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Parson Russell Terrier

Parson Russell Terrier Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A small, energetic and intelligent dog with a strong hunting instinct.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.
Type:Mammal

Size:

Parson Russell Terriers are considered a Small Dog breed.
Weight:5-6 kg.
Height:30-36 cm (12-14 inches).
Length:33-36 cm.

Lifespan:

The average lifespan of a Parson Russell Terrier is around 13-15 years

Behavior:

What type of dog is a Parson Russell Terrier, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Parson Russell Terriers are known for their energetic, lively and playful personalities. They are intelligent and curious dogs that love to explore their surroundings. They are also very loyal and affectionate towards their owners, making them great family pets.

In terms of temperament, Parson Russell Terriers are confident and fearless. They have a strong prey drive, which means they may chase after small animals such as squirrels or rabbits. They are vocal and may bark at strangers or other dogs.

Parson Russell Terriers are highly trainable and respond well to positive reinforcement training methods. They are eager to please their owners and enjoy learning new tricks and commands. However, they can be stubborn at times, so consistent and patient training is necessary.

When it comes to behavior, Parson Russell Terriers are very active and require plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. They enjoy playing fetch, going for walks or runs and participating in agility or obedience training. They may become destructive if they do not receive enough exercise or attention.

Overall, Parson Russell Terriers are lively, intelligent and affectionate dogs that make great companions for active families. However, they require plenty of exercise and training to keep them happy and well-behaved.

Intelligence

Parson Russell Terriers are considered to be highly intelligent dogs. They are quick learners and excel in obedience and agility training. They have good problem-solving abilities and can be trained to perform a variety of tasks. However, like all dogs, their intelligence can vary from individual to individual and will depend on factors such as genetics, training and socialization.

Trainability

Parson Russell Terriers are intelligent and eager to please, which makes them relatively easy to train. They respond well to positive reinforcement training methods, such as treats, praise and playtime. However, they can also be stubborn and independent, so consistent and patient training is necessary. Early socialization and obedience training are important to prevent behavioral issues. Overall, with proper training and socialization, Parson Russell Terriers can be well-behaved and obedient pets.

Sleep

Parson Russell Terriers typically sleep for 12-14 hours per day. However, the amount of sleep they need can vary depending on their age, activity level and overall health. It’s important to provide them with a comfortable and quiet place to rest, as well as regular exercise and mental stimulation to keep them healthy and happy.

Bark

Parson Russell Terriers are vocal dogs and can bark quite a bit. They were originally bred for hunting and have a strong prey drive, which can trigger barking. However, with proper training and socialization, excessive barking can be minimized. It’s important to note that every dog is different and their barking behavior can vary depending on their personality and environment.

Drool

Parson Russell Terriers are not excessive droolers. They are a relatively low drooling breed and most individuals will only drool occasionally or when they are particularly excited or nervous. However, like all dogs, some Parson Russell Terriers may drool more than others depending on their individual genetics and health. Overall, they are not considered to be a particularly slobbery breed.

Lick

Parson Russell Terriers, like most dogs, have a natural tendency to lick as a way of showing affection and communicating. However, the amount they lick can vary depending on the individual dog’s personality and behavior. Some Parson Russell Terriers may be more prone to excessive licking, while others may not lick as much. It is important to monitor your dog’s licking behavior and ensure that it does not become obsessive or harmful to their health. If you are concerned about your Parson Russell Terrier’s licking behavior, it is best to consult with a veterinarian or a professional dog trainer.

Jump

Parson Russell Terriers are renowned for their agility and athleticism and they are capable of jumping quite high. On average, they can jump up to 4-5 feet in the air. However, their jumping ability can vary depending on their age, health and training. It’s important to provide proper training and exercise to prevent any injuries or accidents.

Dig

Parson Russell Terriers are avid diggers. They were originally bred for hunting and digging out prey, so digging is a natural behavior for them. They have a strong instinct to dig and can be quite persistent in their digging efforts. However, the amount they dig can vary from dog to dog and can depend on factors such as their age, temperament and training. It is important to provide them with plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to help prevent excessive digging behavior.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Parson Russell Terrier the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Parson Russell Terrier.

