Skip to content

Pointer

Pointer Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

Agile, athletic hunting dog breed known for its keen sense of smell and distinctive “pointing” stance when it detects game.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.
Type:Mammal

Size:

Pointers are considered a Large-sized dog breed.
Weight:20-30 kg.
Height:58-69 cm (23-27 inches).
Length:60-70 cm.

Lifespan:

The average lifespan of a Pointer is between 12 to 15 years

Behavior:

What type of dog is a Pointer, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

  • Pointers are a breed of dog that were originally bred for hunting game birds. They are known for their athleticism, intelligence and loyalty. Pointers are typically medium to large in size, with a muscular build and a short, smooth coat that comes in a variety of colors, including liver, black, orange and lemon.
  • Pointers are known for being friendly, affectionate and outgoing. They are social dogs that enjoy being around people and other animals. They are also known for being intelligent and eager to please, which makes them easy to train. Pointers are loyal and protective of their families and they make great watchdogs.
  • Pointers have a high energy level and require regular exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy. They are active dogs that enjoy running, playing and exploring their surroundings. Pointers are also known for their strong prey drive, which means they may chase after small animals if not properly trained and socialized.
  • Pointers are generally well-behaved dogs that are easy to train. They respond well to positive reinforcement training methods and enjoy learning new tricks and commands. Pointers are also known for their love of water and may enjoy swimming or playing in the water. They are good with children and other animals, but may be wary of strangers if not properly socialized.

In summary, Pointers are friendly, intelligent and active dogs that require regular exercise and mental stimulation. They are loyal and protective of their families and make great watchdogs. With proper training and socialization, Pointers can be well-behaved and affectionate companions.

Intelligence

Pointer dogs are highly intelligent and rank among the top 30 smartest breeds. They are easily trained and are known to be quick learners.

Trainability

Pointers are generally easy to train as they are intelligent, eager to please and have a strong desire to hunt and work. They respond well to positive reinforcement training methods such as praise, treats and play. However, like all dogs, they have their own unique personalities and may require different training techniques. Consistency, patience and a firm but gentle approach are key to successfully training a Pointer. It is also important to socialize them early on to prevent any potential behavioral issues. Overall, with proper training and socialization, Pointers can be well-behaved and obedient companions.

Sleep

Pointers, like most dogs, sleep for an average of 12-14 hours per day. However, the amount of sleep they need can vary depending on their age, activity level and overall health. Puppies and older dogs may need more sleep, while younger and more active Pointers may need less. It’s important to provide your Pointer with a comfortable and quiet place to sleep and to ensure they get enough rest to maintain their health and well-being.

Bark

Pointers are known to bark occasionally, but they are not excessive barkers. They are generally quiet and only bark when they sense danger or when they need to alert their owners. However, like any other breed, individual Pointers may have different personalities and tendencies, so it’s important to socialize and train them properly to prevent excessive barking.

Drool

Pointers are not known to be excessive droolers. However, like all dogs, they may drool occasionally, especially when they are excited or anticipating food. Overall, Pointers are considered to be a relatively low drooling breed.

Lick

Pointers are known to be moderate to heavy lickers, depending on the individual dog’s personality and behavior. Some Pointers may lick more than others, but in general, they are affectionate dogs who enjoy showing their love and affection through licking. However, excessive licking can be a sign of anxiety, stress or boredom, so it’s important to monitor your Pointer’s licking behavior and address any underlying issues if necessary.

Jump

The jumping ability of a Pointer can vary depending on the individual dog’s size, age and physical condition. However, on average, Pointers can jump up to 4-5 feet in the air. This makes them excellent at activities such as agility and flyball. It’s important to note that excessive jumping can put a strain on a dog’s joints and should be done in moderation.

Dig

Pointers are not known to be excessive diggers. However, like all dogs, they may dig occasionally, especially if they are bored or trying to escape from a yard. Providing them with enough exercise and mental stimulation can help prevent unwanted digging behavior.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Pointer the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Pointer.

