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Kangal

Kangal Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A large and powerful breed of livestock guardian dog originating from Turkey.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.
Also Known As:Kangal Shepherd Dog
Type:Mammal

Size:

Kangals are considered a Large dog breed.
Weight:50-65 kg.
Height:71-81 cm (28-32 inches)
Length:75-86 cm (29-34 inches).

Lifespan:

The average lifespan of a Kangal is around 12 to 15 years

Behavior:

What type of dog is a Kangal, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

The Kangal is a large, powerful breed of dog that originated in Turkey. They are renowned for their loyalty, courage and protective nature. Here is a detailed overview of Kangal’s personality, temperament and behavior:

  • Kangals are known for their calm and gentle demeanor. They are affectionate and loyal to their owners and are often described as being very patient with children. They are also very intelligent and independent, which can make them challenging to train.
  • Kangals are natural protectors and have a strong instinct to guard their family and property. They are highly territorial and will defend their home and loved ones against any perceived threat. This can make them wary of strangers and other animals and they may be aggressive towards them if they feel threatened.
  • Kangals are generally well-behaved dogs, but they require a lot of socialization and training from an early age. They are not typically aggressive towards humans, but they can be very protective of their family and may become aggressive towards other dogs or animals. They require plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy and they thrive in homes with large yards or open spaces where they can run and play.

In summary, Kangals are loyal, protective and intelligent dogs that require proper training and socialization to thrive. They are well-suited for families that are looking for a loyal and protective companion, but they may not be the best choice for first-time dog owners or those with small children or other pets.

Intelligence

Kangals are intelligent dogs with a strong instinct to protect their family and territory. They are quick learners and are capable of understanding and following commands. However, like all dogs, their intelligence can vary depending on their individual personality and training. With proper socialization and training, Kangals can be very smart and obedient dogs.

Trainability

Kangals are intelligent and independent dogs, which can make training a bit challenging. They are bred to be independent thinkers and decision-makers, which means they may not always follow commands blindly. However, with proper training and socialization, Kangals can be trained to be well-behaved and obedient dogs.

It is important to start training Kangals from a young age and use positive reinforcement techniques such as treats, praise and playtime to encourage good behavior. Consistency and patience are key when training Kangals, as they may take longer to learn commands than other breeds.

It is also important to note that Kangals are natural guardians and protectors, so they may require specialized training to ensure they do not become overly aggressive or territorial. It is recommended to seek the help of a professional dog trainer or behaviorist if you are not experienced in training large, protective breeds like Kangals.

Sleep

Kangals are a relatively active breed, but like all dogs, they need plenty of rest and sleep to stay healthy and happy. On average, Kangals sleep for around 12-14 hours per day, although this can vary depending on their age, activity level and individual needs. Puppies and older dogs may need more sleep, while adult Kangals who are highly active may need slightly less. It’s important to provide your Kangal with a comfortable, quiet place to rest and sleep and to make sure they have plenty of opportunities for exercise and mental stimulation during their waking hours.

Bark

Kangals are a vocal breed and they have a tendency to bark when they sense danger or when they feel the need to protect their territory. However, with proper training and socialization, their barking can be controlled. It is important to note that excessive barking can be a sign of anxiety or boredom, so it is important to provide them with enough exercise and mental stimulation.

Drool

Kangals are not excessive droolers. They have a moderate drooling tendency, which means they may drool occasionally, especially after eating or drinking water. However, individual dogs may vary in their drooling tendencies depending on their genetics, health and diet. Regular dental care and keeping the dog’s face clean can help reduce drooling.

Lick

Kangals are moderate to heavy lickers. They are affectionate dogs and enjoy showing their love and affection through licking their owners and family members. However, excessive licking can also be a sign of anxiety or boredom, so it’s important to monitor their behavior and provide them with enough mental and physical stimulation.

Jump

Kangals are not known for their jumping ability, as they are primarily bred for their guarding and herding skills. However, like most large dog breeds, they are capable of jumping up to 4-5 feet high if they are motivated to do so. It is important to note that excessive jumping can be harmful to a dog’s joints, so it is best to limit their jumping activities and provide them with proper exercise and training.

