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Pug Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A small, wrinkly-faced dog breed with a curly tail and a playful personality.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.


Pugs are considered a Small dog breed.
Weight:6-8 kg.
Height:25-30 cm (10-12 inches).
Length:25-30 cm (10-12 inches).


The average life expectancy of a Pug is between 12-15 years. read more >>


What type of dog is a Pug, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Pugs are known for their outgoing, playful and mischievous personalities. They are very social and love to be around people. They are also very intelligent and can learn tricks quickly. They are loyal and affectionate and make great family pets.

Pugs are generally good-natured and friendly, although they can be stubborn at times. They are usually eager to please and can be very entertaining. They enjoy being the center of attention and will often seek out attention from their owners.

Pugs are usually very laid back and calm, although they can become excited or anxious in certain situations. They are usually not overly active, but they do need regular exercise and mental stimulation. They also tend to snore and snort, which can be quite loud!

Overall, Pugs are loyal, loving and entertaining companions. They are great with children and other pets and make wonderful family pets.


Pugs are very intelligent dogs, ranking at number 27 out of 138 breeds on the Stanley Coren’s Intelligence of Dogs list. They are capable of learning commands and tricks quickly and can be easily trained. They are also very social and loyal to their owners. read more >>


Pugs are generally considered to be one of the easier breeds to train. They are eager to please and respond well to positive reinforcement. With consistency, patience and a good sense of humor, most Pugs can be trained to obey basic commands such as sit, stay, come and heel.


Pugs do have the tendancy to be quite lazy and love to sleep. On average, adult Pugs sleep for around 14-16 hours a day, while puppies can sleep for up to 20 hours a day. However, it’s important to note that every Pug is different and their sleeping habits may vary depending on their age, activity level and overall health. read more >>


Pugs can bark quite a bit, especially if they are not getting enough attention or exercise. They can also bark when they are excited or when they want something. Some pugs may bark more than others, but on average, pugs bark about 30-40 times a day. read more >>


Pugs definitely drools more than other breeds. They can drool quite a bit, especially when they are excited or anxious. read more >>


Pugs are affectionate dogs and may lick their owners frequently. However, the amount of licking can vary from dog to dog and depends on their personality and training. Some Pugs may lick more than others, but excessive licking can be a sign of anxiety or stress. It is important to monitor your Pug’s behavior and seek advice from a veterinarian if you have concerns. read more >>


Pugs aren’t big jumpers. Due to their short legs and stocky build, they are not able to jump very high. On average, a Pug can jump up to 40 – 60 centimeters (1.3 – 2 feet) in height. However, it is important to note that jumping can be harmful to their joints, so it is best to avoid excessive jumping activities with Pugs. read more >>


Pugs can be quite active diggers, especially when they are bored or looking for something to do. They may dig small holes in the yard or garden, or even try to dig their way out of the yard. It is important to provide your Pug with plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to prevent them from becoming bored and engaging in destructive behaviors such as digging.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Pug the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Pug.


Pugs need moderate exercise, such as a daily walk or playtime. They should not be over-exercised, as they are prone to breathing problems and can easily become overheated. read more >>


Pugs need a moderate amount of space. They are a small breed and do not require a large yard or a lot of exercise. They should have enough room to move around and play, but do not need a large area to do so.


Yes, Pugs can make great apartment dogs. They are small, quiet and don’t require a lot of exercise. They are also very loyal and affectionate, making them great companions. read more >>

Left Alone

Pugs can tolerate being left alone for short periods of time, but they do not do well when left alone for long periods of time. They are social animals and need companionship and interaction. If you plan to leave your pug alone for an extended period, it is best to make sure they have plenty of toys and activities to keep them occupied.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Pugs are generally good with kids and families. They are loyal, affectionate and playful, making them great family pets. They are also very tolerant of children, so they make great companions for families with kids. read more >>

Perfect Fit

A Pug would be a perfect fit for a household that is looking for a loving, loyal and low-maintenance pet. Pugs are great for families with children, as they are very affectionate and playful. They also do well in apartments, as they are relatively quiet and don’t need a lot of exercise.

Pros and Cons:

Like any pet, owning a Pug comes with its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Here are five pros and cons of owning a Pug:

1. Affectionate: Pugs are known for their affectionate nature and love to cuddle with their owners.1. Health Issues: Pugs are prone to a variety of health issues, including breathing problems, eye problems and skin allergies.
2. Low-Maintenance: Pugs have short hair and require minimal grooming, making them a low-maintenance pet.2. Shedding: Although they have short hair, Pugs shed a lot and require regular brushing to keep their coats healthy.
3. Good with Children: Pugs are great with children and make excellent family pets.3. Stubborn: Pugs can be stubborn and difficult to train, making them a challenge for first-time dog owners.
4. Good Apartment Dogs: Pugs are small in size and do not require a lot of space, making them ideal for apartment living.4. Separation Anxiety: Pugs are prone to separation anxiety and may become destructive if left alone for long periods of time.
5. Comical: Pugs are known for their comical personalities and can provide endless entertainment for their owners.5. Snoring: Pugs are notorious for their loud snoring, which can be a problem for light sleepers.