Exercise

Pointers are a high-energy breed and require a significant amount of exercise to stay healthy and happy. They need at least 60-90 minutes of exercise every day, which can include running, hiking, playing fetch or any other activity that allows them to burn off their excess energy. Pointers also enjoy participating in dog sports such as agility, obedience and tracking. It’s important to note that Pointers are not well-suited for apartment living and require a large, fenced-in yard to run and play.

Space

The amount of space that Pointers need depends on their size, age and activity level. As a general rule, Pointers are a medium to large breed and require a moderate amount of space to move around and exercise. They are active dogs and enjoy running and playing, so a large fenced yard or access to a nearby park or open space is ideal. However, they can adapt to living in smaller spaces as long as they get enough exercise and mental stimulation. It’s important to provide them with regular opportunities to stretch their legs and explore their surroundings, both indoors and outdoors.

Apartment

Pointers are generally not recommended for apartment living as they are a high-energy breed that requires a lot of exercise and space to run around. They are also known for being vocal and may bark excessively if they are not given enough exercise and mental stimulation. If you live in an apartment, it may be better to consider a smaller, lower-energy breed that is better suited to living in a smaller space. However, if you are an active person who can provide plenty of exercise and attention to a Pointer, they can make great companions.

Left Alone

Pointers are social animals and do not tolerate being left alone for long periods of time. They thrive on human interaction and need daily exercise and mental stimulation. Leaving a Pointer alone for extended periods can lead to separation anxiety, destructive behavior and other behavioral problems. It is important to provide them with plenty of attention, exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy. If you need to leave your Pointer alone for a few hours, make sure they have access to water, toys and a comfortable place to rest.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Pointers can be good with kids and families. They are generally friendly, affectionate and loyal dogs that enjoy spending time with their owners. However, like all dogs, they require proper socialization and training to ensure they behave appropriately around children. It is also important to supervise interactions between children and dogs to prevent any accidental injuries or incidents. Overall, Pointers can make great family pets for those who are willing to provide them with the love, attention and training they need.

Perfect Fit

Pointers are active and energetic dogs that require plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. They are also intelligent and independent, which means they can be stubborn at times. Therefore, a household that would be a perfect fit for a Pointer as a pet would be one that can provide:

  1. Plenty of exercise: Pointers need at least an hour of exercise every day, so a household that enjoys outdoor activities such as hiking, running or biking would be ideal.
  2. Mental stimulation: Pointers are intelligent dogs that need mental stimulation to keep them engaged and happy. A household that can provide training, puzzle toys and other mental challenges would be perfect for a Pointer.
  3. A secure yard: Pointers are known for their strong prey drive, so a secure yard with a tall fence is essential to keep them from chasing after small animals.
  4. Time and attention: Pointers are social dogs that thrive on human interaction. A household that can provide plenty of time and attention to their Pointer would be ideal.
  5. Experience with dogs: Pointers can be strong-willed and independent, so a household with experience with dogs would be best suited to handle their needs.

Pros and Cons:

Pointer dogs are a popular breed known for their athleticism and hunting abilities. However, owning a Pointer comes with its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Here are five pros and cons of owning a Pointer:

Pros:
  1. Excellent hunting companion: Pointers are bred for hunting and make excellent companions for those who enjoy hunting.
  2. Athletic and energetic: Pointers are known for their athleticism and energy, making them great exercise partners for active owners.
  3. Intelligent and trainable: Pointers are intelligent dogs that can be easily trained, making them great for obedience training and agility competitions.
  4. Friendly and loyal: Pointers are known for their friendly and loyal nature, making them great family pets.
  5. Low maintenance grooming: Pointers have short, smooth coats that require minimal grooming, making them easy to care for.
Cons:
  1. High energy levels: Pointers require a lot of exercise and may become destructive if they don’t get enough physical activity.
  2. Can be stubborn: Pointers can be stubborn and independent, making them difficult to train at times.
  3. Prone to separation anxiety: Pointers are social dogs and may experience separation anxiety if left alone for long periods of time.
  4. Can be destructive: Pointers have a strong prey drive and may become destructive if they are not given an outlet for their energy.
  5. Health issues: Pointers are prone to certain health issues, such as hip dysplasia and epilepsy, which can be costly to treat.

