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Rough Collie

Rough Collie Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A long-haired, intelligent and loyal herding dog breed.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.
Type:Mammal

Size:

Rough Collies are considered a Medium to Large-sized dog breed.
Weight:20-30 kg.
Height:56-61 cm (22-24 inches)
Length:61-76 cm.

Lifespan:

The average lifespan of a Rough Collie is 14-16 years

Behavior:

What type of dog is a Rough Collie, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

  • Rough Collies are known for their gentle and affectionate personality. They are loyal and devoted to their owners and are excellent family dogs. Here is a detailed overview of their personality and temperament:
  • Rough Collies are very affectionate dogs and love to be around their owners. They thrive on human attention and affection and are very loyal to their families.
  • Rough Collies are highly intelligent dogs and are quick learners. They are easy to train and respond well to positive reinforcement methods.
  • Rough Collies are gentle dogs and are great with children. They are patient and tolerant and can handle rough play without getting aggressive.
  • Rough Collies are protective of their families and can be wary of strangers. They make excellent watchdogs and will bark to alert their owners of any potential danger.
  • Rough Collies are active dogs and require regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. They enjoy long walks, hikes and playing fetch.
  • Rough Collies are sensitive dogs and can be easily affected by their owner’s moods. They thrive in a calm and stable environment and can become anxious or stressed if there is too much chaos or noise.

In summary, Rough Collies are gentle, affectionate and intelligent dogs that make excellent family pets. They are loyal and protective of their families and require regular exercise to stay healthy and happy.

Intelligence

Rough Collies are considered to be highly intelligent dogs. They are ranked as the 18th smartest dog breed by Stanley Coren, a professor of psychology at the University of British Columbia. Rough Collies have an ability to learn quickly and an eagerness to please their owners. They are often used as therapy dogs, search and rescue dogs and in obedience and agility competitions. With proper training and socialization, Rough Collies can excel in a variety of activities and make wonderful companions.

Trainability

Rough Collies are generally considered to be intelligent and trainable dogs. They are eager to please their owners and respond well to positive reinforcement training methods. However, like all dogs, they have their own personalities and may have individual quirks that can make training more challenging. Consistency, patience and positive reinforcement are key to successfully training a Rough Collie. It’s also important to start training early and socialize them with other dogs and people to help them develop good behavior and manners. Overall, with proper training and socialization, Rough Collies can be well-behaved and obedient companions.

Sleep

Rough Collies, like most dogs, sleep for an average of 12-14 hours per day. However, the amount of sleep can vary depending on the dog’s age, activity level and overall health. Puppies and older dogs may require more sleep, while active dogs may need less. It is important to provide your Rough Collie with a comfortable and quiet place to sleep, as well as regular exercise to help them maintain a healthy sleep schedule.

Bark

Rough Collies are moderate barkers. They are not excessive barkers but will bark to alert their owners of any unusual activity or strangers approaching their territory. However, excessive barking can be a sign of boredom, anxiety or lack of exercise, so it’s important to provide them with enough mental and physical stimulation to prevent this behavior. Training and socialization can also help reduce excessive barking.

Drool

Rough Collies are not excessive droolers. They have a moderate drooling tendency, which means they may drool occasionally, especially after eating or drinking. However, it is not a common trait of the breed and most Rough Collies do not drool excessively.

Lick

Rough Collies are affectionate dogs and they may lick their owners or other people as a sign of affection. However, the amount of licking can vary from dog to dog and also depends on their individual personality and training. Some Rough Collies may lick more than others, while some may not lick at all. It’s important to train your Rough Collie to understand when it’s appropriate to lick and when it’s not, to avoid any unwanted behavior.

Jump

Rough Collies are athletic and agile dogs, but their jumping ability can vary depending on their individual size, age and physical condition. On average, Rough Collies can jump up to 3-4 feet high, but some may be able to jump higher with proper training and conditioning. It’s important to note that excessive jumping can be harmful to a dog’s joints and should be avoided, especially in younger dogs whose bones are still developing.

Dig

Rough Collies are not excessive diggers. However, like any dog, they may dig occasionally out of boredom or to bury a favorite toy or bone. Providing your Rough Collie with plenty of exercise, mental stimulation and toys can help prevent unwanted digging behavior.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Rough Collie the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Rough Collie.

