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Border Collie

Border Collie Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A highly intelligent and energetic herding breed known for their intense focus and work drive.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.


Border Collies are considered a Medium-sized dog breed. read more >>
Weight:14-20 kg (30-45 lbs).
Height:48-56 cm (19-22 inches).
Length:46-56 cm (18-22 inches).


The average lifespan of a Border Collie is between 10 and 15 years. read more >>


What type of dog is a Border Collie, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

Border Collies are intelligent, loyal & energetic dogs, they have a strong work ethic and they are often used as herding dogs. They are very active and need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to stay happy and healthy. Border Collies are also very loyal and affectionate with their owners and they make great family pets.

Border Collies are highly trainable and respond well to positive reinforcement. They are eager to please and thrive on praise and rewards. They are also very alert and observant, making them great watchdogs.

Border Collies are usually very friendly and outgoing, but they can also be shy and timid around strangers. They are usually good with children, but they may try to herd them if they get too excited. Border Collies can also be very protective of their owners and their home.

Border Collies need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation and they do best with an active lifestyle. They are not suited to living in a kennel or small apartment, as they need plenty of space to run and play. They also need consistent training and socialization to help them become well-rounded dogs.


Border Collies are widely considered to be one of the smartest breeds of dog. They are highly trainable and have a great capacity for learning. They are often used in agility competitions, herding and other activities that require a high level of intelligence. read more >>


Border Collies are highly intelligent and eager to please, so they can be relatively easy to train dogs. They are obedient and responsive, so they can learn quickly and respond well to positive reinforcement. They may require more patience and consistency than other breeds, but with the right training techniques, they can be a joy to work with.


Border Collies typically sleep for around 12-14 hours per day, although this can vary depending on their age, activity level and overall health. Puppies and older dogs may require more sleep, while highly active dogs may need less. It is important to provide your Border Collie with a comfortable and quiet place to sleep and to ensure that they get enough rest to maintain their physical and mental health. read more >>


Border Collies can bark quite a lot. Some Border Collies may bark more than others, depending on their individual personalities and the environment they live in. If you are looking for a dog that does not bark much, a Border Collie may not be the best choice. read more >>


Border Collies do not typically drool, although they may occasionally drool when they are very excited or stressed. read more >>


Border Collies are known to be moderate to heavy lickers. They are affectionate dogs and often use licking as a way to show their love and affection towards their owners. However, excessive licking can also be a sign of anxiety, boredom or a medical issue, so it’s important to monitor your Border Collie’s licking behavior and consult with a veterinarian if you have any concerns.


Border Collies are agile and athletic and they are capable of jumping quite high. On average, a healthy and well-trained Border Collie can jump between 1.2 to 1.5 meters (4 to 5 feet) in height. However, some Border Collies have been known to jump even higher, up to 6 feet or more, especially when they are trained for agility competitions. read more >>


Border Collies can be quite enthusiastic diggers, especially when they are bored or anxious. They can dig large holes in a short amount of time and may even dig under fences if they are not properly supervised. If you have a Border Collie, it is important to provide them with plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to help prevent them from digging out of boredom.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Border Collie the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Border Collie.


Border Collies are a very active breed of dog and need a lot of exercise. They should have at least an hour of vigorous exercise every day, such as running, playing fetch or going on long walks. They also need plenty of mental stimulation, such as agility courses, obedience training and puzzle toys. read more >>


Border Collies need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation, so they need at least an hour of exercise a day and a large, securely fenced yard to run and play in. They also need plenty of space to roam and explore, so a home with a large, securely fenced yard is ideal.


Border Collies are not recommended for apartment living. They are very active and need a lot of exercise and stimulation. They need a large, securely fenced yard to run and play in. If you are looking for a smaller, calmer breed that is better suited for apartment living, consider a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel or a French Bulldog. read more >>

Left Alone

Border Collies are very intelligent and active dogs and can become bored and destructive if left alone for too long. If you plan to leave your Border Collie alone for extended periods of time, it is important to provide them with plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to keep them occupied. Additionally, it is important to provide them with a safe and comfortable environment while they are alone.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Border Collies are generally good with kids and families. They are known for being loyal and devoted to their owners and they are usually very gentle and patient with children. They are also highly intelligent and can be trained to obey commands, making them great family pets. read more >>

Perfect Fit

A Border Collie would be a great fit for an active family that loves outdoor activities. They need plenty of exercise and stimulation, so a home with a large yard or access to a park or other outdoor area would be ideal. They also need plenty of mental stimulation, so a home with an owner who is willing to train and play with the dog regularly would be a great fit.

