Skip to content

Coton De Tulear

Coton De Tulear Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A small, fluffy and affectionate dog breed originating from Madagascar.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.
Type:Mammal

Size:

Coton De Tulears are considered a Small dog breed.
Weight:3-6 kg.
Height:25-30 cm (10-12 inches).
Length:25-30 cm.

Lifespan:

The average lifespan of a Coton De Tulear is 14-16 years

Behavior:

What type of dog is a Coton De Tulear, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Coton De Tulears are known for their friendly and affectionate personalities. They are loyal and devoted to their owners and they thrive on human companionship. They are also known for being playful and energetic and they enjoy playing games and going for walks.

In terms of temperament, Coton De Tulears are generally calm and easy-going. They are not typically aggressive or overly excitable and they tend to get along well with other dogs and pets. They are also good with children, although they may be a bit shy or reserved around strangers.

Coton De Tulears are intelligent dogs and they are quick learners. They respond well to positive reinforcement training methods and they enjoy learning new tricks and commands. They are also known for being good watchdogs, as they are alert and will bark to alert their owners of any potential danger.

Overall, Coton De Tulears are friendly, affectionate and playful dogs that make great companions for families and individuals alike. They are easy to train and get along well with other pets and they are known for their loyalty and devotion to their owners.

Intelligence

Coton De Tulears are considered to be intelligent dogs. They are quick learners and are known for their ability to understand and follow commands. They also have a good memory and can remember things that they have learned for a long time. Additionally, they are very adaptable and can adjust to different situations and environments easily. Overall, Coton De Tulears are considered to be a smart breed of dog.

Trainability

Coton De Tulears are generally easy to train due to their intelligence and eagerness to please their owners. They respond well to positive reinforcement training methods such as treats, praise and playtime. However, like any breed, they may have their own unique personality traits that can affect their trainability. Consistency, patience and positive reinforcement are key to successfully training a Coton De Tulear. It is also important to start training early and socialize them with other dogs and people to prevent any behavioral issues.

Sleep

Coton De Tulears typically sleep for 12-14 hours a day, but this can vary depending on their age, activity level and overall health. Puppies and older dogs may need more sleep, while younger and more active dogs may need less. It’s important to provide your Coton De Tulear with a comfortable and quiet sleeping area to ensure they get the rest they need.

Bark

Coton De Tulears are known to be relatively quiet dogs and do not bark excessively. However, like all dogs, they may bark to alert their owners to potential danger or to express excitement or anxiety. With proper training and socialization, their barking can be controlled.

Drool

Coton De Tulears are not known to be excessive droolers. They may drool occasionally, but it is not a common characteristic of the breed.

Lick

Coton De Tulears are known to be affectionate dogs and may lick their owners or other dogs as a sign of affection or to show submission. However, excessive licking can be a sign of anxiety or stress. It is important to monitor your dog’s licking behavior and consult with a veterinarian if you have concerns.

Jump

Coton De Tulears are not known for their jumping ability. They are a small breed and generally do not have a high vertical jump. However, like all dogs, their jumping ability can vary depending on their individual physical abilities and training. It is important to note that excessive jumping can be harmful to a dog’s joints and should be avoided.

Dig

Coton De Tulears are not known to be excessive diggers. However, like all dogs, they may dig occasionally out of boredom or curiosity. It is important to provide them with enough exercise and mental stimulation to prevent destructive behaviors.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Coton De Tulear the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Coton De Tulear.

Exercise

Coton De Tulears are a small breed of dog that require moderate exercise. They enjoy daily walks and playtime, but they do not require excessive amounts of exercise. A daily walk of 30 minutes to an hour, along with some indoor playtime, should be sufficient to keep them healthy and happy. However, it is important to note that every dog is different and their exercise needs may vary based on their age, health and individual temperament. It is always best to consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate amount of exercise for your Coton De Tulear.

Space

Coton De Tulears are small dogs that typically weigh between 8-13 pounds and stand 9-11 inches tall at the shoulder. They are adaptable to different living situations and can do well in apartments or small homes as long as they get enough exercise and mental stimulation. However, they do enjoy having some space to move around and play, so a small yard or access to a nearby park would be beneficial. Overall, the amount of space a Coton De Tulear needs depends on their individual exercise needs and personality.

Apartment

Yes, Coton De Tulears can be a good dog for apartment living. They are small in size, typically weighing between 8-15 pounds and are known for their calm and affectionate temperament. They do not require a lot of exercise and can be content with short walks and indoor playtime. However, it is important to note that all dogs need daily exercise and mental stimulation, so it is important to provide them with enough opportunities to stay active and engaged. Additionally, Coton De Tulears have a long, fluffy coat that requires regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling.