Exercise

Parson Russell Terriers are active and energetic dogs that require a lot of exercise. They need at least 30-60 minutes of exercise every day, which can include walks, runs, playtime and training sessions. They also enjoy activities like agility, flyball and hiking. It’s important to provide them with enough physical and mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior.

Space

Parson Russell Terriers are small dogs that typically weigh between 13-17 pounds and stand 12-14 inches tall. They are active and energetic dogs that require daily exercise and mental stimulation. While they can adapt to apartment living, they do best in a home with a fenced yard where they can run and play freely. A yard with at least 6-foot high fencing is recommended as Parson Russell Terriers are known to be good jumpers. They also enjoy going for walks and hikes with their owners. Overall, Parson Russell Terriers need enough space to move around and play, but their size makes them suitable for smaller living spaces as long as they receive enough exercise and attention.

Apartment

Parson Russell Terriers are not recommended for apartment living as they are high-energy dogs that require a lot of exercise and space to run around. They also have a tendency to bark and can become destructive if they don’t get enough physical and mental stimulation. If you live in an apartment and are looking for a small dog, it’s best to consider breeds that are more suited to apartment living, such as the French Bulldog, Pug or Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.

Left Alone

Parson Russell Terriers are social dogs and do not tolerate being left alone for long periods of time. They crave human interaction and can become anxious or destructive if left alone for extended periods. It is recommended that they are not left alone for more than 4-6 hours a day and are provided with plenty of mental and physical stimulation to keep them occupied. If you are unable to provide this level of attention, it may not be the best breed for you.

Kid/Family Friendly

Parson Russell Terriers can be good with kids and families, but it depends on the individual dog’s temperament and socialization. They are energetic and playful dogs that can make great companions for children who are active and enjoy playing outdoors. However, they can also be stubborn and independent, which may make them a challenge for inexperienced dog owners or families with very young children. It’s important to socialize and train your Parson Russell Terrier from a young age to ensure they are well-behaved and comfortable around children. Additionally, it’s important to supervise interactions between your dog and children to prevent any accidental injuries or negative experiences.

Perfect Fit

A Parson Russell Terrier would be a perfect fit for an active household that can provide plenty of exercise and playtime. They are high-energy dogs that require daily walks and play sessions to keep them mentally and physically stimulated. They also thrive in homes with a fenced yard where they can run and play safely. Parson Russell Terriers are intelligent and trainable, but they can be stubborn at times, so an experienced dog owner who can provide consistent training and socialization would be ideal. They are also great with children and make excellent family pets.

Pros and Cons:

Parson Russell Terriers are small, energetic dogs that make great companions for active owners. However, like any breed, there are both pros and cons to owning one. Here are five of each:

ProsCons
1. Parson Russell Terriers are highly intelligent and trainable.1. They have a high prey drive and may chase small animals or children.
2. They are very active and love to play, making them great exercise partners.2. Their energy levels can be overwhelming for some owners.
3. They are loyal and affectionate with their families.3. They can be stubborn and independent, making training challenging at times.
4. They have a short, easy-to-maintain coat.4. They may bark excessively if not properly trained and socialized.
5. They are generally healthy and have a long lifespan.5. They may suffer from certain health issues, such as deafness and skin allergies.

Overall, Parson Russell Terriers can make wonderful pets for the right owner who is willing to provide them with plenty of exercise, training and socialization.

Cost:

The cost of a Parson Russell Terrier in Australia can vary depending on several factors such as the breeder, location and lineage of the dog. On average, a Parson Russell Terrier puppy can cost between $1,500 to $3,000 AUD. However, some breeders may charge more for puppies with exceptional pedigree or show potential. It is important to do thorough research and choose a reputable breeder to ensure that you are getting a healthy and well-bred puppy.

Breed History:

Parson Russell Terriers were originally bred in the 19th century by Reverend John Russell, also known as the “Sporting Parson” for fox hunting. He wanted a small, agile and fearless dog that could keep up with horses and hunt foxes in their dens. The breed was developed by crossing various terrier breeds, including the Fox Terrier, with other breeds such as the Beagle and the Dachshund. The result was a tenacious and energetic dog that could work independently or in a pack. Today, Parson Russell Terriers are still used for hunting, but they are also popular as companion dogs due to their friendly and playful nature.

