Skip to content

Scottish Terrier

Scottish Terrier Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A small, sturdy and independent breed of dog with a distinctive beard and wiry coat.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.
Type:Mammal

Size:

Scottish Terriers are considered a Small Dog breed.
Weight:8-10 kg.
Height:25-28 cm (10-11 inches).
Length:25-28 cm (10-11 inches).

Lifespan:

The average lifespan of a Scottish Terrier is around 12-14 years

Behavior:

What type of dog is a Scottish Terrier, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Scottish Terriers, also known as Scotties, are small, sturdy dogs that are famous for their distinctive appearance and unique personality. Here is a detailed overview of their personality, temperament and behavior:

Scottish Terriers have independent and strong-willed personalities. They are confident and fearless and they have a strong sense of loyalty to their owners. They are also intelligent and can be quite stubborn at times.

Scottish Terriers are generally friendly and affectionate with their owners, but they can be wary of strangers. They are high energy dogs that love to play and explore. They are not typically aggressive, but they can be protective of their owners and may bark at perceived threats.

Scottish Terriers are active dogs that require regular exercise and mental stimulation. They are renowned for their love of digging and may need to be trained to avoid destructive behavior. They are also prone to chasing small animals, so they should be kept on a leash or in a secure area when outside.

Overall, Scottish Terriers are loyal, intelligent and independent dogs that make great companions for those who are willing to put in the time and effort to train and socialize them properly.

Intelligence

Scottish Terriers are considered to be a highly intelligent breed of dog. They will often show independent thinking, problem-solving abilities and quick learning skills. They also have a strong-willed nature, which can sometimes make training a challenge. However, with consistent and patient training, Scottish Terriers can excel in obedience and agility competitions. Overall, Scottish Terriers are a smart and capable breed that can learn a wide range of tasks and commands.

Trainability

Scottish Terriers are intelligent and independent dogs, which can make training a bit challenging. However, with patience, consistency and positive reinforcement techniques, they can be trained successfully. It is important to start training early and socialize them well to prevent any behavioral issues. Scottish Terriers respond well to reward-based training methods, such as treats, praise and playtime. They also require firm and consistent leadership, as they can be stubborn at times. Overall, training a Scottish Terrier requires dedication and commitment, but with the right approach, they can be well-behaved and obedient pets.

Sleep

Scottish Terriers typically sleep for around 12-14 hours per day. However, the amount of sleep can vary depending on the age, activity level and health of the individual dog. Puppies and older dogs may require more sleep, while highly active dogs may need less. It’s important to provide your Scottish Terrier with a comfortable and quiet sleeping area to ensure they get the rest they need.

Bark

Scottish Terriers are a vocal breed and can bark quite a bit, especially if they are not properly trained and socialized. However, with proper training and socialization, their barking can be managed and reduced. It’s important to note that excessive barking can be a sign of anxiety or boredom, so it’s important to address the root cause of the behavior.

Drool

Scottish Terriers are not known to be excessive droolers. They may drool occasionally, especially when they are excited or anticipating food, but it is not a common trait of the breed. Overall, Scottish Terriers are considered to be a relatively low-drooling breed.

Lick

Scottish Terriers are moderate to heavy lickers. Like most dogs, they use licking as a way to communicate, show affection and groom themselves. However, excessive licking can be a sign of anxiety, boredom or a medical issue, so it’s important to monitor your Scottish Terrier’s licking behavior and consult a veterinarian if you have any concerns.

Jump

Scottish Terriers are not known for their jumping ability, but they can jump up to 2-3 feet high. However, it is important to note that excessive jumping can be harmful to their joints and should be avoided.

Dig

Scottish Terriers are avid diggers. They were originally bred to hunt and dig for prey, so digging is a natural behavior for them. However, the amount of digging can vary depending on the individual dog and their training. Some Scottish Terriers may dig more than others and some may be trained to not dig at all. It is important to provide them with appropriate outlets for their digging instincts, such as designated digging areas or toys.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Scottish Terrier the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Scottish Terrier.

