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How Many Teeth Do Border Collies Have?

Border collies, like most dogs, have two sets of teeth throughout their lives. Initially, they have a set of temporary teeth, also known as deciduous or milk teeth, which are eventually replaced by their permanent teeth. Border collies typically have:

  • 28 deciduous teeth: These are the temporary teeth that start erupting around 3 to 4 weeks of age.
  • 42 permanent teeth: The deciduous teeth begin to fall out at around 3 to 4 months of age, making way for the permanent teeth.

Types of Teeth

Understanding the different types of teeth that border collies have can provide insights into their oral functions and help you recognize any potential dental issues. Border collies possess four main types of teeth:

  • Incisors: Located at the front of the mouth, these eight teeth are used for gripping and nibbling.
  • Canines: Also known as fangs, border collies have four canines, two in the upper jaw and two in the lower jaw. Canines are used for tearing and holding objects.
  • Premolars: Border collies possess 16 premolars, which aid in cutting and shearing food.
  • Molars: Found at the back of the mouth, these ten teeth are primarily responsible for grinding food.

Teething Stages

Teething is a natural process that occurs as your border collie’s permanent teeth emerge. It generally takes place in several stages, including:

  • Initial teething: This stage begins when your border collie is around 3 to 4 weeks old and lasts until approximately 4 months of age. During this time, the deciduous teeth will begin to fall out and be replaced by permanent teeth.
  • Intense teething: Between 4 and 6 months of age, your border collie may experience intensified teething. This stage involves the eruption of the larger premolars and molars, which can be more uncomfortable for your furry friend.
  • Completion of teething: By the time your border collie reaches 6 to 8 months of age, the teething process is typically complete and all permanent teeth should have erupted.

Common Dental Issues in Border Collies

Proper dental care is essential to prevent and manage common dental issues that can affect border collies, including:

  • Dental plaque and tartar buildup: Without regular brushing, plaque can accumulate on your border collie’s teeth, eventually hardening into tartar. This can lead to gum inflammation, bad breath and tooth decay.
  • Periodontal disease: If dental plaque and tartar are left untreated, they can cause periodontal disease, which affects the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. This can result in tooth loss and even systemic health problems.
  • Malocclusion: Malocclusion refers to misalignment of the teeth and jaws. It can lead to difficulty in eating, discomfort and potential oral health complications.
  • Tooth fractures and chips: Accidents or chewing on hard objects can cause tooth fractures or chips.

What Should You Do When Your Border Collie is Teething?

The teething process can be uncomfortable for border collie puppies, but there are steps you can take to alleviate their discomfort and ensure their oral health. Here are some helpful tips to follow when your border collie is teething:

  • Provide appropriate chew toys: Offer safe and durable chew toys designed specifically for teething puppies to alleviate discomfort and prevent destructive chewing.
  • Regular dental hygiene routine: Start establishing a dental care routine early by gently brushing your border collie’s teeth with a dog-friendly toothpaste and toothbrush.
  • Manage discomfort during teething: Cold or frozen chew toys or washcloths can help soothe sore gums. Ensure the toys are not too hard or small to avoid choking hazards.
  • Consulting a veterinarian if necessary: If your border collie experiences excessive discomfort, bleeding, or shows signs of dental problems, consult your veterinarian for a thorough examination and appropriate treatment.

Tips for Preventing Dental Issues in Border Collies

Prevention is key when it comes to maintaining your border collie’s dental health. By implementing a few simple strategies and practices, you can help prevent common dental issues and ensure your furry friend enjoys a healthy smile. Here are some valuable tips for preventing dental issues in border collies:

  • Dental cleaning techniques: Learn proper tooth brushing techniques and use dental products recommended by your veterinarian to maintain your border collie’s oral hygiene.
  • Proper nutrition and dental-friendly treats: Feed your border collie a balanced diet and consider dental-friendly treats or dental chews that promote oral health.
  • Oral health maintenance habits: Encourage good oral hygiene habits from an early age, such as regular tooth brushing and positive reinforcement.

Understanding the nuances of your border collie’s teeth is essential for providing them with proper dental care. By being aware of teething stages, tooth types, sizes, common dental issues, teething signs, baby tooth loss, teething cessation and prevention tips, you can ensure your border collie maintains a healthy smile throughout their life.

Border Collie Teeth – How Many, Teething Stages, Types & Size