Dig

Kangals are moderate diggers. They have a natural instinct to dig, which they use for various purposes such as creating a cool spot to rest in hot weather or to bury food for later. However, with proper training and exercise, this behavior can be managed and minimized. Providing your Kangal with enough mental and physical stimulation can also help reduce their digging tendencies.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Kangal the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Kangal.

Exercise

Kangals are large and active dogs that require a significant amount of exercise to stay healthy and happy. They need at least 60-90 minutes of exercise per day, which can include brisk walks, runs or playtime in a fenced yard. Kangals also enjoy activities that challenge their minds, such as obedience training, agility courses and interactive games. It’s important to provide regular exercise and mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior.

Space

Kangals are large dogs that require a lot of space to move around and exercise. Ideally, they should have access to a large fenced yard or a rural property with plenty of open space to run and play. A minimum of one acre of land is recommended for Kangals, but more space is always better. It’s important to note that Kangals are not suited for apartment living or small homes with limited outdoor space. They need plenty of room to stretch their legs and burn off their energy.

Apartment

Kangals are not recommended for apartment living. They are large, active dogs that require a lot of space and exercise. They also have a protective nature and may become territorial in small living spaces. Kangals are best suited for homes with large yards or rural areas where they can roam and fulfill their exercise needs.

Left Alone

Kangals are renowned for their independent nature, but they do not tolerate being left alone for long periods of time. They are a breed that thrives on human companionship and interaction and they can become anxious and destructive if left alone for extended periods. It is important to provide them with plenty of exercise, mental stimulation and socialization to prevent boredom and separation anxiety. If you must leave your Kangal alone for a few hours, make sure they have access to plenty of water, toys and a comfortable place to rest.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Kangals can be excellent with kids and families. They are very protective of their family and will go to great lengths to keep them safe. They are also very loyal and affectionate, making them great companions for families. However, it is important to note that Kangals are large and powerful dogs, so they should always be supervised around young children and properly trained and socialized.

Perfect Fit

Kangals are large, powerful dogs that were originally bred to protect livestock. As pets, they require an experienced owner who can provide them with plenty of exercise, socialization and training. Kangals are not recommended for first-time dog owners or families with small children.

A Kangal would be a perfect fit for a household that has:

  • A large, securely fenced yard: Kangals need plenty of space to run and play and they require a secure fence to keep them from wandering off.
  • An active lifestyle: Kangals are high-energy dogs that need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. They enjoy long walks, hikes and other outdoor activities.
  • A firm, confident owner: Kangals are independent dogs that can be stubborn and willful. They need an owner who can establish themselves as the pack leader and provide consistent training and guidance.
  • No other pets: Kangals have a strong prey drive and may not get along with other pets, especially smaller animals.
  • A commitment to socialization: Kangals can be wary of strangers and may be protective of their family and property. It’s important to socialize them from a young age to prevent aggression towards people or other dogs.

Overall, a Kangal would be a good fit for an experienced owner who is willing to provide them with the exercise, training and socialization they need to thrive as a pet.

Pros and Cons:

Kangals are large, powerful dogs that were originally bred to protect livestock in Turkey. While they can make loyal and protective companions, there are also some downsides to owning one. Here are five pros and cons of owning a Kangal:

Pros:
  1. Excellent guard dogs: Kangals are fiercely loyal and protective of their families, making them excellent guard dogs.
  2. Low-maintenance grooming: Kangals have a short, thick coat that requires minimal grooming, making them a good choice for people who don’t have a lot of time for grooming.
  3. Good with children: Kangals are known for being gentle and patient with children, making them a good choice for families.
  4. Intelligent and trainable: Kangals are intelligent dogs that can be trained to do a variety of tasks, from guarding livestock to performing tricks.
  5. Healthy breed: Kangals are generally a healthy breed with few genetic health problems.
Cons:
  1. High exercise needs: Kangals are a high-energy breed that require a lot of exercise, so they may not be a good fit for people who don’t have the time or energy to provide them with enough exercise.
  2. Strong-willed: Kangals can be stubborn and strong-willed, which can make them difficult to train for inexperienced owners.
  3. Can be aggressive: Kangals have a strong protective instinct and can be aggressive towards strangers or other animals if they perceive a threat.
  4. Large size: Kangals are a large breed, which means they require a lot of space and may not be suitable for apartment living.
  5. Expensive: Kangals can be expensive to purchase and maintain, with high costs for food, veterinary care and training.

