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Pekingese

Pekingese Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A small, fluffy dog with a flat face and a lion-like mane.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.
Type:Mammal

Size:

Pekingeses are considered a Small Dog breed.
Weight:4-5 kg.
Height:20-23 cm (8-9 inches).
Length:30-35 cm.

Lifespan:

The average lifespan of a Pekingese is 12-15 years

Behavior:

What type of dog is a Pekingese, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Pekingese dogs are known for their unique personality and temperament. They are small, but mighty and have a distinct appearance with their flat faces, large eyes and long, flowing coats. Here is a detailed overview of their personality, temperament and behavior:

Pekingese dogs are known for their independent and stubborn nature. They are not always eager to please their owners and can be quite aloof at times. However, they are also very loyal and affectionate to their family members. They are known to be quite courageous and will not hesitate to defend their family if they feel threatened.

Pekingese dogs are generally calm and laid-back, but they can also be quite feisty and energetic when they want to be. They are not known to be overly active or hyper, but they do enjoy playing and going for short walks. They are not typically good with other dogs or pets and can be quite territorial.

Pekingese dogs are known for their stubbornness and can be difficult to train. They are not always eager to please their owners and may require a lot of patience and persistence when it comes to training. They can also be quite vocal and may bark excessively if they feel threatened or anxious.

Overall, Pekingese dogs are unique and charming pets with a distinct personality and temperament. They require a lot of love and attention from their owners and can make great companions for those who are willing to put in the time and effort to care for them properly.

Intelligence

Pekingeses are generally considered to be intelligent dogs. They are known for their alertness, loyalty and affectionate nature. However, like all dogs, their intelligence can vary based on their individual personality and training. With proper training and socialization, Pekingeses can be quick learners and excel in obedience and agility competitions.

Trainability

Pekingeses can be moderately difficult to train due to their stubborn and independent nature. They have a strong will and can be quite headstrong, which can make training a challenge. However, with patience, consistency and positive reinforcement techniques, Pekingeses can be trained successfully. It’s important to start training early and to use positive reinforcement methods such as treats, praise and playtime to motivate them. Socialization is also important to help them become well-adjusted and well-behaved dogs. Overall, Pekingeses require a firm and patient owner who is willing to put in the time and effort to train them.

Sleep

Pekingese dogs typically sleep for around 12-14 hours per day, although this can vary depending on their age, activity level and overall health. Puppies and older dogs may sleep more, while younger and more active Pekingese may sleep less. It is important to provide your Pekingese with a comfortable and quiet sleeping area where they can rest undisturbed.

Bark

Pekingeses are known to be quite vocal and can bark frequently, especially when they feel threatened or want to alert their owners of something. However, with proper training and socialization, their barking can be controlled.

Drool

Pekingeses are not known to be heavy droolers. They may drool occasionally, especially when they are excited or have just eaten, but it is not a common characteristic of the breed.

Lick

Pekingeses, like many other dog breeds, have a tendency to lick their owners and themselves. The amount of licking can vary from dog to dog and can depend on factors such as their personality, level of anxiety and overall health. Some Pekingeses may lick more than others, but excessive licking can be a sign of an underlying health issue or behavioral problem and should be addressed by a veterinarian or professional dog trainer.

Jump

Pekingeses are not known for their jumping ability. They are a small breed with short legs and a stocky build, which makes it difficult for them to jump very high. However, they are still capable of jumping up to a few feet in the air if they are motivated or excited enough. It’s important to note that excessive jumping can be harmful to their joints and should be avoided.

Dig

Pekingeses are not known to be excessive diggers. However, like any dog, they may dig occasionally out of boredom or to bury a bone or toy. It is important to provide them with enough exercise and mental stimulation to prevent destructive behaviors like digging.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Pekingese the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Pekingese.

Exercise

Pekingeses are a small breed and do not require a lot of exercise. They are generally content with a daily walk or two and some playtime in a fenced yard or indoor space. However, it is important to note that every dog is different and their exercise needs may vary based on age, health and individual personality. It is always best to consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate amount of exercise for your Pekingese.

Space

Pekingeses are small dogs and do not require a lot of space. They can adapt well to living in apartments or small homes as long as they have access to daily exercise and playtime. However, it is important to provide them with a comfortable and cozy space to rest and sleep. A small dog bed or crate would be sufficient for their needs.

Apartment

Yes, Pekingeses can make great apartment dogs. They are small in size and do not require a lot of space to move around. They are also relatively inactive indoors, so they can be comfortable in a smaller living space. However, it is important to note that Pekingeses still need daily exercise and mental stimulation, so regular walks and playtime are necessary. Additionally, they can be prone to barking, so proper training and socialization are important to prevent excessive noise in an apartment setting.

