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Bernese Mountain Dog

Bernese Mountain Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A large, sturdy breed with a thick coat and a friendly, gentle disposition.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.


Bernese Mountain Dogs are considered a Large breed dog. read more >>
Weight:25-35 kg (55-77 lbs).
Height:58-70 cm (23-27.5 inches).
Length:70 cm (27.5 inches).


The average life expectancy of a Bernese Mountain Dog is between 6-8 years. read more >>


What type of dog is a Bernese Mountain Dog, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Bernese Mountain Dogs are known for their gentle and loving personalities. They are loyal and devoted to their families and they thrive on human companionship. They are intelligent, eager to please and easy to train. They are also very patient and tolerant with children.

Bernese Mountain Dogs are typically calm and relaxed, but they can be quite playful and energetic when the situation calls for it. They are not overly aggressive, but they can be protective of their family and home. They do not bark excessively, but they will alert their owners if they sense something is amiss.

These dogs are usually quite social and enjoy being around other animals and people. They are generally good with other pets, but they may be territorial towards strange dogs.

Overall, Bernese Mountain Dogs are loyal, loving and devoted companions. They are intelligent, easy to train and make great family pets. They are also very tolerant and patient with children and they can be quite protective of their family and home.


Bernese Mountain Dogs are very intelligent dogs. They are ranked as the 27th smartest breed out of the 138 breeds recognized by the American Kennel Club. They are eager to please and learn quickly, making them easy to train. Bernese Mountain Dogs are loyal and have an affectionate nature. read more >>


Bernese Mountain Dogs are generally considered to be an easy breed to train. They are intelligent, eager to please and respond well to positive reinforcement. With consistency and patience, most Bernese Mountain Dogs can learn basic commands and obedience quickly.


Bernese Mountain Dogs typically sleep for around 12-14 hours per day, although this can vary depending on their age, activity level and individual personality. Puppies and older dogs may sleep more, while younger, more active dogs may sleep less. It’s important to ensure that your Bernese Mountain Dog has a comfortable and quiet place to sleep and that they are getting enough exercise and mental stimulation during their waking hours.


Bernese Mountain Dogs are not known to be particularly vocal, but they may bark occasionally when they are excited or to alert their owners to something. read more >>


Bernese Mountain Dogs are known to be moderate to heavy droolers. They can drool quite a bit, especially when they are excited or eating. read more >>


Bernese Mountain Dogs are known to be moderate to heavy lickers. They are affectionate dogs and enjoy showing their love and affection by licking their owners. However, excessive licking can be a sign of anxiety or boredom, so it’s important to monitor their behavior and provide them with enough mental and physical stimulation. Regular grooming and dental care can also help reduce excessive licking.


Bernese Mountain Dogs are not known for their jumping abilities. They are a large and heavy breed and their size and weight can make it difficult for them to jump very high. However, with proper training and conditioning, some Bernese Mountain Dogs may be able to jump up to 2-3 feet in height. It’s important to note that jumping can put stress on a dog’s joints, so it’s best to consult with a veterinarian before engaging in any high-impact activities with your Bernese Mountain Dog.


Bernese Mountain Dogs are not particularly active diggers, but they may still dig occasionally. This is usually out of boredom or to bury a toy or bone. If your Bernese Mountain Dog is digging, it is important to provide them with plenty of mental and physical stimulation to keep them from getting bored and to discourage them from digging.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Bernese Mountain Dog the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Bernese Mountain Dog.


Bernese Mountain Dogs need a moderate amount of exercise. They should be taken on a daily walk or jog of at least 30 minutes and they should also have access to a large, securely fenced yard for running and playing. They also enjoy activities such as swimming, hiking and agility. read more >>


Bernese Mountain Dogs need a lot of space to run and play. They should have access to a large, securely fenced yard or a dog park where they can get plenty of exercise. They also need plenty of room to stretch out and relax indoors.


No, Bernese Mountain Dogs are not a good dog to get if you live in an apartment. They are large, active dogs that need plenty of space to run and play. They also require a lot of grooming and exercise, which may be difficult to provide in an apartment. read more >>

Left Alone

No, Bernese Mountain Dogs do not tolerate being left alone. They are a very social breed and need to be around people and other animals in order to be happy and healthy. If left alone for too long, they can become anxious and destructive.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Bernese Mountain Dogs are known to be good with kids and families. They are gentle and patient and they love to be around people. They are also loyal and protective, making them great family dogs. read more >>

Perfect Fit

A Bernese Mountain Dog would be a perfect fit for an active family that enjoys spending time outdoors. They need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation, so a home with a large, fenced-in yard and plenty of room to run and play would be ideal. They also need lots of attention and love, so a family that is willing to give them plenty of affection and quality time would be best.