Exercise

Rough Collies are an active breed that requires daily exercise to maintain their physical and mental health. They need at least one hour of exercise per day, which can include walks, runs, hikes or playtime in a fenced yard. Additionally, they enjoy participating in activities such as agility, obedience and herding trials. It’s important to note that exercise needs may vary depending on the individual dog’s age, health and activity level. It’s always best to consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate amount of exercise for your Rough Collie.

Space

Rough Collies are medium to large-sized dogs that require a moderate amount of space. They are active dogs and need daily exercise, but they are also content to relax indoors with their family. A fenced yard is ideal for them to run and play, but they can adapt to apartment living as long as they get enough exercise and mental stimulation. Rough Collies are not suited for living outdoors or in small spaces without adequate exercise and attention. As a general guideline, a Rough Collie needs at least 30 minutes to an hour of exercise daily, in addition to regular walks and playtime.

Apartment

Rough Collies are not the best choice for apartment living as they are a high-energy breed that requires a lot of exercise and space to run around. They do have a loud bark, which can be disruptive to neighbors in close proximity. Additionally, their long coats require regular grooming and shedding can be a problem in small living spaces. If you live in an apartment, it may be better to consider a smaller breed or a dog with lower energy needs.

Left Alone

Rough Collies are loyal and affectionate dogs that thrive on human companionship. They can become anxious and depressed if left alone for long periods of time, as they crave attention and interaction. It is not recommended to leave a Rough Collie alone for more than a few hours at a time and they should have plenty of mental and physical stimulation to keep them occupied while their owners are away. If left alone for extended periods, Rough Collies may develop destructive behaviors or separation anxiety. It is important to provide them with plenty of attention and exercise to keep them happy and healthy.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Rough Collies are great with kids and families. They are gentle, loyal and protective, making them excellent companions for children of all ages. They are also highly trainable and eager to please, which makes them easy to integrate into family life. However, as with any breed, it is important to supervise interactions between children and dogs to ensure safety for both.

Perfect Fit

A Rough Collie would be a perfect fit for a household that has a large yard or outdoor space for the dog to exercise and play. They are active dogs that require daily exercise and mental stimulation, so a family that enjoys outdoor activities such as hiking, running or playing fetch would be ideal. Rough Collies are also loyal and affectionate towards their family, so a household that can provide them with plenty of attention and love would be a great fit. Additionally, they are great with children and make excellent family pets.

Pros and Cons:

Like any breed, there are both pros and cons to owning a Rough Collie. Here is a table outlining five of each:

Pros:
  1. Intelligent and trainable: Rough Collies are highly intelligent and eager to please, making them easy to train for a variety of activities, including obedience, agility and herding.
  2. Loyal and affectionate: Rough Collies are known for their loyalty and affection towards their owners, making them great family pets.
  3. Beautiful and distinctive appearance: With their long, flowing coats and distinctive markings, Rough Collies are a striking and beautiful breed.
  4. Good with children: Rough Collies are generally gentle and patient with children, making them a good choice for families with young kids.
  5. Good watchdogs: Rough Collies are alert and protective, making them good watchdogs who will bark to alert their owners of any potential danger.
Cons:
  1. High grooming needs: Rough Collies require regular grooming to keep their long coats looking healthy and free of mats and tangles.
  2. Can be shy or nervous: Some Rough Collies can be shy or nervous around strangers or in new situations, which can make socialization and training a challenge.
  3. Can be prone to health issues: Like many purebred dogs, Rough Collies can be prone to certain health issues, including hip dysplasia, eye problems and skin allergies.
  4. Can be stubborn: While generally eager to please, some Rough Collies can be stubborn or independent-minded, which can make training more difficult.
  5. Need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation: Rough Collies are active dogs who need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to stay happy and healthy, which can be a challenge for owners with busy schedules.

Cost:

The cost of a Rough Collie in Australia can vary depending on several factors such as the breeder, location and pedigree. On average, a Rough Collie puppy can cost anywhere between $1,500 to $3,000 AUD. However, some breeders may charge more for puppies with exceptional pedigrees or show potential. It’s important to do your research and find a reputable breeder who health tests their dogs and provides proper care for their puppies.

Breed History:

Rough Collies were originally bred in Scotland in the 1800s for herding and protecting sheep. They were developed by crossing local working dogs with imported breeds such as the Borzoi and the Collie-type dogs from the north of England. The goal was to create a dog that was intelligent, agile and had a strong work ethic.

