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Australian Shepherd

Australian Shepherd Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A highly intelligent and energetic herding dog with a thick coat and distinctive merle coloring.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.


Australian Shepherds are considered a Medium-sized dog breed. read more >>
Weight:18-32 kg (40-70 lbs).
Height:43-58 cm (17-23 inches).
Length:51-58 cm (20-23 inches).


The average lifespan of an Australian Shepherd is between 12-15 years. read more >>


What type of dog is a Australian Shepherd, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Australian Shepherds are loyal, intelligent and energetic dogs that make great family companions. They are highly trainable and eager to please, making them a popular choice for many owners. They are also known for their strong herding instinct, which can make them a bit challenging to manage if not properly trained.

Australian Shepherds are very active and need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to stay healthy and happy. They are very social and love to be around people and other animals. They are also highly protective of their owners and make excellent watchdogs.

Australian Shepherds are very intelligent and can be easily trained. They are eager to please and respond well to positive reinforcement. They are also very loyal and devoted to their families and will do anything to protect them.

Australian Shepherds are usually very friendly and outgoing. They are usually good with children and other animals, although some may be more reserved or aloof. They can also be quite vocal and may bark or howl when they are excited or want attention.

Overall, Australian Shepherds are intelligent, loyal and active dogs that make great family companions. They need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to stay healthy and happy and they respond well to positive reinforcement. They are also very protective of their owners and make excellent watchdogs.


Australian Shepherds are very intelligent and highly trainable. They are ranked as the 11th smartest dog breed in the world. They are eager to please and learn quickly, making them great family pets. read more >>


Australian Shepherds are highly intelligent and eager to please, making them relatively easy to train. They are also very active and need plenty of exercise, so they respond well to consistent, positive reinforcement. With patience, consistency and positive reinforcement, Australian Shepherds can be trained to do a variety of tasks, from basic obedience to complex agility and herding tasks.


Australian Shepherds typically sleep for around 12-14 hours per day, which is similar to most other breeds of dogs. However, the amount of sleep they need can vary depending on their age, activity level and overall health. Puppies and older dogs may require more sleep, while highly active dogs may need less. It’s important to provide your Australian Shepherd with a comfortable and quiet place to sleep and to make sure they get enough exercise and mental stimulation during their waking hours. read more >>


Australian Shepherds are generally considered to be moderate barkers. They may bark when they are excited, when they are playing or when they are trying to alert their owners to something. However, they are not considered to be excessive barkers. read more >>


Australian Shepherds do not typically drool and are considered to have a low drool factor. read more >>


Australian Shepherds are known to be affectionate dogs and may lick their owners as a sign of affection or to show submission. However, the amount of licking can vary from dog to dog and may also depend on their individual personality and behavior. Some Australian Shepherds may lick more than others, while some may not lick at all. It’s important to note that excessive licking can also be a sign of anxiety or stress, so it’s important to observe your dog’s behavior and consult with a veterinarian if you have any concerns.


Australian Shepherds are athletic and agile. They are capable of jumping 1 to 1.5 meters (3 to 5 feet), depending on their age, size and physical condition. read more >>


Australian Shepherds are famous for their high energy and intelligence and they can be prone to digging. This breed can dig for a variety of reasons, such as boredom, instinct or to escape confinement. The amount of digging an individual dog does can vary greatly, but it is important to provide plenty of mental and physical stimulation to help reduce the urge to dig.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Australian Shepherd the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Australian Shepherd.


Australian Shepherds are an active breed and need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. They require at least an hour of vigorous exercise each day, such as running, playing fetch or going for a long walk. They also enjoy activities such as agility, flyball and herding. read more >>


Australian Shepherds are an active breed and require plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. They need at least an hour of exercise per day and a large, securely fenced yard is ideal for them to run and play. If kept indoors, they will need plenty of space to move around and play.


Australian Shepherds can make great apartment dogs, as long as they are given plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. They are active and intelligent dogs that need a lot of attention and activity, so if you are able to provide them with the necessary exercise and stimulation, they can be a great fit for apartment living. read more >>

Left Alone

No, Australian Shepherds are not a good breed for people who need to leave their dog alone for extended periods of time. They are very active and social dogs that need a lot of attention and exercise. If left alone for too long, they may become destructive or develop separation anxiety.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Australian Shepherds are typically very good with kids and families. They are renowned for being loyal, intelligent and energetic, making them great family pets. They are also very protective of their family, so they make great watchdogs. read more >>

Perfect Fit

An Australian Shepherd would be a perfect fit for an active family or individual. They are highly intelligent and need plenty of physical and mental stimulation, so they would thrive in a home with a large yard and plenty of room to run and play. They also need plenty of attention and companionship, so they would do best in a home with an owner who is willing to spend time with them and provide them with the love and attention they need.

