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Yorkshire Terrier

Yorkshire Terrier Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A small, energetic and affectionate toy breed with long silky hair.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.
Type:Mammal

Size:

Yorkshire Terriers are considered a Very Small Dog.
Weight:3 kg.
Height:22-23 cm (8-9 inches) at the shoulder.
Length:22-25 cm.

Lifespan:

The average lifespan of a Yorkshire Terrier is 12-17 years.

Behavior:

What type of dog is a Yorkshire Terrier, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Yorkshire Terriers, also known as Yorkies, are small dogs with big personalities. They are renowned for their spunky, confident and bold nature. Here is a detailed overview of their personality, temperament and behavior:

Personality:

Yorkies are lively and have aplayful personality. They are always on the go and love to be the center of attention. They are also very affectionate and love to cuddle with their owners. Yorkies tend to form a strong bond with their owners and can become very protective of them.

Temperament:

Yorkies are generally friendly and outgoing dogs. They are not aggressive and are good with children and other pets. However, they can be stubborn and independent at times, which can make training a challenge. Yorkies are a vocal dog and will bark to alert their owners of any perceived danger.

Behavior:

Yorkies are energetic dogs that require daily exercise and playtime. They are also curious and adventurous, which can sometimes get them into trouble. Yorkies are intelligent dogs and can learn quickly, but they can also be stubborn and difficult to train. They have a high prey drive and may chase after small animals.

In summary, Yorkshire Terriers are lively, affectionate and playful dogs with a strong bond to their owners. They are generally friendly and outgoing but can be stubborn and independent at times. They require daily exercise and playtime and can be vocal and have a high prey drive.

Intelligence

Yorkshire Terriers are generally considered to be intelligent dogs. They are quick learners and can be easily trained with positive reinforcement techniques. However, like all dogs, their intelligence can vary depending on the individual dog and their upbringing. Some Yorkshire Terriers may be more stubborn or independent, which can make training more challenging. Overall, they are a bright and alert breed that can excel in obedience and agility training.

Trainability

Yorkshire Terriers are generally intelligent and eager to please, which makes them relatively easy to train. However, they can also be stubborn and independent, which can make training a challenge at times. Consistency, positive reinforcement and patience are key when training a Yorkshire Terrier. It is also important to start training early and socialize them with other dogs and people to prevent any behavioral issues. Overall, with proper training and socialization, Yorkshire Terriers can be well-behaved and obedient pets.

Sleep

Yorkshire Terriers typically sleep for around 12-14 hours per day, although this can vary depending on their age, activity level and overall health. Puppies and older dogs may require more sleep, while younger and more active dogs may need less. It’s important to provide your Yorkshire Terrier with a comfortable and quiet sleeping area to ensure they get the rest they need.

Bark

Yorkshire Terriers are quite vocal and can bark frequently. However, with proper training and socialization, their barking can be controlled. It is important to note that excessive barking can be a sign of anxiety or boredom, so it is important to provide them with enough mental and physical stimulation to prevent this behavior.

Drool

Yorkshire Terriers are not heavy droolers. They may drool occasionally, but it is not a common trait of the breed. However, excessive drooling can be a sign of a health issue and should be checked by a veterinarian.

Lick

Yorkshire Terriers are affectionate and loving dogs and they may lick their owners as a sign of affection. However, the amount of licking can vary from dog to dog and depends on their personality and behavior. Some Yorkies may lick more than others, but excessive licking may also be a sign of anxiety or stress. It’s important to observe your Yorkie’s behavior and consult with a veterinarian if you have any concerns.

Jump

Yorkshire Terriers are small dogs with a maximum height of 9 inches at the shoulder. They are not known for their jumping ability, but they can jump up to a height of 2-3 feet. However, it is important to note that jumping too high can be harmful to their joints and should be avoided. It is always best to provide them with safe and appropriate exercise and play activities.

Dig

Yorkshire Terriers are not excessive diggers. However, like all dogs, they may dig occasionally, especially if they are bored or trying to escape from a confined area. It is important to provide them with enough exercise and mental stimulation to prevent destructive behavior. If you notice excessive digging behavior, it may be a sign of an underlying issue that needs to be addressed.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Yorkshire Terrier the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Yorkshire Terrier.