Cost:

The cost of buying a Pointer in Australia can vary depending on several factors such as the breeder, location and pedigree. On average, a Pointer puppy can cost between $1,500 to $3,000. However, some breeders may charge more for puppies with exceptional bloodlines or show potential. It’s important to do thorough research and find a reputable breeder who can provide health clearances and proper socialization for the puppy.

Breed History:

Pointers were originally bred as hunting dogs. They were developed in England in the 17th century to assist hunters in locating game birds such as pheasants and quail. The breed’s name comes from their natural instinct to “point” their nose towards the direction of the prey, indicating to the hunter where the bird is located. Pointers were also bred for their speed, agility and endurance, making them excellent hunting companions. Today, Pointers are still used for hunting, but they are also popular as family pets and show dogs.

Current Usage

Pointers are primarily used as hunting dogs, specifically for bird hunting. They have a keen sense of smell and excellent eyesight, which make them ideal for tracking and pointing game birds such as pheasants, quail and grouse. Pointers are also used in field trials, which are competitions that test a dog’s hunting abilities and obedience.

In addition to hunting, Pointers are also used as search and rescue dogs, as they have a strong sense of smell and can cover a lot of ground quickly. They are also used as therapy dogs, as they are gentle and affectionate with people.

Pointers can also make great pets for active families who enjoy outdoor activities such as hiking and running. They are intelligent, loyal and energetic dogs that require regular exercise and mental stimulation. However, they may not be the best choice for families with small children or other pets, as they have a strong prey drive and may be too rough or aggressive with them.

Guard Dogs

Pointers are not typically used as guard dogs. They are hunting dogs and are known for their friendly and sociable nature. While they may bark to alert their owners of strangers, they are not aggressive and do not possess the protective instincts of breeds that are specifically bred for guarding, such as German Shepherds or Rottweilers. Therefore, Pointers are not recommended as guard dogs.

Where Are They Found?

Pointers are popular in many countries around the world, but some of the countries where they are most commonly found include:

1. United States6. France
2. United Kingdom7. Spain
3. Germany8. Italy
4. Canada9. Sweden
5. Australia10. Norway

These countries have a strong tradition of hunting and field sports, which is where Pointers excel. However, Pointers are also popular as companion animals due to their friendly and loyal nature.

Climate

Pointers are best suited to temperate climates with mild temperatures. They can tolerate cold weather, but extreme heat can be challenging for them. They are also sensitive to humidity and may struggle in areas with high humidity levels. Overall, Pointers can adapt to different climates as long as they have access to shade, water and appropriate shelter.

Population

It is impossible to determine the exact number of pointers in the world as there is no central registry or database that tracks all pointers. Additionally, there are many different breeds of pointers, each with their own populations and distributions. However, it is estimated that there are millions of pointers worldwide.

Physical Appearance:

Pointers are a type of variable in programming languages that store memory addresses. They are represented by an asterisk (*) symbol placed before the variable name. Pointers do not have a physical appearance as they are a concept in programming. However, when used in code, pointers can be identified by their syntax and behavior. They are typically used to manipulate data stored in memory and can be used to access and modify variables directly. Pointers are often used in low-level programming languages such as C and C++ to optimize memory usage and improve program performance.

Coat:

Colours:

Pointers can come in a variety of colors including liver, lemon, black, orange and white. Some may have a combination of these colors as well.

Hair/Fur Length:

Pointers have short hair.

Shedding:

Yes, pointers do shed. They have a short, dense coat that sheds moderately throughout the year, but they tend to shed more heavily during seasonal changes. Regular brushing and grooming can help to reduce shedding and keep their coat healthy and shiny.