Rough Collies were used to drive sheep from the hills to the lowlands and to protect them from predators such as wolves and foxes. They were also used as general farm dogs, helping with tasks such as pulling carts and guarding the property.

Over time, the breed became popular as a companion dog due to their loyalty, intelligence and gentle nature. They are now commonly used as therapy dogs, search and rescue dogs and in various dog sports such as obedience and agility.

Current Usage

Rough Collies are primarily used as companion animals and family pets. However, they are also used in various working roles, including:

  1. Therapy dogs: Rough Collies have a gentle and affectionate nature, which makes them excellent therapy dogs. They are often used in hospitals, nursing homes and schools to provide comfort and companionship to people in need.
  2. Search and rescue dogs: Rough Collies have a keen sense of smell and are highly trainable, making them valuable in search and rescue operations. They are used to locate missing persons in wilderness areas, disaster zones and other emergency situations.
  3. Herding dogs: Historically, Rough Collies were bred as herding dogs and are still used for this purpose in some parts of the world. They are intelligent, agile and have anability to work independently, making them well-suited for herding sheep and other livestock.
  4. Agility dogs: Rough Collies are also popular in agility competitions, where they compete in obstacle courses that test their speed, agility and obedience.

Overall, while Rough Collies are primarily kept as pets, they have a versatile skill set that allows them to excel in a variety of working roles.

Guard Dogs

Rough Collies are not typically known for their guarding abilities. They are more commonly renowned for their gentle and friendly nature. While they may bark to alert their owners of potential danger, they are not typically aggressive towards strangers and may not be effective as guard dogs. However, they can be trained to be watchdogs and can be protective of their family. It is important to note that any dog can be protective of their family if they feel threatened or perceive a threat to their loved ones.

Where Are They Found?

Rough Collies are popular in many countries around the world, but some of the countries where they are most popular include:

1. United States6. France
2. United Kingdom7. Japan
3. Canada8. Sweden
4. Australia9. Norway
5. Germany10. Finland

These countries have active Rough Collie clubs and breeders and the breed is often seen in dog shows and competitions. However, Rough Collies can be found in many other countries as well, as they are a beloved breed with a loyal following.

Climate

Rough Collies are best suited to a moderate climate. They can tolerate both warm and cool temperatures, but extreme heat or cold can be uncomfortable for them. They have a thick double coat that provides insulation in cold weather, but they can overheat in hot weather. It is important to provide them with adequate shade and water during hot weather and protection from the cold during winter. Overall, they are adaptable to different climates as long as their basic needs are met.

Population

It is difficult to determine the exact number of Rough Collies in the world as there is no centralized database or registry that tracks all Rough Collies. However, it is estimated that there are tens of thousands of Rough Collies worldwide, with the breed being particularly popular in the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom.

Physical Appearance:

Rough Collies are a medium to large-sized breed of dog with a distinctive appearance. They have a long, thick coat that is typically sable, tricolor, blue merle or white. Their coat is double-layered, with a soft undercoat and a longer, coarser outer coat that gives them a shaggy appearance.

Rough Collies have a wedge-shaped head with a long, narrow muzzle and a black nose. Their ears are large and stand erect, giving them an alert and intelligent expression. They have a long, graceful neck and a deep chest, with a level topline and a slightly sloping croup.

Their legs are long and muscular, with well-arched toes and strong, round feet. They have a long, bushy tail that is carried low when at rest and raised when alert or in motion.

Overall, Rough Collies have a regal and elegant appearance, with a gentle and intelligent expression that is characteristic of the breed.

Coat:

Colours:

Rough Collies can be a variety of colors including sable, tricolor (black, white and tan), blue merle (gray and black) and white. Sable is the most common color and can range from light gold to dark mahogany.

Hair/Fur Length:

Rough Collies have long hair that can grow up to 6 inches in length. The hair is thick and dense, with a soft undercoat and a longer, coarser outer coat. The hair around the neck and chest is particularly long and fluffy, giving the breed their distinctive mane. Regular grooming is necessary to keep their coat healthy and prevent matting.

Shedding:

Yes, Rough Collies do shed. They have a thick double coat that sheds moderately year-round and heavily twice a year during shedding season. Regular brushing and grooming can help manage their shedding and keep their coat healthy and shiny.

