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Pomeranian Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A small, fluffy dog breed with a lively and playful personality.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.


Pomeranians are considered a very small dog breed. read more >>
Weight:3-7 kg (6.6-15.4 lbs).
Height:25 cm (10 inches).
Length:25-30 cm (10-12 inches).


The average lifespan of a Pomeranian is 12-16 years. read more >>


What type of dog is a Pomeranian, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Pomeranians are a small, lively and intelligent breed of dog. They are known for their outgoing and friendly personalities, making them great companions for families. They are also very loyal and devoted to their owners and they love to be the center of attention. Pomeranians are usually very active and playful and they love to be around people. They are also very curious and can be quite mischievous at times.

Pomeranians are usually very eager to please their owners and are very trainable. They are also very intelligent and can learn commands quickly. They are also very alert and make good watchdogs, as they will bark to alert their owners of any intruders.

Pomeranians can be quite vocal and will bark when they are excited or when they want something. They can also be quite stubborn at times and may not always listen to commands. They can also be quite protective of their owners and may become aggressive towards strangers if they are not properly socialized.

Overall, Pomeranians are a great breed of dog for families. They are very loyal, loving and affectionate and they make great companions. They are also very intelligent and can be trained easily. They are also very active and love to play, making them great for families with children.


Pomeranians are intelligent dogs and can learn commands and tricks quickly. They are also very eager to please their owners and can be trained with positive reinforcement. read more >>


Pomeranians are generally easy to train, as they are intelligent and eager to please. They respond well to positive reinforcement and consistent training. With patience and consistency, you can teach your Pomeranian basic commands and tricks. read more >>


Pomeranians typically sleep for 12-14 hours per day, with some napping throughout the day and sleeping for longer periods at night. However, the amount of sleep can vary depending on the age, activity level and health of the individual dog. It’s important to provide a comfortable and quiet sleeping area for your Pomeranian to help them get the rest they need.


Pomeranians can bark quite a bit, especially when they are excited or anxious. Some Pomeranians bark more than others, so it is difficult to give an exact answer. read more >>


Pomeranians typically do not drool very much. Some may drool a little bit, but it is usually not excessive. read more >>


Pomeranians are known to be affectionate and social dogs and they may lick their owners or other dogs as a sign of affection or to show submission. However, the amount of licking can vary depending on the individual dog’s personality and behavior. Some Pomeranians may lick more than others, but excessive licking can also be a sign of anxiety or stress. It’s important to monitor your Pomeranian’s licking behavior and seek advice from a veterinarian if you have concerns. read more >>


Pomeranians are small dogs and typically have a maximum jumping height of around 1 to 1.5 meters (3 to 5 feet). However, it’s important to note that jumping can be dangerous for small dogs and can lead to injuries, so it’s best to avoid encouraging excessive jumping. read more >>


Pomeranians can be prone to digging, especially if they are bored or anxious. To discourage digging, it is important to provide your Pomeranian with plenty of mental and physical stimulation, such as daily walks, interactive toys and training sessions.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Pomeranian the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Pomeranian.


Pomeranians are a small breed of dog and require only moderate exercise. A daily walk or two, some playtime in the yard and a few short training sessions should be enough to keep your Pomeranian healthy and happy. read more >>


Pomeranians need a moderate amount of space to be happy and healthy. They should have access to a secure, fenced-in yard or a safe, enclosed area for regular exercise and playtime. They also need plenty of indoor space to move around and explore.


Yes, Pomeranians can make great apartment dogs. They are small, active and don’t require a lot of space. They are also very loyal and affectionate, making them great companions. However, they do require regular exercise and mental stimulation, so it is important to make sure you have the time and energy to provide these things. read more >>

Left Alone

No, Pomeranians do not tolerate being left alone. They are very social dogs that need companionship and attention. If left alone for too long, they can become anxious and destructive. It is important to provide them with plenty of exercise, mental stimulation and companionship to keep them happy and healthy.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Pomeranians are generally good with kids and families. They are loyal and affectionate and they make great family pets. They may be a bit too small for very young children, so it’s important to supervise any interactions between them and small children. read more >>

Perfect Fit

Pomeranians are a great fit for any type of household. They are small, friendly and adaptable, so they can fit into any home. They are also very loyal and affectionate, so they make great companions for singles, couples and families alike. They do need regular exercise and attention, so they are best suited for households that can provide them with plenty of love and attention.