Pros and Cons:

Border Collies are intelligent, agile and have good herding abilities, however, owning a Border Collie may come with its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Here is a table with 5 pros and cons of owning a Border Collie:

1. Highly intelligent and trainable1. High energy levels require lots of exercise and playtime
2. Excellent herding instincts2. Can become destructive if not given enough mental stimulation
3. Loyal and affectionate towards their owners3. May exhibit herding behavior towards children or other pets
4. Good watchdogs and protective of their family4. Can be wary of strangers and may require socialization
5. Versatile and excel in various activities such as agility, obedience and flyball5. Prone to certain health issues such as hip dysplasia and eye problems

Overall, owning a Border Collie can be a rewarding experience for those who are willing to provide them with the necessary physical and mental stimulation they require. However, it is important to consider the potential challenges and responsibilities that come with owning this breed.


The cost of a Border Collie in Australia can vary greatly depending on the age, breed and other factors. Generally, you can expect to pay anywhere from $700 to $2,000 for a Border Collie puppy. Adult Border Collies can range from $500 to $1,000. read more >>

Breed History:

Border Collies were bred to be herding dogs. They were developed in the Anglo-Scottish border region of England and Scotland to help farmers herd and control their flocks of sheep. Border Collies are known for their intelligence, obedience and energy, which makes them ideal for herding. They are also highly trainable, loyal and have a strong work ethic.

Current Usage

Border Collies are primarily used as working dogs and are one of the most popular breeds for herding livestock. They are also used in search and rescue, agility, obedience and flyball competitions. Border Collies are also popular as family pets, due to their intelligence and trainability.

Guard Dogs

Border Collies are not typically considered good guard dogs as they are bred for herding and working rather than guarding. They are intelligent, active and highly trainable, but they tend to be friendly and affectionate towards people, including strangers. However, they may bark to alert their owners of any unusual activity or strangers approaching their territory. Overall, Border Collies are better suited for activities such as obedience, agility and herding rather than guarding. read more >>

Where Are They Found?

Border Collies are popular in many countries, but some of the countries where they are most popular include:

1. United States6. Germany
2. United Kingdom7. France
3. Australia8. Sweden
4. Canada9. Norway
5. New Zealand10. Denmark

These countries have a strong tradition of working dogs and Border Collies are highly valued for their intelligence, trainability and versatility. However, Border Collies are also popular as family pets in many other countries around the world. read more >>


Border Collies are adaptable to a wide range of climates, but they are best suited to cooler climates. They have a thick double coat that provides insulation and protection from the cold, so they can handle colder temperatures better than warmer ones. However, they can also adjust to warmer climates as long as they have access to shade, plenty of water and are not left in direct sunlight for extended periods of time. It’s important to note that regardless of the climate, Border Collies need regular exercise and mental stimulation to stay healthy and happy. read more >>


It is difficult to determine the exact number of Border Collies in the world as there is no centralized database or registry for all Border Collies. However, according to the American Kennel Club, Border Collies are the 35th most popular dog breed in the United States, with approximately 12,000 new registrations per year. Additionally, Border Collies are a popular breed in many other countries, including the United Kingdom, Australia and Canada. Therefore, it is estimated that there are several hundred thousand Border Collies worldwide.

Physical Appearance:

Border Collies exhibit a well-proportioned and balanced physical structure. With a medium-sized body, they have an agile and athletic build, enabling them to excel in various activities. Their muscular frame contributes to their strength and endurance, making them highly capable working and sporting dogs. read more and view all Border Collie images >>



Border Collies can be black and white, red and white, blue and white, chocolate and white, lilac and white, sable and white, tricolour, merle and solid colours such as black, red, blue, chocolate and lilac.

Hair/Fur Length:

Border Collies typically have a medium-length double coat, with a soft, dense undercoat and a straight, medium-length outer coat. The hair on the head and legs is usually shorter, while the hair on the back and sides is longer.


