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Pomeranian Health Problems – 10 Most Common Health Issues

Maintaining your Pomeranian’s health starts with regular veterinary check-ups. A comprehensive examination can detect early signs of potential health issues and ensure your furry companion receives the appropriate preventive care and vaccinations. Additionally, a balanced diet, regular exercise and proper grooming are crucial aspects of keeping your Pomeranian healthy and happy.

10 Most Common Health Problems & Issues in Pomeranians

1. Dental Issues:

Dental problems are prevalent in Pomeranians, just as in many other small dog breeds. Poor dental hygiene can lead to plaque buildup, tartar formation and eventually periodontal disease. Left untreated, dental issues can cause pain, difficulty eating and even systemic infections.

  • Symptoms: Bad breath (halitosis), excessive drooling, reluctance to eat or chew on toys and red, swollen, or bleeding gums
  • Causes: Lack of dental care and genetics
  • Treatment: Regular brushing of teeth, dental cleanings performed by a veterinarian and Dental treats and toys designed to promote oral health
2. Luxating Patella (Kneecap Dislocation):

Luxating patella is a common joint problem in Pomeranians, where the kneecap dislocates from its normal position. This condition can lead to pain and mobility issues.

  • Symptoms: Lameness or limping, Reluctance to put weight on the affected leg and difficulty walking or running
  • Causes: Genetics and Injury or trauma
  • Treatment: Medications to manage pain and inflammation, physical therapy and exercise to strengthen the surrounding muscles and surgical correction if necessary
3. Hypothyroidism:

Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormones, leading to various metabolic imbalances.

  • Symptoms: Weight gain or difficulty losing weight and lethargy and decreased energy levels. Hair loss, especially on the tail and trunk. Skin problems, such as dryness and flakiness
  • Causes: Autoimmune disease and genetic predisposition
  • Treatment: Hormone replacement therapy to supplement thyroid hormones. Dietary management and regular exercise
4. Tracheal Collapse:

Tracheal collapse affects the windpipe, leading to breathing difficulties, especially during physical exertion.

  • Symptoms: Chronic cough, often described as a honking sound. Difficulty breathing and exercise intolerance
  • Causes: Genetics, obesity and exposure to irritants, such as smoke or chemical fumes
  • Treatment: Weight management to reduce stress on the trachea. Medications to alleviate coughing and inflammation. Avoiding irritants that can trigger symptoms
5. Epilepsy:

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that can cause recurrent seizures in Pomeranians.

  • Symptoms: Seizures, which may vary in intensity and duration. Loss of consciousness during seizures. Muscle twitching or paddling movements
  • Causes: Often genetic, but can also be caused by brain injuries or infections
  • Treatment: Medications to control seizures, identifying and avoiding potential triggers
6. Allergies:

Pomeranians are prone to various allergies, including environmental, food and flea allergies.

  • Symptoms: Itching and scratching, redness and irritation of the skin and sneezing and nasal discharge
  • Causes: Environmental allergens (pollen, dust mites, mold, etc.). Certain food ingredients (e.g., grains, poultry, or beef). Flea bites and saliva
  • Treatment: Avoiding allergens whenever possible. Medications, such as antihistamines or corticosteroids, to manage symptoms. Hypoallergenic diet for food allergies
7. Eye Problems (Cataracts, Dry Eye, etc.):

Pomeranians are prone to various eye issues, including cataracts, dry eye and corneal ulcers.

  • Symptoms: Cloudy or opaque appearance of the eye (cataracts), redness and discharge and excessive tearing or dryness
  • Causes: Genetics, aging and trauma or injury
  • Treatment: Eye drops or ointments to alleviate symptoms. Surgery to remove cataracts if necessary
Heart Disease:

Pomeranians are at risk of developing heart conditions, such as congestive heart failure and heart murmurs.

  • Symptoms: Coughing, lethargy and weakness. Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • Causes: Genetics, age-related changes in the heart. Lifestyle factors, such as obesity
  • Treatment: Medications to manage heart function and reduce fluid buildup. Dietary changes, such as a low-sodium diet. Regular exercise to maintain cardiovascular health
9. Hip Dysplasia:

Hip dysplasia is a genetic condition that affects the hip joint, leading to arthritis and mobility issues.

  • Symptoms: Difficulty walking or running. Lameness or limping. Decreased activity levels
  • Causes: Genetic predisposition. Obesity, which can exacerbate the condition
  • Treatment: Medications to manage pain and inflammation. Physical therapy and controlled exercise. Surgical correction for severe cases
10. Collapsed Trachea:

In this condition, the rings of the trachea collapse, leading to respiratory problems, especially in small dog breeds like Pomeranians.

  • Symptoms: Coughing, especially when excited or exercising. Wheezing or difficulty breathing and exercise intolerance
  • Causes: Genetics and environmental factors, such as irritants
  • Treatment: Weight management to reduce stress on the trachea. Medications to alleviate symptoms. Avoiding irritants that can trigger coughing

Precautions & Preventative Measures

As a responsible Pomeranian owner, taking proactive steps to maintain your furry friend’s health is crucial. By implementing the following precautions and preventive measures, you can ensure your Pomeranian enjoys a long and happy life:

  • Regular veterinary check-ups: Schedule regular visits to the veterinarian for health assessments and vaccinations.
  • Balanced diet: Provide your Pomeranian with a well-balanced diet, preferably consisting of high-quality commercial dog food or a vet-recommended homemade diet.
  • Weight management: Obesity can worsen various health conditions in Pomeranians, so maintain a healthy weight through proper diet and regular exercise.
  • Grooming: Regular brushing and grooming are essential to keep your Pomeranian’s coat clean and free from mats and tangles.
  • Dental care: Regularly brush your Pomeranian’s teeth and offer dental treats to promote oral health.
  • Exercise: Pomeranians are energetic dogs that require regular exercise to stay fit and mentally stimulated. Daily walks, play sessions and interactive toys are recommended.

What do Pomeranians Usually Die From?

Pomeranians typically succumb to age-related health conditions, with the most common causes of death being heart disease, kidney failure and cancer. Regular veterinary check-ups and attentive care can help identify and manage these conditions early, potentially prolonging your Pomeranian’s lifespan.

Pomeranian Health Problems – 10 Most Common Health Issues in Pomeranians