Exercise

Yorkshire Terriers are small dogs that require moderate exercise. They should have at least 20-30 minutes of exercise per day, which can include walking, playing fetch or other activities that get them moving. However, it’s important to note that each dog is unique and their exercise needs may vary based on their age, health and activity level. It’s always best to consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate amount of exercise for your Yorkshire Terrier.

Space

Yorkshire Terriers are small dogs and do not require a lot of space. They can be comfortable in apartments or small homes as long as they have enough room to move around and play. A small yard or regular walks can also provide them with enough exercise. However, it is important to note that they do have a lot of energy and need regular exercise and playtime to prevent boredom and destructive behavior.

Apartment

Yes, Yorkshire Terriers can be a good dog to get if you live in an apartment. They are small in size and do not require a lot of space to move around. They are also relatively low-energy dogs and do not need a lot of exercise, which makes them suitable for apartment living. However, it is important to note that all dogs need daily exercise and mental stimulation, so it is important to provide your Yorkshire Terrier with regular walks and playtime. Additionally, they can be prone to barking, so it is important to train them to control their barking behavior.

Left Alone

Yorkshire Terriers are generally not known for tolerating being left alone for long periods of time. They are social dogs and thrive on human interaction and attention. Leaving a Yorkshire Terrier alone for extended periods can lead to separation anxiety, destructive behavior and excessive barking. It is important to provide them with plenty of mental and physical stimulation, as well as regular exercise and training, to keep them happy and healthy. If you need to leave your Yorkshire Terrier alone for an extended period, it is recommended to hire a pet sitter or dog walker to provide them with company and exercise.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Yorkshire Terriers can be good with kids and families if they are socialized and trained properly. They are small dogs and can be easily injured if mishandled, so it’s important to supervise young children when they are interacting with them. Yorkshire Terriers are loyal and have an affectionate nature, making them great companions for families. However, they can also be stubborn and require consistent training and exercise to prevent behavioral issues.

Perfect Fit

A Yorkshire Terrier would be a perfect fit for a household that is looking for a small, affectionate and loyal companion. They are great for apartment living as they do not require a lot of space and exercise. They are also good with children, but should be supervised as they are delicate and can be easily injured. Yorkshire Terriers are renowned for their intelligence and trainability, making them a good choice for first-time dog owners. However, they do require regular grooming to maintain their long, silky coat. Overall, a Yorkshire Terrier would be a great addition to a household that is looking for a small, loving and low-maintenance pet.

Pros and Cons:

Owning a Yorkshire Terrier comes with its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Here is a table outlining 5 pros and cons of owning a Yorkshire Terrier:

ProsCons
1. Low maintenance1. Separation anxiety
2. Good for apartment living2. Barking tendency
3. Loyal and affectionate3. Fragile and prone to injuries
4. Easy to train4. High grooming needs
5. Good with children5. Expensive to purchase

Overall, owning a Yorkshire Terrier can be a rewarding experience, but it is important to consider both the pros and cons before making the decision to bring one into your home.

Cost:

The cost of a Yorkshire Terrier in Australia can vary depending on the breeder, location and pedigree. On average, a Yorkshire Terrier puppy can cost between $1,500 to $5,000 AUD. It is important to do research and find a reputable breeder to ensure the health and well-being of the puppy.

Breed History:

Yorkshire Terriers were originally bred in the 19th century in Yorkshire, England. They were developed to catch rats and other small rodents in clothing mills and factories. The breed was created by crossing various terrier breeds, including the Skye Terrier, Dandie Dinmont Terrier and Maltese.

The Yorkshire Terrier’s small size and agility made them perfect for catching rats in tight spaces. They were also valued as companion dogs for their loyalty and affectionate nature. Over time, the breed’s popularity grew and they became a fashionable pet among the upper class.

Today, Yorkshire Terriers are still popular as companion dogs and are known for their intelligence, energy and affectionate personalities. They are also often used in dog shows and competitions.

Current Usage

Yorkshire Terriers are primarily kept as companion pets and are popular due to their small size, affectionate nature and low-shedding coat. They are often seen as lap dogs and are known for their loyalty and playful personalities.

While Yorkshire Terriers were originally bred as working dogs to catch rats in textile mills, they are not commonly used for this purpose today. However, some owners may train their Yorkshire Terriers for various dog sports such as agility, obedience and rally. They can also be trained as therapy dogs to provide comfort and support to people in hospitals, nursing homes and other settings.

