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Schipperke

Schipperke Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A small, agile and energetic dog breed with a thick black coat and pointed ears.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.
Type:Mammal

Size:

Schipperkes are considered a Small dog breed.
Weight:3.6-7.3 kg.
Height:25-33 cm (10-13 inches).
Length:30-33 cm.

Lifespan:

The average lifespan of a Schipperke is 13-15 years

Behavior:

What type of dog is a Schipperke, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Schipperkes are small, energetic dogs that are known for their lively and curious personalities. They are intelligent, independent and often have a mischievous streak. Here is a detailed overview of their personality and temperament:

  • Schipperkes are confident and self-assured dogs. They are not afraid to take charge and can be quite stubborn at times.
  • They are highly intelligent and quick learners. They enjoy learning new tricks and tasks and thrive on mental stimulation.
  • Schipperkes are loyal and affectionate with their families. They are known to be great watchdogs and will bark to alert their owners of any potential danger.
  • They have a high prey drive and love to chase small animals such as squirrels and birds.
  • Schipperkes are known for their playful and curious nature. They love to explore their surroundings and will often get into mischief if left unsupervised.
  • Schipperkes are generally friendly and outgoing with people, but can be reserved with strangers. They are not aggressive, but may bark to alert their owners of unfamiliar people or situations.
  • They are active and energetic dogs that require daily exercise and mental stimulation. Without proper exercise, they can become bored and destructive.
  • Schipperkes are independent dogs that can be difficult to train. They require a firm and consistent hand, but positive reinforcement methods work best.
  • They can be prone to separation anxiety and may become destructive if left alone for long periods of time.
  • Schipperkes are generally good with children, but may not tolerate rough play or handling. They are best suited for families with older children who understand how to interact with dogs.

Overall, Schipperkes are lively, intelligent and curious dogs that make great companions for active families. They require plenty of exercise and mental stimulation and thrive on positive reinforcement training methods. With proper socialization and training, they can make wonderful pets.

Intelligence

Schipperkes are considered to be highly intelligent dogs. They are quick learners and have a strong desire to please their owners. They are also known for their problem-solving abilities and their ability to adapt to new situations. However, like all dogs, their intelligence can vary depending on the individual and their training and socialization.

Trainability

Schipperkes are generally intelligent and eager to please, which makes them relatively easy to train. However, they can also be stubborn and independent, so consistent and patient training is necessary. Positive reinforcement methods, such as treats and praise, tend to work best with Schipperkes. Early socialization and obedience training are also important to prevent any behavioral issues from developing. Overall, with proper training and socialization, Schipperkes can be well-behaved and obedient companions.

Sleep

Schipperkes typically sleep for around 12-14 hours a day, but this can vary depending on their age, activity level and overall health. Puppies and older dogs may require more sleep, while highly active or working Schipperkes may need less. It’s important to provide your Schipperke with a comfortable and quiet sleeping area to ensure they get the rest they need.

Bark

Schipperkes are known for being vocal dogs and they tend to bark a lot. They were originally bred as watchdogs and have a strong protective instinct, which can lead to excessive barking if not properly trained and socialized. However, with proper training and socialization, Schipperkes can learn to control their barking and only bark when necessary.

Drool

Schipperkes are not known to be excessive droolers. However, like all dogs, they may drool occasionally, especially when they are excited or anticipating food. Overall, Schipperkes are considered to be a relatively low drooling breed.

Lick

Schipperkes are known to be moderate to heavy lickers, depending on the individual dog’s personality and behavior. Some Schipperkes may lick more than others, but in general, they are affectionate dogs that enjoy showing their love and affection through licking. It’s important to note that excessive licking can sometimes be a sign of anxiety or stress, so it’s important to monitor your Schipperke’s behavior and consult with a veterinarian if you have any concerns.

Jump

Schipperkes are known for their agility and athleticism and they are capable of jumping quite high. On average, Schipperkes can jump up to 4 feet in the air, although some may be able to jump even higher. However, it’s important to note that excessive jumping can be harmful to their joints, so it’s best to limit their jumping activities and provide them with proper exercise and training.