Cost:

The cost of a Kangal in Australia can vary depending on a number of factors such as the breeder, location and bloodline. On average, a Kangal puppy can cost anywhere from $1,500 to $3,000 AUD. However, it is important to note that purchasing a dog should not be solely based on price, but also on the reputation and ethics of the breeder, as well as the health and temperament of the dog.

Breed History:

Kangals were originally bred as livestock guardian dogs in Turkey. They were developed to protect livestock such as sheep, goats and cattle from predators such as wolves, bears and jackals. The Kangal breed is known for their loyalty, intelligence and courage, making them excellent protectors of their flock. They are also renowned for their physical strength and endurance, which allows them to withstand harsh weather conditions and long hours of work. Today, Kangals are still used as livestock guardians in their native Turkey and are also popular as family pets due to their protective nature and affectionate personalities.

Current Usage

Kangals are primarily used as working dogs, specifically as livestock guardian dogs (LGDs). They are known for their ability to protect livestock from predators such as wolves, bears and coyotes. Kangals are commonly used in Turkey, where they originated, as well as in other countries around the world where livestock farming is prevalent.

In addition to their role as LGDs, Kangals are also used as pets and as show dogs. However, their working abilities are highly valued and many breeders prioritize breeding for working traits over appearance. Kangals are also sometimes used in search and rescue operations due to their strong sense of smell and tracking abilities.

Guard Dogs

Yes, Kangals are excellent guard dogs. They are famous for their loyalty, courage and protective nature. They were originally bred in Turkey to protect livestock from predators such as wolves, bears and jackals. Kangals are highly intelligent and have a strong instinct to protect their family and territory. They are also very independent and can make decisions on their own, which makes them effective at guarding without constant supervision. However, it is important to note that Kangals require early socialization and training to ensure they are well-behaved and not overly aggressive towards strangers.

Where Are They Found?

Kangals are most popular in their country of origin, Turkey. However, they are also gaining popularity in other countries such as the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom.

Climate

Kangals are best suited to a dry and hot climate. They originated in Turkey, where the climate is typically hot and arid. They have a thick, double coat that provides insulation from the heat and cold and they are well adapted to living in harsh environments. However, they can also adapt to colder climates as long as they have access to shelter and warmth. It’s important to note that regardless of climate, Kangals require plenty of shade, fresh water and protection from extreme weather conditions.

Population

It is difficult to determine the exact number of Kangals in the world as there is no centralized registry or database for this breed. However, Kangals are primarily found in Turkey and are considered a national treasure. It is estimated that there are several thousand Kangals in Turkey and a growing number in other countries where they are becoming more popular as a livestock guardian and family companion.

Physical Appearance:

Kangals are large, muscular dogs with a powerful build. They have a broad head with a strong, square jaw and a black nose. Their eyes are almond-shaped and dark brown in color. Their ears are small to medium-sized and are set high on their head, usually folded back.

Their coat is short and dense, with a thick undercoat that helps to insulate them from cold weather. The color of their coat can vary from light tan to a darker reddish-brown and they often have a black mask around their eyes.

Kangals have a distinctive gait, with a long, fluid stride that allows them to cover a lot of ground quickly. They have a confident and alert demeanor and their overall appearance exudes strength and power.

Coat:

Colours:

Kangals are typically black or fawn in color, but can also be brindle or white. The fawn color can range from a light tan to a reddish-brown shade.

Hair/Fur Length:

Kangals have short to medium length hair. The hair is dense, thick and usually straight. The length can vary depending on the individual dog, but it typically does not grow longer than a few inches.

Shedding:

Yes, Kangals do shed. They have a thick double coat that sheds moderately year-round, with heavier shedding occurring during seasonal changes. Regular grooming, such as brushing and bathing, can help to manage shedding and keep their coat healthy.

Grooming:

The Kangal dog breed has a thick, double coat that sheds moderately year-round and heavily twice a year during shedding season. They require regular grooming to keep their coat healthy and clean. Brushing their coat once or twice a week with a slicker brush or undercoat rake can help remove loose hair and prevent matting.