Left Alone

Coton De Tulears do not tolerate being left alone for long periods of time. They are social dogs that thrive on human companionship and can suffer from separation anxiety if left alone for extended periods. It is important to provide them with plenty of attention, exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy. If you need to leave your Coton De Tulear alone, it is recommended to gradually train them to be comfortable with short periods of alone time and provide them with toys and activities to keep them occupied.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Coton De Tulears are generally good with kids and families. They are known for their friendly and affectionate nature and they enjoy spending time with their human family members. They are also playful and energetic, which makes them great companions for children. However, as with any dog breed, it is important to supervise interactions between children and dogs to ensure that both are safe and happy. Additionally, early socialization and training can help ensure that your Coton De Tulear is well-behaved and comfortable around children.

Perfect Fit

A Coton De Tulear would be a perfect fit for a household that is looking for a small, affectionate and playful dog. They are great with children and other pets, making them an ideal family pet. They are also well-suited for apartment living as they do not require a lot of space to exercise. However, they do require regular grooming to maintain their long, fluffy coat. Additionally, they thrive on human companionship and do not do well when left alone for long periods of time. Therefore, a household where someone is home most of the day or where they have access to a dog sitter or doggy daycare would be ideal for a Coton De Tulear.

Pros and Cons:

Coton De Tulear is a small, fluffy dog breed that is known for its affectionate and playful nature. While owning a Coton De Tulear can be a rewarding experience, it is important to consider the pros and cons before making a commitment. Here is a table with 5 pros and cons of owning a Coton De Tulear:

ProsCons
1. Affectionate and playful1. Requires frequent grooming
2. Good with children and other pets2. Can be prone to separation anxiety
3. Low-shedding coat3. Can be difficult to train
4. Adaptable to different living situations4. Can be prone to health issues
5. Long lifespan5. Can be high-maintenance in terms of exercise needs

Cost:

The cost of a Coton De Tulear in Australia can vary depending on the breeder, location and pedigree of the dog. On average, a Coton De Tulear puppy can cost between $2,500 to $4,000 AUD. It is important to do thorough research and find a reputable breeder to ensure that you are getting a healthy and well-bred puppy.

Breed History:

Coton De Tulears were originally bred as companion dogs in Madagascar. They were highly valued by the aristocracy and were often given as gifts to foreign dignitaries. Their name comes from their cotton-like coat and the city of Tulear in Madagascar. They were also used as watchdogs and were trained to alert their owners to any intruders. Today, they are still primarily kept as companion dogs and are known for their friendly and affectionate nature.

Current Usage

Coton De Tulears are primarily kept as companion pets due to their friendly and affectionate nature. They are known for being great family dogs and are often used as therapy dogs due to their calm and gentle temperament.

However, they can also be trained for various dog sports such as agility, obedience and rally. Some Coton De Tulears have also been trained as service dogs for people with disabilities.

Overall, while they are not typically used as working dogs, Coton De Tulears can excel in a variety of roles due to their intelligence and trainability.

Guard Dogs

No, Coton De Tulears are not typically used as guard dogs. They are friendly and affectionate dogs that are more suited for companionship and as family pets. They may bark to alert their owners of strangers, but they are not aggressive and do not have the natural instincts to protect their home and family like some other breeds.

Where Are They Found?

Coton De Tulears are most popular in the following countries:

  • France – The breed originated in Madagascar, which was a French colony and was later imported to France. It is still very popular in France today.
  • United States – The breed was first introduced to the United States in the 1970s and has since gained popularity as a companion dog.
  • Canada – Coton De Tulears are also popular in Canada, where they are recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club.
  • United Kingdom – The breed is recognized by the Kennel Club in the UK and has a small but dedicated following.
  • Australia – Coton De Tulears are becoming increasingly popular in Australia, where they are recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council.

Climate

Coton De Tulears are best suited to a moderate climate with temperatures ranging from 60-80°F (15-27°C). They can tolerate colder temperatures if they are properly acclimated, but they are not well-suited for extreme cold or hot weather. In hot weather, they may need to be kept indoors or in a cool, shaded area to prevent overheating. It is important to monitor their activity level and provide plenty of water to keep them hydrated in any climate.

Population

It is difficult to determine the exact number of Coton De Tulears in the world as there is no centralized database or registry for this breed. However, according to the American Kennel Club (AKC), the Coton De Tulear is a relatively rare breed in the United States, with only around 1,000 new registrations per year. The breed is also recognized by other kennel clubs around the world, including the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), but again, exact numbers are not readily available.