Grooming:

The Rough Collie requires moderate grooming to maintain its long, thick coat. It is recommended to brush the coat at least once a week to prevent matting and tangling. During shedding seasons, which occur twice a year, more frequent brushing may be necessary.

It is not necessary to cut the Rough Collie’s hair, but trimming may be required for hygiene purposes, such as around the ears and paws. Some owners also choose to trim the hair on the hindquarters to keep the dog’s appearance neat and tidy. However, excessive trimming or shaving of the coat can damage the hair and affect its ability to protect the dog from the elements.

Hypoallergenic:

No, Rough Collies are not considered hypoallergenic. They have a thick, double coat that sheds heavily twice a year and requires regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling. This shedding can cause allergies in some people who are sensitive to pet dander.

Speed:

Rough Collies can run at a speed of approximately 40-50 kph (25-31 mph).

Health:

Rough Collies are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues, including:

  • Collie Eye Anomaly: a genetic condition that affects the development of the eye and can cause vision problems.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy: a genetic condition that causes the degeneration of the retina and can lead to blindness.
  • Hip Dysplasia: a condition where the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, leading to arthritis and pain.
  • Dermatomyositis: an autoimmune disease that causes skin and muscle inflammation and can lead to scarring and hair loss.
  • Bloat: a condition where the stomach fills with gas and twists, which can be life-threatening if not treated promptly.

Teeth:

Rough Collies typically have 42 teeth, which includes 20 upper teeth and 22 lower teeth.

Eyesight:

Rough Collies have excellent eyesight, which is one of the reasons they are often used as herding dogs. Their eyes are set wide apart, which gives them a broad field of vision and they have a keen sense of depth perception, which helps them navigate rough terrain. Additionally, their eyes are well-adapted to low-light conditions, which allows them to see well in dimly lit environments.

Nipples:

Rough Collies typically have 8 to 10 nipples, arranged in two rows on their underside.

Gestation:

Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Rough Collies is between 4 to 8 puppies. However, litter sizes can vary and may be smaller or larger depending on the individual dog and breeding.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Rough Collies is typically around 63 days, although it can range from 58 to 68 days.

Heat:

Rough Collies typically go into heat twice a year, although this can vary depending on the individual dog.

Male vs Female:

Male and female Rough Collies have some differences in terms of physical appearance and temperament. Males are generally larger and more muscular than females, with a broader head and a more prominent mane around their necks. Females are usually smaller and more delicate, with a more refined head and a smoother coat. In terms of temperament, males tend to be more assertive and dominant, while females are often more affectionate and nurturing. However, these differences can vary depending on the individual dog and their upbringing and training.

Tips and Advice:

Rough Collies are beautiful and intelligent dogs that require proper care and attention to maintain their health and happiness. Here are some tips and advice for caring for a Rough Collie:

  • Grooming: Rough Collies have a thick, double coat that requires regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling. Brush their coat at least once a week and trim their nails regularly.
  • Exercise: Rough Collies are active dogs that require daily exercise to keep them healthy and fit. Take them for a walk or run every day and provide them with plenty of opportunities to play and explore.
  • Training: Rough Collies are intelligent dogs that respond well to positive reinforcement training. Start training them from a young age and be consistent with your commands and rewards.
  • Socialization: Rough Collies are friendly dogs that enjoy being around people and other animals. Socialize them from a young age to prevent shyness or aggression towards strangers or other pets.
  • Health: Rough Collies are prone to certain health issues such as hip dysplasia, eye problems and skin allergies. Regular vet check-ups and a healthy diet can help prevent or manage these issues.
  • Mental stimulation: Rough Collies are intelligent dogs that require mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior. Provide them with puzzle toys, interactive games and training exercises to keep their minds active.
  • Love and attention: Rough Collies are loyal and affectionate dogs that thrive on human companionship. Give them plenty of love, attention and affection to keep them happy and content.

Food:

Rough Collies are medium to large-sized dogs and their food intake depends on their age, size, activity level and overall health. As a general guideline, adult Rough Collies typically require 2-3 cups of high-quality dry dog food per day, divided into two meals. However, it’s important to monitor their weight and adjust their food intake accordingly to prevent obesity.

Rough Collies are not typically food-oriented dogs, meaning they are not overly obsessed with food. However, they do enjoy treats and can be easily motivated by food rewards during training sessions. It’s important to provide them with a balanced and nutritious diet to maintain their overall health and well-being.