Pros and Cons:

While they make great companions, there are also some downsides to owning one. Here are five pros and cons of owning a Pomeranian:

1. Affectionate and loyal1. Can be prone to barking excessively
2. Easy to train and eager to please2. Require regular grooming to maintain their coat
3. Small size makes them great for apartment living3. Can be prone to health issues such as dental problems and luxating patella
4. Playful and energetic4. May not be suitable for families with young children due to their delicate size
5. Intelligent and curious5. May suffer from separation anxiety if left alone for long periods of time

Overall, owning a Pomeranian can be a rewarding experience for those who are willing to provide the necessary care and attention. However, it’s important to consider both the pros and cons before making a decision to bring one into your home.


The cost of a Pomeranian in Australia can vary greatly depending on the breeder, the age and quality of the dog and other factors. Generally, you can expect to pay anywhere from $1,000 to $3,000 for a Pomeranian puppy in Australia. read more >>

Breed History:

Pomeranians were originally bred as working dogs in the Arctic regions of Pomerania, a region in northern Europe. They were used to herd sheep and pull sleds. Over the years, they have been bred to be smaller and more companionable, making them popular as lapdogs and show dogs.

Current Usage

Pomeranians are primarily kept as companion animals and are very popular as pets. They are also used in agility, obedience and show competitions. They can also be used as therapy dogs and have been known to be used as guard dogs. Pomeranians have also been used as working dogs in search and rescue, as well as in the military.

Guard Dogs

Pomeranians are not typically considered good guard dogs. They are small in size and have a friendly and affectionate nature, which makes them more suitable as companion dogs rather than guard dogs. However, they may bark to alert their owners of strangers or unusual activity, but they are not likely to be effective in protecting their owners or property. If you are looking for a guard dog, it is best to consider breeds that are specifically bred for that purpose, such as German Shepherds, Rottweilers or Doberman Pinschers. read more >>

Where Are They Found?

Pomeranians are popular in many countries around the world, but some of the countries where they are most popular include:

1. United States6. Australia
2. United Kingdom7. Canada
3. Germany8. France
4. Russia9. Italy
5. Japan10. South Korea

These countries have a large number of Pomeranian breeders, enthusiasts and owners and the breed is often featured in dog shows and competitions. read more >>


Pomeranians are best suited to moderate climates with mild temperatures. They can tolerate both warm and cool temperatures, but extreme heat or cold can be uncomfortable for them. It is important to provide them with adequate shelter and protection from harsh weather conditions. read more >>


It is difficult to determine the exact number of Pomeranians in the world as there is no centralized database or registry. However, according to the American Kennel Club, Pomeranians were the 23rd most popular breed in the United States in 2020. Additionally, Pomeranians are a popular breed in many other countries, so it is safe to say that there are likely hundreds of thousands, if not millions, of Pomeranians worldwide.

Physical Appearance:

Pomeranians are small, compact dogs with a fluffy double coat that comes in a variety of colors including orange, cream, black and sable. They have a distinctive fox-like face with a short, pointed muzzle and small, erect ears. Their eyes are round and dark, giving them a bright and alert expression. Pomeranians have a thick, bushy tail that curls over their back and adds to their overall fluffy appearance. They have a sturdy and well-proportioned body with a slightly rounded chest and a straight, level back. Despite their small size, Pomeranians have a confident and lively personality that makes them stand out in a crowd. read more and view all Pomeranian images >>



Pomeranians can be a variety of colors, including black, white orange, cream, sable, blue, brown, red and parti-color.

Hair/Fur Length:

Pomeranians typically have a double coat of medium-length fur. The outer coat is long and straight, while the undercoat is soft and thick. The hair on the head, legs and tail is usually longer than the rest of the body.


Yes, Pomeranians do shed. They are considered a moderate shedding breed and they will shed more heavily during the spring and fall. Regular brushing and grooming can help to reduce the amount of shedding. read more >>


The Pomeranian requires regular grooming to keep its coat healthy and free of mats. This includes brushing its coat at least twice a week and trimming its fur every few months. You may need to cut its hair to keep it looking neat, but it is not necessary.


Yes, Pomeranians are considered to be hypoallergenic.