Exercise

Scottish Terriers are a small breed of dog that require moderate exercise. They have a moderate energy level and need daily exercise to keep them healthy and happy. A daily walk of around 30 minutes to an hour, along with some playtime and mental stimulation, is usually sufficient for Scottish Terriers. However, it is important to note that each dog is unique and their exercise needs may vary depending on their age, health and activity level. It is always best to consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate exercise routine for your Scottish Terrier.

Space

Scottish Terriers are small to medium-sized dogs that typically weigh between 18-22 pounds and stand about 10 inches tall at the shoulder. They are active dogs that require daily exercise, but they can adapt well to apartment living as long as they get enough exercise and mental stimulation.

In terms of space, Scottish Terriers do not require a large living area, but they do need enough room to move around comfortably and play. A small yard or a daily walk around the neighborhood can provide enough exercise for them. They also enjoy indoor playtime with their owners. Overall, as long as they receive enough exercise and attention, Scottish Terriers can thrive in a variety of living situations.

Apartment

Scottish Terriers can make good apartment dogs as they are small in size and do not require a lot of space to move around. However, they are also known for their high energy levels and require regular exercise and playtime. It is important to ensure that they get enough exercise and mental stimulation to prevent them from becoming bored and destructive. Additionally, Scottish Terriers can be prone to barking, so it is important to train them to minimize excessive barking. Overall, if you are willing to provide them with enough exercise and attention, Scottish Terriers can make great apartment pets.

Left Alone

Scottish Terriers are generally independent and can tolerate being left alone for short periods of time. However, they are also very loyal and may become anxious or destructive if left alone for extended periods of time. It is important to provide them with plenty of mental and physical stimulation, such as toys and exercise, to keep them occupied while you are away. It is also recommended to gradually train them to be comfortable with being left alone for longer periods of time.

Kid/Family Friendly

Scottish Terriers can be good with kids and families, but it depends on the individual dog’s temperament and training. They are generally loyal and affectionate with their families, but they can be stubborn and independent, which can make training a challenge. It’s important to socialize them early and teach them how to interact with children and other pets. Additionally, they have a high prey drive and may not be suitable for families with small pets like cats or rabbits. Overall, Scottish Terriers can make great family pets with proper training and socialization.

Perfect Fit

Scottish Terriers are a great fit for households that are looking for a loyal and affectionate companion. They are known for their independent and strong-willed nature, so they may not be the best fit for first-time dog owners or households with young children. Scottish Terriers also have a high prey drive and may not get along well with other small pets in the household. They are a good choice for families who have a yard or live in a home with a fenced-in yard, as they love to play and explore. Additionally, Scottish Terriers are a good fit for households that have a moderate activity level, as they enjoy daily walks and playtime but are also content to relax at home.

Pros and Cons:

Owning a Scottish Terrier comes with its own set of pros and cons. Here is a table outlining five of each:

Pros:

  1. Loyal companions: Scottish Terriers are known for their loyalty and devotion to their owners. They make great companions and are always eager to please.
  2. Low-shedding: Scottish Terriers have a wiry coat that sheds very little, making them a good choice for people with allergies or those who don’t want to deal with excessive shedding.
  3. Easy to train: Scottish Terriers are intelligent and eager to learn, making them easy to train. They respond well to positive reinforcement and are quick learners.
  4. Good watchdogs: Scottish Terriers are naturally suspicious of strangers and will bark to alert their owners of any potential threats. They make good watchdogs and will protect their family if necessary.
  5. Adorable appearance: Scottish Terriers are known for their distinctive appearance, with their long beards, bushy eyebrows and short legs. They are often described as “cute” or “adorable” by their owners.