It is not necessary to cut their hair, as their coat serves as insulation from both hot and cold weather. However, some owners may choose to trim the hair around their paws and ears for hygiene purposes. It is important to note that excessive trimming or shaving can damage their coat and affect their ability to regulate their body temperature.

Hypoallergenic:

No, Kangals are not considered hypoallergenic. They have a thick, double coat that sheds heavily twice a year, which can trigger allergies in some people. Additionally, Kangals produce dander, which is a common allergen. If you have allergies, it’s important to spend time with a Kangal before bringing one into your home to see if you have a reaction.

Speed:

Kangals are fast runners and can reach speeds of up to 50-60 kilometers per hour (31-37 miles per hour).

Health:

Kangals are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain health issues. Some of the most common health issues faced by Kangals include:

  • Hip dysplasia: A condition where the hip joint doesn’t develop properly, leading to arthritis and pain.
  • Elbow dysplasia: A condition where the elbow joint doesn’t develop properly, leading to arthritis and pain.
  • Bloat: A life-threatening condition where the stomach fills with gas and twists on itself, cutting off blood flow to the organs.
  • Eye problems: Kangals can be prone to various eye problems, including cataracts, entropion (inward rolling of the eyelid) and ectropion (outward rolling of the eyelid).
  • Allergies: Kangals can develop allergies to various things, including food, pollen and flea bites.

Teeth:

Kangals typically have 42 teeth, which is the same as most other breeds of dogs.

Eyesight:

Kangals have excellent eyesight, which is an important trait for their role as livestock guardians. Their keen eyesight allows them to detect potential threats from a distance and react quickly to protect their flock. Additionally, their ability to see well in low light conditions makes them effective guardians during the night.

Nipples:

Kangals typically have 8 to 10 nipples, arranged in two rows on their underside.

Gestation:

Litter Size:

The typical litter size for Kangals is between 6 to 8 puppies. However, litter sizes can vary and may be smaller or larger depending on various factors such as the age and health of the mother, genetics and environmental conditions.

Gestation Period:

The gestation period for Kangals, which are a breed of large Turkish livestock guardian dogs, is typically around 63 days or 9 weeks. However, it can vary slightly from dog to dog and may range from 58 to 68 days. It is important to provide proper care and nutrition to the pregnant Kangal during this time to ensure the health of both the mother and the puppies.

Heat:

Female Kangals typically go into heat twice a year, with each heat cycle lasting approximately three weeks.

Male vs Female:

Male and female Kangals have some differences in terms of their physical characteristics and temperament. Males are generally larger and heavier than females, with a height of around 30-32 inches and a weight of 110-145 pounds, while females are slightly smaller, with a height of 28-30 inches and a weight of 90-120 pounds. Males also tend to have a more muscular build and a broader head than females. In terms of temperament, males can be more dominant and territorial, while females are often more affectionate and nurturing. However, these differences can vary depending on the individual dog and their upbringing and training.

Tips and Advice:

If you are considering getting a Kangal, it is important to understand their specific needs and how to properly care for them. Here are some tips and advice for caring for a Kangal:

  • Exercise: Kangals are an active breed and require daily exercise to keep them healthy and happy. They enjoy long walks, hikes and running in open spaces.
  • Training: Kangals are intelligent dogs and respond well to positive reinforcement training. It is important to start training early and be consistent with commands.
  • Socialization: Kangals are protective of their family and can be wary of strangers. Socialization from a young age can help them become more comfortable around new people and animals.
  • Grooming: Kangals have a thick double coat that sheds seasonally. Regular brushing can help keep their coat healthy and reduce shedding.
  • Diet: Kangals require a high-quality diet that is rich in protein. It is important to monitor their weight and adjust their diet accordingly.
  • Health: Kangals are generally healthy dogs, but they can be prone to hip dysplasia and bloat. Regular vet check-ups and preventative care can help keep them healthy.
  • Environment: Kangals are best suited for homes with a large yard or open space to run and play. They are not well-suited for apartment living.
  • Supervision: Kangals are protective of their family and can be aggressive towards strangers or other animals. They require supervision when interacting with new people or animals.
  • Love and attention: Kangals are loyal and affectionate dogs that thrive on attention from their family. They require love and attention to be happy and healthy.

