


Yes, Papillons do shed, but their shedding is minimal compared to other breeds. They have a single coat of hair that is long and silky and they shed moderately throughout the year. However, regular brushing and grooming can help reduce shedding and keep their coat healthy and shiny. Additionally, Papillons are considered hypoallergenic, which means they produce fewer allergens than other breeds, making them a good choice for people with allergies.


The Papillon has a long, silky coat that requires regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling. They should be brushed at least once a week and more frequently during shedding seasons. They may also require occasional trimming around the ears, feet and tail to maintain their appearance. However, their coat does not require regular haircuts like some other breeds. It is important to keep their ears clean and dry to prevent infections and to trim their nails regularly. Overall, the Papillon’s grooming needs are moderate.


No, Papillons are not considered hypoallergenic. They do shed moderately and produce dander, which can trigger allergies in some people. However, some individuals with allergies may be able to tolerate being around Papillons better than other breeds due to their small size and low-shedding coat. It is always recommended to spend time with a dog before bringing them into your home if you have allergies.


Papillons can run at a maximum speed of around 24-32 kph (15-20 mph).


Papillons are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues, including:

  • Patellar Luxation: a condition where the kneecap slips out of place, causing pain and lameness.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): a group of genetic diseases that cause the gradual deterioration of the retina, leading to blindness.
  • Dental issues: Papillons are prone to dental problems, such as tooth decay and gum disease, which can lead to pain and tooth loss.
  • Collapsing Trachea: a condition where the trachea (windpipe) collapses, causing coughing and difficulty breathing.
  • Epilepsy: a neurological disorder that causes seizures, which can range from mild to severe.

It’s important to note that not all Papillons will develop these conditions and responsible breeding practices can help reduce the risk of inherited health issues. Regular veterinary check-ups and preventative care can also help keep your Papillon healthy.


Papillons typically have 42 teeth, which is the same as most other dog breeds.


Papillons have excellent eyesight. Their eyes are large and round, allowing them to see well in low light conditions. They also have a keen sense of depth perception, which helps them navigate their surroundings with ease. Additionally, their eyes are set wide apart, giving them a broad field of vision. All of these factors contribute to the Papillon’s exceptional eyesight.


Papillons typically have 8 to 10 nipples, arranged in two rows on their underside.


Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Papillons is 2 to 4 puppies. However, litter sizes can vary and some Papillons may have litters of up to 6 puppies.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Papillons is typically around 63 days, although it can range from 58 to 68 days. It is important to monitor the pregnant dog’s health and provide proper nutrition and care during this time. Regular veterinary check-ups are also recommended to ensure the health of both the mother and the developing puppies.


Papillons typically go into heat twice a year, but the timing can vary between individual dogs.

Male vs Female:

Male and female Papillons have some physical differences. Males tend to be slightly larger and heavier than females, with a height range of 8-11 inches and a weight range of 3-10 pounds. Females, on the other hand, have a height range of 8-11 inches and a weight range of 3-9 pounds. In terms of personality, males are generally more outgoing and playful, while females are more reserved and independent. Additionally, female Papillons tend to be more protective of their owners and may be more territorial than males. However, these differences can vary from dog to dog and are not always consistent.

Tips and Advice:

Papillons are small, friendly and intelligent dogs that make great companions. If you’re considering getting a Papillon, it’s important to know how to properly care for them. Here are some tips and advice for caring for a Papillon:

  • Provide plenty of exercise: Papillons are active dogs that need regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. Daily walks and playtime in a fenced yard are great ways to keep your Papillon active.
  • Groom regularly: Papillons have long, silky coats that require regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling. Brush your Papillon’s coat at least once a week and consider taking them to a professional groomer every few months.
  • Socialize early: Papillons are social dogs that enjoy being around people and other animals. Socializing your Papillon early on can help prevent shyness or aggression towards strangers or other dogs.
  • Train consistently: Papillons are intelligent dogs that respond well to positive reinforcement training. Consistent training can help prevent unwanted behaviors and strengthen the bond between you and your Papillon.
  • Monitor their health: Papillons are generally healthy dogs, but they can be prone to certain health issues such as dental problems and patellar luxation. Regular vet check-ups and dental cleanings can help prevent and detect any health issues early on.
  • Provide mental stimulation: Papillons are smart dogs that need mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behaviors. Puzzle toys, interactive games and obedience training are great ways to provide mental stimulation for your Papillon.
  • Feed a balanced diet: Papillons have small stomachs and can be prone to obesity, so it’s important to feed them a balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs. Consult with your vet to determine the best diet for your Papillon.
  • Keep them safe: Papillons are small dogs that can be easily injured by larger dogs or accidents. Keep your Papillon on a leash when outside and supervise them around children and other animals.