Pros and Cons:

Owning an Australian Shepherd is not without its challenges. Here are five pros and cons of owning an Australian Shepherd:

1. Intelligent and trainable1. High energy levels require lots of exercise and attention
2. Loyal and affectionate2. Can be prone to separation anxiety and destructive behavior if left alone for too long
3. Versatile and adaptable3. May have a strong herding instinct and tendency to nip at heels or chase other animals
4. Excellent watchdogs4. May be reserved or suspicious of strangers and require socialization and training
5. Active and adventurous companions5. May require a lot of grooming and shed heavily, especially during seasonal changes

Overall, owning an Australian Shepherd can be a rewarding experience for those who are willing to put in the time and effort to meet their needs. However, it is important to carefully consider the potential challenges and responsibilities before bringing one into your home.


The cost of an Australian Shepherd in Australia can vary greatly depending on the age, breed and other factors. Generally, the cost of a puppy can range from $800 to $2,500 AUD, while an adult Australian Shepherd can cost anywhere from $500 to $1,500 AUD. read more >>

Breed History:

Australian Shepherds were bred in the 19th century in the United States as a herding dog. They were bred to herd livestock, such as sheep, cattle and horses and to guard them from predators. They were also bred to be loyal, intelligent and hardworking. Australian Shepherds have strong herding instinct and an great ability to work independently. They are also intelligent, loyalty and athletic.

Current Usage

Australian Shepherds are often used as working dogs. They are highly intelligent and have a strong work ethic, making them ideal for tasks such as herding livestock, search and rescue and agility competitions. They are also used as therapy dogs, service dogs and even as police and military dogs. Australian Shepherds are also popular as family pets due to their loyal and affectionate nature.

Guard Dogs

Australian Shepherds are not typically considered to be good guard dogs. While they are loyal and protective of their families, they are not naturally aggressive towards strangers. They are more likely to bark and alert their owners to potential threats, but they are not known for being aggressive or intimidating towards intruders. However, with proper training and socialization, some Australian Shepherds can be trained to be effective guard dogs. read more >>

Where Are They Found?

Australian Shepherds are most popular in the United States, Canada and Australia. However, they are also gaining popularity in other countries such as the United Kingdom, Germany and France. read more >>


Australian Shepherds are best suited to a moderate climate. They can tolerate both hot and cold temperatures, but extreme temperatures can be challenging for them. They have a thick double coat that provides insulation, which makes them better suited to cooler climates. However, they can adapt to warmer climates if they have access to shade, plenty of water and air conditioning when indoors. It’s important to monitor their activity levels and provide them with adequate hydration and cooling measures during hot weather. read more >>


It is difficult to determine the exact number of Australian Shepherds in the world as there is no centralized registry or database for all dogs. However, according to the American Kennel Club (AKC), the Australian Shepherd is currently the 17th most popular dog breed in the United States. Additionally, the breed is recognized by numerous other kennel clubs around the world, including the United Kennel Club (UKC) and the Australian National Kennel Council (ANKC). Therefore, it is safe to assume that there are likely tens of thousands, if not hundreds of thousands, of Australian Shepherds worldwide.

Physical Appearance:

Australian Shepherds are medium-sized dogs with a muscular build and a well-proportioned body. They have a slightly rounded head with a medium-length muzzle and triangular ears that are set high on their head. Their eyes are almond-shaped and can be blue, brown, amber or a combination of these colors. They have a thick double coat that can be straight or slightly wavy, with a variety of colors including black, blue merle, red and red merle. Their tail is naturally bobbed or docked and their legs are strong and straight. Australian Shepherds are famous for their agile and athletic build, with a confident and alert expression. read more and view all Australian Shepherd images >>



Australian Shepherds can be black, blue merle, red merle, red and sable. They can also have white markings.

Hair/Fur Length:

Australian Shepherds have a medium-length double coat that is made up of a soft, downy undercoat and a straight, water-resistant outer coat. The outer coat can range from medium-length to long and is usually around 2-4 inches in length.