Overall, Yorkshire Terriers are mostly kept as beloved pets and valued members of their families.

Guard Dogs

Yorkshire Terriers are not typically considered good guard dogs. They are small in size and have a friendly and affectionate personality. While they may bark to alert their owners of strangers or unusual activity, they are not known for being aggressive or protective. However, they can make great watchdogs and will alert their owners to any potential danger.

Where Are They Found?

Yorkshire Terriers are popular in many countries around the world, but some of the countries where they are most popular include:

1. United States6. Germany
2. United Kingdom7. France
3. Canada8. Italy
4. Australia9. Spain
5. Japan10. Brazil

These countries have a large number of Yorkshire Terrier breeders, owners and enthusiasts and the breed is often seen in dog shows and competitions.

Climate

Yorkshire Terriers are best suited to temperate climates with mild temperatures. They can adapt to different climates, but they are sensitive to extreme heat or cold. They have a low tolerance for hot weather and can easily overheat, so it’s important to keep them cool and hydrated during hot weather. In cold weather, they need to be protected from the cold and kept warm with appropriate clothing or blankets. Overall, a moderate climate with consistent temperatures is best for Yorkshire Terriers.

Population

It is difficult to determine the exact number of Yorkshire Terriers in the world as there is no centralized database or registry. However, according to the American Kennel Club, Yorkshire Terriers are consistently ranked as one of the top 10 most popular dog breeds in the United States. Additionally, they are a popular breed in many other countries around the world. Therefore, it is safe to say that there are likely millions of Yorkshire Terriers worldwide.

Physical Appearance:

Yorkshire Terriers are small dogs with a compact and sturdy build. They have a long, silky coat that is typically blue and tan in color, with a darker shade of blue on their back and a lighter tan on their face, chest and legs. Their coat is often styled in a topknot on their head and trimmed short on their body.

Their head is small and flat, with a black nose and dark, round eyes that are set wide apart. Their ears are small and V-shaped, standing erect on top of their head. They have a short, straight tail that is typically docked.

Yorkshire Terriers have a confident and alert expression, with a lively and energetic demeanor. They are renowned for their spunky personalities and are often described as being feisty and fearless despite their small size.

Coat:

Colours:

Yorkshire Terriers can be black and tan, blue and tan or gold and tan.

Hair/Fur Length:

Yorkshire Terriers have long, silky hair that can grow up to 6-7 inches in length. However, many owners choose to keep their Yorkies’ hair trimmed shorter for easier maintenance.

Shedding:

Yes, Yorkshire Terriers do shed, but their shedding is minimal compared to other breeds. They have a single-layered coat that is fine and silky and they shed very little hair. However, their hair grows continuously and they require regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling. Regular brushing and trimming can help reduce shedding and keep their coat healthy and shiny.

Grooming:

The Yorkshire Terrier requires regular grooming to maintain its long, silky coat. Daily brushing is recommended to prevent matting and tangling. The hair around the ears, eyes and paws should be trimmed regularly to prevent irritation and infection. Many owners choose to have their Yorkshire Terrier’s hair professionally trimmed every few months to maintain a neat appearance. However, if you prefer a longer coat, you can also keep up with regular brushing and trimming at home.

Hypoallergenic:

Yes, Yorkshire Terriers are considered hypoallergenic dogs. They have hair instead of fur, which means they shed less and produce less dander, making them a good choice for people with allergies. However, it’s important to note that no dog breed is completely hypoallergenic and individual reactions to dogs can vary.

Speed:

Yorkshire Terriers can run at a maximum speed of around 24-32 kph (15-20 mph).

Health:

Yorkshire Terriers are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain health issues. Some of the most common health issues faced by Yorkshire Terriers include:

  1. Dental problems – Yorkshire Terriers are prone to dental problems such as tooth decay and gum disease due to their small mouths and crowded teeth.
  2. Hypoglycemia – This is a condition where the dog’s blood sugar levels drop too low, causing weakness, seizures and even death.
  3. Patellar luxation – This is a condition where the kneecap dislocates from its normal position, causing pain and lameness.
  4. Tracheal collapse – This is a condition where the cartilage rings in the trachea weaken and collapse, causing breathing difficulties.
  5. Portosystemic shunt – This is a congenital condition where the liver is unable to filter toxins from the blood, leading to neurological symptoms and liver failure.
  6. Legg-Calve-Perthes disease – This is a condition where the head of the femur bone in the hip joint degenerates, causing pain and lameness.