Overall, owning a Pug can be a rewarding experience, but it’s important to consider both the pros and cons before bringing one into your home.


The cost of a Pug in Australia can vary greatly depending on the breeder, age and quality of the dog. Generally, you can expect to pay anywhere from $1,500 to $3,500 for a Pug puppy. read more >>

Breed History:

Pugs were bred for companionship and to be lapdogs. They were bred to be small and affectionate, with a friendly and playful personality. They were also bred to have a short muzzle and a wrinkled face, which gave them their signature look.

Current Usage

Pugs are primarily used as companion animals and family pets. However, they are also used as therapy dogs and have been used to work as service dogs for people with disabilities. Pugs have also been used in the show ring, as well as in agility and obedience competitions.

Guard Dogs

No, Pugs are not typically good guard dogs. They are friendly and affectionate dogs that are more likely to greet strangers than to protect their owners. Additionally, their small size and lack of physical strength make them less effective as guard dogs. read more >>

Where Are They Found?

Pugs are a popular breed in many countries, but some of the countries where they are most popular include:

1. United States6. France
2. United Kingdom7. Japan
3. China8. Australia
4. Russia9. Canada
5. Germany10. Brazil

These countries have a large number of pug owners and breeders and the breed is often featured in popular culture and media. read more >>


Pugs are best suited to moderate climates with temperatures ranging from 60-75°F (15-24°C). They are sensitive to extreme temperatures and can easily overheat in hot weather or become chilled in cold weather. Therefore, it is important to provide them with proper shelter and temperature control during extreme weather conditions. read more >>


It is difficult to determine the exact number of pugs in the world as there is no central registry or database for all pugs. However, according to the American Kennel Club, pugs are one of the most popular breeds in the United States, with thousands of new registrations each year. Pugs are also popular in many other countries, including the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and Japan. Therefore, it is safe to assume that there are millions of pugs worldwide. read more >>

Physical Appearance:

Pugs possess a unique and charming physical appearance that sets them apart from other dog breeds. They have a compact and muscular build, with a sturdy body structure. Their head is relatively large in proportion to their body and their face exhibits several distinctive features. One notable feature is their wrinkled forehead, which adds to their adorable and expressive facial expressions. Pugs also have a short snout and a pushed-in nose, known as a brachycephalic trait, which gives them their characteristic “flat-faced” look. read more and view all Pug images >>



Pugs can be black, fawn, apricot, silver, or brindle.

Hair/Fur Length:

Pugs have short, smooth coats that require minimal grooming.


Yes, pugs do shed. They have a double coat and they shed year-round. They are considered to be a high-shedding breed and will require regular grooming and brushing to keep their coat healthy and to minimize shedding.


Pugs require regular grooming to keep their coats and skin healthy. Brushing their coat twice a week is recommended to remove any dirt and debris. Bathing should be done every 3-4 weeks with a mild shampoo. The fur on a Pug’s face should be wiped down daily with a damp cloth to keep it clean. You do not need to cut the Pug’s hair, but it should be trimmed around the eyes and feet to keep it neat.


No, pugs are not hypoallergenic. They are prone to shedding, which can trigger allergies in some people. read more >>


Pugs typically have a top speed of up to 20 km/h (12 mph). read more >>


Pugs are generally healthy dogs, but they can be prone to certain health issues. These include:

  • Brachycephalic Syndrome: A condition caused by the pug’s short snout, which can lead to breathing difficulties.
  • Eye Problems: Pugs can suffer from a variety of eye issues, such as dry eye, entropion and cherry eye.
  • Hip Dysplasia: A condition that causes the hip joint to become misaligned, leading to pain and mobility issues.
  • Allergies: Pugs can suffer from allergies to food, dust and pollen.
  • Obesity: Pugs are prone to obesity due to their small size and tendency to overeat.



Pugs have 42 teeth.


Pugs have a relatively good eyesight, but it is not their strongest sense. They have a tendency to develop eye problems such as corneal ulcers, dry eye and cataracts, which can affect their vision. Additionally, their short snouts can cause them to have difficulty seeing things that are far away or in low light conditions. However, they have a keen sense of smell and hearing, which compensate for any visual impairments they may have. read more >>


Pugs typically have six nipples. Similar to other dog breeds, the exact number can vary slightly between individual Pugs, but the average Pug usually has six nipples. These nipples are evenly spaced along the abdomen. Both male and female Pugs possess nipples, although they are not functional in males. read more >>


Litter Size:

The average litter size for a Pug is 4-6 puppies.

Gestation Period:

The average gestation period for a Pug is approximately 63 days. read more >>


Pugs typically go into heat, or estrus, approximately every six to twelve months. However, it’s important to note that the frequency and duration of heat cycles can vary between individual Pugs. Factors such as age, health and environment can influence the timing and regularity of a Pug’s estrus cycles. If you have specific concerns or questions regarding your Pug’s heat cycle, it’s best to consult with a veterinarian.

