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Jack Russell Terrier

Jack Russell Terrier Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A small, energetic and intelligent dog breed known for their tenacity and love of adventure.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.


Jack Russell Terriers are considered a Small Dog breed. read more >>
Weight:5-8 kg.
Height:25-30 cm (10-12 inches).
Length:25-35 cm (10-14 inches).


The average life expectancy of a Jack Russell Terrier is between 13-16 years. read more >>


What type of dog is a Jack Russell Terrier, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Jack Russell Terriers are known for their lively, energetic and outgoing personalities. They are intelligent and eager to please, making them easy to train. They are also very loyal and devoted to their owners and they make excellent watchdogs. Jack Russells are active and need plenty of exercise and stimulation to stay healthy and happy. They can be quite vocal and bark frequently, so they may not be the best choice for apartment living. They can also be quite stubborn and independent-minded, so they require consistent, firm training. Jack Russells are also very playful and love to be around people, so they make great family pets. They can be quite mischievous and may get into trouble if not properly supervised. They can also be quite territorial and may not get along well with other dogs or animals.


Jack Russell Terriers are highly intelligent and energetic dogs. They are eager to learn and can be trained to do a variety of tasks. They are also very loyal and affectionate, making them great family pets. read more >>


Jack Russells are generally considered to be an intelligent and highly trainable breed. With consistent and positive reinforcement, they can learn basic obedience commands and even more complex tricks. However, they can also be quite stubborn and have a strong prey drive, so patience and consistency are key when training them.


Jack Russell Terriers typically sleep for around 12-14 hours a day, but this can vary depending on their age, activity level and individual personality. Puppies and older dogs may require more sleep, while highly active dogs may need less. It’s important to provide your Jack Russell with a comfortable and quiet place to rest and to ensure they get enough exercise and mental stimulation during their waking hours. read more >>


Jack Russell Terriers are very vocal and can bark quite a lot. The amount of barking can vary greatly depending on the individual dog, but some can bark for hours at a time. read more >>


Jack Russell Terriers do not typically drool, but they may drool when they are very excited or stressed.


Jack Russell Terriers are affectionate and loving dogs and they may lick their owners or other people as a sign of affection. However, the amount of licking can vary from dog to dog and also depends on their personality and behavior. Some Jack Russell may lick more than others, while some may not lick at all. It is important to train your dog to have good manners and not excessively lick people or objects. If you are concerned about your dog’s licking behavior, it is best to consult with a veterinarian or a professional dog trainer. read more >>


Jack Russell Terriers are famous for their high energy and athleticism and they are capable of jumping up to 1.5 meters (5 feet) in height. read more >>


Jack Russell Terriers are known to be very active and energetic dogs and they can be quite enthusiastic diggers. They may dig for entertainment, to bury bones or toys or to escape the yard. They can be trained to limit their digging, but it is important to provide them with plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to help reduce their urge to dig.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Jack Russell Terrier the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Jack Russell.


Jack Russell Terriers need at least an hour of exercise each day. This can include a combination of activities such as running, playing fetch and going for walks. They are an active breed and need plenty of mental and physical stimulation to stay healthy and happy. read more >>


Jack Russell Terriers are an active breed and need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. They require at least an hour of exercise every day and a securely fenced yard or other safe area to run and play. They can live in an apartment, but need access to a yard or park for regular exercise.


It depends on the individual dog. Some Jack Russell Terriers may be suitable for apartment living, while others may not. It is important to consider the individual dog’s energy level, exercise needs and training level when determining whether or not a Jack Russell is a good fit for an apartment. read more >>

Left Alone

No. Jack Russell Terriers are very active and social dogs and they do not tolerate being left alone for long periods of time. They can become destructive and anxious if left alone for too long. It is important to provide them with plenty of exercise and mental stimulation, as well as companionship, to keep them happy and healthy.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Jack Russell Terriers can make great family pets and are generally good with kids. They are energetic and playful and can be very loyal and affectionate towards their owners. However, they may be too energetic for very young children and may not be suitable for households with small pets. It is important to socialize them from a young age and to provide them with plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. read more >>

Perfect Fit

A Jack Russell Terrier would be a perfect fit for an active household that can provide plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. They are a very energetic breed and need plenty of physical and mental stimulation to stay happy and healthy. They are also very loyal and loving companions, so a family that can provide plenty of love and attention would be ideal.