Teeth:

Adult Yorkshire Terriers have 42 teeth, which is the same as most other dog breeds.

Eyesight:

Yorkshire Terriers have a good sense of vision. They have large, bright eyes that are set well apart and are positioned to the front of their head, which allows them to have a wide field of vision. Additionally, their eyes are protected by long hair that helps to shield them from the sun and other environmental factors. However, like all dogs, Yorkshire Terriers can develop eye problems such as cataracts, glaucoma and retinal atrophy, which can affect their eyesight.

Nipples:

Yorkshire Terriers typically have six nipples. This number is consistent with most dog breeds, as they generally have an even number of nipples symmetrically arranged along the underside of their body.

Gestation:

Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Yorkshire Terriers is 3 to 5 puppies. However, litter sizes can vary and can be influenced by factors such as the age and health of the mother, genetics and environmental factors.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Yorkshire Terriers is typically around 63 days, although it can range from 58 to 68 days.

Heat:

Yorkshire Terriers typically go on heat twice a year, but it can vary depending on the individual dog.

Male vs Female:

There are several differences between male and female Yorkshire Terriers, including:

  1. Size: Males tend to be slightly larger than females, with an average weight of 7 pounds compared to the female’s average weight of 5 pounds.
  2. Temperament: Males are often more assertive and dominant, while females tend to be more affectionate and nurturing.
  3. Marking: Male Yorkshire Terriers are more prone to marking their territory by urinating on objects, while females are less likely to do so.
  4. Heat cycles: Female Yorkshire Terriers go through heat cycles every six months, which can be messy and require extra attention. Male Yorkshire Terriers do not have heat cycles.
  5. Health issues: Male Yorkshire Terriers are more prone to certain health issues such as testicular cancer, while females are more prone to mammary gland tumors.


It’s important to note that these differences are generalizations and individual dogs may vary in their behavior and health.

Tips and Advice:

Yorkshire Terriers or Yorkies, are small and adorable dogs that make great companions. However, they require proper care and attention to ensure they stay healthy and happy. Here are some tips and advice for caring for a Yorkshire Terrier:

  • Grooming: Yorkies have long, silky hair that requires regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling. Brush their hair daily and trim it every six to eight weeks.
  • Exercise: Despite their small size, Yorkies are energetic dogs that require regular exercise. Take them for a walk or play with them in the backyard for at least 30 minutes a day.
  • Training: Yorkies can be stubborn, so it’s important to start training them early and be consistent. Use positive reinforcement techniques and keep training sessions short and fun.
  • Diet: Yorkies have small stomachs, so feed them small meals throughout the day instead of one large meal. Choose high-quality dog food that is appropriate for their age and size.
  • Health: Yorkies are prone to certain health issues, such as dental problems, hypoglycemia and collapsed trachea. Schedule regular check-ups with a veterinarian and keep up with their vaccinations and preventative care.
  • Socialization: Yorkies can be wary of strangers and other dogs, so socialize them early and often. Take them to puppy classes and expose them to different people and situations.
  • Safety: Yorkies are fragile dogs that can easily be injured. Keep them away from children and larger dogs and supervise them when they’re outside or around potential hazards.


By following these tips and advice, you can ensure that your Yorkshire Terrier stays healthy, happy and well-cared for.

Food:

Yorkshire Terriers are small dogs and typically require about 1/4 to 1/2 cup of high-quality dry dog food per day, depending on their age, weight and activity level. However, it is important to consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate amount of food for your specific dog.

Yorkshire Terriers can be food-oriented dogs, meaning they may be more motivated by food rewards during training and may have a tendency to overeat if given the opportunity. It is important to monitor their food intake and provide them with healthy, balanced meals to maintain their overall health and well-being.

Facts:

Here are three interesting facts about Yorkshire Terriers:

  1. Yorkies were originally bred to catch rats in clothing mills in Yorkshire, England. Their small size and agility made them perfect for the job.
  2. Despite their small size, Yorkies have a big personality and are known for being confident and feisty. They often think they are much larger than they actually are!
  3. Yorkies have hair, not fur, which means they shed very little and are often considered hypoallergenic. However, their hair requires regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling.