Pomeranians can run up to 30 kilometers per hour (19 mph). read more >>


Pomeranians are generally healthy dogs, but they are prone to certain health issues. These include:

  • Luxating patella: a condition in which the kneecap slips out of place.
  • Hypoglycemia: a condition in which the dog’s blood sugar levels drop too low.
  • Collapsed trachea: a condition in which the windpipe collapses, making it difficult to breathe.
  • Heart disease: a condition in which the heart is unable to pump blood efficiently.
  • Eye problems: a variety of eye issues, such as cataracts, glaucoma and retinal detachment.



Pomeranians have a total of 42 teeth, just like all other breeds of dogs. read more >>


Pomeranians generally have good eyesight, but like all dogs, their vision can deteriorate with age or due to certain health conditions. It’s important to take your Pomeranian for regular check-ups with a veterinarian to monitor their eye health and address any issues that may arise.


Pomeranians usually have eight to ten nipples. The nipples are typically evenly distributed along the underside of the abdomen. This count applies to both male and female Pomeranians.


Litter Size:

The average litter size for Pomeranians is between 1 and 4 puppies.

Gestation Period:

The average gestation period for Pomeranians is 63 days. read more >>


Pomeranians typically go into heat twice a year, but this can vary depending on the individual dog.

Male vs Female:

There are several differences between male and female Pomeranians:

  1. Size: Generally, male Pomeranians are slightly larger than females.
  2. Coat: Male Pomeranians tend to have a thicker and fuller coat than females.
  3. Temperament: Both male and female Pomeranians can be affectionate and loyal, but males tend to be more outgoing and energetic, while females are often more reserved and independent.
  4. Health: Female Pomeranians are more prone to certain health issues, such as reproductive problems and urinary tract infections, while males are more prone to testicular cancer.
  5. Training: Male Pomeranians can be more difficult to train than females, as they can be more stubborn and independent.

Overall, the differences between male and female Pomeranians are relatively minor, and both make great pets. read more >>

Tips and Advice:

Caring for these delightful companions requires attention to their specific needs. Here are some essential tips: Regular Grooming: Pomeranians have a thick double coat that requires regular grooming to prevent matting and keep their coat healthy. Brush their fur daily and consider professional grooming every few months.

  • Socialization and Training: Start socializing your Pomeranian from a young age to ensure they are comfortable around different people, animals and environments. Train them using positive reinforcement techniques to encourage good behavior and obedience.
  • Exercise and Playtime: While Pomeranians are small, they still need regular exercise to maintain a healthy weight and prevent boredom. Short walks, indoor play sessions and interactive toys can help fulfill their exercise needs.
  • Dental Care: Pomeranians are prone to dental issues, so establish a regular dental care routine. Brush their teeth regularly using a dog-specific toothpaste and provide dental chews or toys to promote good oral hygiene.
  • Balanced Diet: Consult with your veterinarian to determine the appropriate diet for your Pomeranian’s age, size and activity level. Feed them a high-quality, balanced diet to maintain their overall health and prevent weight gain.
  • Safety Measures: Pomeranians are small and can be vulnerable to injury. Ensure your home is puppy-proofed, keeping small objects, toxic substances and electrical cords out of their reach. Use a harness and leash when walking to prevent them from slipping out of collars.
  • Regular Veterinary Check-ups: Schedule regular veterinary check-ups to monitor your Pomeranian’s overall health, vaccinations and preventive care. Pomeranians may be prone to certain health issues like dental problems, luxating patella or collapsed trachea, so regular check-ups are crucial.
  • Temperature Sensitivity: Pomeranians have a thick coat but can be sensitive to extreme temperatures. Protect them from excessive heat by providing shade, fresh water and avoiding walks during the hottest parts of the day. In cold weather, provide them with warm clothing or consider indoor potty training.
  • Attention and Companionship: Pomeranians thrive on human companionship and enjoy being a part of the family. Spend quality time with your Pomeranian, provide them with attention and ensure they have mental stimulation through play and interaction.

Remember, Pomeranians are lively and affectionate dogs that bring joy to their owners. With proper care, grooming and attention to their specific needs, they can be wonderful companions for individuals and families alike.