Pros and Cons:

While they can make great pets for the right owner, there are also some potential drawbacks to owning one. Here are five pros and cons of owning a Jack Russell Terrier:

1. Active and playful1. High energy level can be overwhelming
2. Intelligent and trainable2. Can be stubborn and difficult to train
3. Affectionate and loyal3. Can be aggressive towards other animals
4. Low maintenance grooming4. Prone to certain health issues such as deafness and eye problems
5. Good watchdogs5. Can be noisy and bark excessively

Overall, owning a Jack Russell Terrier can be a rewarding experience for those who are willing to put in the time and effort to train and care for them properly. However, they may not be the best fit for everyone, particularly those who are looking for a more low-key or laid-back pet.


The cost of a Jack Russell Terrier in Australia can vary significantly depending on the breeder and the age of the dog. Generally, you can expect to pay anywhere from $500 to $1,500 for a Jack Russell. read more >>

Breed History:

Jack Russell Terriers were originally bred in England in the 1800s by Reverend John Russell for fox hunting. They were bred to be small enough to fit down foxholes and burrows and to have the agility and speed to keep up with the foxes. They were also bred to have a strong hunting instinct and a tenacious attitude.

Current Usage

Jack Russell Terriers are currently being used as both pets and working dogs. They are known for their intelligence, energy and loyalty and are often used as therapy dogs, search and rescue dogs and as working dogs in the fields of agility, tracking and hunting. They are also popular as family pets, as they are known to be affectionate and loyal companions.

Guard Dogs

Jack Russell Terriers are not typically considered good guard dogs as they are small in size and have a friendly and outgoing personality. They are more likely to greet strangers with enthusiasm rather than being aggressive towards them. However, they can be trained to alert their owners to the presence of strangers or unusual activity, but they are not suitable for guarding large properties or intimidating intruders. read more >>

Where Are They Found?

Jack Russell Terriers are most popular in the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia and Canada. However, they are also popular in many other countries around the world. read more >>


Jack Russell Terriers are best suited to moderate climates with mild temperatures. They can adapt to different climates, but they may struggle in extreme temperatures. In hot weather, they may overheat quickly due to their high energy levels and thick coats. In cold weather, they may need extra protection to keep them warm. Overall, they are most comfortable in temperate climates with moderate temperatures. read more >>


It is difficult to determine the exact number of Jack Russell Terriers in the world as there is no centralized database or registry. However, it is estimated that there are millions of Jack Russell worldwide, with the breed being popular in many countries.

Physical Appearance:

Jack Russell Terriers are small to medium-sized dogs with a muscular and athletic build. They have a rectangular-shaped body with a straight back and a deep chest. Their head is proportionate to their body, with a flat skull and a defined stop. They have a strong jaw with a scissor bite and small, V-shaped ears that fold forward.

Their eyes are almond-shaped and can be dark brown or hazel in color. They have a short, smooth coat that can be white, black, brown or a combination of these colors. Their coat is dense and waterproof, with a coarse texture.

Jack Russells have a lively and alert expression, with a confident and curious demeanor. They have a high energy level and are always ready for playtime and exercise. They are renowned for their intelligence, agility and tenacity, making them excellent hunting and working dogs. read more and view all Jack Russell images >>



Jack Russell Terriers can be white, white and tan, white and black, black and tan or tricolour (black, white and tan).

Hair/Fur Length:

Jack Russells have short, smooth coats with a glossy finish. They typically have a double coat, with a short, dense undercoat and a slightly longer outer coat.


Yes, Jack Russell Terriers do shed. They have a double coat that sheds year-round, but more heavily during the spring and fall. Regular brushing and grooming can help to reduce shedding. read more >>


The Jack Russells requires regular grooming to keep its coat in good condition. This includes brushing, combing and bathing. Its coat should be trimmed every few months to keep it looking neat and tidy. You may need to trim the hair around the eyes, ears and feet to keep it from becoming matted.