Pros and Cons:

As with any breed, there are both pros and cons to owning one. Here is a table outlining five of each:

1. Affectionate and loyal1. High grooming needs
2. Good with children and other pets2. Prone to health issues
3. Intelligent and trainable3. Can be stubborn and independent
4. Excellent watchdogs4. Require a lot of exercise and space
5. Beautiful and unique appearance5. Can be expensive to purchase and maintain

Overall, owning a Bernese Mountain Dog can be a rewarding experience for the right owner who is willing to put in the time and effort to care for this large and loving breed.


The cost of a Bernese Mountain Dog can range from around $1,000 to $3,500. read more >>

Breed History:

Bernese Mountain Dogs were originally bred as working dogs in the Swiss Alps. They were used to herd cattle, pull carts and guard farms. They were bred for their strength, intelligence and loyalty, as well as their thick, weather-resistant coats. Bernese Mountain Dogs are still used as working dogs today, but they are also popular family pets due to their gentle and affectionate nature.

Current Usage

Bernese Mountain Dogs are currently being used as both pets and working dogs. They are loyal, intelligent and strong, which makes them excellent family companions. They are also used as therapy dogs, search and rescue dogs and as guard dogs. They are also used in the show ring, as they are renowned for their good looks and gentle nature.

Guard Dogs

Bernese Mountain Dogs are not typically used as guard dogs as they generally have a friendly and gentle nature. They are more likely to greet strangers with wagging tails and a desire for affection rather than showing aggression or protective behavior. However, their large size and deep bark may act as a deterrent to potential intruders. Overall, while they may not be the best choice for a guard dog, they make excellent family pets and companions. read more >>

Where Are They Found?

Bernese Mountain Dogs are most popular in Switzerland, their country of origin. They are also popular in other European countries such as Germany, Austria and the Netherlands. In North America, they are popular in the United States and Canada. They are also gaining popularity in other parts of the world, including Australia and New Zealand.


Bernese Mountain Dogs are best suited to cooler climates. They have a thick, double coat that provides insulation in cold weather, but they can overheat easily in hot and humid conditions. They are also sensitive to extreme temperatures, so it’s important to keep them in a comfortable environment. If you live in a warmer climate, it’s important to provide your Bernese Mountain Dog with plenty of shade, fresh water and air conditioning during hot weather. read more >>


It is difficult to provide an exact number, but according to the American Kennel Club (AKC), Bernese Mountain Dogs are ranked as the 22nd most popular breed in the United States. Additionally, the Bernese Mountain Dog Club of America estimates that there are approximately 200,000 Bernese Mountain Dogs worldwide. However, this number is not a precise figure and may vary depending on different sources and factors.

Physical Appearance:

Bernese Mountain Dogs are large, sturdy dogs with a distinctive tricolour coat. They have a broad head with a slightly rounded skull and a strong, square muzzle. Their eyes are dark and almond-shaped and their ears are medium-sized and triangular, hanging close to their head. They have a muscular neck that slopes down to a broad chest and a level back. Their legs are straight and strong, with round, compact feet.

The Bernese Mountain Dog’s coat is thick and silky, with a black base and rust and white markings. The rust appears over the eyes, on the cheeks, on the legs and on the chest, while the white appears on the muzzle, chest and feet. Their coat is long and wavy, with feathering on the legs and tail.

Overall, Bernese Mountain Dogs have a balanced and harmonious appearance, with a calm and confident expression. They are a large breed, with males typically larger than females, but their size should not be exaggerated. read more and view all Bernese Mountain Dog images >>



Bernese Mountain Dogs can be black, white and rust in colour.

Hair/Fur Length:

Bernese Mountain Dogs have a medium-length double coat, with a thick, soft undercoat and a longer, wavy outer coat. The coat can range from straight to slightly wavy and should be brushed regularly to keep it looking its best.


Yes, Bernese Mountain Dogs do shed. They have a thick, double coat that sheds year-round, but more heavily during the spring and fall. Regular brushing and grooming can help to reduce the amount of shedding. read more >>


The Bernese Mountain Dog requires moderate grooming. They should be brushed at least once a week to keep their coat looking healthy and to remove any dirt or debris. They should also be bathed regularly, about once a month. Their nails should be trimmed regularly and their ears should be checked and cleaned as needed. You do not need to cut their hair, but they may need to be trimmed around the feet and face to keep them looking neat.