Food:

Kangals are large dogs and their food intake will depend on their age, size and activity level. As a general rule, adult Kangals may eat between 3-4 cups of high-quality dry dog food per day, divided into two meals. However, it is important to monitor their weight and adjust their food intake accordingly.

Kangals are not typically food-oriented dogs and do not have a strong food drive. They are independent thinkers and may not be as motivated by food rewards as other breeds. However, they still require a balanced and nutritious diet to maintain their health and energy levels.

Facts:

Kangal is a breed of large livestock guardian dog that originated in Turkey. Here are three interesting facts about Kangal:

  1. Kangals have a unique coat that helps them blend in with their surroundings. Their fur is a pale fawn color with a black mask around their face. This coloring helps them blend in with the rocky terrain of their native Turkey.
  2. Kangals are known for their loyalty and protective instincts. They were originally bred to protect livestock from predators such as wolves and bears. They are fiercely protective of their family and will not hesitate to defend them if necessary.
  3. Kangals are one of the largest breeds of dogs in the world. They can weigh up to 145 pounds and stand up to 30 inches tall at the shoulder. Despite their size, they are agile and can move quickly when needed.

Names:

When it comes to naming a Kangal, it’s important to choose a name that reflects their strength and courage. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Kangal:

1. Titan6. Odin11. Goliath
2. Zeus7. Caesar12. Samson
3. Thor8. Maximus13. Thorin
4. Apollo9. Brutus14. Simba
5. Hercules10. Apollo15. Khan

Famous:

Kangals are a breed of large, powerful dogs that have been used for centuries to protect livestock in Turkey. Over the years, some Kangals have become famous for their impressive feats, appearances in movies or ownership by famous people. Here are some of the most famous Kangals of all time:

  • Kaptan: Perhaps the most famous Kangal of all time, Kaptan was a legendary dog who lived in Turkey in the 1990s. He was known for his incredible size and strength, as well as his fierce loyalty to his owner.
  • Karabas: Another famous Kangal from Turkey, Karabas was known for his intelligence and his ability to protect his flock from predators. He was also featured in a Turkish movie called “Karabas.”
  • Caesar: Owned by the late comedian and actor Robin Williams, Caesar was a Kangal mix who appeared in the movie “The Night Listener.” He was known for his gentle nature and his ability to comfort Williams during difficult times.
  • Aslan: Owned by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Aslan is a Kangal who has become famous for his role as a guard dog at the presidential palace. He is known for his loyalty and his fierce protection of the president and his family.
  • Hank: A Kangal mix owned by actor Kellan Lutz, Hank has become famous for his role as a therapy dog. He has visited hospitals and schools to help comfort patients and students and has even been featured on the TV show “Animal Planet.”
  • Atlas: Owned by the founder of the Kangal Dog Club of America, Atlas is a Kangal who has won numerous awards for his beauty and his obedience. He is known for his calm demeanor and his ability to protect his family and his flock.

Summary:

The Kangal is a large breed of dog that originated in Turkey. It is classified as a livestock guardian dog and is known for its protective nature. Kangals are muscular and powerful dogs with a thick, double coat that is usually a pale tan color. They have a broad head and a strong jaw, which makes them excellent at protecting their flock from predators.

Kangals are intelligent, loyal and independent dogs. They are highly protective of their family and their territory, which makes them excellent guard dogs. They are also renowned for their calm and patient demeanor, which makes them great with children and other pets.

The history of the Kangal can be traced back to ancient times when they were used by nomadic shepherds to protect their flocks from predators. Today, they are still used for this purpose in Turkey and other parts of the world.

As a pet, Kangals require a lot of exercise and mental stimulation. They are not recommended for first-time dog owners or those who live in small apartments. They need a large yard to run and play in and plenty of socialization to prevent them from becoming overly protective.

Overall, Kangals make excellent pets for experienced dog owners who are looking for a loyal and protective companion. They are not suitable for everyone, but for those who are willing to put in the time and effort, they can be a wonderful addition to the family.