No, Jack Russell Terriers are not hypoallergenic. They shed a moderate amount of fur, which can cause allergic reactions in some people. read more >>


Jack Russell Terriers can run up to 60 kilometers per hour (37 mph). read more >>


Yes, Jack Russell Terriers are generally healthy dogs. However, some of the most common health issues they are faced with include:

  • Hip Dysplasia: A condition in which the hip joint does not fit properly, leading to pain and lameness.
  • Patellar Luxation: A condition in which the kneecap slips out of place, causing pain and lameness.
  • Eye Problems: Jack Russell are prone to eye problems such as cataracts, glaucoma and progressive retinal atrophy.
  • Allergies: Jack Russell can suffer from skin allergies, food allergies and environmental allergies.
  • Epilepsy: A neurological disorder that can cause seizures.



Jack Russell Terriers typically have 42 teeth.


Jack Russell Terriers are known for having excellent eyesight. They have a keen sense of vision that allows them to spot prey from a distance and track it with precision. Their eyes are also well-adapted to low light conditions, which makes them effective hunters both during the day and at night. Additionally, their eyes are set wide apart and have a high level of binocular vision, which gives them a better depth perception and allows them to judge distances accurately.


Jack Russell Terriers typically have six nipples. This number is consistent with most dog breeds, as they generally have an even number of nipples symmetrically arranged along the underside of their body.


Litter Size:

is between three and six puppies.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Jack Russell Terriers is approximately 63 days. read more >>


Female Jack Russells typically go into heat twice a year, although the frequency and timing can vary. read more >>

Male vs Female:

Male Jack Russell Terriers tend to be larger and more muscular than female Jack Russells. Male Jack Russell Terriers also tend to be more aggressive and territorial than females. Female Jack Russell Terriers tend to be more affectionate and easier to train. Females can be more sensitive to their owners’ moods and emotions. read more >>

Tips and Advice:

Jack Russell Terriers are energetic and intelligent dogs that require proper care and attention to thrive. Here are some tips and advice for caring for a Jack Russell Terrier:

  • Provide plenty of exercise: High-energy dogs that require daily exercise to stay healthy and happy. They love to play and run, so make sure to take them on walks, play fetch or engage them in other physical activities.
  • Train them early: Intelligent dogs that can be stubborn at times. It’s important to start training them early to establish good behavior and obedience. Positive reinforcement techniques work well with this breed.
  • Socialize them: Jack Russells can be territorial and aggressive towards other dogs and strangers if not properly socialized. Introduce them to new people and animals early on to help them become more comfortable and friendly.
  • Groom them regularly: Jack Russells have a short, smooth coat that requires minimal grooming. However, they do shed and need to be brushed regularly to keep their coat healthy and shiny.
  • Feed them a balanced diet: Have high metabolisms and require a balanced diet to maintain their energy levels. Feed them high-quality dog food that is appropriate for their age and activity level.
  • Keep them entertained: Smart dogs that need mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior. Provide them with toys, puzzles and other activities to keep them entertained.
  • Take them to the vet regularly: Jack Russells are generally healthy dogs, but they are prone to certain health issues such as deafness, eye problems and joint issues. Take them to the vet for regular check-ups and vaccinations to keep them healthy.
  • Keep them safe: Curious and adventurous dogs that can get into trouble if not supervised. Make sure to keep them on a leash or in a secure area when outside and keep dangerous items and substances out of their reach indoors.


Jack Russell Terriers are active dogs and require a diet that is high in protein and fat. Depending on the size and activity level of your dog, you should feed them between 1/2 to 1 cup of high-quality dry dog food per day, split into two meals. Jack Russell Terriers are very food-oriented dogs and will often beg for food. It is important to feed them on a regular schedule and to not overfeed them. read more >>


Here are three interesting facts about this breed:

  1. They were originally bred for fox hunting: Jack Russell Terriers were developed in England in the 1800s specifically for fox hunting. Their small size and agility made them perfect for chasing foxes out of their dens.
  2. They have a strong prey drive: Due to their hunting background, Jack Russells have a strong instinct to chase and catch small animals. This means they may not be the best fit for households with other small pets.
  3. They are highly trainable: Despite their high energy levels, Jack Russells are intelligent and eager to please, making them highly trainable. They excel in agility and obedience competitions.



