Saint Bernard Teeth – How Many, Teething Stages, Types & Size
St. Bernards are majestic and lovable dogs known for their gentle temperament and impressive size. When it comes to their overall health, dental care plays a crucial role. Proper understanding of St. Bernard teeth, teething stages, types and size is essential for providing optimal oral health to these magnificent canines.
How Many Teeth Do St. Bernards Have?
Adult St. Bernards typically have 42 teeth, which include incisors, canines, premolars and molars. These teeth are categorized into two types: deciduous (baby) teeth and permanent teeth. Deciduous teeth begin to erupt between three and six weeks of age, while permanent teeth replace them as the puppy grows. By the time St. Bernards reach adulthood, they have a complete set of permanent teeth.
Teething is a natural process during which St. Bernard puppies lose their baby teeth and adult teeth emerge. This process occurs in stages and understanding these stages can help dog owners provide appropriate care and support. The teething stages in St. Bernards are as follows:
- Incipient Stage (2-3 months): The puppy’s baby teeth start to loosen as the permanent teeth develop beneath the gums.
- Transitional Stage (4-6 months): Baby teeth gradually fall out, making way for the eruption of permanent teeth. This stage can be accompanied by discomfort and increased chewing behavior.
- Final Stage (7-8 months): The permanent teeth fully emerge, replacing all the baby teeth. At this point, St. Bernards have their complete set of adult teeth.
Types of Teeth
St. Bernard teeth can be classified into four types, each serving a specific purpose:
- Incisors: Located at the front of the mouth, incisors are thin and sharp teeth used for nibbling, grooming and grasping objects.
- Canines: These long and pointed teeth are positioned on either side of the incisors. Canines are designed for tearing and holding objects, as well as establishing dominance during interactions.
- Premolars: Premolars have a broader surface with cusps, making them ideal for chewing and grinding food. St. Bernards have four premolars on each side of their upper and lower jaws.
- Molars: Positioned at the back of the mouth, molars are large and flat teeth responsible for grinding and crushing food. St. Bernards typically have two upper and three lower molars on each side.
Size of St. Bernard Teeth
St. Bernard teeth are notably large and sturdy, reflecting their robust stature. The size of St. Bernard teeth varies depending on their type and the age of the dog. During the teething process, puppies have smaller and sharper teeth, which gradually give way to the larger and stronger permanent teeth as they mature.
Common Dental Issues in St. Bernards
While St. Bernards are generally healthy dogs, they can be prone to certain dental issues. Being aware of these problems can help dog owners identify and address them promptly. Common dental issues in St. Bernards include:
- Dental Plaque and Tartar: Like other breeds, St. Bernards can develop plaque and tartar buildup on their teeth, leading to gum disease and bad breath. Regular dental care is crucial to prevent these issues.
- Periodontal Disease: Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums and supporting structures around the teeth. It can cause pain, tooth loss and even systemic health problems if left untreated.
- Malocclusion: St. Bernards may experience malocclusion, which refers to misalignment or improper positioning of the teeth. This can result in discomfort, difficulty eating and potential damage to the oral cavity.
- Tooth Fractures: Due to their size and strength, St. Bernards may occasionally suffer from tooth fractures, particularly if they chew on hard objects or experience trauma. Fractured teeth require immediate veterinary attention.
Signs That Your St. Bernard May Be Teething
During the teething process, St. Bernard puppies may exhibit certain signs indicating discomfort. Recognizing these signs can help dog owners provide appropriate care and support. Common signs of teething in St. Bernards include:
- Excessive chewing behavior, often directed towards toys, furniture, or household objects
- Drooling or increased saliva production
- Swollen or inflamed gums
- Reluctance to eat or a preference for softer food
- Behavioral changes, such as irritability or restlessness
When Do St. Bernards Lose Their Baby Milk Teeth?
St. Bernard puppies begin to lose their baby teeth around three to four months of age. The process continues until they are approximately six months old. During this time, it is important to monitor the shedding of baby teeth and ensure the permanent teeth are growing correctly. If any issues are detected, consulting a veterinarian is recommended.
When Do St. Bernards Stop Teething?
St. Bernards typically stop teething by the age of eight months. However, the teething process can vary from dog to dog. Some St. Bernards may finish teething as early as six months, while others may take longer. It is essential to be patient and provide appropriate care during this transitional phase.
What Should You Do When Your St. Bernard is Teething?
When your St. Bernard is teething, there are several measures you can take to alleviate discomfort and prevent destructive behavior:
- Provide appropriate chew toys specifically designed for teething puppies, such as rubber or nylon toys that are safe to chew on.
- Cold objects, like refrigerated teething rings or wet washcloths, can help soothe sore gums. Ensure the objects are not frozen, as they may damage the puppy’s mouth.
- Avoid giving your St. Bernard hard objects to chew on, as they can lead to tooth fractures. Opt for softer, puppy-friendly toys instead.
- Maintain a consistent dental care routine, including regular brushing with a dog-friendly toothpaste and regular veterinary check-ups.
Tips for Preventing Dental Issues in St. Bernards
Prevention is key to maintaining optimal dental health in St. Bernards. Here are some tips to prevent dental issues:
- Establish a daily dental care routine, including brushing your St. Bernard’s teeth with a dog-specific toothbrush and toothpaste.
- Provide dental chews or treats that promote oral hygiene and reduce plaque and tartar buildup.
- Ensure your St. Bernard has a balanced and nutritious diet to support overall oral health.
- Regularly schedule professional dental cleanings performed by a veterinarian.
Understanding St. Bernard teeth, teething stages, types and size is vital for promoting good oral health in these magnificent dogs. By recognizing the signs of teething, providing appropriate care and implementing preventive measures, you can ensure that your St. Bernard’s teeth remain strong and healthy throughout their life. Remember, regular veterinary check-ups and dental care routines are crucial for maintaining your furry friend’s overall well-being.