Dig

Schipperkes are known to be avid diggers and they have a natural instinct to dig. They are small dogs with strong legs and a high energy level, which makes them excellent diggers. They may dig holes in your yard or garden if they are not given enough exercise or mental stimulation. However, with proper training and exercise, you can minimize their digging behavior. It is important to provide them with plenty of toys and activities to keep them occupied and prevent them from digging.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Schipperke the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Schipperke.

Exercise

Schipperkes are an active and energetic breed that require a moderate amount of exercise. They should have at least 30-60 minutes of exercise daily, which can include walks, runs, playtime and training sessions. Schipperkes also enjoy participating in activities such as agility, obedience and flyball. It is important to provide them with mental stimulation as well, such as puzzle toys and interactive games. However, it is important to note that every dog is different and their exercise needs may vary based on their age, health and individual personality.

Space

Schipperkes are small dogs, typically weighing between 10-16 pounds and standing 10-13 inches tall at the shoulder. They are active dogs that require regular exercise, but they do not need a lot of space to be happy. Schipperkes can adapt well to apartment living as long as they get enough exercise and mental stimulation. A small yard or a daily walk can provide enough space for them to run and play. However, it is important to note that Schipperkes are known for their high energy levels and can become destructive if they do not get enough exercise and mental stimulation.

Apartment

Schipperkes can be a good dog for apartment living, but they are an active and energetic breed that requires daily exercise and mental stimulation. They are also known for their tendency to bark, which can be a concern in an apartment setting. However, with proper training and socialization, Schipperkes can adapt well to apartment living and make great companions for their owners. It’s important to research and understand the breed’s needs and temperament before getting a Schipperke and to provide them with plenty of opportunities for exercise and mental stimulation.

Left Alone

Schipperkes are known for being independent and self-sufficient dogs, but they do not tolerate being left alone for long periods. They are social animals and thrive on human interaction and attention. Leaving a Schipperke alone for extended periods can lead to separation anxiety, destructive behavior and excessive barking. It is recommended to provide them with plenty of mental and physical stimulation, such as toys, puzzles and daily exercise and to avoid leaving them alone for more than a few hours at a time.

Kid/Family Friendly

Schipperkes can be good with kids and families, but it depends on the individual dog’s temperament and socialization. Schipperkes are known for being loyal, playful and energetic, which can make them great companions for children. However, they can also be independent and stubborn, which may require patience and consistent training. It’s important to supervise interactions between children and dogs to ensure safety for both parties. Additionally, early socialization and training can help ensure that a Schipperke is well-behaved and comfortable around children and other family members.

Perfect Fit

A Schipperke would be a perfect fit for a household that has an active lifestyle and can provide plenty of exercise and mental stimulation for the dog. They are energetic and intelligent dogs that require daily walks, playtime and training sessions. They also do well in homes with a fenced yard where they can run and play safely. Schipperkes are loyal and affectionate dogs that thrive on human companionship, so they do best in homes where someone is around most of the time. They are also good with children and other pets, making them a great addition to a family. However, due to their high energy levels, they may not be the best fit for households with very young children or elderly individuals who may not be able to keep up with their activity level.

Pros and Cons:

Schipperkes are small, energetic dogs that make great companions for active owners. However, like any breed, there are both pros and cons to owning a Schipperke. Here are five of each:

ProsCons
1. Loyal and affectionate1. Can be stubborn and difficult to train
2. Low maintenance grooming2. High energy level requires lots of exercise
3. Good watchdogs3. Can be aggressive towards other dogs
4. Long lifespan (13-15 years)4. Can be prone to certain health issues such as hip dysplasia and eye problems
5. Small size makes them great for apartment living5. Can be prone to excessive barking

Overall, Schipperkes can make great pets for the right owner who is willing to provide them with plenty of exercise and training. However, they may not be the best fit for everyone.