Cons:

  1. Prone to health issues: Scottish Terriers are prone to a number of health issues, including skin allergies, bladder stones and cancer. They require regular vet check-ups and may require expensive medical treatment.
  2. Stubborn: Scottish Terriers can be stubborn and independent, which can make training more difficult. They may require a firm hand and consistent training to ensure they obey commands.
  3. High energy: Scottish Terriers are a high-energy breed and require regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. They may become destructive if they don’t get enough exercise or mental stimulation.
  4. Difficult to groom: Scottish Terriers have a wiry coat that requires regular grooming to keep it looking neat and tidy. They may require professional grooming, which can be expensive.
  5. Not good with small children: Scottish Terriers can be territorial and may not do well with small children or other pets. They may become aggressive if they feel threatened or if their territory is invaded.

Cost:

The cost of a Scottish Terrier in Australia can vary depending on several factors such as the breeder, location and the dog’s pedigree. On average, a Scottish Terrier puppy in Australia can cost between $2,000 to $4,000. However, it’s important to note that the cost of owning a dog goes beyond the initial purchase price and includes ongoing expenses such as food, grooming and veterinary care.

Breed History:

Scottish Terriers, also known as Scotties, were originally bred in Scotland for hunting small game such as rats, mice and other vermin. They were also used for hunting foxes and badgers. The breed’s small size and tenacious nature made them ideal for hunting in rocky terrain and burrows. Scottish Terriers were also used as watchdogs and guard dogs, as they are fiercely loyal and protective of their families. Today, Scottish Terriers are primarily kept as companion animals and are famous for their distinctive appearance and spirited personalities.

Current Usage

Scottish Terriers are primarily kept as pets and companions. However, they were originally bred as working dogs and are still used for hunting small game such as rats and mice. They are also used in some countries as therapy dogs due to their loyal and affectionate nature. Additionally, Scottish Terriers have been used in the past as watchdogs and as part of search and rescue teams.

Guard Dogs

Yes, Scottish Terriers can make good guard dogs. They are known for being loyal and protective of their family and their natural instinct to bark at strangers can make them effective at alerting their owners to potential threats. However, it is important to note that their small size may limit their ability to physically protect their home and family. Proper training and socialization are also important to ensure they do not become overly aggressive or territorial.

Where Are They Found?

Scottish Terriers are most popular in the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom. They are also popular in other countries such as Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.

Climate

Scottish Terriers are well-suited to cooler climates due to their thick, wiry coat. They can tolerate cold temperatures better than hot temperatures. However, they can adapt to different climates as long as they are provided with adequate shelter, water and protection from extreme weather conditions.

Population

It is difficult to determine the exact number of Scottish Terriers in the world, as there is no centralized database or registry that tracks all of them. However, according to the American Kennel Club, Scottish Terriers are a relatively popular breed, ranking 58th out of 197 breeds in terms of AKC registrations in 2020. Additionally, Scottish Terrier clubs and organizations around the world may have estimates of the number of Scottish Terriers in their respective regions.

Physical Appearance:

Scottish Terriers are small to medium-sized dogs with a distinctive appearance. They have a sturdy and compact build with a long, thick coat that is typically black, brindle or wheaten in color. Their head is large and round with a prominent brow and their ears are small and pointed, standing erect on top of their head. Scottish Terriers have a short, muscular neck and a deep chest, giving them a strong and agile appearance. They have short legs and a short tail that is usually carried straight or slightly curved. Overall, Scottish Terriers have a confident and dignified demeanor, with a distinctive and iconic look that sets them apart from other breeds.

Coat:

Colours:

Scottish Terriers can be black, brindle or wheaten in color.

Hair/Fur Length:

Scottish Terriers have a medium-length, wiry coat that typically measures about 2-3 inches in length.

Shedding:

Yes, Scottish Terriers do shed, but their shedding is relatively low compared to other breeds. They have a double coat, with a soft undercoat and a wiry outer coat. They shed their undercoat twice a year, usually in the spring and fall, which can result in some moderate shedding. However, regular brushing and grooming can help to minimize shedding and keep their coat healthy and shiny.