Yes, Border Collies do shed. They shed moderately throughout the year and more heavily during the spring and fall. Regular brushing can help reduce the amount of shedding but they are considered medium-heavy shedders read more >>


Border Collies require moderate grooming. They should be brushed at least once a week to remove dead hair and keep their coat looking healthy. You do not need to cut their hair, but it is recommended that you trim their fur around their feet, eyes and ears to keep them looking neat.


No, Border Collies are not hypoallergenic. They shed a lot and produce a lot of dander, which can trigger allergies in some people. read more >>


Border Collies can run up to 48 km/h (about 30 mph). read more >>


Border Collies are generally healthy dogs, however they can be prone to certain health issues. These include:

  • Hip Dysplasia: A condition in which the hip joint fails to develop properly, leading to pain and lameness.
  • Collie Eye Anomaly: A genetic eye disorder that can cause vision loss or blindness.
  • Epilepsy: A neurological disorder that causes seizures.
  • Allergies: An abnormal immune response to certain substances.
  • Hypothyroidism: A condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones.



Border Collies have 42 teeth.


Border Collies have exceptional eyesight, which is one of the reasons they are so good at herding and other activities that require keen visual awareness. Their eyes are positioned on the front of their head, giving them excellent depth perception and the ability to focus on objects with great precision. Additionally, their eyes have a larger than average lens and cornea, which allows them to see well in low light conditions. Overall, Border Collies have some of the best eyesight of any dog breed.


Border Collies, like most female dogs, typically have between 8 to 10 nipples. The exact number can vary slightly from dog to dog, but it is generally consistent within the breed. Male Border Collies also have nipples, although they do not serve any functional purpose.


Litter Size:

The average litter size for Border Collies is 4-8 puppies.

Gestation Period:

The average gestation period for Border Collies is approximately 63 days. read more >>


Border Collies, like most dogs, typically go into heat, also known as estrus, approximately every 6 to 8 months. The first heat cycle for a Border Collie usually occurs around 6 to 12 months of age, although this can vary from dog to dog. The duration of each heat cycle can last approximately 2 to 3 weeks. It’s important to note that individual dogs may have some variations in their reproductive cycles and consulting with a veterinarian is recommended for specific information and guidance regarding your Border Collie’s reproductive health. read more >>

Male vs Female:

The main difference between male and female Border Collies is size. Males tend to be larger and heavier than females, with males typically weighing between 30 and 45 pounds and females between 25 and 40 pounds. Males also tend to have a more dominant personality, while females are more submissive and easier to train. Females may also be more sensitive to their environment and more prone to anxiety. read more >>

Tips and Advice:

Border Collies are incredibly intelligent, active and hard-working dogs, renowned for their herding skills. They make excellent companions but require significant physical and mental stimulation due to their high energy levels and keen intelligence. Here are some vital tips and advice for taking care of your Border Collie:

  • Regular Exercise: Border Collies are a very active breed and require plenty of exercise each day. This might include walks, runs, playtime in the backyard or participation in dog sports.
  • Mental Stimulation: In addition to physical exercise, Border Collies need lots of mental stimulation due to their intelligence. Training sessions, puzzle toys and interactive games can help keep their minds sharp.
  • Training: Border Collies are very trainable and thrive on learning and executing commands. Early socialization and obedience training are key. Remember to use positive reinforcement techniques.
  • Healthy Diet: Provide a balanced diet appropriate for your dog’s age, size and activity level. Border Collies can be prone to food allergies, so monitor for any signs of dietary issues and consult with a vet for advice on feeding.
  • Routine Vet Visits: Regular vet check-ups are important for monitoring your dog’s health and staying up-to-date with vaccinations and preventative care.
  • Grooming: Border Collies have a double coat that requires regular brushing to keep it healthy and free of mats. Bathing should be done as needed – not too frequently to avoid skin issues.
  • Companionship: Border Collies are very social dogs and need plenty of interaction with their human families. They do not do well when left alone for extended periods.
  • Watch for Common Health Issues: Be aware of common health issues in the breed such as hip dysplasia, eye conditions, epilepsy and Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA). Regular health screenings and being aware of any changes in behavior or physical condition can help in early detection.
  • Provide a Safe Space: Since Border Collies are a herding breed, they can sometimes show herding behavior towards people and other pets. Ensure they have a safe space where they can burn off energy without causing distress to others.
  • Patience: Border Collies are a high-energy breed that may take some time to settle into home life if they’ve been working dogs. Be patient and consistent with your training.

