Skip to content

Vizsla

Vizsla Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A sleek and athletic hunting dog with a distinctive rust-colored coat.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.
Also Known As:Hungarian Vizsla
Type:Mammal

Size:

Vizslas are considered a Medium-sized dog breed.
Weight:20-30 kg.
Height:56-64 cm (22-25 inches)
Length:56-66 cm (22-26 inches).

Lifespan:

The average lifespan of a Vizsla is between 10 to 14 years

Behavior:

What type of dog is a Vizsla, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Vizslas have friendly, affectionate, and energetic personalities. They are highly intelligent and trainable dogs that thrive on human companionship and attention. They are often referred to as “velcro dogs” because they love to be close to their owners and follow them around the house.

They also have high energy levels and need for exercise. They are active dogs that require daily walks, runs or playtime to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. They are great companions for active individuals or families who enjoy outdoor activities.

In terms of temperament, Vizslas are generally very social and get along well with other dogs and pets. They are also good with children and make great family pets. However, they can be sensitive and may not do well in homes with loud or chaotic environments.

Vizslas are loyal and protective of their families, which makes them good watchdogs. They may bark to alert their owners of potential threats, but they are not aggressive dogs. They are generally friendly towards strangers and may even try to make friends with them.

Overall, Vizslas are loving, loyal and energetic dogs that make great companions for active individuals or families. They require plenty of exercise and attention, but their affectionate and friendly personalities make them well worth the effort.

Intelligence

Vizslas are considered to be a highly intelligent breed of dog. They can learn quickly and are eager to please their owners. They are also very adaptable and can be trained to perform a variety of tasks, including hunting, agility, obedience and therapy work. However, like all dogs, their intelligence can vary from individual to individual depending on factors such as genetics, training and socialization.

Trainability

Vizslas are generally considered to be intelligent and trainable dogs. They are eager to please their owners and respond well to positive reinforcement training methods. However, like all dogs, individual Vizslas may have their own unique personalities and learning styles, so training may take more or less time depending on the dog. Consistency, patience and positive reinforcement are key to successfully training a Vizsla. It is also important to start training early and socialize them well to prevent any behavioral issues.

Sleep

Vizslas typically sleep for around 12-14 hours per day, but this can vary depending on their age, activity level and overall health. Puppies and older dogs may sleep more, while highly active Vizslas may need more rest to recover from their exercise. It’s important to provide your Vizsla with a comfortable and quiet sleeping area where they can rest undisturbed.

Bark

Vizslas can be moderate to high barkers. They are a vocal breed and may bark to alert their owners of any potential danger or to express their excitement. However, with proper training and socialization, Vizslas can be taught to control their barking and only bark when necessary. It is important to note that excessive barking can be a sign of anxiety or boredom, so it is important to provide them with enough exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy and content.

Drool

Vizslas are not known to be excessive droolers. However, like all dogs, they may drool occasionally, especially when they are excited or anticipating food. Overall, Vizslas are considered to be a relatively low drooling breed.

Lick

Vizslas are affectionate dogs and may lick their owners as a sign of love and affection. However, the amount of licking can vary from dog to dog and also depends on the individual dog’s personality and behavior. Some Vizslas may lick more than others, while some may not lick at all. It is important to note that excessive licking can be a sign of anxiety or other health issues, so it is important to monitor your dog’s behavior and consult with a veterinarian if necessary.

Jump

Vizslas exhibit agility and athleticism and they can jump quite high. On average, Vizslas can jump up to 1.5 meters (about 5 feet) high, but some can jump even higher with proper training and conditioning.

Dig

Vizslas have a moderate digging tendency. They were originally bred as hunting dogs and digging was a part of their job to flush out game from underground. However, with proper training and exercise, their digging can be managed and minimized. Providing them with enough physical and mental stimulation can also help reduce their digging behavior. It’s important to note that every dog is different and some Vizslas may have a stronger digging instinct than others.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Vizsla the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Vizsla.

Exercise

Vizslas are a high-energy breed and require a significant amount of exercise. They should have at least one hour of vigorous exercise per day, such as running, hiking or playing fetch. They also benefit from mental stimulation, such as training or puzzle toys. Vizslas are not well-suited for apartment living or homes without access to outdoor space to run and play. It’s important to ensure that they receive enough exercise to prevent boredom and destructive behavior.

Space

Vizslas are an active and energetic breed that require a lot of exercise and space to run and play. They are not well-suited to apartment living and need a home with a yard or access to a large outdoor space. Ideally, they should have at least a medium-sized yard where they can run and play freely. However, they also need plenty of mental stimulation and interaction with their owners, so they should not be left alone in the yard for extended periods of time. Overall, Vizslas need a home with enough space to accommodate their high energy levels and need for exercise and play.

