Skip to content


Samoyed Dog Breed Information

In a Sentence:

A fluffy, white and friendly dog breed originating from Siberia.

Scientific Name:

Canis lupus familiaris.


Samoyeds are considered a Medium-sized dog breed.
Weight:18-20 kg (40-44 lbs).
Height:51 cm (20 inches).
Length:51-58 cm (20-23 inches).


The average lifespan of a Samoyed is 12-14 years. read more >>


What type of dog is a Samoyed, how do they behave and what temperament do they have? See below for a detailed overview of their traits and personality.

Personality & Temperament

The Samoyed is an active, friendly and loyal breed. They are known for their intelligence and eagerness to please and they make excellent family pets. Samoyeds are very social and love to be around people. They are also very active and need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. Samoyeds are usually very gentle and affectionate with children and they make great playmates. They are also very protective of their family and will bark to alert them of any intruders. Samoyeds are usually very friendly with other dogs and animals, but they may be territorial if they feel threatened. They are also known to be escape artists, so they should always be supervised when outdoors.

Samoyeds are usually very eager to please and respond well to positive reinforcement. They are also very intelligent and can be trained to do a variety of tasks. Samoyeds are usually very independent and can be left alone for short periods of time, but they do need plenty of attention and love.


Samoyeds are very intelligent dogs and are ranked as the 11th smartest breed of dog. They are eager to please and learn quickly, making them easy to train. They are also very loyal and loving companions.


Samoyeds are generally considered to be one of the easiest breeds to train. They are eager to please and highly intelligent, so they pick up commands quickly. They are also very social and enjoy spending time with their owners, so they are usually willing to learn new things. With consistent and positive reinforcement, Samoyeds can learn a variety of commands and tricks.


Samoyeds typically sleep for 12-14 hours per day. However, the amount of sleep they need can vary depending on their age, activity level and overall health. Puppies and older dogs may require more sleep, while highly active dogs may need less. It’s important to provide your Samoyed with a comfortable and quiet sleeping area to ensure they get the rest they need.


Samoyeds can bark quite a bit, depending on their individual personalities. Some may bark more than others, while some may bark less. read more >>


Samoyeds typically do not drool a lot, but they may drool more when they are excited or eating. read more >>


Samoyeds are known to be a breed that loves to lick, especially their owners. They are affectionate dogs and enjoy showing their love and affection through licking. However, the amount of licking can vary from dog to dog and depends on their personality and individual behavior. Some Samoyeds may lick more than others, but in general, they are a breed that enjoys licking and showing affection. It’s important to note that excessive licking can sometimes be a sign of anxiety or stress, so it’s important to monitor your dog’s behavior and consult with a veterinarian if you have any concerns.


Samoyeds are known to be good jumpers and can jump up to 4 feet high. However, it is important to note that excessive jumping can be harmful to their joints and should be avoided. Regular exercise and training can help maintain their physical health and prevent injuries.


Samoyeds do not typically dig, as they were bred to be herding dogs. They may dig small holes in the ground to cool off, but this is not a common behavior.

Good Fit for You?

Is a Samoyed the right dog for you? Keep reading to find out how compatible you are with a Samoyed.


Samoyeds are an active breed and need at least an hour of exercise every day. This should include a combination of physical activity such as walking, running and playing, as well as mental stimulation such as obedience training and puzzle toys. read more >>


Samoyeds need plenty of space to run and play. They need a securely fenced yard or access to a dog park for exercise. They also need plenty of room to roam indoors, so a house with multiple rooms and a large fenced-in yard is ideal.


It depends on the individual Samoyed. Some Samoyeds may do well in an apartment, while others may not. It is important to consider the individual dog’s energy level, size and activity needs when determining if a Samoyed is a good fit for an apartment. read more >>

Left Alone

No, Samoyeds do not tolerate being left alone. They are very social dogs and need companionship. If left alone for too long, they can become anxious and destructive.

Kid/Family Friendly

Yes, Samoyeds are known to be very good with kids and families. They are friendly, loyal and affectionate, making them great family pets. read more >>

Perfect Fit

A Samoyed would be a perfect fit for an active household with plenty of time for exercise and play. They are very social and need lots of attention, so a home with other pets or children would be ideal. They also need plenty of space to run and play, so a large yard or access to a park would be ideal.