No, Bernese Mountain Dogs are not hypoallergenic. They are a large breed of dog that sheds a lot and can trigger allergies in people who are sensitive to pet dander. read more >>


Bernese Mountain Dogs can run at speeds of up to 30 to 35 km/h (19 to 22 mph). read more >>


Yes, Bernese Mountain Dogs are generally healthy dogs, although they are prone to certain health issues. Some of the most common health issues they are faced with include:

  • Hip Dysplasia: A condition where the hip joint does not form properly, causing pain and lameness.
  • Elbow Dysplasia: A condition where the elbow joint does not form properly, causing pain and lameness.
  • Bloat: A condition where the stomach becomes enlarged and twisted, leading to difficulty breathing and other serious complications.
  • Cancer: Bernese Mountain Dogs are more prone to certain types of cancer, such as histiocytic sarcoma, mast cell tumors and lymphoma.
  • Heart Disease: Bernese Mountain Dogs are more prone to certain types of heart disease, such as mitral valve disease and dilated cardiomyopathy.



Bernese Mountain Dogs have 42 teeth.


Bernese Mountain Dogs have relatively good eyesight, but it is not their strongest sense. They have better senses of smell and hearing, which are more important for their job as working dogs. However, their eyesight is still important for navigating their surroundings and detecting movement. Like all dogs, they can see in color, but their vision is not as sharp as a human’s.


Bernese Mountain Dogs usually have six to eight nipples. As a larger breed, they tend to have more nipples compared to smaller breeds.


Litter Size:

The average litter size for a Bernese Mountain Dog is between four and six puppies.

Gestation Period:

The average gestation period for Bernese Mountain Dogs is approximately 63 days. read more >>


Female Bernese Mountain Dogs typically go into heat twice a year, although the timing can vary.

Male vs Female:

The main difference between male and female Bernese Mountain Dogs is size. Males typically weigh between 80 and 115 pounds, while females typically weigh between 70 and 95 pounds. Males also tend to have a thicker coat and are generally more muscular than females. Additionally, males tend to be more dominant and territorial, while females are more gentle and affectionate. read more >>

Tips and Advice:

Bernese Mountain Dogs are large, friendly and affectionate dogs that make great family pets. However, they require proper care and attention to ensure they live a healthy and happy life. Here are some tips and advice for caring for a Bernese Mountain Dog:

  • Provide plenty of exercise: Bernese Mountain Dogs are active dogs that require daily exercise to maintain their physical and mental health. They enjoy long walks, hikes and playing in a fenced yard.
  • Feed a high-quality diet: A nutritious and balanced diet is essential for a Bernese Mountain Dog’s health. Choose a high-quality dog food that is appropriate for their age, size and activity level.
  • Groom regularly: Bernese Mountain Dogs have a thick, double coat that requires regular grooming to prevent matting and keep their coat healthy and shiny. Brush their coat at least once a week and bathe them as needed.
  • Socialize early: Bernese Mountain Dogs are social dogs that enjoy being around people and other animals. Socialize them early by exposing them to different people, animals and environments to prevent shyness and aggression.
  • Train consistently: Bernese Mountain Dogs are intelligent dogs that respond well to positive reinforcement training. Consistent training can help prevent behavior problems and ensure they are well-behaved around people and other animals.
  • Monitor for health issues: Bernese Mountain Dogs are prone to certain health issues, such as hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia and cancer. Regular veterinary check-ups and monitoring for symptoms can help detect and treat health issues early.
  • Provide a comfortable living environment: Bernese Mountain Dogs are indoor dogs that enjoy spending time with their family. Provide them with a comfortable bed, toys and a safe living environment.
  • Show affection: Bernese Mountain Dogs are affectionate dogs that thrive on human interaction. Show them love and affection through cuddles, playtime and positive reinforcement training.


Bernese Mountain Dogs are large dogs and they typically require 2.5 to 3.5 cups of high-quality dry dog food per day, divided into two meals. They are not particularly food orientated dogs, but they do enjoy treats and rewards. read more >>


Bernese Mountain Dogs are a large breed of dog that originated in Switzerland. Here are three interesting facts about them:

  1. They were originally bred as working dogs to help farmers with tasks such as herding cattle, pulling carts and guarding their property.
  2. Bernese Mountain Dogs have a thick, double coat that helps keep them warm in cold weather. However, this also means they shed a lot and require regular grooming.
  3. Despite their large size, Bernese Mountain Dogs are famous for being gentle and affectionate with their families. They are often referred to as “gentle giants.”



