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Can Shih Tzus Eat Cheese?

If you have a lovable Shih Tzu and have been wondering whether cheese is safe for them to enjoy, the answer is yes! Shih Tzus can eat cheese, but it’s important to practise moderation. While cheese can provide certain nutritional benefits, it’s crucial to consider factors such as lactose content and your Shih Tzu’s individual health condition. Some Shih Tzus may be lactose intolerant, meaning they lack the necessary enzymes to digest lactose, a sugar found in milk and dairy products. Therefore, it’s important to introduce cheese slowly and monitor your Shih Tzu’s response.

Is Cheese Good for Shih Tzus? Nutritional Benefits

Cheese contains several nutrients that can be beneficial for Shih Tzus, including high-quality protein, calcium, essential fats, and vitamins A and B-12. Protein supports muscle growth and repair, calcium aids in bone development, and essential fats contribute to a healthy coat and skin. Vitamins A and B-12 are essential for nerve function and maintaining good vision. However, it’s important to remember that cheese should not replace a balanced, dog-specific diet. It’s best used as an occasional treat or a high-value reward during training. Due to its high-fat content and calorie density, overfeeding cheese can lead to weight gain and related health issues.

Different Types of Cheese

Various types of cheese have different nutritional profiles and lactose levels, which can affect how well a Shih Tzu tolerates them. Here are some common types of cheese and considerations for Shih Tzus:

  • Cream Cheese: Cream cheese is lower in lactose and can be a good option for many Shih Tzus. Ensure to use plain cream cheese and avoid flavored variants that might contain ingredients harmful to dogs.
  • Feta Cheese: Feta cheese is lower in fat and calories compared to other cheeses but high in sodium. Due to its salty flavor, it should be given sparingly.
  • Cottage Cheese: Cottage cheese is high in protein and calcium, and low in fat and calories, making it a better choice for Shih Tzus.
  • Ricotta Cheese: Ricotta cheese is low in fat and lactose but high in protein. However, it’s also high in calcium, which can be an issue for some Shih Tzus.
  • Brie Cheese: Brie cheese is a soft cheese with a high-fat content. Overfeeding high-fat cheeses like Brie can contribute to obesity and pancreatitis in dogs.
  • Cheddar Cheese: Cheddar cheese is high in fat and should be given sparingly. It contains less lactose compared to some other cheeses.
  • Goat Cheese: Goat cheese has less lactose and may be easier for some Shih Tzus to digest. It’s also high in protein and calcium.
  • Parmesan Cheese: Parmesan cheese is high in sodium and calories, so it should be given sparingly.
  • Soft Cheese: Soft cheeses like Brie and Camembert are often higher in fat and should be used sparingly.
  • Blue Cheese: Blue cheeses should be avoided as they contain Roquefortine C, a substance that can be toxic to dogs.
  • Moldy Cheese: Never give moldy cheese to dogs as the molds can contain toxins that are dangerous for them.
  • Mozzarella Cheese: Mozzarella cheese is a lower-fat cheese, but it’s high in lactose, so some Shih Tzus may not tolerate it well.

Are Some Shih Tzus Allergic to Cheese?

Yes, some Shih Tzus can develop allergies to cheese, leading to mild discomfort or severe health problems. Common symptoms of cheese allergies include itching, hives, swelling, vomiting, diarrhea, and difficulty breathing. Always monitor your Shih Tzu after introducing cheese or any new food into their diet. If you suspect your Shih Tzu is allergic to cheese, contact your veterinarian immediately.

Possible Side Effects of Feeding Cheese to Shih Tzus

While cheese can provide benefits, it’s important to be aware of potential side effects, especially if cheese is given in large quantities or to Shih Tzus with specific health conditions. Some Shih Tzus may experience an upset stomach or diarrhea, particularly if they are lactose intolerant. High-fat cheeses can contribute to obesity and related health issues such as heart disease and diabetes if fed excessively. Additionally, overfeeding cheese can lead to pancreatitis, a serious condition characterized by inflammation of the pancreas.

How Much Cheese Can Shih Tzus Eat?

The amount of cheese that Shih Tzus can safely consume depends on their size, age, health condition, and the type of cheese. As a general guideline, a small piece of low-fat cheese, such as cottage or mozzarella, can be a good treat for a medium-sized Shih Tzu. Cheese should be a supplemental part of a Shih Tzu’s diet, not a main component. Always start with small quantities to observe your Shih Tzu’s response, and consult with your veterinarian for personalized advice.

Can Shih Tzu Puppies Eat Cheese?

Shih Tzu puppies can eat cheese, but it should be introduced slowly and in small quantities to monitor for any adverse reactions. Puppies have sensitive stomachs, and their bodies may not produce enough lactase to break down lactose effectively. Always consult your veterinarian before introducing new foods, including cheese, into your Shih Tzu puppy’s diet.

Best Way to Safely Prepare Cheese for Your Shih Tzu

When choosing the right type of cheese for your Shih Tzu, consider its lactose content and fat level. Lower lactose cheeses, such as cheddar or cream cheese, may be easier on your Shih Tzu’s stomach. Additionally, opt for lower fat cheeses to maintain a healthy weight for Shih Tzus prone to weight gain. Always serve cheese in moderation as part of a balanced diet. Avoid certain cheeses, such as blue cheese or any cheese with added flavorings, as these can be harmful to dogs. Never serve moldy cheese to your Shih Tzu, as it can contain harmful toxins.

Simple Cheese Recipe for Shih Tzus

Here’s a simple and dog-friendly recipe that incorporates cheese:

Cheesy Dog Biscuits


  • 2 cups whole wheat flour
  • 1/4 cup cornmeal
  • 1/2 cup grated low-fat cheese (cheddar or mozzarella work well)
  • 1 egg
  • 1/2 to 1 cup water


  1. Preheat your oven to 350°F (175°C) and line a baking sheet with parchment paper.
  2. In a large bowl, combine the flour, cornmeal, and grated cheese.
  3. Beat the egg in a separate bowl, then add it to the dry ingredients.
  4. Gradually add water, mixing well until the dough comes together.
  5. Roll out the dough on a floured surface, cut out biscuits using a cookie cutter, and place them on the prepared baking sheet.
  6. Bake for 20-30 minutes until golden and crispy. Allow the biscuits to cool before treating your Shih Tzu.

Always remember that treats like these should make up no more than 10% of your Shih Tzu’s daily caloric intake.

While Shih Tzus can enjoy cheese in moderation, it’s essential to consider the type of cheese, your Shih Tzu’s health status, and the quantity consumed. Cheese should always be served as a treat rather than a main part of your Shih Tzu’s diet. As with any dietary changes, consult your veterinarian to ensure the health and safety of your beloved Shih Tzu.

Can Shih Tzus Eat Cheese?