Remember, Border Collies require a dedicated owner ready to meet their physical and mental needs. With the right care and attention, they can be wonderful and loving companions.


Border Collies typically eat 1-2 cups of high-quality dry dog food per day, split into two meals. They are highly food motivated and can be trained with treats, but should not be overfed. read more >>


Border Collies are a highly intelligent and energetic breed of dog that have been used for herding livestock for centuries. Here are three interesting facts about Border Collies:

  1. Border Collies are considered the most intelligent breed of dog, with the ability to learn and understand new commands in as little as five repetitions.
  2. Border Collies have a unique herding style that involves using their intense stare, known as “the eye,” to control and direct livestock.
  3. Border Collies have been known to compete in a variety of dog sports, including agility, obedience & flyball and have even been trained to perform in movies and television shows.



Border Collies are are often given names that reflect their intelligence, agility and working nature. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Border Collie:

1. Scout6. Ace11. Willow
2. Chase7. Maverick12. Pepper
3. Dash8. Finn13. Bailey
4. Ryder9. Jasper14. Rosie
5. Blaze10. Luna15. Sadie


Over the years, some Border Collies have gained fame for their impressive accomplishments, appearances in movies and association with famous people. Here are some of the most famous Border Collies of all time:

  1. Chaser – Known as the world’s smartest dog, Chaser was a Border Collie who could understand and respond to over 1,000 words.
  2. Rico – Another Border Collie with exceptional language skills, Rico could recognize over 200 objects by name.
  3. Fly – A Border Collie who starred in the movie “Babe” as Babe’s mother.
  4. Patsy Ann – A famous Alaskan dog who was a Border Collie mix and known for greeting ships in the harbor.
  5. Bessie – A Border Collie who holds the Guinness World Record for the most tricks performed by a dog in one minute.
  6. Dewey – A Border Collie who was owned by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and known for herding sheep on the Carter family farm.
  7. Haggis – A Border Collie who holds the world record for the fastest time to complete an agility course.
  8. Jumpy – A Border Collie who has appeared in numerous commercials, TV shows and movies for his impressive tricks and stunts.
  9. Secret – A Border Collie who gained fame on social media for her incredible obedience and agility skills.
  10. Purin – A Border Collie who holds the Guinness World Record for the most balls caught by a dog with the paws in one minute.

These Border Collies have left their mark on history and continue to inspire dog lovers around the world.


Border Collies are a highly intelligent and energetic breed known for their exceptional herding abilities. Here’s a brief overview of their characteristics:

Type of Dog: Border Collies are a medium-sized breed of herding dogs. They were originally developed in the border region between England and Scotland for herding livestock, particularly sheep.

Traits: Border Collies have a well-balanced and agile build, with a medium-length double coat that comes in various colors and patterns, commonly black and white. They have a focused and intense gaze, which is one of their distinctive features. Their natural herding instincts are strong and their incredible intelligence and problem-solving abilities.

Personality: Border Collies are highly energetic and driven. They are incredibly intelligent and thrive on mental stimulation and challenging tasks. They are typically eager to learn, highly trainable and excel in various dog sports and activities. Border Collies have a strong work ethic and can be fiercely focused when given a task. They are loyal, responsive and form strong bonds with their owners.

History: Border Collies have a long history dating back several centuries. They were selectively bred for their herding abilities, specifically their instinctive crouching and stalking behavior used to control livestock. The breed’s name originates from their region of origin, the border region between England and Scotland. Border Collies gained popularity for their exceptional herding skills and remain highly regarded in the working dog community.

Pet suitability: Border Collies make excellent companions for active and dedicated owners who can provide them with the mental and physical exercise they require. Due to their high energy levels and intelligence, they need plenty of daily exercise, including both physical activities and mental stimulation. Without proper outlets for their energy and mental stimulation, they can become bored and develop undesirable behaviors. Border Collies are best suited for families or individuals who can devote time and attention to their training, exercise & mental enrichment.

Overall, Border Collies are renowned for their intelligence, work ethic and herding abilities. They thrive in environments that provide them with plenty of mental and physical stimulation, making them well-suited for active families, individuals involved in dog sports or those looking for a highly trainable and dedicated companion.