Cost:

The cost of a Schipperke in Australia can vary depending on several factors such as the breeder, location and the dog’s pedigree. On average, a Schipperke puppy can cost between $1500 to $3000 AUD. However, it is important to note that purchasing a Schipperke from a reputable breeder may cost more but can ensure that the dog is healthy and well-bred. Additionally, there may be additional costs such as vaccinations, microchipping and registration fees.

Breed History:

Schipperkes were originally bred in Belgium in the 16th century as working dogs on canal barges. They were used to guard the boats and their cargo, as well as to catch rats and other vermin that could damage the goods. The breed’s name comes from the Flemish word “schipper,” which means “boatman” or “skipper.”

Over time, Schipperkes became popular as companion dogs and were also used for hunting small game. Today, they are still known for their alertness, intelligence and loyalty and make great family pets. They are also used in some countries as police and search and rescue dogs.

Current Usage

Schipperkes are primarily kept as companion pets today, but they were originally bred as working dogs. Historically, Schipperkes were used as watchdogs and ratters on canal boats in Belgium. They were also used as herding dogs, guarding flocks of sheep and other livestock.

Today, Schipperkes are still used as watchdogs and make excellent guard dogs due to their protective nature and alertness. They are also used in dog sports such as agility and obedience competitions. Some Schipperkes are still used for herding, although this is less common than it used to be.

Overall, while Schipperkes are primarily kept as pets today, they still retain their working dog instincts and can excel in a variety of roles.

Guard Dogs

Yes, Schipperkes can make good guard dogs. They are naturally protective of their family and territory and will bark to alert their owners of any potential danger. They are also very alert and have a strong sense of hearing, which makes them excellent watchdogs. However, it is important to note that Schipperkes are small in size and may not be able to physically protect their owners from an intruder. They also require proper training and socialization to ensure they do not become overly aggressive or territorial.

Where Are They Found?

Schipperkes are most popular in their country of origin, Belgium. They are also popular in other European countries such as France, Germany and the Netherlands. In the United States, Schipperkes are a relatively rare breed, but they have a small but dedicated following. They are also found in other countries around the world, including Canada, Australia and Japan.

1. United States6. France
2. United Kingdom7. Spain
3. Australia8. Italy
4. Canada9. Russia
5. Germany10. Brazil

Climate

Schipperkes are adaptable to a wide range of climates, but they are best suited to moderate climates with mild temperatures. They can tolerate colder temperatures, but they should not be left outside in extreme cold for extended periods of time. They also do not do well in hot and humid climates, as they are prone to heat exhaustion. Overall, Schipperkes are best suited to moderate climates with consistent temperatures and moderate humidity levels.

Population

It is difficult to determine the exact number of Schipperkes in the world as there is no centralized database or registry for this breed. However, according to the American Kennel Club, the Schipperke is ranked as the 91st most popular breed in the United States, with approximately 2,000 new registrations each year. The breed is also recognized by other kennel clubs around the world, including the United Kingdom, Canada and Australia. Therefore, it is estimated that there are tens of thousands of Schipperkes worldwide.

Physical Appearance:

Schipperkes are small to medium-sized dogs with a distinctive appearance. They have a compact, sturdy body with a square-shaped head and a short, pointed muzzle. Their eyes are small, dark and almond-shaped and their ears are triangular and erect. Schipperkes have a thick, double coat that is usually black, although other colors such as cream, fawn and blue are also possible. They have a fox-like appearance, with a bushy tail that curls over their back. Schipperkes are known for their mischievous expression and their high energy level. They are agile and athletic, with a confident and curious demeanor.

Coat:

Colours:

Schipperkes are typically black, but they can also be found in other colors such as cream, fawn and sable. However, these colors are less common.

Hair/Fur Length:

Schipperkes have a medium-length double coat that is thick and plush. The hair on their body is longer and more abundant than the hair on their face and legs. The hair on their neck and chest is also longer and forms a ruff. They have a dense undercoat that helps to insulate them in cold weather.