Left Alone

Pekingeses are known to have separation anxiety and do not tolerate being left alone for long periods of time. They are social dogs and thrive on human companionship. If left alone for too long, they may become anxious, destructive and may develop behavioral issues. It is important to provide them with plenty of attention, exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy. If you have to leave your Pekingese alone, it is recommended to gradually train them to be comfortable with short periods of alone time and provide them with toys and treats to keep them occupied.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Pekingeses can be good with kids and families. They are known for being loyal, affectionate and protective of their owners, including children. However, it is important to supervise interactions between young children and dogs to ensure that both are safe and comfortable. Additionally, Pekingeses may not be the best choice for families with very young children who may accidentally hurt or mishandle the dog due to their small size and delicate nature.

Perfect Fit

A Pekingese would be a perfect fit for a home/household that:

  1. Has a calm and quiet environment: Pekingese are known for their calm and quiet demeanor and prefer a peaceful environment.
  2. Has a small living space: Pekingese are small dogs and do not require a lot of space to move around. They can thrive in apartments or small houses.
  3. Has a family with older children or adults: Pekingese are not recommended for families with young children as they can be easily injured due to their small size.
  4. Has a family that can provide daily grooming: Pekingese have long and thick coats that require daily grooming to prevent matting and tangling.
  5. Has a family that can provide daily exercise: Although Pekingese are not high-energy dogs, they still require daily exercise to maintain their health and prevent obesity.

Overall, a Pekingese would be a perfect fit for a family that can provide a calm and loving environment, daily grooming and exercise and has a small living space.

Pros and Cons:

Pekingese are a small breed of dog that are known for their long, flowing coats and adorable faces. While they can make great pets, there are both pros and cons to owning one. Here is a table outlining some of the key advantages and disadvantages:

ProsCons
1. Affectionate and loyal1. Can be stubborn and difficult to train
2. Low exercise needs2. Prone to health problems, especially respiratory issues
3. Good for apartment living3. High grooming requirements
4. Adaptable to different lifestyles4. Can be aggressive towards other dogs and strangers
5. Great companion dogs5. Can be quite vocal and bark excessively

Overall, owning a Pekingese can be a rewarding experience, but it’s important to weigh the pros and cons before making a decision.

Cost:

The cost of a Pekingese in Australia can vary depending on several factors such as the breeder, location, age and pedigree. On average, a Pekingese puppy in Australia can cost between $2,000 to $4,000. However, it is important to note that purchasing a puppy from a reputable breeder can cost more but ensures that the puppy is healthy and has been properly cared for.

Breed History:

Pekingeses were originally bred in China as companion dogs for the imperial family. They were highly valued and were often given as gifts to foreign dignitaries. The breed was also used as a watchdog, as their small size and alert nature made them effective at alerting their owners to potential intruders. Today, Pekingeses are primarily kept as companion animals and are known for their affectionate and loyal personalities.

Current Usage

Pekingeses are primarily kept as companion pets and are not typically used as working dogs. They are known for their affectionate and loyal nature, making them great family pets. However, due to their small size and gentle temperament, they may also be used as therapy dogs in some cases. Additionally, some Pekingeses may participate in dog shows and obedience competitions.

Guard Dogs

No, Pekingeses are not typically good guard dogs. They are small and friendly dogs that are more suited to being companion animals. While they may bark to alert their owners of strangers, they are not known for being aggressive or protective.

Where Are They Found?

Pekingeses are popular in many countries around the world, but some of the countries where they are most popular include:

1. United States6. China
2. United Kingdom7. Germany
3. Canada8. France
4. Australia9. Italy
5. Japan10. Spain

These countries have a large number of Pekingese breeders and enthusiasts and the breed is often featured in dog shows and competitions.

Climate

Pekingeses are best suited to moderate climates with mild temperatures. They are not well-suited to extreme heat or cold, as they have a short snout and can have difficulty breathing in hot weather. They also have a thick coat that can make them uncomfortable in very warm temperatures. In colder climates, they may need extra protection from the cold due to their small size and lack of insulation. Overall, Pekingeses are adaptable to different climates as long as their needs are met and they are kept comfortable.

Population

It is difficult to determine the exact number of Pekingeses in the world as there is no centralized database or registry that tracks all Pekingese dogs. However, according to the American Kennel Club, the Pekingese is ranked as the 93rd most popular breed in the United States, with an estimated population of several thousand. Additionally, the breed is recognized by kennel clubs and organizations in many other countries, including the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and China, where the breed originated. Therefore, it is safe to assume that there are tens of thousands, if not hundreds of thousands, of Pekingeses in the world.