Apartment

Vizslas are energetic and active dogs that require a lot of exercise and mental stimulation. They are not recommended for apartment living unless the owner is committed to providing them with enough exercise and playtime. Vizslas need at least an hour of exercise every day and they thrive in homes with a yard or access to outdoor spaces where they can run and play. If you live in an apartment, you will need to be prepared to take your Vizsla for long walks or runs every day and provide them with plenty of toys and mental stimulation to keep them entertained. Additionally, Vizslas are known to be vocal and may not be the best choice for apartment living if you have close neighbors who are sensitive to noise.

Left Alone

Vizslas are very social and affectionate dogs that thrive on human interaction. They do not tolerate being left alone for long periods of time and can develop separation anxiety if left alone for extended periods. It is recommended that Vizslas are not left alone for more than 4-6 hours at a time and are provided with plenty of mental and physical stimulation to keep them occupied while their owners are away. If you need to leave your Vizsla alone for longer periods, it is recommended to hire a dog sitter or take them to a dog daycare facility.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Vizslas are generally good with kids and families. They are affectionate, loyal and energetic dogs that love to be around people. They are known for their playful and friendly nature, making them great companions for children. However, like with any dog, it is important to supervise interactions between children and Vizslas to ensure that both are safe and happy. Additionally, Vizslas require a lot of exercise and attention, so they may not be the best fit for families who cannot provide them with enough physical and mental stimulation.

Perfect Fit

A Vizsla would be a perfect fit for an active household with plenty of time and energy to devote to their pet. They require daily exercise and mental stimulation, so a family that enjoys outdoor activities such as hiking, running or biking would be ideal. They also thrive on human companionship and do not do well in homes where they are left alone for long periods of time. A Vizsla would also do well in a home with a securely fenced yard where they can run and play safely. Additionally, they are highly trainable and eager to please, making them a great fit for families who are willing to invest time and effort into their pet’s training and socialization.

Pros and Cons:

While they make great companions for active owners, there are also some drawbacks to owning a Vizsla. Here are five pros and cons to consider:

ProsCons
1. Active and energetic, making them great exercise partners1. Require a lot of exercise and mental stimulation to prevent destructive behavior
2. Intelligent and easy to train2. Can be prone to separation anxiety and may become destructive when left alone
3. Affectionate and loyal to their owners3. May be too friendly with strangers and not suitable as guard dogs
4. Low maintenance grooming needs4. Can be prone to health issues such as hip dysplasia and allergies
5. Good with children and other pets5. May have a strong prey drive and not be suitable for homes with small animals

Overall, Vizslas can make great pets for the right owner who is willing to provide them with plenty of exercise, training and attention. However, they may not be the best fit for everyone due to their high energy levels and potential health issues.

Cost:

The cost of a Vizsla in Australia can vary depending on several factors such as the breeder, location, age and pedigree of the dog. On average, a Vizsla puppy can cost anywhere between $2,500 to $4,500. However, some breeders may charge more for a show-quality Vizsla or a puppy from champion bloodlines. It’s important to do your research and find a reputable breeder who health tests their dogs and provides proper care for their puppies.

Breed History:

Vizslas were originally bred in Hungary for hunting and pointing game birds, such as quail, pheasant and partridge. They were developed to be versatile hunting dogs that could work in a variety of terrains, including forests, fields and water. The breed is known for its exceptional sense of smell, endurance and agility, making them excellent hunting companions. Over time, Vizslas have also become popular as family pets due to their friendly and affectionate nature.

Current Usage

Vizslas are versatile dogs that can be used for a variety of purposes. Here are some of the ways Vizslas are currently being used:

  1. Hunting: Vizslas are excellent hunting dogs and are often used for hunting birds, rabbits and other small game. They have a keen sense of smell and are known for their ability to track and retrieve game.
  2. Search and rescue: Vizslas have a strong sense of smell and are often used in search and rescue operations. They can track missing persons and are trained to locate people in disaster situations.
  3. Therapy dogs: Vizslas are friendly and affectionate dogs that make excellent therapy dogs. They are often used in hospitals, nursing homes and schools to provide comfort and companionship to people in need.
  4. Agility and obedience competitions: Vizslas are highly trainable and excel in agility and obedience competitions. They are fast, agile and have a strong desire to please their owners.
  5. Family pets: Vizslas make great family pets and are known for their loyalty and affectionate nature. They are energetic dogs that require daily exercise and mental stimulation, but they also love to cuddle and be close to their owners.

Guard Dogs

Vizslas are not typically known for being good guard dogs. They are friendly and affectionate dogs that are more likely to greet strangers with a wagging tail than to bark or growl at them. While they may be protective of their family, they are not aggressive or territorial by nature and are not typically used as guard dogs. However, they are excellent watchdogs and will alert their owners to any unusual activity or strangers approaching their home.