Pomeranians typically eat between 1/4 and 1/2 cup of high-quality dry dog food per day, divided into two meals. They are not particularly food-oriented dogs, but they do enjoy treats and may become overweight if they are overfed. read more >>


Here are three interesting facts about Pomeranians:

  1. They were once much larger: Pomeranians were originally bred as larger sled dogs in the region of Pomerania, which is now part of Poland and Germany. Over time, they were selectively bred to be smaller and more suitable as companion dogs.
  2. They have a lot of energy: Despite their small size, Pomeranians are known for their high energy levels and love of play. They are often described as “big dogs in small bodies” because of their lively personalities.
  3. They can be prone to dental problems: Pomeranians are known for having small mouths and crowded teeth, which can make them more susceptible to dental issues like tooth decay and gum disease. Regular dental care is important for keeping their teeth healthy.



When it comes to naming a Pomeranian, it’s important to choose a name that reflects their adorable and spunky nature. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Pomeranian:

  1. Teddy – A classic name that suits the cuddly and fluffy appearance of Pomeranians.
  2. Mimi – A cute and playful name that is perfect for a small dog like a Pomeranian.
  3. Gizmo – A fun and quirky name that reflects the energetic and curious nature of Pomeranians.
  4. Coco – A sweet and charming name that is perfect for a Pomeranian with a bubbly personality.
  5. Biscuit – A cute and whimsical name that suits the small and adorable size of Pomeranians.
  6. Sparky – A lively and energetic name that reflects the playful nature of Pomeranians.
  7. Luna – A mystical and enchanting name that is perfect for a Pomeranian with a unique personality.
  8. Charlie – A classic and timeless name that is perfect for a Pomeranian with a friendly and outgoing personality.
  9. Bella – A beautiful and elegant name that is perfect for a Pomeranian with a regal appearance.
  10. Max – A strong and confident name that suits the bold and fearless nature of Pomeranians.
  11. Daisy – A sweet and cheerful name that is perfect for a Pomeranian with a sunny disposition.
  12. Peanut – A cute and quirky name that reflects the small and adorable size of Pomeranians.
  13. Rocky – A tough and rugged name that suits the feisty and spirited nature of Pomeranians.
  14. Roxy – A fun and spunky name that is perfect for a Pomeranian with a lively personality.
  15. Simba – A bold and adventurous name that is perfect for a Pomeranian with a fearless spirit.


From movies to social media, these tiny dogs have captured the hearts of many. Here are some of the most famous Pomeranians of all time:

  1. Boo – Known as the “World’s Cutest Dog,” Boo gained fame on social media with his fluffy appearance and adorable outfits.
  2. Toto – The beloved companion of Dorothy in the classic film “The Wizard of Oz,” Toto was a Cairn Terrier but was often mistaken for a Pomeranian.
  3. Jiffpom – With over 10 million followers on Instagram, Jiffpom is a social media sensation known for his cute outfits and impressive tricks.
  4. Gidget – The Taco Bell Chihuahua may have been a different breed, but the original dog used in the commercials was actually a Pomeranian named Gidget.
  5. Tinkerbell – Owned by Paris Hilton, Tinkerbell was a regular on the reality show “The Simple Life” and even had her own line of dog clothing.
  6. Buddy – The first dog of the Obama family, Buddy was a Pomeranian-Scottish Terrier mix who captured the hearts of the nation during his time in the White House.
  7. Pom Pom – This Pomeranian starred alongside Elvis Presley in the film “Blue Hawaii” and even had his own fan club.
  8. Pomeranian Boo – This Pomeranian was owned by fashion designer Karl Lagerfeld and was often seen accompanying him to events and fashion shows.
  9. Jax – This Pomeranian made headlines when he saved his family from a house fire by barking and alerting them to the danger.
  10. Teddy Bear – This Pomeranian became famous for his impressive skateboarding skills and even appeared on “America’s Got Talent.”


The Pomeranian is a small, active and intelligent breed of dog. It is a member of the Spitz family, which is characterized by its thick, double coat that can come in a variety of colors. Pomeranians are known for their lively personalities, loyalty and affectionate nature.

The Pomeranian is a descendant of the larger Spitz breeds from the Arctic regions of Europe and Asia. It was developed in the 1800s in the region of Pomerania, which is now part of Germany and Poland. The breed was popularized by Queen Victoria, who owned a Pomeranian named Marco.

Pomeranians are alert and curious, making them excellent watchdogs. They are also very friendly and outgoing and they love to be the center of attention. They are intelligent and easy to train, but they can be stubborn at times.

Pomeranians are ideal pets for people who live in apartments or small homes. They are small enough to fit into a small living space and they don’t require a lot of exercise. They are also great companions for people who are looking for a loyal and affectionate pet.