Physical Appearance:

Coton De Tulears are small, fluffy dogs with a distinctive cotton-like coat that is soft and fluffy. They have a round head with a short, square muzzle and dark, round eyes that are set wide apart. Their ears are triangular and set high on their head and they have a black nose and lips. They have a compact, sturdy body with a straight back and a high-set tail that is carried over their back. Coton De Tulears have a lively and alert expression and their coat can be white or white with light tan or gray markings. They are known for their cheerful and affectionate personality and their coat requires regular grooming to keep it looking its best.

Coat:

Colours:

Coton De Tulears can be white, white with black or brown markings or tri-colored (white with black and brown markings).

Hair/Fur Length:

Coton De Tulears have long, fluffy and cotton-like hair that can grow up to 4-6 inches in length.

Shedding:

Coton De Tulears are considered to be low-shedding dogs, but they do still shed a small amount of hair. However, their hair is more like human hair than traditional dog fur, which means it is less likely to cause allergies or irritate sensitive skin. Regular grooming and brushing can help to minimize shedding and keep their coat healthy and shiny.

Grooming:

The Coton De Tulear requires regular grooming to keep its coat healthy and free of mats. Daily brushing is recommended to prevent tangles and mats from forming. You may also need to trim the hair around the eyes, ears and paws to keep them clean and prevent infections. Some owners choose to have their Coton De Tulear’s hair professionally trimmed every few months to maintain a neat appearance. However, it is not necessary to cut their hair if you are willing to commit to regular grooming.

Hypoallergenic:

Yes, Coton De Tulears are considered hypoallergenic dogs because they have hair instead of fur. This means that they shed less and produce less dander, which is the main allergen that triggers allergic reactions in humans. However, it’s important to note that no dog breed is completely hypoallergenic and some people may still experience allergic reactions to Coton De Tulears. It’s always a good idea to spend time with a dog before adopting to see if you have any allergic reactions.

Speed:

Coton De Tulears have an average running speed of 24-28 kph (kilometers per hour).

Health:

Coton De Tulears are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues, including:

  • Luxating patella: A condition where the kneecap slips out of place, causing pain and lameness.
  • Progressive retinal atrophy: A degenerative eye disease that can lead to blindness.
  • Hip dysplasia: A genetic condition where the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, causing pain and arthritis.
  • Allergies: Cotons can be prone to allergies, which can cause skin irritation and itching.
  • Dental issues: Cotons can be prone to dental problems, such as gum disease and tooth decay, if their teeth are not properly cared for.

Teeth:

Coton De Tulears typically have 42 teeth.

Eyesight:

Coton De Tulears generally have good eyesight, but like all dogs, they can develop eye problems such as cataracts, glaucoma and progressive retinal atrophy. It is important to take your Coton De Tulear for regular check-ups with a veterinarian to ensure their eyesight remains healthy.

Nipples:

Coton De Tulears typically have 8 to 10 nipples, arranged in two rows on their underside.

Gestation:

Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Coton De Tulears is 3 to 6 puppies. However, litter sizes can vary and some litters may have fewer or more puppies.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Coton De Tulears is approximately 63 days. However, this can vary slightly depending on the individual dog and other factors such as litter size and health. It is important to consult with a veterinarian to ensure proper prenatal care and monitoring during the pregnancy.

Heat:

Coton De Tulears typically go on heat twice a year, although this can vary depending on the individual dog.

Male vs Female:

Male and female Coton De Tulears have some differences in terms of size, temperament and behavior. Generally, male Cotons are slightly larger and more muscular than females. They may also be more active and playful, while females tend to be more laid-back and affectionate. In terms of behavior, male Cotons may be more dominant and territorial, while females are more nurturing and protective. However, these differences can vary depending on the individual dog’s personality and training. Ultimately, both male and female Cotons make wonderful companions and are known for their friendly and loving nature.