Where Are They Found?

Vizslas are most popular in their country of origin, Hungary. They are also popular in the United States, Canada and several European countries such as Germany, Austria and the Netherlands.

Climate

Vizslas are best suited to a moderate climate with mild temperatures. They can tolerate cold weather to some extent but are not well-suited to extremely cold climates. Similarly, they can handle warm weather but may struggle in very hot and humid conditions. Overall, Vizslas are adaptable and can live in a variety of climates as long as they have access to shade, water and appropriate shelter.

Population

It is difficult to determine the exact number of Vizslas in the world as there is no central registry or database for this breed. However, according to the American Kennel Club, Vizslas are currently ranked as the 31st most popular breed in the United States. Additionally, Vizsla clubs and organizations exist in many countries around the world, indicating that the breed is present in numerous locations.

Physical Appearance:

Vizslas are medium-sized dogs with a lean, muscular build. They have a distinctive rust-colored coat that is short and smooth. Their ears are long and floppy and their eyes are usually a shade of amber or light brown. They have a long, tapered tail that is often docked to about one-third of its original length. Vizslas have a sleek, athletic appearance and are known for their agility and speed. They have a friendly and intelligent expression and are often described as having a regal bearing. Overall, Vizslas are a beautiful and striking breed of dog.

Coat:

Colours:

Vizslas can be various shades of golden rust, ranging from light sandy yellow to deep reddish-brown. The color should be a solid, rich and uniform hue without any white markings.

Hair/Fur Length:

Vizslas have short, smooth coats that are typically about 1-2 inches in length.

Shedding:

Yes, Vizslas do shed. They have a short, smooth coat that sheds moderately throughout the year. However, they are not considered heavy shedders like some other breeds. Regular brushing and grooming can help reduce shedding and keep their coat healthy and shiny.

Grooming:

The Vizsla has a short, smooth coat that requires minimal grooming. They shed moderately year-round and may require occasional brushing to remove loose hair. However, they do not require regular haircuts as their coat does not grow long. Bathing should only be done when necessary to avoid stripping the natural oils from their skin. Regular nail trimming, teeth brushing and ear cleaning are important parts of their grooming routine.

Hypoallergenic:

No, Vizslas are not considered hypoallergenic. They have a short, smooth coat that sheds moderately and can still trigger allergies in some people. However, some individuals with mild allergies may be able to tolerate being around Vizslas. It’s always recommended to spend time with a Vizsla before adopting one to see if you have any allergic reactions.

Speed:

Vizslas are known to be fast runners and can reach speeds of up to 40 km/h (25 mph).

Health:

Vizslas are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues, including:

  • Hip dysplasia: a genetic condition where the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, causing pain and mobility issues.
  • Progressive retinal atrophy: a degenerative eye disease that can lead to blindness.
  • Epilepsy: a neurological disorder that causes seizures.
  • Hypothyroidism: a condition where the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones, leading to weight gain, lethargy and other symptoms.
  • Allergies: Vizslas can be prone to allergies, which can cause skin irritation, itching and other symptoms.

Teeth:

Vizslas typically have 42 teeth, which is the same as most other breeds of dogs.

Eyesight:

Vizslas have excellent eyesight. Their eyes are large and almond-shaped, which allows them to have a wide field of vision and excellent depth perception. They also have a keen sense of motion detection, which makes them great at tracking and hunting prey. Additionally, their eyes are well-adapted to low light conditions, which makes them effective hunters even in dimly lit environments.

Nipples:

Vizslas typically have 8 to 10 nipples, arranged in two rows on their underside.

Gestation:

Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Vizslas is between 6 to 8 puppies. However, litter sizes can vary and can be influenced by factors such as the age and health of the mother, genetics and environmental factors.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Vizslas is typically around 63 days, although it can vary slightly from dog to dog. It is important to monitor the pregnant Vizsla closely during this time and provide proper nutrition and care to ensure a healthy pregnancy and delivery.

Heat:

Female Vizslas typically go into heat or estrus, twice a year, although the frequency can vary. The first heat usually occurs between 6 and 12 months of age.

Male vs Female:

Male and female Vizslas have some physical and behavioral differences. Males are generally larger and heavier than females, with a height of 22-24 inches and a weight of 55-65 pounds, while females are 21-23 inches tall and weigh 44-55 pounds. Males tend to have a more muscular and powerful build, while females are leaner and more agile. In terms of temperament, males may be more dominant and assertive, while females are often more affectionate and nurturing. However, these differences can vary depending on the individual dog’s personality and upbringing.