Physical Appearance:

Pekingeses are small dogs with a compact and sturdy build. They have a round head with a short, flat muzzle and large, dark eyes that are set wide apart. Their ears are heart-shaped and hang down close to their cheeks. They have a short, thick coat that comes in various colors including black, fawn, cream and white. Their tail is curled over their back and is covered in long, fluffy fur. Pekingeses have a distinctive rolling gait and a regal, dignified demeanor.

Coat:

Colours:

Pekingeses can come in a variety of colors, including black, fawn, red, cream, brindle and sable. Some may also have white markings on their chest and feet.

Hair/Fur Length:

Pekingeses have medium-length hair that is thick, straight and dense. They have a mane-like ruff around their necks and longer hair on their tails, ears and legs. Regular grooming is necessary to keep their coats healthy and free of tangles and mats.

Shedding:

Yes, Pekingeses do shed. They have a double coat of fur, with a soft undercoat and a longer, coarser topcoat. They shed moderately throughout the year, but they tend to shed more heavily during the spring and fall when they are shedding their undercoat. Regular grooming and brushing can help to control shedding and keep their coat healthy and shiny.

Grooming:

The Pekingese breed requires regular grooming to maintain its long, thick coat. Daily brushing is recommended to prevent matting and tangling of the fur. Bathing should be done every 4-6 weeks or as needed. The Pekingese also requires regular trimming of the hair around the eyes, ears and paws to prevent irritation and infection.

Some owners choose to have their Pekingese’s hair cut short for easier maintenance, but this is not necessary as long as regular grooming is done. However, if the dog’s hair becomes severely matted or tangled, it may need to be shaved off to prevent discomfort and skin irritation.

Hypoallergenic:

No, Pekingeses are not considered hypoallergenic. They have a thick, double coat that sheds moderately year-round, which can trigger allergies in some people. However, some individuals with mild allergies may be able to tolerate being around Pekingeses with proper grooming and cleaning.

Speed:

Pekingeses are not known for their speed and are generally considered to be slow runners. Their maximum speed is around 8-10 kilometers per hour (5-6 miles per hour).

Health:

Pekingeses can be prone to certain health issues, including:

  • Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome: due to their flat faces, Pekingeses can have difficulty breathing, especially in hot or humid weather.
  • Patellar Luxation: a condition where the kneecap slips out of place, causing pain and lameness.
  • Eye Problems: Pekingeses can be prone to eye issues such as dry eye, corneal ulcers and cataracts.
  • Skin Allergies: Pekingeses can develop allergies to environmental factors such as pollen or certain foods, leading to skin irritation and itching.
  • Dental Issues: Pekingeses can be prone to dental problems such as tartar buildup and gum disease, which can lead to tooth loss and other health issues.

Teeth:

Adult Pekingese dogs typically have 42 teeth. This includes 20 upper teeth (10 on each side) and 22 lower teeth (12 on each side).

Eyesight:

Pekingeses are known to have a moderate level of eyesight, but they are not considered to have exceptional eyesight. Like all dogs, they rely heavily on their sense of smell and hearing to navigate their surroundings. However, Pekingeses can be prone to certain eye problems such as cataracts and corneal ulcers, which can affect their vision. It is important to take proper care of their eyes and have regular check-ups with a veterinarian to ensure their eyesight remains healthy.

Nipples:

Pekingeses typically have 8 to 10 nipples, arranged in two rows on their underside.

Gestation:

Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Pekingeses is 3 to 5 puppies. However, litter size can vary depending on the health and age of the mother, as well as other factors.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Pekingeses is typically around 63 days, but it can range from 58 to 68 days.

Heat:

Female Pekingeses typically go into heat twice a year, although this can vary. The first heat usually occurs between six and twelve months of age and then every six to eight months thereafter.

Male vs Female:

Male and female Pekingeses have some differences in terms of their physical appearance and temperament. Males tend to be slightly larger and more muscular than females, with broader heads and thicker necks. Females, on the other hand, have a more refined and delicate appearance, with smaller heads and more slender necks. In terms of temperament, males can be more dominant and territorial, while females are generally more affectionate and nurturing. However, these differences can vary depending on the individual dog’s personality and upbringing.