When selecting names for Jack Russell Terriers, it is often suitable to consider names that reflect their energetic and lively nature, their intelligence and agility or their bold and adventurous spirit. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Jack Russell Terrier:

  • Rocky: This name signifies the Jack Russell’s robust and tenacious nature, symbolizing their adventurous spirit.
  • Bella: A name that conveys beauty and charm, fitting for the Jack Russell’s captivating and lively personality.
  • Sparky: This name represents the Jack Russell’s energetic and vibrant character, reflecting their spark of life.
  • Scout: Signifying exploration and alertness, this name captures the Jack Russell’s curious and inquisitive nature.
  • Buster: A name that conveys strength and determination, fitting for the Jack Russell’s fearless and determined spirit.
  • Daisy: This name embodies the Jack Russell’s cheerful and playful disposition, resembling the delicate petals of a daisy.
  • Max: A classic and strong name that matches the Jack Russell’s intelligent and confident personality.
  • Coco: Signifying a lively and energetic nature, this name perfectly captures the Jack Russell’s joyful spirit.
  • Turbo: Inspired by speed and agility, this name reflects the Jack Russell’s quick reflexes and remarkable athleticism.
  • Lily: A name that conveys innocence and beauty, fitting for the Jack Russell’s charming and endearing demeanor.
  • Charlie: This friendly and approachable name complements the Jack Russell Terrier’s sociable and amiable temperament.
  • Ziggy: Reflecting the Jack Russell’s zigzagging and lively movements, this name signifies their spirited nature.
  • Penny: A name that symbolizes good luck and positivity, perfectly matching the Jack Russell’s cheerful and optimistic personality.
  • Jasper: This name conveys playfulness and mischief, reflecting the Jack Russell/s lively and mischievous spirit.
  • Luna: Signifying serenity and tranquility, this name captures the calm and alert presence of a Jack Russell Terrier.

These names capture the essence of Jack Russell Terriers, highlighting their energetic nature, intelligence and playful character. They provide a fitting identity for these lively and affectionate companions.


Over the years, several Jack Russell Terriers have gained fame for their impressive feats and appearances in movies and TV shows. Some of the most famous Jack Russell Terriers of all time include:

  • Eddie – Perhaps the most famous Jack Russell Terrier of all time, Eddie played the role of Martin Crane’s dog on the hit TV show Frasier.
  • Uggie – This Jack Russell Terrier stole the show in the 2011 movie The Artist, earning him a Palm Dog Award at the Cannes Film Festival.
  • Nipper – The iconic dog in the RCA Victor logo was a Jack Russell Terrier named Nipper.
  • Moose – Played the role of Eddie’s son on Frasier and also appeared in the movie My Dog Skip.
  • Skip – The titular character in My Dog Skip was played by a Jack Russell Terrier named Enzo.
  • Max – Owned by Jessica Biel and Justin Timberlake, Max has become a social media sensation with his adorable photos and videos.
  • George – Became famous for his incredible skateboarding skills, appearing on TV shows and in commercials.
  • Wishbone – The star of the PBS TV series of the same name, Wishbone was a Jack Russell Terrier who brought classic literature to life for kids.
  • Chalky – This Jack Russell Terrier was owned by Queen Victoria and is said to have been her constant companion.
  • Sparky – The Jack Russell Terrier who inspired the creation of the comic strip Peanuts and the character Snoopy.


The Jack Russell Terrier is a small, energetic and loyal breed of dog that was originally bred in England in the 1800s for fox hunting. They are a working breed and are known for their intelligence, courage and determination. They are also renowned for their high energy levels and need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. They are loyal and affectionate with their families, but can be wary of strangers.

The Jack Russell Terrier is a sturdy, compact dog with a smooth, short coat that can be white, black, tan or a combination of the three. They have a long, tapered muzzle and their ears are usually cropped. They have a long, muscular tail that is usually docked.

The Jack Russell is an active, intelligent breed that loves to play and explore. They are loyal and devoted to their families and make excellent watchdogs. They are also very protective of their owners and can be territorial.

The Jack Russell Terrier is an ideal pet for active families who can provide them with plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. They are also great with children and can be very affectionate and loyal. They can be stubborn and require consistent training and socialization, but with the right amount of attention and care, they can make wonderful companions.