Grooming:

The Scottish Terrier has a wiry coat that requires regular grooming to keep it healthy and looking good. They need to be brushed at least once a week to remove any loose or dead hair and prevent matting. They also need to be bathed every few months to keep their coat clean and shiny.

In terms of haircuts, Scottish Terriers do require trimming and shaping of their coat to maintain their distinctive look. This can be done by a professional groomer or with the proper tools and techniques at home. It is recommended to have their hair trimmed every 6-8 weeks to keep it at the desired length and shape.

Hypoallergenic:

Scottish Terriers are not considered hypoallergenic. They have a double coat that sheds moderately and can produce dander, which can trigger allergies in some people. However, some individuals with allergies may be able to tolerate being around Scottish Terriers better than other breeds due to their low-shedding coat. It is always recommended to spend time with a Scottish Terrier before bringing one into your home if you have allergies to ensure that you do not have a reaction.

Speed:

Scottish Terriers can run at a speed of approximately 24-27 kph.

Health:

Scottish Terriers are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues. Some of the most common health issues they are faced with include:

  • Von Willebrand’s Disease: A bleeding disorder that affects the blood’s ability to clot properly.
  • Scottie Cramp: A neurological condition that causes muscle stiffness and spasms.
  • Cataracts: A clouding of the eye’s lens that can cause vision problems.
  • Allergies: Scottish Terriers can be prone to allergies, which can cause skin irritation and itching.
  • Hip Dysplasia: A condition where the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, which can cause pain and mobility issues.
  • Patellar Luxation: A condition where the kneecap dislocates from its normal position, causing lameness and pain.

Teeth:

Scottish Terriers typically have 42 teeth, which is the same as most other breeds of dogs.

Eyesight:

Scottish Terriers have relatively good eyesight, but it is not their strongest sense. Their sense of smell and hearing are much more acute than their eyesight. However, their eyesight is still important for them to navigate their surroundings and hunt prey.

Nipples:

Scottish Terriers typically have 8 to 10 nipples, arranged in two rows on their underside.

Gestation:

Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Scottish Terriers is between 2 to 5 puppies. However, litter sizes can vary and some Scottish Terriers may have litters with fewer or more puppies.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Scottish Terriers is typically around 63 days, although it can range from 58 to 68 days.

Heat:

Scottish Terriers typically go into heat twice a year, although the timing can vary slightly between individuals.

Male vs Female:

Male and female Scottish Terriers have some physical and behavioral differences. Males are generally larger and heavier than females, with a height of around 10 inches and a weight of 19-22 pounds, while females are slightly smaller, with a height of around 9.5 inches and a weight of 18-21 pounds. In terms of temperament, males can be more dominant and assertive, while females tend to be more independent and reserved. Additionally, female Scotties may experience heat cycles and have a higher risk of developing mammary tumors, while males may be more prone to certain health issues such as prostate problems.

Tips and Advice:

Here are some tips and advice for caring for a Scottish Terrier:

  • Grooming: Scottish Terriers have a double coat that requires regular grooming. Brush their coat at least once a week to prevent matting and tangles. They also need to be trimmed every few months to maintain their appearance.
  • Exercise: Scottish Terriers are energetic dogs that require daily exercise. Take them for a walk or play with them in the backyard to keep them active and healthy.
  • Training: Scottish Terriers are intelligent dogs that respond well to positive reinforcement training. Start training them at a young age and use treats and praise to encourage good behavior.
  • Nutrition: Scottish Terriers have a tendency to gain weight, so it’s important to feed them a balanced diet and monitor their food intake. Avoid overfeeding them and provide them with high-quality dog food.
  • Health: Scottish Terriers are prone to certain health issues, such as skin allergies and bladder stones. Regular vet check-ups and preventative care can help keep them healthy.
  • Socialization: Scottish Terriers can be wary of strangers and other dogs, so it’s important to socialize them from a young age. Expose them to different people and environments to help them become well-adjusted and friendly dogs.
  • Dental care: Scottish Terriers are prone to dental problems, so it’s important to brush their teeth regularly and provide them with dental chews or toys to help keep their teeth clean.
  • Safety: Scottish Terriers are curious dogs that can get into trouble if left unsupervised. Keep them in a secure area and supervise them when they’re outside to prevent accidents or injuries.