Current Usage

Parson Russell Terriers are primarily kept as pets, but they are also used for various working purposes. Here are some examples:

  1. Hunting: Parson Russell Terriers were originally bred for hunting foxes and other small game. They are still used for this purpose today, especially in countries like the UK and Australia.
  2. Ratting: Parson Russell Terriers are excellent at catching rats and other rodents. They are often used on farms or in warehouses to control rodent populations.
  3. Agility: Parson Russell Terriers are highly energetic and intelligent dogs that excel in agility competitions. They are known for their speed, agility and ability to navigate obstacles with ease.
  4. Therapy: Parson Russell Terriers are also used as therapy dogs in hospitals, nursing homes and other healthcare settings. Their friendly and affectionate nature makes them ideal for providing comfort and companionship to patients.

Overall, Parson Russell Terriers are versatile dogs that can be used for a variety of purposes. However, they are primarily kept as pets and valued for their loyalty, intelligence and playful personalities.

Guard Dogs

Parson Russell Terriers are not typically considered good guard dogs. They are small in size and friendly in nature, making them more suitable as companions and family pets than as protectors. While they may bark to alert their owners of strangers, they are not renowned for their protective instincts and are unlikely to attack or confront intruders.

Where Are They Found?

Parson Russell Terriers are popular in several countries, including the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada and Germany. They are also gaining popularity in other countries such as Japan, France and Spain.

Climate

Parson Russell Terriers are best suited to temperate climates with moderate temperatures. They can tolerate cold weather to some extent, but they are not well-suited to extremely cold or hot climates. They are also not well-suited to humid climates as they can be prone to skin problems in such conditions. Overall, they do best in areas with mild temperatures and moderate humidity.

Population

It is difficult to determine the exact number of Parson Russell Terriers in the world as there is no centralized database or registry for all dogs. However, according to the American Kennel Club (AKC), the Parson Russell Terrier is ranked 112th out of 195 breeds in terms of popularity in the United States. Additionally, the breed is recognized by various kennel clubs around the world, including the United Kingdom Kennel Club and the Australian National Kennel Council. Therefore, it is safe to assume that there are thousands of Parson Russell Terriers in the world, but an exact number is unknown.

Physical Appearance:

Parson Russell Terriers are small to medium-sized dogs with a sturdy and athletic build. They have a square-shaped head with a strong jaw and a black nose. Their eyes are almond-shaped and dark in color, giving them an alert and intelligent expression. Their ears are V-shaped and fold forward and they have a short, smooth coat that can come in a variety of colors including white, black, tan and brown.

Parson Russell Terriers have a muscular and compact body with a deep chest and a straight back. Their legs are straight and strong and their paws are small and round with thick pads. They have a high-set tail that is usually docked to about one-third of its original length.

Overall, Parson Russell Terriers are energetic and athletic dogs with a confident and lively personality. They are known for their intelligence, loyalty and strong hunting instincts.

Coat:

Colours:

Parson Russell Terriers can be predominantly white with black, tan or brown markings. They can also be tricolored with white, black and tan markings. Some may have a predominantly black or tan coat with white markings.

Hair/Fur Length:

Parson Russell Terriers typically have a short, smooth coat that is about 1-2 inches in length. However, they can also have a rough or broken coat that is slightly longer.

Shedding:

Yes, Parson Russell Terriers do shed. They have a short, wiry coat that sheds moderately throughout the year. Regular brushing and grooming can help reduce shedding and keep their coat healthy and shiny. However, they are not considered to be heavy shedders compared to some other breeds.

Grooming:

The Parson Russell Terrier has a short, dense coat that requires minimal grooming. They shed moderately and need to be brushed once or twice a week to remove loose hair and prevent matting. They only need to be bathed when necessary, such as after rolling in something smelly or dirty.

As for haircuts, the Parson Russell Terrier’s coat does not require trimming or clipping unless it becomes excessively long or matted. However, some owners may choose to trim the hair around the ears and paws for a neater appearance. It is important to note that the Parson Russell Terrier’s coat is designed to protect them from the elements, so excessive trimming or shaving can be harmful to their health.