Yes, Australian Shepherds do shed. They are considered a moderate to heavy shedding breed and they tend to shed more during the spring and fall. Regular brushing can help to reduce the amount of shedding. read more >>


The Australian Shepherd requires regular grooming, including brushing and combing, to keep its coat healthy and free of tangles. Depending on the length of the coat, you may need to trim the hair around the feet, face and ears. You may also need to trim the coat to keep it from getting too long.


No, Australian Shepherds are not hypoallergenic. They are a double-coated breed that sheds heavily and produces a lot of dander, which can trigger allergies in some people. read more >>


Australian Shepherds are very fast and can reach speeds of up to 48 kph (30 mph). read more >>


Yes, Australian Shepherds are generally healthy dogs, but they are prone to certain health issues. These include:

  • Hip Dysplasia: A condition in which the hip joint does not fit properly, causing pain and lameness.
  • Collie Eye Anomaly: A genetic disorder that affects the eyes and can lead to vision loss.
  • Epilepsy: A neurological disorder that causes seizures.
  • Allergies: An abnormal immune response to certain substances.
  • Hypothyroidism: A condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones.



Australian Shepherds have 42 teeth.


Australian Shepherds are known for having exceptional eyesight, which is an important trait for their herding and working abilities. Their eyes are set well apart and are almond-shaped, which gives them a wide range of vision and depth perception. Additionally, their eyes are often a striking blue or amber color, which adds to their unique appearance.


Australian Shepherds typically have six nipples. This number is consistent with most dog breeds, as they generally have an even number of nipples, symmetrically arranged along the underside of their body.


Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Australian Shepherds is between four and eight puppies.

Gestation Period:

The average gestation period for Australian Shepherds is approximately 63 days. read more >>


Australian Shepherds typically go into heat every six to eight months.

Male vs Female:

When comparing male and female Australian Shepherds, there can be some general differences, although individual variations exist. Here are some common contrasts:

  1. Size: Male Australian Shepherds are typically larger than female Australian Shepherds, with males reaching heights of up to 24 inches and females reaching heights of up to 22 inches.
  2. Temperament: Generally, male Australian Shepherds are more independent and assertive than female Australian Shepherds, who tend to be more affectionate and loyal.
  3. Coat: Male Australian Shepherds typically have a thicker and longer coat than female Australian Shepherds.
  4. Exercise Needs: Male Australian Shepherds tend to have higher exercise needs than female Australian Shepherds.


Tips and Advice:

Australian Shepherds are intelligent, active and loyal dogs that require proper care and attention to maintain their health and happiness. Here are some tips and advice for caring for an Australian Shepherd:

  • Provide regular exercise: Australian Shepherds are high-energy dogs that require daily exercise to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. A minimum of 30-60 minutes of exercise per day is recommended, such as walking, running, hiking or playing fetch.
  • Feed a healthy diet: Choose high-quality dog food that meets the nutritional needs of your Australian Shepherd. Avoid feeding table scraps or human food, as it can lead to obesity and other health problems.
  • Groom regularly: Australian Shepherds have a thick double coat that requires regular brushing to prevent matting and shedding. Bathe your dog as needed, but not too frequently as it can strip their coat of natural oils.
  • Train and socialize: Australian Shepherds are intelligent and trainable dogs that thrive on mental stimulation. Enroll your dog in obedience training and socialize them with other dogs and people to prevent behavioral problems.
  • Provide mental stimulation: Australian Shepherds are prone to boredom and can become destructive if left alone for long periods. Provide puzzle toys, interactive games and training sessions to keep them mentally stimulated.
  • Regular vet check-ups: Schedule regular check-ups with your veterinarian to ensure your Australian Shepherd is up-to-date on vaccinations and preventative care. Watch for any signs of illness or injury and seek veterinary care as needed.
  • Provide a safe environment: Australian Shepherds are active dogs that require a safe and secure environment to prevent them from escaping or getting into dangerous situations. Ensure your yard is securely fenced and supervise your dog when outside.
  • Be a responsible owner: Australian Shepherds are loyal and devoted dogs that require a committed and responsible owner. Provide love, attention and proper care to ensure your dog is happy and healthy.


Australian Shepherds typically eat between 1 and 2 cups of food per day, depending on their size and activity level. They are not particularly food orientated dogs, but they do enjoy treats and rewards. read more >>


Here are three interesting facts about Australian Shepherds:

  1. Despite their name, Australian Shepherds were actually developed in the United States in the 19th century to work as herding dogs on ranches and farms.
  2. Australian Shepherds are highly trainable and excel in a variety of activities, including obedience training, agility and herding competitions.
  3. Australian Shepherds are known for their distinctive coat colors and patterns, which can include blue merle, red merle, black and red, among others. They also have striking blue or amber eyes that can be different colors or even marbled.