Pros and Cons:

Samoyeds are a beautiful and friendly breed of dog that are popular among pet owners. However, owning a Samoyed comes with its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Here is a table with 5 pros and cons of owning a Samoyed:

1. Friendly and affectionate1. High grooming needs
2. Good with children and other pets2. Can be stubborn and difficult to train
3. Active and energetic3. Can suffer from separation anxiety
4. Intelligent and loyal4. Prone to certain health issues
5. Excellent watchdogs5. Shed heavily and require frequent exercise

Overall, owning a Samoyed can be a rewarding experience for those who are willing to put in the time and effort to care for them properly. However, it is important to consider both the pros and cons before making a decision to bring one into your home.


The cost of a Samoyed puppy in Australia can range anywhere from $1,500 to $3,500 AUD. The price will depend on the breeder, the pedigree of the puppy and the location of the breeder. read more >>

Breed History:

Samoyeds were bred by the Samoyedic people of Siberia to be working dogs, primarily for herding reindeer and pulling sleds. They were also used as watchdogs, hunters and companions. The breed is renowned for its intelligence, loyalty and friendly disposition.

Current Usage

Samoyeds are primarily used as companion animals and family pets. They are also used as working dogs in a variety of roles, such as sledding, herding, search and rescue and as therapy dogs. Samoyeds are also used in dog sports, including agility, obedience and flyball.

Guard Dogs

Samoyeds are not typically considered good guard dogs as they are friendly and sociable with strangers. They are more likely to greet intruders with a wagging tail than to protect their home. However, they may bark to alert their owners of potential danger or unusual activity. Samoyeds are better suited as family pets and companions rather than guard dogs. read more >>

Where Are They Found?

Samoyeds are most popular in countries such as the United States, Canada, Australia, the United Kingdom and Russia. They are also gaining popularity in other countries such as Germany, France and Japan. read more >>


Samoyeds are best suited to cold climates. They have a thick, double-layered coat that keeps them warm in freezing temperatures. They were originally bred to work in the harsh conditions of Siberia, where temperatures can drop to -60°C (-76°F). However, they can adapt to warmer climates if they have access to shade, cool water and air conditioning during hot weather. It’s important to note that Samoyeds should never be left outside in hot weather without proper shelter and hydration. read more >>


It is difficult to determine the exact number of Samoyeds in the world as there is no centralized database or registry for this breed. However, according to the American Kennel Club (AKC), Samoyeds are ranked as the 65th most popular breed in the United States. Additionally, the Samoyed Club of America estimates that there are approximately 50,000 Samoyeds worldwide.

Physical Appearance:

Samoyeds are a medium-sized breed of dog that typically weigh between 35-65 pounds. They have a distinctive appearance with a thick, fluffy white coat that is double-layered to keep them warm in cold climates. Their fur is long and straight and they have a thick mane around their necks.

Samoyeds have a sturdy, muscular build with a slightly rounded head and a broad muzzle. They have dark, almond-shaped eyes that are set deep in their skull and their ears are triangular and stand erect.

One of the most notable features of Samoyeds is their smile, which is caused by the shape of their mouth and the way their lips curl up at the corners. This gives them a friendly, approachable expression that is characteristic of the breed.

Overall, Samoyeds have a graceful, elegant appearance that is both striking and endearing.



Samoyeds can be white, cream, biscuit or a combination of these colors.

Hair/Fur Length:

Samoyeds typically have a thick, double-layer coat of long, straight hair. The outer coat is usually white or cream in color and can range from 2 to 5 inches in length. The undercoat is usually gray or white and is shorter than the outer coat.


Yes, Samoyeds shed their fur year-round, but they shed heavily twice a year during the spring and fall.


The Samoyed requires regular grooming to keep its coat healthy and free of tangles. Brushing should be done at least once a week and more often during periods of shedding. The coat should be trimmed every few months to keep it looking neat and tidy. The hair should not be cut too short, as this can damage the coat and cause it to become dry and brittle.


No, Samoyeds are not hypoallergenic. They have a thick, double coat that sheds heavily, which can trigger allergies in some people. read more >>


Samoyeds typically have a running speed of up to 32 to 40 km/h (20 to 25 mph). read more >>


Yes, Samoyeds are generally healthy dogs, however they can be prone to certain health issues such as:

  • Hip Dysplasia: A condition in which the thighbone does not fit properly into the hip joint, causing pain and lameness.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): A degenerative eye disorder that can eventually lead to blindness.
  • Diabetes: A condition in which the body does not produce enough insulin, resulting in high blood sugar levels.
  • Hypothyroidism: A condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones, leading to weight gain and lethargy.
  • Skin Allergies: An allergic reaction to certain substances, causing itchy skin and hair loss.