Hypoallergenic:

No, Parson Russell Terriers are not considered hypoallergenic dogs. They have a short, wiry coat that sheds moderately and can produce dander, which can trigger allergies in some people. However, some individuals with mild allergies may be able to tolerate being around Parson Russell Terriers with proper grooming and cleaning practices.

Speed:

Parson Russell Terriers can run at a maximum speed of around 56 kph (35 mph).

Health:

Parson Russell Terriers are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain health issues, including:

– Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease: A condition where the hip joint deteriorates, causing pain and lameness.
– Patellar Luxation: A condition where the kneecap dislocates from its normal position, causing lameness and pain.
– Atopic Dermatitis: A chronic skin condition caused by allergies to environmental factors such as pollen, dust and mold.
– Lens Luxation: A condition where the lens of the eye becomes dislocated, causing pain and vision loss.
– Deafness: Parson Russell Terriers can be prone to congenital deafness, which can be caused by genetics or environmental factors.

Teeth:

Parson Russell Terriers have 42 teeth, which is the same number of teeth as most other dog breeds.

Eyesight:

Parson Russell Terriers have excellent eyesight, which is a crucial trait for their original purpose as hunting dogs. They have keen eyesight that allows them to spot prey from a distance and they are also able to track and follow scents with their noses. This combination of senses makes them excellent hunters and working dogs.

Nipples:

Parson Russell Terriers typically have 8 to 10 nipples, arranged in two rows on their underside.

Gestation:

Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Parson Russell Terriers is 4 to 6 puppies. However, litter sizes can vary and may be smaller or larger depending on various factors such as the age and health of the mother, genetics and environmental conditions. It is important to note that breeding should only be done responsibly and with the goal of improving the breed, not just for the sake of producing puppies.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Parson Russell Terriers is typically around 63 days (9 weeks). However, it can range from 58 to 68 days.

Heat:

Parson Russell Terriers typically go into heat twice a year, although this can vary depending on the individual dog.

Male vs Female:

Male and female Parson Russell Terriers have some physical and behavioral differences. Males are generally larger and heavier than females, with a height of 14-15 inches and a weight of 13-17 pounds, while females are 12-14 inches tall and weigh 11-13 pounds. Males tend to be more dominant and assertive, while females are often more affectionate and nurturing. Females may also be more prone to mood swings and hormonal changes, especially during their heat cycles. However, these differences are not always consistent and can vary depending on the individual dog’s personality and upbringing.

Tips and Advice:

Parson Russell Terriers are energetic and intelligent dogs that require proper care and attention to maintain their health and happiness. Here are some tips and advice for caring for a Parson Russell Terrier:

– Provide plenty of exercise: Parson Russell Terriers are active dogs that require daily exercise to burn off their energy. They enjoy running, playing fetch and going for walks or hikes.
– Train early and consistently: Parson Russell Terriers are intelligent and trainable, but they can also be stubborn. Start training your dog early and be consistent with your commands and expectations.
– Socialize your dog: Parson Russell Terriers can be wary of strangers and other dogs if not properly socialized. Introduce your dog to new people, animals and environments to help them feel comfortable and confident.
– Groom regularly: Parson Russell Terriers have a short, wiry coat that requires regular brushing and occasional trimming. They also need their nails trimmed and ears cleaned to prevent infections.
– Provide mental stimulation: Parson Russell Terriers are smart dogs that need mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior. Provide puzzle toys, training sessions and interactive playtime to keep your dog engaged.
– Feed a high-quality diet: Parson Russell Terriers have high energy levels and require a balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs. Choose a high-quality dog food and avoid overfeeding to prevent weight gain.
– Schedule regular vet check-ups: Parson Russell Terriers are generally healthy dogs, but they can be prone to certain health issues like allergies and skin problems. Schedule regular check-ups with your vet to catch any potential health problems early.

Food:

Parson Russell Terriers are small dogs and typically eat between 1/2 to 1 cup of high-quality dry dog food per day, depending on their age, size and activity level. However, it’s essential to monitor their weight and adjust their food intake accordingly to prevent obesity.