Shedding:

Yes, Schipperkes do shed. They have a thick double coat that sheds moderately throughout the year, with heavier shedding occurring during seasonal changes. Regular grooming and brushing can help manage shedding and keep their coat healthy.

Grooming:

The Schipperke has a thick, double coat that sheds moderately year-round and heavily twice a year during shedding season. They require regular brushing to remove loose hair and prevent matting. They also need occasional baths to keep their coat clean and healthy.

As for haircuts, the Schipperke does not require regular haircuts as their coat naturally sheds and grows. However, some owners may choose to trim their dog’s coat for aesthetic purposes or to keep it more manageable. It is important to note that cutting a Schipperke’s coat too short can damage their natural insulation and leave them vulnerable to temperature changes.

Hypoallergenic:

Schipperkes are not considered hypoallergenic. They have a thick, double coat that sheds moderately year-round and heavily twice a year during shedding season. This shedding can cause allergies in some people who are sensitive to dog dander and hair. However, regular grooming and brushing can help reduce shedding and minimize the amount of allergens in the environment.

Speed:

Schipperkes can run at a speed of up to 30-35 kph (18-22 mph).

Health:

Schipperkes are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues, including:

  • Hip dysplasia: a genetic condition that causes the hip joint to develop abnormally, leading to arthritis and pain.
  • Legg-Calve-Perthes disease: a condition where the blood supply to the femur bone is disrupted, causing the bone to die and leading to pain and lameness.
  • Progressive retinal atrophy: a group of genetic diseases that cause the retina to degenerate over time, leading to blindness.
  • Hypothyroidism: a condition where the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones, leading to weight gain, lethargy and other symptoms.
  • Patellar luxation: a condition where the kneecap dislocates from its normal position, causing pain and lameness.

Teeth:

Schipperkes typically have 42 teeth, which is the same as most other dog breeds.

Eyesight:

Schipperkes are known to have good eyesight, which is important for their role as watchdogs and hunters. Their eyes are medium-sized and almond-shaped and they are set well apart on their head, which allows them to have a wide field of vision. Additionally, their eyes are dark in color, which helps to protect them from the sun’s glare. Overall, Schipperkes have excellent eyesight that allows them to be alert and aware of their surroundings.

Nipples:

Schipperkes typically have 8 to 10 nipples, arranged in two rows on their underside.

Gestation:

Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Schipperkes is 3 to 5 puppies. However, litter sizes can vary and sometimes may be smaller or larger.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Schipperkes is approximately 63 days, which is the same as most other dog breeds. However, it is important to note that the actual length of gestation can vary slightly from dog to dog and can be affected by factors such as the size of the litter and the health of the mother. It is important for Schipperke owners to provide their pregnant dogs with proper nutrition, exercise and veterinary care throughout the gestation period to ensure the health and well-being of both the mother and her puppies.

Heat:

Schipperkes typically go into heat twice a year, although this can vary slightly from dog to dog.

Male vs Female:

Male and female Schipperkes are similar in appearance and temperament, but there are some differences between the two. Males tend to be slightly larger and more muscular than females, with a more prominent neck and broader head. Females are typically more refined and elegant in their appearance. In terms of temperament, males may be more assertive and independent, while females tend to be more affectionate and nurturing. However, these differences are not absolute and can vary depending on the individual dog’s personality and upbringing.

Tips and Advice:

Schipperkes are small, energetic dogs that make great companions. They are known for their black, thick coats and fox-like faces. If you are considering getting a Schipperke, here are some tips and advice for caring for them:

  • Exercise: Schipperkes are very active dogs and require regular exercise. They enjoy walks, runs and playing in the yard.
  • Grooming: Schipperkes have thick, double coats that require regular grooming to prevent matting and shedding. Brushing their coat once a week is recommended.
  • Training: Schipperkes are intelligent dogs and respond well to positive reinforcement training. Consistency and patience are key when training a Schipperke.
  • Socialization: It is important to socialize Schipperkes from a young age to prevent them from becoming overly protective or aggressive towards strangers.
  • Health: Schipperkes are generally healthy dogs, but they are prone to certain health issues such as hip dysplasia and eye problems. Regular vet check-ups are important to maintain their health.
  • Diet: Schipperkes have high energy levels and require a balanced diet to maintain their health. Feeding them a high-quality dog food that is appropriate for their age and activity level is recommended.
  • Safety: Schipperkes are curious dogs and can be prone to getting into mischief. It is important to keep them safe by keeping hazardous items out of their reach and supervising them when they are outside.
  • Love and attention: Schipperkes are loyal and affectionate dogs that thrive on attention and love from their owners. Spending time with them and showing them affection is important for their overall well-being.