Samoyeds typically have 42 teeth, just like other dogs. read more >>


Samoyeds are known to have good eyesight, which is essential for their role as sled dogs in the Arctic. Their keen eyesight allows them to navigate through snowy terrain and spot potential hazards or prey. However, like all dogs, their eyesight can deteriorate with age or due to certain health conditions.


Samoyeds typically have six nipples. This number is consistent with most dog breeds, as they generally have an even number of nipples symmetrically arranged along the underside of their body.


Litter Size:

The average litter size for Samoyeds is between four and six puppies.

Gestation Period:

The average gestation period for Samoyeds is approximately 63 days. read more >>


Female Samoyeds typically go into heat or estrus, twice a year, although this can vary from dog to dog. The heat cycle lasts for around 21 days and during this time, the female dog may experience changes in behavior and physical symptoms such as swelling of the vulva and a bloody discharge.

Male vs Female:

Male Samoyeds are typically larger than female Samoyeds, with males weighing between 45 and 65 pounds and females weighing between 35 and 50 pounds. Male Samoyeds also tend to have thicker coats than females, with males having a double coat of long, thick guard hairs and a soft, dense undercoat. Females usually have a single coat of shorter guard hairs and a softer undercoat. Additionally, male Samoyeds tend to have a more independent and assertive personality, while females are more affectionate and loyal. read more >>

Tips and Advice:

Samoyeds are a beautiful and loyal breed of dog that require proper care and attention to ensure their health and happiness. Here are some tips and advice for caring for a Samoyed:

  • Grooming: Samoyeds have a thick, fluffy coat that requires regular grooming. Brushing their coat at least once a week will help prevent matting and keep their fur healthy.
  • Exercise: Samoyeds are an active breed that require daily exercise. Taking them for walks, runs or playing fetch will help keep them physically and mentally stimulated.
  • Training: Samoyeds are intelligent dogs that respond well to positive reinforcement training. Consistency and patience are key when training a Samoyed.
  • Socialization: Samoyeds are friendly dogs that enjoy being around people and other animals. Socializing them from a young age will help prevent shyness or aggression towards strangers or other dogs.
  • Nutrition: Samoyeds require a balanced diet that is high in protein and low in fat. Feeding them high-quality dog food and avoiding table scraps will help prevent obesity and other health issues.
  • Health care: Samoyeds are prone to certain health issues such as hip dysplasia and eye problems. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian and keeping up with vaccinations and preventative care will help keep them healthy.
  • Temperature: Samoyeds are bred to withstand cold temperatures and can overheat in warm weather. Providing them with a cool and shaded area to rest and access to fresh water will help prevent heat stroke.
  • Attention: Samoyeds are social dogs that crave attention and affection from their owners. Spending time with them, playing and giving them plenty of love and attention will help keep them happy and content.


Samoyeds typically eat between 2 and 3 cups of high-quality dry dog food per day, divided into two meals. They are not particularly food-orientated dogs, but they do enjoy treats and rewards. read more >>


Here are three interesting facts about Samoyed:

  1. They were originally bred for herding and hunting: Samoyeds were originally bred by the Samoyede people of Siberia for herding reindeer and hunting game. They were also used as sled dogs and were highly valued for their strength and endurance.
  2. They have a thick, double coat: Samoyeds have a thick, fluffy coat that helps them stay warm in cold weather. Their coat is made up of two layers: a soft undercoat and a longer, coarser topcoat. This coat requires regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling.
  3. They are known for their friendly and sociable nature: Samoyeds are famous for their friendly and sociable nature. They love being around people and are great with children. They are also very loyal and make great family pets.