Parson Russell Terriers have high energy levels and love for food, which can make them food-oriented dogs. They are prone to overeating, so it’s crucial to establish a feeding schedule and limit their treats to prevent weight gain. Additionally, providing them with plenty of exercise and mental stimulation can help reduce their food obsession.

Facts:

Parson Russell Terriers are small but mighty dogs that were originally bred for fox hunting. Here are three interesting facts about them:

1. They were named after a reverend named John Russell who developed the breed in the 1800s. He wanted a dog that could keep up with horses during fox hunts and also fit into small spaces to catch the prey.
2. Despite their small size, Parson Russell Terriers are known for their athleticism and agility. They excel in various dog sports such as agility, flyball and obedience.
3. Parson Russell Terriers have a strong prey drive and love to dig. They are also known for their high energy levels and need for regular exercise and mental stimulation.

Names:

Parson Russell Terriers are energetic and playful dogs that are known for their intelligence and loyalty. They are often given names that reflect their lively personalities and adventurous spirit. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Parson Russell Terrier:

1. Jack – a classic name that suits the breed’s spunky nature
2. Charlie – a friendly and approachable name for a sociable dog
3. Scout – a name that reflects the breed’s curious and exploratory nature
4. Pepper – a spicy name for a feisty little dog
5. Finn – a name that means “fair-haired” and suits the breed’s wiry coat
6. Max – a strong and confident name for a bold dog
7. Sadie – a sweet and affectionate name for a loving dog
8. Tucker – a name that reflects the breed’s high energy and love of play
9. Bailey – a friendly and outgoing name for a sociable dog
10. Rusty – a name that suits the breed’s reddish-brown coat
11. Winston – a distinguished and regal name for a noble dog
12. Ruby – a name that reflects the breed’s bright and lively personality
13. Jasper – a name that means “treasurer” and suits the breed’s love of collecting things
14. Zoey – a name that means “life” and suits the breed’s lively and energetic nature
15. Oliver – a name that means “olive tree” and suits the breed’s adventurous spirit.

Famous:

Parson Russell Terriers, also known as Jack Russell Terriers, have been popular for their energetic and intelligent nature. Over the years, some of these dogs have gained fame for their exceptional skills, appearances in movies and ownership by famous people. Here are some of the most famous Parson Russell Terriers of all time:

1. Eddie – The most famous Parson Russell Terrier of all time, Eddie played the role of Martin Crane’s dog in the TV show Frasier.
2. Uggie – This talented dog appeared in the movie The Artist and won the Palm Dog Award at the Cannes Film Festival.
3. Nipper – This Parson Russell Terrier is the mascot of the music company HMV and appears in their logo.
4. Skip – This dog played the role of Skip in the movie My Dog Skip and won the Young Artist Award for Best Performance by a Dog in a Feature Film.
5. George – This Parson Russell Terrier is owned by the British royal family and has been seen accompanying them on various occasions.
6. Max – This dog is known for his incredible feat of catching a frisbee at a height of 5 feet and 7 inches, which earned him a spot in the Guinness World Records.
7. Baxter – This dog is owned by the American actor Ryan Reynolds and has been seen accompanying him on various occasions.
8. Moose – This dog played the role of Eddie’s son in the TV show Frasier and also appeared in the movie My Dog Skip.
9. Sprout – This dog is owned by the American actress Betty White and has been seen accompanying her on various occasions.
10. Pippin – This dog is known for his incredible feat of completing the Appalachian Trail, which is over 2,000 miles long, with his owner.

Summary:

The Parson Russell Terrier is a small, energetic breed of dog that was originally bred for fox hunting. They are known for their intelligence, agility and loyalty. This breed is highly active and requires plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior.

Parson Russell Terriers are typically friendly and outgoing with their families, but can be reserved with strangers. They are also renowned for their strong prey drive and may not be suitable for homes with small pets such as cats or rabbits.

The breed originated in England in the 1800s and was named after Reverend John Russell, who developed the breed for fox hunting. Over time, the breed was refined and became popular as a companion dog as well.

As a pet, the Parson Russell Terrier can make a great addition to an active household. They are loyal and affectionate with their families and enjoy being a part of the action. However, they do require a lot of attention and training to prevent behavioral issues. With proper socialization, they can get along well with children and other dogs.