When choosing names for Bernese Mountain Dogs, it is often suitable to consider names that reflect their Swiss heritage, their noble and majestic appearance or their affectionate and loyal nature. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Bernese Mountain Dog:

  1. Max: A classic and strong name that befits the Bernese Mountain Dog’s confident and reliable character.
  2. Heidi: A name that pays homage to the Swiss origins of the Bernese Mountain Dog, reflecting their gentle and nurturing disposition.
  3. Thor: Signifying strength and power, this name suits the Bernese Mountain Dog’s robust and sturdy build.
  4. Bella: This name conveys beauty and elegance, fitting for the Bernese Mountain Dog’s stunning and regal appearance.
  5. Luna: A name that signifies the Bernese Mountain Dog’s calm and serene presence, reminiscent of the moon’s gentle glow.
  6. Bruno: Reflecting the Bernese Mountain Dog’s loyal and protective instincts, this name represents their dependable and courageous nature.
  7. Freya: A name inspired by Norse mythology, it embodies the Bernese Mountain Dog’s majestic and noble qualities.
  8. Maya: This name signifies warmth and affection, reflecting the Bernese Mountain Dog’s loving and gentle nature.
  9. Toby: A friendly and approachable name that complements the Bernese Mountain Dog’s sociable and amiable personality.
  10. Chloe: Signifying grace and beauty, this name suits the Bernese Mountain Dog’s elegant and striking presence.
  11. Oscar: A name that captures the Bernese Mountain Dog’s strong and powerful character, symbolizing their impressive stature.
  12. Heidi: A name that pays homage to the Swiss origins of the Bernese Mountain Dog, reflecting their gentle and nurturing disposition.
  13. Atlas: This name represents the Bernese Mountain Dog’s strength and ability to endure, signifying their sturdy and resilient nature.
  14. Sophie: A name that conveys gentleness and sweetness, fitting for the Bernese Mountain Dog’s affectionate and caring demeanor.
  15. Cooper: This name signifies cooperation and loyalty, reflecting the Bernese Mountain Dog’s faithful and devoted personality.

These names encompass the essence of Bernese Mountain Dogs, highlighting their Swiss heritage, noble presence and gentle temperament. They provide a fitting identity for these loyal and lovable companions.


Over the years, some Bernese Mountain Dogs have become famous for their appearances in movies, their incredible feats or for being owned by famous people. Here are some of the most famous Bernese Mountain Dogs of all time:

  1. Beethoven – The titular character of the Beethoven movie franchise, this lovable Bernese Mountain Dog captured the hearts of audiences with his antics and loyalty.
  2. Rufus – This Bernese Mountain Dog won Best in Show at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 2006, making him the first of his breed to achieve this honor.
  3. Lancelot Encore – This Bernese Mountain Dog made headlines when he became the first dog to be cloned in 2008.
  4. Sennenhund Rossii Skazki – This Bernese Mountain Dog holds the Guinness World Record for the heaviest weight ever recorded for the breed, weighing in at a whopping 155 pounds.
  5. Bernie – This Bernese Mountain Dog is owned by famous actor Tom Hanks and has become a beloved fixture on Hanks’ social media accounts.
  6. Nana – This Bernese Mountain Dog is the beloved pet of YouTube star Jenna Marbles and has appeared in many of her videos.
  7. Max – This Bernese Mountain Dog became famous for his incredible feat of climbing all 282 Munros (mountains over 3,000 feet) in Scotland.
  8. Koda – This Bernese Mountain Dog became a viral sensation when a video of him “singing” along to his owner’s guitar playing went viral on social media.


The Bernese Mountain Dog is a large, strong and loyal breed of dog. They are a working breed that originated in the Swiss Alps and were used as a farm dog. Bernese Mountain Dogs are known for their calm, gentle and loyal nature. They are intelligent, friendly and devoted to their family. They are also renowned for their beautiful tri-colored coat of black, rust and white.

Bernese Mountain Dogs are a great choice for families with children, as they are very patient and gentle. They are also very intelligent and can be easily trained. They are active and need plenty of exercise, but they are also content to relax at home with their family.

The Bernese Mountain Dog is an ancient breed, with records of them dating back to the 1600s. They were used as a farm dog, helping to herd cattle and pull carts. They have been used in many different roles, including search and rescue, carting and as a companion dog.

The Bernese Mountain Dog is an excellent pet for families looking for a loyal and loving companion. They are great with children and other pets and they are very intelligent and easy to train. They are also very active and need plenty of exercise, so they are best suited to homes with a large yard or access to a park.