When choosing names for Samoyeds, it is often suitable to consider names that reflect their arctic heritage, their charming and outgoing demeanor or their striking appearance. Here are 15 names that would be a good fit for a Samoyed:

  1. Snowball: This name captures the Samoyed’s snowy white coat and playful, bouncy nature.
  2. Arctic: Signifying the Samoyed’s origins in the Arctic regions, this name represents their resilient and adaptable nature.
  3. Luna: A name that symbolizes the Samoyed’s gentle and serene presence, reminiscent of the moon’s calming influence.
  4. Fluffy: This name embraces the Samoyed’s abundant and soft fur, showcasing their cuddly and huggable qualities.
  5. Aurora: Inspired by the Northern Lights, this name represents the Samoyed’s beauty and ethereal charm.
  6. Nikita: A strong and dignified name that suits the Samoyed’s regal and noble character.
  7. Frost: Reflecting the Samoyed’s frosty appearance and cool temperament, this name embodies their arctic heritage.
  8. Pearl: A name that conveys purity and elegance, fitting for the Samoyed’s pristine white coat and graceful nature.
  9. Balto: This name pays homage to the famous Siberian Husky sled dog, representing the Samoyed’s endurance and strength.
  10. Biscuit: A charming and sweet name that complements the Samoyed’s friendly and affectionate personality.
  11. Alaska: Signifying the Samoyed’s cold-weather heritage, this name represents their love for outdoor adventures.
  12. Sasha: A name that captures the Samoyed’s playful and energetic spirit, signifying their lively and vibrant nature.
  13. Blizzard: This name emphasizes the Samoyed’s association with snowy landscapes and their ability to thrive in wintry conditions.
  14. Luna: A name that symbolizes the Samoyed’s gentle and serene presence, reminiscent of the moon’s calming influence.
  15. Ice: This name represents the Samoyed’s cool and composed temperament, highlighting their arctic heritage.

These names capture the essence of Samoyeds, highlighting their arctic origins, friendly nature and stunning appearance. They provide a fitting identity for these joyful and lovable companions.


Samoyeds, with their friendly demeanor and beautiful white coats, have captured the hearts of many. These lovable dogs have not only been cherished family pets but have also made appearances in movies, accomplished remarkable feats and become beloved companions of famous individuals. Here is a list of some famous Samoyeds who have left a lasting impact:

  • Duke: Duke, a Samoyed from the movie “The Proposal,” charmed viewers with his adorable appearance and lovable personality.
  • Dubs: Known as the “First Dog of Washington,” Dubs served as the live mascot for the University of Washington Huskies football team and gained a large following of fans.
  • Blizzard: Blizzard, a heroic Samoyed, gained national recognition for leading rescuers to his owner who had fallen during a blizzard in Colorado.
  • Malachi: Malachi was a Samoyed who became the mascot for the Delta Air Lines in the 1980s, appearing in commercials and promotional materials.
  • Nikolai: Nikolai, a Samoyed owned by explorer Roald Amundsen, accompanied him on his historic expedition to the South Pole in 1911.
  • Orion: Orion was a Samoyed who served as a therapy dog after the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995, providing comfort and support to survivors and rescue workers.
  • White Fang: Though fictional, White Fang from Jack London’s novel of the same name is a beloved Samoyed character known for his loyalty and bravery.
  • Gander: Gander, a Samoyed who participated in sled dog races, achieved fame as a top-performing sled dog with several victories to his name.
  • Sasha: Sasha, owned by fashion designer Ralph Lauren, has been featured in advertising campaigns and appeared alongside Lauren in various media appearances.
  • Nimble: Nimble, a Samoyed, gained recognition as the official mascot of the 1984 Winter Olympics held in Sarajevo.

These famous Samoyeds have left a lasting impact through their roles in movies, their heroic actions, their participation in sports and their association with notable individuals. Their unique contributions and lovable nature have made them memorable figures in the world of Samoyed dogs.


The Samoyed is a medium-sized, fluffy white dog that is part of the Spitz family. It is a loving, loyal and gentle breed that is known for its intelligence and willingness to please its owners. Samoyeds are active and energetic and they love to play. They are also very social and enjoy being around people and other animals.

The Samoyed breed originated in Siberia and was used by the Samoyedic people to herd reindeer, pull sleds and hunt. They were also used to keep their owners warm at night by sleeping with them. Samoyeds were brought to England in the late 1800s and eventually made their way to the United States.

The Samoyed is an excellent family pet. They are friendly and loving and they get along well with children and other animals. They are also very intelligent and can be trained easily. Samoyeds need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation, so they are best suited for an active family. They are also very loyal and protective of their owners and make great watchdogs.

Overall, the Samoyed is an excellent pet for active families who are looking for a loyal and loving companion. They are intelligent, friendly and love to play. With proper training and exercise, the Samoyed can make a wonderful addition to any family.