Grooming:

The Pointer has a short, smooth coat that requires minimal grooming. They only need to be brushed once a week to remove loose hair and keep their coat shiny. They do not require regular haircuts, but occasional trimming of the nails and cleaning of the ears is necessary. Overall, the Pointer is a low-maintenance breed when it comes to grooming.

Hypoallergenic:

Pointers are not considered hypoallergenic. They have short, smooth coats that shed moderately and they produce dander, which is a common allergen. While some people with mild allergies may be able to tolerate being around Pointers, they are not recommended for people with severe allergies. It’s important to spend time with a Pointer before bringing one into your home to see how you react to their dander and shedding.

Speed:

Pointer dogs are considered to be one of the fastest breeds and can reach speeds of up to 40 kilometres per hour (25 miles per hour).

Health:

Pointers are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues. Some of the most common health issues faced by Pointers include:

  • Hip dysplasia: A genetic condition where the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, leading to arthritis and pain.
  • Elbow dysplasia: A genetic condition where the elbow joint doesn’t develop properly, leading to arthritis and pain.
  • Hypothyroidism: A condition where the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones, leading to weight gain, lethargy and skin problems.
  • Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA): A genetic condition where the retina slowly degenerates, leading to blindness.
  • Bloat: A life-threatening condition where the stomach fills with gas and twists on itself, cutting off blood supply to the organs.

It’s important to note that not all Pointers will develop these conditions and responsible breeders will screen their dogs for genetic health issues before breeding.

Teeth:

Pointers typically have 42 teeth.

Eyesight:

Pointers are known for their exceptional eyesight, which is one of the reasons they are often used as hunting dogs. Their eyesight is highly developed, allowing them to spot prey from a distance and track it with precision. They have a keen sense of vision and are able to distinguish movement and colors with great accuracy. This makes them excellent at their job and also great companions for outdoor activities.

Nipples:

Pointers typically have 8 to 10 nipples, arranged in two rows on their underside.

Gestation:

Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Pointers is between 6 to 8 puppies. However, litter size can vary depending on the health and age of the mother, as well as the breeding practices of the breeder. It is important to note that larger litters may require more attention and care from the breeder to ensure the health and well-being of all the puppies.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Pointers is typically around 63 days, give or take a few days.

Heat:

Female Pointers typically go into heat twice a year, although this can vary depending on the individual dog. The heat cycle usually lasts for around three weeks.

Male vs Female:

Male and female Pointers have some differences in their physical and behavioral characteristics. Males are generally larger and heavier than females, with a height range of 25-28 inches and a weight range of 55-75 pounds, while females have a height range of 23-26 inches and a weight range of 45-65 pounds. Females tend to be more agile and quicker than males, while males are more muscular and have a stronger build. In terms of temperament, females are often more independent and stubborn, while males are more affectionate and eager to please. However, these differences can vary depending on the individual dog and their upbringing and training.

Tips and Advice:

As a Pointer owner, it is important to provide proper care and attention to your furry friend. Here are some tips and advice for caring for a Pointer:

  • Exercise: Pointers are high-energy dogs that require plenty of exercise. Plan for at least an hour of exercise each day, such as running, hiking or playing fetch.
  • Training: Pointers are intelligent dogs that respond well to positive reinforcement training. Start training early and be consistent with commands and rewards.
  • Grooming: Pointers have short, smooth coats that require minimal grooming. Brush their coat once a week and bathe them as needed.
  • Nutrition: Feed your Pointer a high-quality dog food that meets their nutritional needs. Avoid overfeeding and provide plenty of fresh water.
  • Health: Schedule regular check-ups with your veterinarian and keep up-to-date with vaccinations and preventative care. Watch for signs of health issues, such as hip dysplasia or allergies.
  • Socialization: Pointers are social dogs that enjoy spending time with their family and other dogs. Socialize your Pointer early and often to prevent behavior issues.
  • Mental stimulation: Pointers are intelligent dogs that require mental stimulation. Provide puzzle toys, training sessions and other activities to keep them mentally engaged.
  • Safety: Pointers are curious dogs that can be prone to wandering. Keep your Pointer on a leash or in a fenced area to prevent them from getting lost or injured.
  • Love and attention: Pointers are affectionate dogs that thrive on love and attention from their family. Spend time with your Pointer, give them plenty of affection and make them a part of your daily routine.