Names:

Yorkshire Terriers are small and spirited dogs with a confident and lively nature. When selecting names for Yorkshire Terriers, it is often suitable to consider names that reflect their tiny size, their elegant and luxurious coat or their spirited and sassy personality. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Yorkshire Terrier:

  • Coco: This name represents the Yorkshire Terrier’s elegant and luxurious coat, symbolizing their stylish appearance.
  • Teddy: Signifying the breed’s teddy bear-like appearance and affectionate nature, this name is a popular choice for Yorkies.
  • Bella: A name that conveys beauty and grace, matching the Yorkshire Terrier’s delicate and charming presence.
  • Gizmo: This name embodies the Yorkie’s curious and playful personality, reflecting their energetic nature.
  • Lola: Signifying a lively and spirited character, this name matches the Yorkshire Terrier’s sassy and confident demeanor.
  • Oliver: A classic and timeless name that complements the Yorkshire Terrier’s sophisticated and regal nature.
  • Daisy: This name represents the Yorkie’s gentle and cheerful nature, symbolizing their friendly and approachable disposition.
  • Charlie: A popular name that signifies friendliness and sociability, matching the Yorkshire Terrier’s outgoing nature.
  • Lily: Signifying innocence and purity, this name matches the Yorkshire Terrier’s sweet and gentle personality.
  • Max: A strong and confident name that complements the Yorkshire Terrier’s brave and fearless character.
  • Ruby: This name embodies the Yorkie’s vibrant and sparkling personality, reflecting their lively and spirited nature.
  • Milo: Signifying charm and playfulness, this name matches the Yorkshire Terrier’s mischievous and entertaining demeanor.
  • Rosie: A name that represents the Yorkie’s affectionate and loving nature, symbolizing their warm and tender heart.
  • Oscar: This name signifies bravery and courage, fitting for the Yorkshire Terrier’s fearless and protective instincts.
  • Sophie: A name that conveys elegance and grace, matching the Yorkshire Terrier’s refined and poised appearance.

These names capture the essence of Yorkshire Terriers, highlighting their small size, lively personality and elegant presence. They provide a fitting identity for these spirited and confident companions.

Famous:

Over the years, many Yorkies have become famous for their appearances in movies, television shows and even for their incredible feats. Here are some of the most famous Yorkshire Terriers of all time:

  1. Smoky – This brave little Yorkie served in World War II and is credited with saving the lives of countless soldiers by running communication wires through narrow underground tunnels.
  2. Toto – Perhaps the most famous Yorkie of all time, Toto appeared in the classic movie “The Wizard of Oz” as Dorothy’s loyal companion.
  3. Bruiser – This adorable Yorkie stole the show in the movie “Legally Blonde” as the beloved pet of Elle Woods.
  4. Lucy – Owned by comedian and actress Lucille Ball, Lucy the Yorkie was a beloved companion and frequent guest on her television show.
  5. Huddersfield Ben – Considered the father of the modern Yorkie breed, Huddersfield Ben was a champion show dog in the late 1800s and is still celebrated today for his contributions to the breed.
  6. Smidge – This tiny Yorkie made headlines in 2019 for being the smallest dog in the world, weighing in at just 1.9 pounds.
  7. Missy – Owned by singer and actress Miley Cyrus, Missy the Yorkie is a beloved companion and frequent guest on her social media accounts.

These famous Yorkies have captured the hearts of people around the world with their charm, bravery and adorable looks.

Summary:

The Yorkshire Terrier, also known as the Yorkie, is a small breed of dog that originated in Yorkshire, England in the 19th century. They were originally bred to catch rats in textile mills and mines, but have since become popular as companion pets.

Yorkies are renownwed for their small size, weighing between 4-7 pounds and their long, silky coats that come in a variety of colors. They are also famous for their perky ears, alert expression and confident demeanor.

In terms of personality, Yorkies are often described as spunky, playful and affectionate. They are loyal to their owners and enjoy being around people. However, they can also be stubborn and independent, which can make training a challenge.

As a pet, Yorkies are well-suited for apartment living and do not require a lot of space or exercise. They are also hypoallergenic, making them a good choice for people with allergies. However, their small size and delicate nature mean that they may not be the best choice for families with young children or other pets that may accidentally harm them.

Overall, the Yorkshire Terrier is a popular breed for those looking for a small, loyal and affectionate companion pet.