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How Do Pugs See?

Pugs have a vision that focuses on movement and is adapted to low light conditions, much like other dog breeds. Their ability to see colors is limited to shades of blue and yellow, meaning they don’t experience the full color spectrum visible to humans. Pugs have a wider field of view than humans, which helps them spot movement around them, although their flat faces might slightly restrict this compared to dogs with longer snouts.

Anatomy of a Pug’s Eye

To comprehend how Pugs see, it is essential to grasp the fundamental structure of their eyes. Although similar to human eyes, there are slight distinctions. Pugs possess corneas, irises, pupils, lenses, and retinas. Notably, their lenses and corneas are relatively larger, while their pupils are smaller compared to humans. Furthermore, their retinas contain a higher concentration of rods than cones, allowing them to excel in low-light conditions but compromising their ability to perceive colors compared to humans.

How Does a Pug’s Eyesight Differ From Humans?

Pugs have visual acuity that differs from that of humans. While their visual field is wider, their acuity for fine details is lower. Pugs exhibit superior motion detection capabilities owing to their higher number of rods in the retina. This enables them to detect subtle movements and perceive objects in motion more quickly than humans.

Can Pugs See in the Dark?

Pugs possess moderately effective night vision due to their larger pupils and increased rod concentration in the retina. Adapted to dimly lit environments, their eyes feature a specialized structure called the tapetum lucidum, which reflects light back through the retina, enhancing their sensitivity to low levels of light. Nevertheless, it is important to note that Pugs still require some degree of light to see and cannot navigate in complete darkness.

What Colours Can Pugs See?

Pugs can perceive a limited range of colors. They have the ability to see blues and yellows, as well as shades of gray. However, their capacity to distinguish red and green hues is reduced compared to humans. Consequently, a red object may appear as brown or gray to a Pug.

A Comparison of Pugs’ Eyesight with Other Breeds

Pugs’ eyesight closely resembles that of many other dog breeds. However, variations exist, influenced by breed-specific traits and historical purposes. Certain breeds, such as sighthounds like Greyhounds and Salukis, boast enhanced visual acuity and motion detection due to their ancestral hunting instincts.

Common Eye Conditions in Pugs

Pugs are prone to certain eye conditions that warrant attention. One prevalent condition is cataracts, which involves the clouding of the lens, leading to compromised vision. Progressive retinal atrophy, a genetic disorder that causes the gradual degeneration of the retina, is another condition to be aware of. Other notable conditions include cherry eye, glaucoma, and entropion.

How Do Pugs See – Are They Colourblind, How is Their Vision in the Dark & What Colours Can They See?