By following these tips and advice, you can ensure that your Papillon is happy, healthy and well-cared for.


Papillons are small dogs and typically require around 1/2 to 1 cup of high-quality dry dog food per day, depending on their age, size and activity level. However, it’s important to monitor their weight and adjust their food intake accordingly to prevent obesity.

Papillons are generally not considered to be highly food-oriented dogs, but they do enjoy treats and rewards during training. As with any dog, it’s important to establish a healthy feeding routine and avoid overfeeding or giving too many treats, which can lead to weight gain and other health issues.


Here are three interesting facts about Papillon:

  1. Papillons are highly intelligent and excel in obedience and agility training. They have been known to learn tricks and commands quickly and are often used as therapy dogs.
  2. Despite their small size, Papillons have a big personality and are known for their playful and affectionate nature. They are often referred to as “big dogs in small bodies”.
  3. Papillons have a long history, with evidence of their existence dating back to the 16th century. They were popular among European royalty and were often depicted in paintings and tapestries.


When it comes to naming a Papillon, it’s important to choose a name that reflects their charm and grace. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Papillon:

1. Bella6. Jasper11. Rosie
2. Charlie7. Lulu12. Sophie
3. Daisy8. Milo13. Teddy
4. Felix9. Oliver14. Winston
5. Gigi10. Piper15. Zoe


These small and elegant dogs have captured the hearts of many, including famous people and celebrities. Here are some of the most famous Papillons of all time:

  • Toto – Toto was the beloved Papillon of actress and singer Judy Garland, who played Dorothy in the classic movie “The Wizard of Oz.”
  • Papillon – The 1973 movie “Papillon” was named after the main character, a Papillon dog who was the loyal companion of a prisoner played by Steve McQueen.
  • Oliver – Oliver was the Papillon owned by fashion designer Valentino Garavani. The dog was a constant companion to Valentino and often appeared in photoshoots and fashion shows.
  • Bijou – Bijou was the Papillon owned by socialite and reality TV star Paris Hilton. The dog was often seen with Paris in public and even had her own line of dog accessories.
  • Mimi – Mimi was the Papillon owned by actress and singer Marilyn Monroe. The dog was a gift from Frank Sinatra and was often seen with Marilyn on movie sets and in public.
  • Toby – Toby was the Papillon who won the title of “Best in Show” at the 2011 Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show.
  • Ch. Loteki Supernatural Being – This Papillon won the title of “Best in Show” at the 1999 Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show, becoming the first Papillon to win the prestigious award.

These famous Papillons have left a lasting impression on the world and have helped to make the breed even more popular among dog lovers.


Papillon is a small breed of dog that belongs to the toy group. They are known for their distinctive butterfly-like ears, which are large and fringed. Papillons are intelligent, energetic and friendly dogs that make great companions. They are also known for their agility and obedience skills, making them popular in competitive dog sports.

Papillons have a friendly and outgoing personality and they love to be around people. They are affectionate and loyal to their owners and are good with children. They are also alert and make good watchdogs, as they will bark to alert their owners of any strangers or unusual activity.

The history of the Papillon can be traced back to the 16th century, where they were popular among European royalty. They were often seen in paintings and tapestries during this time. The breed was originally known as the Continental Toy Spaniel and it was later renamed the Papillon due to its butterfly-like ears.

Papillons are a great choice for a pet for those who are looking for a small, intelligent and affectionate dog. They are easy to train and make great companions for families with children or for individuals who live in apartments or small homes. They do require regular grooming due to their long hair, but they are generally low maintenance dogs. Overall, Papillons are a great choice for anyone looking for a small, friendly and energetic dog.