By following these tips and advice, you can provide your Scottish Terrier with the care and attention they need to live a happy and healthy life.

Food:

Scottish Terriers have a hearty appetite and can eat anywhere from 1 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dog food per day, depending on their age, size and activity level. However, it’s important to monitor their food intake and adjust accordingly to prevent obesity.

While Scottish Terriers can be food-oriented dogs, they can also be susceptible to being picky eaters. It’s important to find a high-quality dog food that they enjoy and stick to a consistent feeding schedule to avoid any digestive issues. Additionally, it’s important to avoid giving them table scraps or human food as it can lead to weight gain and other health problems.

Facts:

Here are three interesting facts about them:

  1. They were a favorite of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. He had several Scotties during his time in the White House and even had a statue of one of his dogs, Fala, erected in his honor.
  2. They were bred to hunt vermin. Scottish Terriers were originally used to hunt rats, mice and other small animals on farms and in homes.
  3. They have a distinctive appearance. With their short legs, long bodies and pointed ears, Scottish Terriers are easily recognizable. They also have a thick, wiry coat that comes in a variety of colors, including black, brindle and wheaten.

Names:

When it comes to naming a Scottish Terrier, traditional Scottish names or names that evoke a sense of strength and power are often a good fit. Here are 15 names that would be a great match for a Scottish Terrier:

1. Angus6. Ewan11. Mac
2. Bonnie7. Finn12. Nessie
3. Brodie8. Hamish13. Piper
4. Cairn9. Isla14. Rowan
5. Dougal10. Lachlan15. Wallace

Famous:

Over the years, there have been several famous Scottish Terriers that have made their mark in history. Here are some of the most famous Scottish Terriers of all time:

  1. Fala – Perhaps the most famous Scottish Terrier of all time, Fala was the beloved pet of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. He was known for his loyalty and was often seen accompanying the President on his travels.
  2. Barney – Owned by former President George W. Bush, Barney was a popular figure during his time in the White House. He even starred in several videos promoting the White House and its events.
  3. Jock – This Scottish Terrier was the loyal companion of Lady and the Tramp in the classic Disney movie. He was known for his bravery and his love for his owners.
  4. Duffy – This Scottish Terrier was the first dog to complete the Appalachian Trail. He hiked the entire trail with his owner, Sherpa and became a legend in the hiking community.
  5. Bridget – This Scottish Terrier was the first dog to win Best in Show at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show. She won the title in 1930 and became a symbol of excellence in the dog show world.

These are just a few of the many famous Scottish Terriers that have made their mark in history. Their loyalty, bravery and love have captured the hearts of many and will continue to do so for years to come.

Summary:

The Scottish Terrier, also known as the Scottie, is a small breed of dog that originated in Scotland. They are a type of terrier, which means they were originally bred for hunting small game such as rodents and foxes.

Scotties are famous for their distinctive appearance, with a long, wiry coat that comes in shades of black, brindle or wheaten. They have short legs and a compact, muscular body and their ears are typically pointed and erect.

In terms of personality, Scottish Terriers are independent and sometimes stubborn. They are loyal and affectionate with their owners, but can be wary of strangers. They are also alert and protective, making them good watchdogs.

Scotties have a long history in Scotland, dating back to the 16th century. They were originally bred to hunt small game on the rugged Scottish terrain and were prized for their tenacity and courage. Today, they are still used for hunting and as companion animals.

As pets, Scottish Terriers can be a good choice for people who are looking for a small, active dog with a strong personality. They are not always the easiest breed to train, but with patience and consistency, they can be well-behaved and obedient. They do require regular grooming to maintain their coat and they benefit from daily exercise and playtime. Overall, Scottish Terriers can make loyal and loving pets for the right owner.