Tips and Advice:

Vizslas are energetic and intelligent dogs that require proper care and attention to thrive. Here are some tips and advice for caring for a Vizsla:

  • Exercise: Vizslas are high-energy dogs that require daily exercise. Plan for at least an hour of exercise each day, such as running, hiking or playing fetch.
  • Training: Vizslas are intelligent and eager to please, making them easy to train. Consistency and positive reinforcement are key to successful training.
  • Socialization: Vizslas are social dogs that thrive on human interaction and need to be socialized with other dogs and people from a young age.
  • Grooming: Vizslas have a short, smooth coat that requires minimal grooming. Brushing once a week and occasional baths are sufficient.
  • Nutrition: Vizslas require a high-quality diet that is rich in protein and nutrients. Consult with a veterinarian to determine the best diet for your dog.
  • Health: Vizslas are generally healthy dogs, but they are prone to certain health issues such as hip dysplasia and epilepsy. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian are important to maintain your dog’s health.
  • Mental stimulation: Vizslas are intelligent dogs that require mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior. Provide puzzle toys and interactive games to keep your dog’s mind engaged.
  • Safety: Vizslas are curious dogs that can be prone to exploring and wandering. Ensure that your home and yard are secure and supervise your dog when outside.
  • Love and attention: Vizslas are affectionate dogs that thrive on love and attention from their owners. Make sure to spend quality time with your dog and provide plenty of affection and praise.

Food:

Vizslas are known to have a good appetite and can eat a moderate amount of food. However, their food intake depends on their age, size and activity level. As puppies, they may require more frequent meals, while adult Vizslas may only need to be fed twice a day.

Vizslas are generally not considered to be food-oriented dogs. They are more interested in spending time with their owners and engaging in physical activities such as running, hiking and playing fetch. However, like any other dog, they can be trained to respond to food rewards during training sessions. It is important to monitor their food intake and ensure that they are not overeating, as obesity can lead to health problems.

Facts:

Here are three interesting facts about Vizslas:

  1. Vizslas have a unique nose print that is as individual as a human fingerprint. This means that they can be identified by their nose print just like humans can be identified by their fingerprints.
  2. Vizslas are often referred to as “velcro dogs” because of their strong attachment to their owners. They love to be close to their humans and will follow them around the house, often leaning against them or sitting on their feet.
  3. Vizslas are excellent swimmers and love to play in the water. They have webbed feet that help them to swim more efficiently and they are often used as hunting dogs for waterfowl.

Names:

Vizslas are often given names that reflect their lively nature and their Hungarian heritage. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Vizsla:

1. Zoltan6. Balazs11. Istvan
2. Gabor7. Ferenc12. Laszlo
3. Lajos8. Attila13. Matyas
4. Csilla9. Bence14. Orban
5. Katalin10. Eszter15. Tamas

Famous:

Over the years, many Vizslas have become famous for their impressive feats, appearances in movies and TV shows and for being owned by celebrities. Here are some of the most famous Vizslas of all time:

  1. Guinness – This Vizsla holds the world record for the longest ears on a dog, measuring at 31.1 cm (12.25 in) and 34.3 cm (13.5 in) respectively.
  2. Russet – This Vizsla appeared in the movie “”Best in Show”” and won the hearts of audiences with his charming personality.
  3. George – This Vizsla is owned by Prince Harry and Meghan Markle and has been seen accompanying them on walks and outings.
  4. Cooper – This Vizsla is known for his incredible surfing skills and has won multiple surfing competitions.
  5. Tucker – This Vizsla is a trained therapy dog and has helped many people in hospitals and nursing homes.
  6. Zsa Zsa – This Vizsla won the title of “”World’s Ugliest Dog”” in 2018 due to her unique appearance and lovable personality.
  7. Cinnamon – This Vizsla is a trained search and rescue dog and has helped locate missing people in disaster zones.
  8. Sadie – This Vizsla appeared in the movie “”Homeward Bound II”” and stole the show with her adorable antics.
  9. Bella – This Vizsla is owned by actress Jennifer Aniston and has been seen accompanying her on red carpet events.
  10. Rio – This Vizsla is a trained hunting dog and has won multiple awards for his skills in the field.

Summary:

The Vizsla is a medium-sized hunting dog breed that originated in Hungary. They are known for their athletic build, sleek golden rust coat and their keen sense of smell. Vizslas are highly energetic and require plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to stay happy and healthy.

Vizslas are loyal and affectionate dogs that thrive on human companionship. They are intelligent and trainable, making them great pets for active families who enjoy outdoor activities such as hiking, running and hunting. Vizslas are also renowned for their friendly and gentle nature, making them good with children and other pets.

The breed has a long history in Hungary, where they were originally bred for hunting and retrieving game. Vizslas were highly valued by Hungarian nobility and were often given as gifts to other European royalty.

Overall, the Vizsla is a loving and loyal companion that requires plenty of attention and exercise. They are great pets for active families who enjoy spending time outdoors and are looking for a dog that can keep up with their active lifestyle.