When choosing names for Australian Shepherds, it is often suitable to consider names that reflect their energetic nature, their herding heritage or their beautiful coat patterns. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for an Australian Shepherd:

  • Bandit: This name captures the Australian Shepherd’s mischievous and clever personality, reminiscent of a playful bandit.
  • Scout: Reflecting the Australian Shepherd’s adventurous and active nature, this name signifies their scouting and exploring abilities.
  • Blaze: Symbolizing the Australian Shepherd’s energy and agility, this name represents their swift movements and vibrant spirit.
  • Indy: Inspired by the Australian Shepherd’s independent and self-assured character, it suits their confident and determined nature.
  • Paisley: This name alludes to the Australian Shepherd’s unique and eye-catching coat patterns, resembling the intricate paisley design.
  • Maverick: A name that signifies the Australian Shepherd’s nonconformist and free-spirited personality, capturing their independent nature.
  • Luna: Meaning “moon” in Latin, this name represents the Australian Shepherd’s serene and calming presence.
  • Jasper: A name inspired by the Australian Shepherd’s beautiful coat colors, evoking images of gemstones and earthy hues.
  • Dash: Symbolizing the Australian Shepherd’s agility and quickness, this name reflects their ability to dash and move swiftly.
  • Willow: A name that conveys the Australian Shepherd’s grace and elegance, reminiscent of the willow tree’s flowing branches.
  • Copper: This name reflects the Australian Shepherd’s warm and rich coat colors, reminiscent of the reddish-brown tones of copper.
  • Ryder: Representing the Australian Shepherd’s herding heritage, this name signifies their ability to ride and guide livestock.
  • Sage: Inspired by the Australian Shepherd’s wisdom and intuitive nature, this name embodies their intelligent and perceptive qualities.
  • Harmony: Symbolizing the Australian Shepherd’s balanced and harmonious disposition, this name represents their calm and cooperative nature.
  • Ryder: This name alludes to the Australian Shepherd’s herding background, representing their ability to ride and control livestock.

These names capture the essence of Australian Shepherds, reflecting their energetic, intelligent and versatile nature. They provide a fitting identity for these loyal and active companions.


Over the years, many Australian Shepherds have gained fame for their remarkable achievements, appearances in movies and ownership by famous people. Here are some of the most famous Australian Shepherds of all time:

  1. Pockets – This Australian Shepherd holds the Guinness World Record for the fastest time to pop 100 balloons by a dog.
  2. Tilly – This Australian Shepherd became famous for her incredible surfing skills and has been featured in numerous surfing competitions.
  3. Levi – This Australian Shepherd appeared in the movie “Benji: Off the Leash!” and also performed in the Cirque du Soleil show “Quidam.”
  4. Ranger – This Australian Shepherd is owned by the famous country singer Miranda Lambert and has appeared in many of her music videos.
  5. Secret – This Australian Shepherd has gained a massive following on social media for her impressive tricks and agility skills.
  6. Ricochet – This Australian Shepherd is a therapy dog who has helped raise over $500,000 for various charities.
  7. Buddy – This Australian Shepherd was the first dog to climb all 58 of Colorado’s 14,000-foot peaks.
  8. Sky – This Australian Shepherd won the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 2019, making her the first Australian Shepherd to win the prestigious title.

These are just a few of the many famous Australian Shepherds who have made their mark on the world.


The Australian Shepherd is a medium-sized herding dog that is known for its intelligence, loyalty and energetic personality. This breed originated in the United States and is a descendant of the Basque Shepherd Dog. Australian Shepherds are highly trainable and are used for a variety of jobs, including herding, agility and search and rescue. They are also popular family pets.

Australian Shepherds are intelligent, loyal and energetic. They are highly trainable and eager to please. They are also very protective of their family and can be territorial. Australian Shepherds are extremely active and require a lot of exercise and mental stimulation.

The Australian Shepherd has a long history of being used as a working dog. They were originally bred to herd sheep and cattle in the American West. They were also used as guard dogs and search and rescue dogs.

Australian Shepherds make excellent family pets. They are loyal and loving companions and are great with children. They require a lot of exercise and mental stimulation, so they are best suited for active households. They are also very intelligent and can be trained to do a variety of tasks.