Food:

Schipperkes are known to have a good appetite and can be food-oriented dogs. However, their food intake will depend on their age, size, activity level and overall health. As a general guideline, adult Schipperkes typically eat around 1/2 to 1 cup of high-quality dry dog food per day, divided into two meals. It’s important to monitor their food intake and adjust it accordingly to prevent obesity and other health issues. Additionally, treats should be given in moderation and should not exceed 10% of their daily calorie intake.

Facts:

Schipperkes are small, energetic dogs that originated in Belgium. Here are three interesting facts about them:

  1. Schipperkes were originally bred to be watchdogs on canal boats in Belgium. They were known for their ability to keep rats and other vermin away from the cargo.
  2. Despite their small size, Schipperkes are known for their bravery and loyalty. They are often described as “”big dogs in small bodies”” because of their fearless nature.
  3. Schipperkes have a unique coat that requires minimal grooming. Their fur is thick and dense, with a harsh outer coat and a soft undercoat. They shed twice a year, but otherwise require little maintenance.

Names:

Schipperkes are a small breed of dog that originated in Belgium and are known for their high energy and intelligence. They are often described as feisty and independent, which means that names that are bold and unique tend to suit them well. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Schipperke:

1. Loki6. Diesel11. Phoenix
2. Zephyr7. Blaze12. Raven
3. Koda8. Jax13. Storm
4. Maverick9. Nova14. Thor
5. Luna10. Remy15. Zeus

Famous:

Schipperkes are a small breed of dog that are known for their energetic and mischievous personalities. Over the years, several Schipperkes have gained fame for their impressive accomplishments or their association with famous people. Some of the most famous Schipperkes of all time include:

  1. Laika – The first animal to orbit the Earth was a stray dog from the streets of Moscow and she was a Schipperke mix.
  2. GCH CH Dante Fire When Ready – This Schipperke won Best in Show at the 2019 Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show.
  3. Sparky – This Schipperke was owned by former U.S. President George H.W. Bush and was often seen accompanying him on walks around the White House.
  4. Doodles – This Schipperke was the first dog to climb all 46 of the Adirondack High Peaks in New York.
  5. Nemo – This Schipperke was the beloved pet of Belgian cartoonist Hergé, who created the famous Tintin comic book series.
  6. GCH CH Bonchien Mr. Monopoly – This Schipperke won Best in Show at the 2019 AKC National Championship.
  7. Rascal – This Schipperke was the first dog to complete the Appalachian Trail, hiking over 2,000 miles with his owner.

These famous Schipperkes have made their mark on history and continue to be beloved by dog enthusiasts around the world.

Summary:

A Schipperke is a small, spitz-type dog breed that originated in Belgium. They are known for their distinctive appearance, with a thick, black coat, pointed ears and a curled tail. Schipperkes are highly energetic and intelligent dogs, with a strong independent streak. They are often described as being feisty and mischievous, with a playful and curious nature.

Historically, Schipperkes were bred as working dogs, primarily used for hunting vermin and guarding boats and barges. Today, they are popular as companion pets, thanks to their loyal and affectionate nature. They are also highly trainable and excel in obedience and agility competitions.

As pets, Schipperkes are best suited to active households with experienced dog owners who can provide them with plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. They are not recommended for families with young children, as they can be nippy and may not tolerate rough handling. Overall, Schipperkes make excellent pets for those who are looking for a small, energetic and intelligent companion.