Facts:

Rough Collies are a beautiful and intelligent breed of dog that have captured the hearts of many. Here are three interesting facts about Rough Collies:

  1. They were originally bred for herding: Rough Collies were originally bred in Scotland for herding sheep and cattle. They are known for their intelligence, agility and loyalty, which made them excellent working dogs.
  2. They have a famous movie star: Lassie, the famous movie and TV star, is a Rough Collie. The character of Lassie was first introduced in a short story in 1938 and has since become a cultural icon.
  3. They have a unique coat: Rough Collies have a long, thick coat that requires regular grooming. Their coat is made up of two layers, a soft undercoat and a rough outer coat, which helps to protect them from the elements.

Names:

When it comes to naming a Rough Collie, it’s important to choose a name that reflects their regal and elegant nature. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Rough Collie:

  1. Lancelot – A name that evokes images of chivalry and nobility.
  2. Guinevere – A name that is both graceful and strong.
  3. Merlin – A name that suggests wisdom and magic.
  4. Athena – A name that is both powerful and feminine.
  5. Apollo – A name that suggests strength and beauty.
  6. Zeus – A name that evokes images of power and authority.
  7. Hera – A name that is both regal and elegant.
  8. Atlas – A name that suggests strength and endurance.
  9. Aurora – A name that suggests beauty and grace.
  10. Orion – A name that suggests strength and bravery.
  11. Phoenix – A name that suggests rebirth and renewal.
  12. Titan – A name that suggests power and strength.
  13. Valkyrie – A name that suggests bravery and heroism.
  14. Zephyr – A name that suggests freedom and grace.
  15. Heraclitus – A name that suggests wisdom and insight.

Famous:

Over the years, many Rough Collies have become famous for their appearances in movies, television shows and even for their incredible feats. Here are some of the most famous Rough Collies of all time:

  1. Lassie – Perhaps the most famous Rough Collie of all time, Lassie has been featured in numerous movies, television shows and books. The character of Lassie is known for her bravery, loyalty and intelligence.
  2. Pal – The original Lassie, Pal was the first dog to play the role in the 1943 movie “Lassie Come Home.” He went on to star in six more Lassie movies and became a beloved icon of American culture.
  3. Lad – Another famous Rough Collie from the Lassie movies, Lad appeared in the 1945 film “Son of Lassie.” He was known for his intelligence and ability to perform complex tricks.
  4. Rowlf – A Rough Collie owned by Jim Henson, Rowlf appeared on “The Muppet Show” and in several Muppet movies. He was known for his musical talent and laid-back personality.
  5. Sunnybank Lad – A Rough Collie owned by author Albert Payson Terhune, Sunnybank Lad was the inspiration for many of Terhune’s books. He was known for his intelligence, loyalty and beauty.
  6. Ch. Twin Creeks True Grit – A Rough Collie who won Best in Show at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 1986, Ch. Twin Creeks True Grit was known for his stunning good looks and impeccable breeding.
  7. Ch. Sylvan Argent Simply Irresistible – Another Rough Collie who won Best in Show at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show, Ch. Sylvan Argent Simply Irresistible was known for her beauty and grace.
  8. Ch. Tartanside Ruffian – A Rough Collie who won Best in Show at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 1980, Ch. Tartanside Ruffian was known for his intelligence and athleticism.

These famous Rough Collies have captured the hearts of people around the world with their beauty, intelligence and loyalty.

Summary:

The Rough Collie is a medium to large-sized dog breed that originated in Scotland. It is a herding dog that was originally bred to work on farms and ranches, but it has since become a popular family pet.

The Rough Collie is renowned for its long, thick coat that comes in a variety of colors, including sable, tricolor and blue merle. It has a wedge-shaped head, a long snout and expressive eyes that are usually brown or blue.

The Rough Collie is a loyal and intelligent dog that is known for its gentle nature and affectionate personality. It is a great family pet that is good with children and other animals, but it can be reserved with strangers.

The Rough Collie has a rich history that dates back to the 18th century when it was used as a herding dog in Scotland. It gained popularity in the 20th century after it was featured in the popular TV show “Lassie.”

As a pet, the Rough Collie requires regular grooming to maintain its long coat. It also needs daily exercise and mental stimulation to keep it happy and healthy. Overall, the Rough Collie is a great pet for families that are looking for a loyal and affectionate companion.