Male vs Female:

The main differences between male and female Pugs are size and temperament. Male Pugs are typically larger than female Pugs, with males usually weighing between 14 and 18 pounds and females usually weighing between 12 and 16 pounds. Male Pugs tend to be more active and outgoing than female Pugs, while female Pugs tend to be more laid-back and affectionate. Male Pugs also tend to be more independent and stubborn than female Pugs. read more >>

Tips and Advice:

Pugs make wonderful companions and are quite popular due to their charm and affectionate behavior. However, they also have some specific needs due to their unique physical characteristics. Here are some important tips and advice for taking care of your Pug:

  • Controlled Exercise: Pugs are not as active as some breeds, but they still require daily exercise to keep them healthy. However, they can easily overheat due to their short noses, so it’s important to monitor them during exercise, especially in hot weather.
  • Balanced Diet: Pugs love food and can easily become overweight, which can lead to health issues. Feed them a balanced diet and watch their portion sizes.
  • Regular Vet Check-ups: Regular vet visits are crucial for monitoring your Pug’s health, staying up-to-date with vaccinations and catching any potential health issues early.
  • Grooming: Pugs shed a lot, so they need regular brushing. Their facial wrinkles also need regular cleaning to prevent infection.
  • Dental Care: Pugs are prone to dental issues, so regular teeth brushing and professional cleanings as recommended by your vet can help maintain their dental health.
  • Temperature Regulation: Pugs are sensitive to heat and cold due to their short coat and brachycephalic (short-nosed) nature. They should be kept indoors in extreme weather conditions and they should always have access to fresh water and shade.
  • Training and Socialization: Start training and socializing your Pug early. They are smart dogs, but they can be a bit stubborn. Using positive reinforcement techniques can make training more effective.
  • Watch for Common Health Issues: Pugs are prone to certain health issues, including brachycephalic syndrome, hip dysplasia and eye problems. Be aware of these potential health issues and work with your vet for preventative care and early detection.
  • Companionship: Pugs are very social dogs that crave human companionship. They do not do well when left alone for extended periods.
  • Safe Environment: Keep your home environment safe for your Pug. As they are a small breed, they can be prone to injuries from jumping off high furniture or stairs.

Remember that caring for a Pug or any breed requires commitment, time and resources. Understanding the needs of your Pug will ensure they live a happy and healthy life.


Pugs typically eat 1/2 to 1 cup of high-quality dry dog food per day, split into two meals. They are not particularly food-orientated dogs, but they do enjoy eating and can become overweight if they are overfed. read more >>


Here are three interesting facts about Pugs:

  1. Pugs were once the official dog of the House of Orange in Holland. The breed was so beloved by the royal family that they were often depicted in paintings and sculptures.
  2. Pugs are prone to obesity, which can lead to health problems such as joint issues and breathing difficulties. It’s important for Pug owners to monitor their pet’s diet and exercise to keep them healthy.
  3. Pugs have a unique snoring sound that is caused by their short snouts and compressed airways. While it may be cute to some, it can also be a sign of respiratory problems and should be monitored by a veterinarian.



When it comes to naming a Pug, it’s important to choose a name that reflects their unique characteristics and charm. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Pug:

1. Gizmo6. Rufus11. Max
2. Winston7. Biscuit12. Olive
3. Mocha8. Charlie13. Pippin
4. Otis9. Charlie14. Rocky
5. Peanut10. Lola15. Tilly


Over the years, many Pugs have become famous for their appearances in movies, TV shows and even for their incredible feats. Here are some of the most famous Pugs of all time:

  1. Frank the Pug – This Pug is best known for his role in the Men in Black movie franchise. He played the role of an alien disguised as a Pug and stole the show with his witty one-liners.
  2. Percy the Pug – This Pug is owned by fashion designer Marc Jacobs and has become a social media sensation with his stylish outfits and adorable photos.
  3. Doug the Pug – With over 4 million followers on Instagram, Doug the Pug is one of the most famous Pugs in the world. He has appeared in music videos, TV shows and even has his own book.
  4. Lothar the Pug – This Pug holds the Guinness World Record for the fastest 5 meters on front paws by a dog. He completed the feat in just 2.39 seconds!
  5. Mops the Pug – This Pug was owned by Josephine Bonaparte, the wife of Napoleon Bonaparte. She was known for her love of Pugs and even had a portrait of herself with Mops painted.

These Pugs have captured the hearts of people around the world and continue to be beloved by many.


Pug is a small breed of dog that originated in China and is known for its wrinkled face and curly tail. They are a toy breed and typically weigh between 14-18 pounds. Pugs are affectionate, playful and loyal dogs that make great companions. They are known for their clownish behavior and love to be the center of attention.

Pugs were originally bred as lap dogs for Chinese royalty and were later brought to Europe by Dutch traders. They became popular in Europe in the 16th century and were recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885.

Pugs are low-maintenance dogs that require minimal exercise and grooming. They are great for apartment living and are good with children and other pets. However, they can be prone to health issues such as breathing problems, eye problems and obesity.

Overall, Pugs make great pets for those looking for a small, affectionate and low-maintenance dog. They are great for families and individuals who want a loyal and loving companion.