Tips and Advice:

Pekingese dogs are known for their charming personalities and fluffy coats. However, caring for this breed requires some special attention. Here are some tips and advice for caring for a Pekingese:

  • Grooming: Pekingese dogs have long, thick coats that require regular grooming. Brush their coat daily to prevent matting and tangles. They also need to be bathed every few weeks to keep their coat clean and healthy.
  • Exercise: Despite their small size, Pekingese dogs need regular exercise to maintain their health. Take them for daily walks or playtime in a fenced yard.
  • Health: Pekingese dogs are prone to certain health issues such as eye problems, breathing difficulties and dental issues. Regular vet check-ups are important to catch any health issues early.
  • Diet: Pekingese dogs have a tendency to gain weight, so it’s important to feed them a balanced diet and monitor their food intake. Avoid giving them table scraps or human food.
  • Training: Pekingese dogs can be stubborn and difficult to train. Consistency and positive reinforcement are key to successful training.
  • Socialization: Pekingese dogs can be wary of strangers and other dogs. Early socialization is important to help them feel comfortable around new people and animals.
  • Safety: Pekingese dogs are small and fragile, so it’s important to keep them safe from potential hazards such as stairs, high furniture and other animals.
  • Love and attention: Pekingese dogs thrive on love and attention from their owners. Spend time with them, give them plenty of affection and provide them with a comfortable and safe home environment.

Food:

Pekingese dogs are known to have a small appetite and do not require a lot of food. They typically eat 1/2 to 1 cup of high-quality dog food per day, divided into two meals. However, it is important to monitor their weight and adjust their food intake accordingly.

Pekingese dogs are not particularly food-oriented, but they do enjoy treats and can become overweight if overfed or given too many treats. It is important to provide them with a balanced diet and limit their intake of table scraps and high-calorie treats.

Facts:

Pekingese are a small, ancient breed of dog that originated in China. Here are three interesting facts about them:

  1. They were once considered sacred in Chinese culture: Pekingese were believed to be the companions of Chinese emperors and were highly valued. It was even a crime to steal or harm a Pekingese and they were often given as gifts to foreign dignitaries.
  2. They have a unique gait: Due to their short legs and broad bodies, Pekingese have a distinctive rolling gait when they walk. This is caused by their front legs being slightly bowed and their hind legs being straight.
  3. They have a long lifespan: Pekingese are known for their longevity, with some living up to 20 years. However, they are prone to certain health issues, such as breathing problems and eye infections, so proper care is important to ensure a healthy and happy life.

Names:

Pekingese are a small breed of dog with a regal and dignified appearance. Their long, flowing coats and expressive faces make them a popular choice for pet owners looking for a loyal companion. When it comes to naming a Pekingese, many people opt for names that reflect their dog’s unique personality and appearance. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Pekingese:

1. Ming6. Gizmo11. Mochi
2. Mei Ling7. Bao12. Simba
3. Gatsby8. Toto13. Teddy
4. Winston9. Yoshi14. Pippin
5. Coco10. Kiki15. Chewie

Famous:

Pekingeses are known for their regal appearance and charming personalities, which have made them popular among dog lovers and celebrities alike. Over the years, several Pekingeses have become famous for their roles in movies, their impressive feats or their ownership by famous people. Here are some of the most famous Pekingeses of all time:

  • Gidget – This Pekingese appeared in the Taco Bell commercials in the late 1990s and early 2000s, where she was known for her catchphrase, “¡Yo quiero Taco Bell!”
  • Sun Yat-Sen’s Pekingese – This Pekingese was owned by Sun Yat-Sen, the first president of the Republic of China. The dog was said to have been a loyal companion to Sun Yat-Sen and was even featured on Chinese currency.
  • Wasabi – This Pekingese won Best in Show at the 2021 Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show, becoming the fifth Pekingese to win the prestigious award.
  • Pekoe – This Pekingese was owned by Elizabeth Taylor and was often seen accompanying the actress to events and on movie sets.
  • Mimi – This Pekingese was owned by fashion designer Valentino and was often seen sitting on his lap during interviews and fashion shows.
  • Pekingese in Disney’s “Mulan” – This Pekingese appeared in the 1998 Disney movie “Mulan” as the loyal companion of the character Fa Zhou.
  • Pekingese in “The Forbidden Kingdom” – This Pekingese appeared in the 2008 movie “The Forbidden Kingdom” as the companion of the character Lu Yan, played by Jackie Chan.
  • Pekingese in “The Last Emperor” – This Pekingese appeared in the 1987 movie “The Last Emperor” as the pet of the character Pu Yi, played by John Lone.

Summary:

A Pekingese is a small toy dog breed that originated in China. They are known for their flat faces, long coats and small size, typically weighing between 7-14 pounds. Pekingese are loyal and affectionate dogs, but can also be stubborn and independent. They have a regal and dignified personality, which is fitting given their history as companions to Chinese royalty. Pekingese were first bred in ancient China over 2,000 years ago and were considered sacred animals. They were often given as gifts to foreign dignitaries and were highly prized possessions. Today, Pekingese make great pets for those who are looking for a loyal and loving companion. They are well-suited for apartment living and do not require a lot of exercise. However, their long coats do require regular grooming to keep them healthy and looking their best.