Tips and Advice:

Coton De Tulear is a small and adorable breed of dog that is known for their affectionate and playful nature. If you are planning to adopt a Coton De Tulear, it is essential to know how to take care of them properly. Here are some tips and advice for caring for a Coton De Tulear:

  • Grooming: Cotons have a long and fluffy coat that requires regular grooming. Brush their coat at least once a week to prevent matting and tangling. You may also need to trim their hair around the eyes, ears and paws.
  • Exercise: Cotons are energetic dogs that need daily exercise to stay healthy and happy. Take them for a walk or play with them in the backyard for at least 30 minutes a day.
  • Training: Cotons are intelligent dogs that can be trained easily. Start training them from a young age and use positive reinforcement techniques such as treats and praise.
  • Socialization: Cotons are social dogs that love to be around people and other pets. Socialize them with other dogs and people to prevent them from becoming shy or aggressive.
  • Health: Cotons are generally healthy dogs, but they may be prone to certain health issues such as dental problems, allergies and hip dysplasia. Take them to the vet regularly for check-ups and vaccinations.
  • Diet: Cotons need a balanced and nutritious diet to maintain their health. Feed them high-quality dog food that is appropriate for their age, size and activity level.
  • Dental care: Cotons are prone to dental problems, so it is essential to brush their teeth regularly and provide them with dental chews or toys.
  • Safety: Cotons are small dogs that can be easily injured, so it is essential to keep them safe. Keep them on a leash when outside and supervise them around children and other pets.

By following these tips and advice, you can ensure that your Coton De Tulear is healthy, happy and well-cared for.

Food:

Coton De Tulears are small dogs that typically eat between 1/4 to 1 cup of high-quality dry dog food per day, depending on their age, size and activity level. However, it’s important to consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate amount of food for your individual dog.

Coton De Tulears are generally not food-oriented dogs and are not known to overeat or become overweight easily. However, like all dogs, they should be fed a balanced and nutritious diet to maintain their health and well-being. It’s also important to monitor their food intake and avoid giving them table scraps or human food, which can lead to digestive issues and obesity.

Facts:

Coton De Tulear is a small breed of dog that originated in Madagascar. Here are three interesting facts about this breed:

  1. Coton De Tulear dogs have hair, not fur. This means they are hypoallergenic and shed very little, making them a great choice for people with allergies.
  2. They are known for their playful and affectionate personalities and they love to be around people. They are also very intelligent and easy to train.
  3. Coton De Tulear dogs were once considered a royal dog in Madagascar and were only owned by the ruling class. Today, they are popular pets all over the world and are known for their adorable looks and friendly personalities.

Names:

Coton De Tulears are a small, fluffy breed that originated in Madagascar. They are known for their playful and affectionate personalities, as well as their hypoallergenic coats. When it comes to naming a Coton De Tulear, it’s important to choose a name that reflects their sweet and charming nature. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for this breed:

1. Cotton6. Cupcake11. Daisy
2. Fluffy7. Muffin12. Lily
3. Snowy8. Sugar13. Rosie
4. Marshmallow9. Honey14. Bella
5. Biscuit10. Buttercup15. Charlie

Famous:

The Coton De Tulear breed has gained popularity in recent years, with their fluffy white coats and friendly personalities. Some Coton De Tulears have even achieved fame through their appearances in movies, their incredible feats or their ownership by famous people. Here are some of the most famous Coton De Tulears of all time:

  1. Bijou – Bijou was a Coton De Tulear owned by Oprah Winfrey. Bijou was often seen on Oprah’s talk show and was known for her adorable personality.
  2. Tidbit – Tidbit was a Coton De Tulear who appeared in the movie “Best in Show.” Tidbit was owned by the character Sherri Ann Cabot, played by Jennifer Coolidge.
  3. Jolie – Jolie was a Coton De Tulear who became famous for her incredible feat of climbing Mount Kilimanjaro with her owner, Joel Veitch.
  4. Oliver – Oliver is a Coton De Tulear who gained fame on Instagram for his adorable photos and videos. Oliver has over 200,000 followers on Instagram.
  5. Leo – Leo is a Coton De Tulear who was owned by the late fashion designer Karl Lagerfeld. Leo was often seen with Lagerfeld at fashion shows and events.

Summary:

The Coton De Tulear is a small breed of dog that originated in Madagascar. It is a companion dog that is known for its affectionate, playful and friendly personality. The breed is characterized by its cotton-like coat, which is soft, fluffy and hypoallergenic.

Coton De Tulears are intelligent and easy to train, making them great pets for families with children or first-time dog owners. They are also known for their loyalty and devotion to their owners and they thrive on human interaction and attention.

The breed has a long history, dating back to the 16th century when they were first brought to Madagascar by French sailors. They were originally bred as companion dogs for the wealthy and were highly valued for their affectionate nature and hypoallergenic coat.

Today, the Coton De Tulear is a popular breed around the world, known for its charming personality and adorable appearance. They make great pets for families, singles and seniors alike and are well-suited to apartment living due to their small size and low exercise requirements. Overall, the Coton De Tulear is a wonderful companion dog that brings joy and happiness to those who own them.