Food:

The amount of food a Pointer needs depends on their age, weight and activity level. As a general guideline, adult Pointers typically eat 2-3 cups of high-quality dry dog food per day, divided into two meals. However, it’s important to monitor their weight and adjust their food intake accordingly.

Pointers are known to be food-oriented dogs, meaning they are highly motivated by food and treats. This can make them easier to train using positive reinforcement methods that involve food rewards. However, it’s important to monitor their food intake and avoid overfeeding, as obesity can lead to health problems in dogs.

Facts:

Pointer dogs are a popular breed among hunters and families alike. Here are three interesting facts about this breed:

  1. They were originally bred for hunting: Pointers were developed in England in the 17th century for the purpose of hunting game birds. Their keen sense of smell and ability to point out the location of birds made them a valuable asset to hunters.
  2. They are highly athletic: Pointers are known for their speed and agility. They have a muscular build and are capable of running at high speeds for extended periods of time. This makes them great companions for active owners who enjoy outdoor activities like hiking and running.
  3. They are intelligent and trainable: Pointers are highly intelligent dogs that are easy to train. They are eager to please their owners and respond well to positive reinforcement training methods. This makes them a great choice for first-time dog owners or families with children.

Names:

Pointers are a breed of dog known for their athleticism, intelligence and hunting abilities. They are often given names that reflect their active and adventurous nature. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Pointer:

1. Scout6. Ryder11. Nova
2. Hunter7. Maverick12. Luna
3. Chase8. Apollo13. Stella
4. Dash9. Zeus14. Ruby
5. Blaze10. Athena15. Jasper

Famous:

Pointers are a breed of hunting dogs that are known for their athleticism, intelligence and loyalty. Over the years, many Pointers have gained fame for their impressive abilities and accomplishments. Here are some of the most famous Pointers of all time:

  1. Dixie – Dixie was a Pointer owned by President Jimmy Carter and his family. She was known for her friendly personality and often accompanied the President on walks around the White House grounds.
  2. Tramp – Tramp was a Pointer who starred in the 1955 film “The Dam Busters”. He played the role of a military dog who helped to locate enemy targets during World War II.
  3. Nellie – Nellie was a Pointer who set a world record for the longest blind retrieve by a dog. She swam over 3 miles to retrieve a duck that had been shot by her owner.
  4. Patsy Ann – Patsy Ann was a famous dog in Juneau, Alaska, who greeted ships as they arrived in port. She was a Pointer mix and became known as the “Official Greeter of Juneau”.
  5. Betsy – Betsy was a Pointer who was trained to detect landmines in war-torn countries. She worked for the Mine Detection Center in Bosnia and Herzegovina and helped to clear over 1,000 landmines.

These Pointers have left their mark on history and continue to inspire dog lovers around the world.

Summary:

A Pointer is a type of hunting dog that is known for its exceptional ability to locate and point out game birds for their human companions. There are several different breeds of Pointer, including the English Pointer, German Shorthaired Pointer and the Pointer Setter.

Pointers are highly intelligent, energetic and athletic dogs that require plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to stay happy and healthy. They are known for their excellent sense of smell and their ability to track and locate game birds from a distance.

In terms of personality, Pointers are typically friendly, outgoing and affectionate dogs that make great companions for active families. They are loyal and protective of their owners, but can also be independent and stubborn at times.

The history of the Pointer dates back several centuries to Europe, where they were originally bred for hunting purposes. Over time, different breeds of Pointer were developed to suit different hunting styles and environments.

As a pet, a Pointer can make a great addition to an active household that enjoys spending time outdoors. They require plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to stay happy and healthy, so they are best suited for owners who are willing to provide them with plenty of attention and exercise. With proper training and socialization, a Pointer can be a loyal and loving companion for many years to come.